Our goals: · Present a compelling vision of a prosperous, clean energy future · Demonstrate that this low carbon future is possible · Catalyse market transformation in key technologies · Support low carbon leaders from all levels of government and the private sector · Build partnerships to accelerate the deployment of low carbon solutions
ALSTOM and Dow have built and begun operating an advanced-amine pilot plant to capture carbon dioxide (CO2) from the flue gas of a coal-fired boiler at the Dow’s South Charleston, W. Va., site. What has each company contributed? Alstom designed, constructed and operates the pilot plant, which is expected to capture approximately 1,800 tons per year of CO2 from flue gas using Alstom and Dow’s advanced amine technology. Dow provides the site and utilities for the project, as well as the chemicals and its amine technology expertise. What are the objectives of the pilot? This plant will be used to finalize the design information of the technology by piloting it on live coal flue gas. The overall drive is to reduce the costs of the entire system to make this CO2 capture technology the most cost-effective technology in the industry. What are the next steps for piloting and using this technology? The next step after this pilot is to create a larger CO2 capture plant. Dow and Alstom are already evaluating construction of a coal-fired power plant in Belchatow, Poland, which is being designed to capture 1.8 MM tons of CO2 per year. Dow and Alstom are also currently working with various power plants to discuss opportunities for other potential sites worldwide. How new is amine chemistry for capturing CO2? Amine technology has been used for more than 50 years to capture and remove CO2 and H2S out of natural gas streams under high pressure. This technology works, but the challenge is how to reduce the cost on such high flue-gas volumes at low pressure. How does the CO2 capture process work? Coal is burned in a boiler to produce steam. The outlet gas of the combustion is called flue gas. This flue gas is typically treated to remove impurities before being released through a stack. This advanced-amine technology works by contacting the flue gas with an advanced-amine system in a packed column. The amine strips the CO2 from the flue gas and holds onto it, letting the flue gas escape without the CO2. The amine is then regenerated by boiling off the CO2 in another column, generating a nearly pure CO2 stream and an amine ready to pick up more CO2. TESCO The 25,000ft2 Tesco in Bourne, Lincolnshire, is one of the company’s latest environmental stores and is zero-carbon. Like several earlier stores, this one features a glulam frame, which Tesco says is liked by customers. It gives the store a warm, natural feel which is enhanced by light streaming through the rooflights in the sales area and the glass front overlooking the car park. Bird says the store isn’t particularly well insulated and like other new stores has an airtightness rating of three. Better insulation and airtightness means more internal heat gains, which means more energy is needed for refrigeration. In other respects the store looks fairly conventional including the terrazzo flooring, which is time-consuming to install. “We would like to use something else but can’t find anything that works as well,” sighs Steven Fricker, Tesco’s construction project manager. Fridges have sliding doors that stop cool air draining out and eliminate the need for cold catchers at the bottom of the fridges, with the associated fans and ductwork. The LED lighting inside the cabinets does a good job of lighting the contents. The back-of-house areas feature a steel frame rather than timber. “It’s more economic to build it out of steel because of all the plant on the roof,” says Fricker. “If we used wood it would still need reinforcing with steel to take the loads.” All the refrigeration plant in the store features CO2 refrigerants. Super-fast programmes are the name of the game with supermarkets and Tesco’s environmental stores are no exception. The back-of-house facilities, including the training room and toilets, come as modular units; the CHP plant is also a modular unit, as are the services. Fricker is constantly looking for ways of cutting down on programme and is looking at a cassette system for the walls and roof of the next environmental store which will be built in Cefm Mawr in Wales. This is a Howarth Timber system that comes complete with insulation, waterproof membrane, rooflights and sunpipes already installed. “ It will take three weeks off the seven-week programme for the frame,” beams Fricker. “It goes up to 12m high which means it is suitable for all our stores.”
EDF Energy, Britain’s largest producer of low carbon electricity, is partnering with Peugeot UK and Citroen UK to offer residential and fleet customers electric vehicle (EV) recharging products and services with the sale of every Peugeot iOn or Citroen C-Zero. PHILIPS The partnership between EDF Energy, Peugeot UK and Citroen UK will create a one-stop-shop for customers, ensuring best in class motoring technology and safe and convenient recharging solutions. It will support the development, future marketing and up-take of fully electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles. Both companies are leaders in electric vehicle research and development, with EDF Energy’s proven expertise in the field of safe recharging and PSA Peugeot Citroen’s recent involvement in European trials. . A trial of LED outdoor lighting at two sites in Merseyside, UK, has been conducted as part of the pan-European BLISS project. Philips is working with St. Helens Council to trial LED street lighting in St Helens, a large town in Merseyside in northwest UK. The project is part of the pan-European BLISS (Better Lighting in Sustainable Streets) project, which aims to help shape an energy-efficient street-lighting strategy for Europe. The BLISS project is designed to evaluate a wide range of street-lighting options, and currently includes projects in the UK, Netherlands, Belgium and Germany. It is part-funded by the European Regional Development grant via the North West Europe INTERREG IVB investment program. Coronation Drive EstateIn the UK, two areas in St. Helens were selected for the trials: Coronation Drive Estate in Haydock, to assess and compare different options for residential street lighting; and Tithebarn Road in Billinge, to investigate the effectiveness of LED road lighting. The project was implemented as a joint partnership between St. Helens Metropolitan Borough Council and Philips Lighting. Rory Lingham, Assistant Director (Engineering) with the Council, explained: “The key to our proposal is to develop a range of socially-acceptable, energy-reducing solutions while considering their wider social and economic impacts in terms of public perception, crime, accident and economic regeneration. We believe we can create new low-energy lighting solutions which offer greater comfort, safer environments and improve everyday urban life.” Coronation Drive Estate The purpose of the Coronation Drive element of the project was to create an environment where different types of street lighting could be easily compared with each other simply by walking from one street to another. The key comparisons, from both a performance and perception point of view, were between new LED lighting and more traditional light sources. To that end, one street uses low-pressure sodium (SOX) light sources, another uses high-pressure sodium (SON) and a third uses Philips CosmoPolis ceramic-discharge metal-halide lamps. In addition, Philips SpeedStar LED street lanterns have been installed in three streets, each with different color temperatures, namely 3000K, 4000K and 5600K. “The new lighting is of a much higher standard,” said Lingham. “It enables people to recognize colors and see objects much more clearly than the lighting which was there before.” Tithebarn Road Tithebarn Road is a 1000-m stretch of 60 mph (96 kph) road that links two areas of St Helens. The road was originally lit by 23 x 8m columns using a mixture of low- and high-pressure sodium light sources. The older lighting has now been replaced with 20 x 10m columns using Philips SpeedStar LED lanterns. The higher light output of the new lanterns has enabled fewer, taller columns to be used to maintain the required light levels and light distribution. In addition, controls have been introduced to dim the lighting to 50% between midnight and 6am. “We believe this was the first full-scale demonstration of the SpeedStar lighting in the world. The quality of the lighting is much improved and that’s a real advantage to motorists. It’s now much easier to see other vehicles and pedestrians on the road,” Rory Lingham noted. As a result of these changes, energy consumption for this stretch of road has been reduced by 21%, saving approximately 1,145 kg of carbon emissions per annum. The Council will also benefit from a considerable reduction in maintenance costs due to the much longer life of the LED light sources. “The BLISS project has resulted in considerable reductions in energy consumption. Moreover, the public has shown great acceptance of what we’ve done. The survey has shown that around 78% prefer the whiter light of the LEDs. And, because we are also getting 25-50% energy savings it makes sense to install LEDs in these sorts of areas,” Rory Lingham concluded
Key areas of opportunity: smart buildings, smart grid, smart transportation systems and industrial automation Homes are 25% of US emissions, buildings are 40% of London’s emissions 50 billion machine to machine connections in 2020 Energy efficiency is a key opportunity, for climate change mitigation and for businesses in the ICT sector – Opportunities are in smarter buildings, grid and transport Cities are where to focus Homes are a driver of emssions, but also the site of a converged ‘platform’ of services People/consumers/businesses have the tools The market opportunity in the short term is tantalizing Energy efficient homes will be a key part of delivering energy efficiency targets. In the US, homes contribute 25% of the country’s carbon emissions. Homes contribute 40% of London’s emissions. ICT plays a role in helping model more efficient buildings and match energy models to use and operation more exactly. It also can reduce up to 15% of emissions in building use through building management systems and re-commissioning. There is a $300 bn market opportunity for residential retrofit in the US alone (Bloomberg) Home Energy Management (HEM) market is predicted to be worth $1bn in 2016 in the US , EUR 2.6 bn in EU Smart homes will also be the site where new sources of power generation, new services like electric vehicles will intersect. It is unimaginable today what innovations will come in the next decade if the policy environment is right, and much more R&D could go into making each aspect of a home-owners’ experience more efficient using software or services
‘ Smart 2020 for cities’ report (2011) ICT for sustainable homes report (2012) ‘ SMART 2020: 5 years on’ report (2013) 10 leading demonstration projects Workshops in 10 cities with ICT and other corporate partners to prioritize ICT-enabled climate change opportunities and develop roadmaps Financing smart cities report (2012) Smart grid policy report (2011) ICT sectoral commitments for States and Regions Workshops are with key strategic innovation experts in companies. We already work with Cisco and Google strategically, and our members Dell, Johnson Controls, HP, Philips, GE Energy, China Mobile, and many others will be brought into the programme more actively through the workshops and reports
INNOVATION UNION At national level, Member States will need: – To reform national (and regional) R&D and innovation systems to foster excellence and smart specialisation, reinforce cooperation between universities, research and business, implement joint programming and enhance cross-border co-operation in areas with EU value added and adjust national funding procedures accordingly, to ensure the diffusion of technology across the EU territory; – To ensure a sufficient supply of science, maths and engineering graduates and to focus school curricula on creativity, innovation, and entrepreneurship; – To prioritise knowledge expenditure, including by using tax incentives and other financial instruments YOUTH ON THE MOVE At national level, Member States will need: – To ensure efficient investment in education and training systems at all levels (pre-school to tertiary); – To improve educational outcomes, addressing each segment (pre-school, primary, secondary, vocational and tertiary) within an integrated approach, encompassing key competences and aiming at reducing early school leaving; – To enhance the openness and relevance of education systems by building national qualification frameworks and better gearing learning outcomes towards labour market needs. DIGITAL SOCIETY At national level, Member States will need: – To draw up operational high speed internet strategies, and target public funding, including structural funds, on areas not fully served by private investments; – To establish a legal framework for co-ordinating public works to reduce costs of network rollout;
SCOTLAND : Population: 5.1 million (2007) GHG Emissions: 57 MtCO2e (2007) Targets and Goals The world-leading Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 sets an interim target to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 42% by 2020, and sets an 80% reduction target for 2050, compared to 1990 levels. Emissions from international aviation and shipping are included in the targets. Generate 50% of Scotland's electricity from renewable sources by 2020 (~8 gigawatts) with an interim target of 31% by 2011(~5 gigawatts), and 20% of Scotland's total energy use to come from renewables by 2020. Reduce the local and global environmental impact of Scotland's consumption and production (The National Performance Framework). Top Actions Energy Efficiency Scotland spends around £10 million per annum on sustainable energy advice for the business, public and domestic sectors , including the Energy Saving Scotland advice network which has the capacity to advise over 250,000 Scottish consumers each year. This Spring, they will publish an Energy Efficiency Action Plan for Scotland following a period of consultation which will outline how we will implement measures to improve Scotland's energy use. Renewable Energy Target to generate 50% of Scotland's electricity from renewable sources by 2020 (~8 gigawatts) with an interim target of 31% by 2011(~5 gigawatts) Target to meet 20% of Scotland's total energy demand from renewables by 2020, including a tenfold increase in heat energy from renewables, and a tenfold increase in renewable fuel used for transport. To support the renewable target of 50% by 2020, funding for community and micro-generation has been tripled to £13.5 million (US$21.1 million) in 2008/2009, and for the following two years. Additional funding will also allow more consumers, households, communities and small businesses, to access help and financial support to install micro-generation technologies and reduce their energy demand and emissions. Since May 2007 we have consented 29 renewable applications this amounts to over 2 GW of consented capacity . In July 2009 we published our Renewables Action Plan . Scotland created a £10 million (US$15.6 million) Saltire Prize to stimulate the development of clean marine renewable energy technology. Clean Transport Scotland's budget for Support for sustainable and active travel is £11.2m for 2010-11. Scotland is creating Sustainable Travel Demonstration Communities in seven towns and cities across the country seeking to initiate a switch from cars to more sustainable means of transport with initiatives like bike rental schemes, park and choose sites, more pedestrian-only areas and free trial bus and train tickets. Scotland is investing £840million/£917million/£897million (US$1.316billion/$1.436billion/$1.405billion) over three years (2008-2011) in public transport for rail and tram services and projects, with an additional £61.2 million (US$95.8 million) per annum to support bus services. Investment in public and business travel information includes the recent launch of Choose Another Way , offering on-line support and guidance to promote travel planning and sustainable transport choices . Sustainable Land Use Scotland is making over £1.5 billion (US$2.35 billion) funding available through the Scottish Rural Development Programme for land managers, rural businesses, community groups and other stakeholders to improve business viability, the landscape and environment and quality of life in rural Scotland. Much of this support is specifically targeted at measures to mitigate and reduce climate change emissions from land management practices and to manage the rural environment more effectively. Scotland aims to increase forest cover towards 25% by the middle of the century , helping to sequester carbon, thanks to a £15 million (US$23.5 million) a year investment in new woodlands on the national forest estate and up to £25 million (US$39 million) available annually for woodland expansion on other ownerships through the Scotland Rural Development Programme. Waste Management £152 million (US$241 million) over three years (2008-11) will take Scotland closer to becoming a zero waste society, including up to £2.5 million (US$3.9 million) being made available a year for community recycling projects, a 70% recycling composting target for municipal waste by 2025 (with interim targets) and the end of its growth by 2010. Advice to business on waste minimization is provided through bodies such as Envirowise. An agreement with retailers to reduce number of carrier bags given to public by 50% by May2009. Promoting Low Carbon Technology A Climate Challenge Fund (£27.4 million -US$42.9 million- over 3 years, 2008-2011) enables towards 300 communities to come forward with their own solutions to make a significant reduction in carbon emissions. The Scottish Governments Go Greener public engagement campaign seeks to inspire people to adopt pro-environmental behaviors to help address climate change and support ambitions for a greener, more sustainable Scotland. Fiscal Measures and Market-Based Mechanisms The Scottish Government is working with the UK Government to implement the CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme (CRC), a mandatory emissions trading scheme. The CRC will ensure large organizations in the public and private sectors reduce their emissions through increasing energy efficiency. These organizations are currently responsible for approximately 10% of the UK's CO2 emissions. CATALUNYA The Government of Catalunya Population: 7.2 million (2007) GHG Emissions: 58 MtCO2e (2007) Catalunya is an active member of The Climate Group's States & Regions programme. Targets/Goals The region is reducing emissions through its Framework Plan for Climate Change Mitigation 2008-2012. Top initiatives include investments in energy efficiency and waste management, promoting the switch from cars to alternative transport and energy from biomass. The Catalan Energy Plan aims to see 11% of primary energy consumption from renewables, including solar thermal, by 2015. NORTH RHINE WESTPHALIA Population:17.9 million (2008)GHG Emissions: 282.5 MtCO2 (2008)Targets and Goals North Rhine-Westphalia intends to adopt a Climate Change Bill. Key points are: Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in NRW by at least 25% by 2020 and by 80 to 95% by 2050 compared to 1990; An increase in energy efficiency, energy conservation and the expansion of renewable energies; The mitigation of adverse impacts of climate change; The establishment of a Climate Change Council; The introduction of climate protection goals as objectives of regional planning; A CO2-neutral state administration until 2030 Top Actions Energy Efficiency A pilot project introducing energy management systems in industrial enterprises started in September 2009 The project "100 Klimaschutzsiedlungen in Nordrhein-Westfalen (100 Climate Protection Housing Developments in NRW) is to reduce thermally generated CO2 emissions in housing developments (new and rehabilitated buildings) consistently. The combination of energy efficiency and use of renewable energies supports a wide range of different options A complete city quarter with about 50,000 inhabitants will be transformed into a model community for energy efficiency during the next ten years. By 2020, the energy consumption in the pilot quarter is to be reduced by 50 per cent. To do so, existing housing stock will be converted into attractive residential quarters using the latest energy-saving technologies; municipal facilities like swimming pools or nurseries will be heated with cheap low-carbon energies, and innovative green companies will be attracted to the region. The InnovationCity Ruhr will also assume a pioneer role in electrical mobility by promoting environment-friendly e-cars and e-bicycles Clean Energy Photovoltaics: 952 MW newly installed installation capacity from October 2009 to September 2010 Wind: 157 MW newly installed installation capacity in 2009 Through the initiative Warmepumpen Marktplatz NRW, a growing number of heat pumps are being installed in NRW. By 2020, this number will increase to about 200,000 The share of decentralized power co-generation will be increased to at least 25% Clean Transport To make North Rhine-Westphalia Europe’s first large-scale model region and bring at least 250,000 sustainable vehicles with electrical power trains to market by 2020 Promotion of electric mobility in North Rhine-Westphalia along the entire value-added chain along with the required infrastructural changes, supporting the extension of clean electric mobility in conjunction with renewable energies The North Rhine-Westphalia Hydrogen HyWay runs along the hydrogen pipeline from the Aachen/Duren region via Cologne, Dusseldorf and Essen to the Northern parts of the Ruhr area. Hydrogen-fueled public buses and filling stations are being developed and tested in order to make hydrogen competitive and to accelerate market maturity of these vehicles Promoting Low Carbon Technology Supporting house owners for energy refurbishment of residential buildings (providing advice, seminars, conferences, etc.) Supporting (via EnergieAgentur.NRW) industrial small trade companies in testing energy efficiency of their hydraulics, compressed air, pumps and drives systems Providing consumer advice through state-financed but independent energy consultancy centers
BASQUE COUNTRY The Government of the Basque Country Population: 2.141million (2006) GHG Emissions: 25.3 MtCO2e (2007) Targets and Goals Energy efficiency and renewable energy feature in the Basque Country’s Climate Action Plan, with renewables set to provide some 12% towards total energy consumption by the end of 2010. The region is also pushing for a 21% improvement in the efficiency of its transportation sector by 2012, with GHG reductions from this initiative estimated to be 0.3 MtCO2e annually between 2008 and 2012. As well as working to increase the removal capability of its carbon sinks to 1% of Kyoto base year emissions, the Basque Country plans to decrease urban waste sent to the landfill by 40% by 2012, which will deliver 0.48 MtCO2e emissions reduction annually to 2012. The Basque Country is an active member of TCG’s States & Regions programme. BAVARIA The State of Bavaria Population: 12.521 million (2008) GHG Emissions: 80.78 MtCO2 (2005) Targets and Goals Double the amount of renewable energy (primary energy consumption) from 8-16% by 2020 Double the share of renewable energy in final energy consumption to 20% Promote public transport through the investment of 1.25 billion EUR (US$1.57 billion) The state has also allocated 750 million EUR (US$942.7 million) between 2008 and 2011 to implement its Climate Protection Programme Top Actions Reduction: Reduce annual energy-related CO2 emissions to well below 6 tons per capita Increase energy productivity by 30% Double the share of renewable energies in final ene3rgy consumption to 20% Increase the share of renewable energies in electricity generated to 25%-30% Exploit the potential for increasing electricity generated from hydro-electric power taking account of the concerns of water management and nature conservation Increase the contribution of geothermal energy up to 2% of electricity generated and heat supplied Increase the share of biomass in the production of primary energy to 8% Double the share of combined heat and power in the electricity produced (subject to future framework conditions on EU and Federal level) Reduce the share of fossil sources of energy in the electricity provided
VITORIA:Vitoria PP Councillor Idoia Garmendia has raised these actions in six major areas, Green Belt, Sustainable Mobility, Waste and Clean, Energy Saving, Water and Urban Ecological Gardens, "considering what were the elements that were conditions for The jury in the appointment of Vitoria-Gasteiz European Green Capital 2012. Garmendia has asked to include these 17 investments in the budget for next year 2011. "Now is the time to prepare the city for in 2012 is a worthy host. Green Capital MEANS not wear green shirts and green light in the Virgen Blanca, there are many outstanding performances of 2012 in which the Cabinet should start Lazcoz act from now, "assured the Councillor PP Vitoria Idoia Garmendia. Total of 17 performances, Garmendia pointed out, first, prioritize the promotion Cycling Mobility Network. "This network should be a priority if we are to justify moving in mobile for 2012, beyond the mere change of the bus network, which is what has been done so far in this area," said. For this momentum, the Councillor 'popular' has proposed investing 5,000,000 euros "to move forward apace." Also within the Plan for Sustainable Mobility, PP Vitoria proposes to implement a new bicycle rental service, for which demand an investment of 1,000,000 euros. "Having a system of absolute forefront in 2012, which differentiates us from other cities, constitute a proof that Vitoria-Gasteiz stand for the use of this transport," stressed Idoia Garmendia. Another important action is to continue with the second and the third phase of Hydrologic Adequacy Plan and Landscape of Zadorra. "It's hard to explain, for a winning city, which, since 2005, has not done anything in a space that, in addition to the problem of flooding, landscape requires urgent action" was censored. Debris and Clean, Garmendia has proposed expanding the network of pneumatic collection Adurza and San Cristóbal, with an investment of 7,000,000 euros. Regarding energy saving, Councilwoman 'popular' has proposed to have a municipal fleet of electric vehicles, with a corresponding docking station with an initial investment of 600,000 euros. "It's time to start implementing measures to bring to Vitoria-Gasteiz to it than we have had in the Green Paper Capital City which is carbon neutral," stressed Garmendia. Within this area, the Councillor 'popular' has also proposed to implement a pilot program to install photovoltaic panels in separate blocks of official protection and Zabalgana Salburua with an investment of 1,000,000 euros. Finally, another outstanding performances in the investment plan presented today by Vitoria PP is that the City collaborate with 100,000 euros in the pioneer project recently presented by the Market Square to put the cover for organic production. LONDON London's fleet is the cleanest in the UK, with 27 per cent of the 8,000 buses meeting Euro II standards and are fitted with particulate filters, 66 per cent meet Euro III and have the filters, while seven per cent meet the latest Euro IV standard. ON 26 MAY 2011 THE MAYOR LAUNCHED SOURCE LONDON, THE UK’S FIRST CITYWIDE ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING POINT NETWORK AND MEMBERSHIP SCHEME. SOURCE LONDON WILL MAKE IT EASIER FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE OWNERS TO PLUG IN WHILST ON THE MOVE, CREATING 1,300 PUBLICLY ACCESSIBLE POINTS ACROSS THE CITY BY 2013. THIS MEANS THERE WILL BE MORE CHARGING POINTS THAN PETROL STATIONS IN LONDON – GIVING LONDONERS THE CONFIDENCE THAT THEY CAN CHARGE THEIR VEHICLE EASILY AND MORE CONVENIENTLY WITH CHARGE POINTS ON RESIDENTIAL STREETS, IN SUPERMARKETS, PUBLIC CAR PARKS AND AT SHOPPING AND LEISURE CENTRES. ANNUAL MEMBERSHIP OF THE SCHEME IS £100, ENABLING CARDHOLDERS TO CHARGE UP AT ANY SOURCE LONDON POINT WHENEVER THEY NEED TO. THE SCHEME INITIALLY LAUNCHES WITH 150 NEW CHARGE POINTS MAKING IT LONDON’S LARGEST SINGLE CHARGING NETWORK. THIS IS A SIGNIFICANT BOOST IN THE NUMBER OF PUBLICLY-ACCESSIBLE CHARGE POINTS FROM THE EXISTING 250, WHICH ARE CURRENTLY OPERATED BY A RANGE OF DIFFERENT LOCALISED SCHEMES. The Mayor of London Boris Johnson has announced the development of 10 high-technology 'Low Carbon Zones' across London by 2012 to deliver ‘greener’, low carbon solutions to households and businesses. The Low Carbon Zones will help local communities and buildings to become energy efficient to cut energy usage and energy bills. This will involve a range of services and technologies including: home insulation, buildings retrofitted with energy efficient devices, locally generated renewable energy schemes, plus energy and carbon assessments to work out existing carbon footprints and how best to reduce them. More than three quarters of London’s carbon emissions are produced by homes, public and commercial buildings. Six new Low Carbon Zones will join four existing pilot projects supported by the London Energy Partnership in Barking, Wembley, Elephant and Castle and Mitcham - the Mayor has committed to continue and accelerate the existing zones. Work on the new zones is expected to start in early 2009.
WALES The United Kingdom as a whole has in fact embraced residential energy efficiency and sustainability standards that are in line with the European Parliament’s vote in mid-April requiring that new buildings constructed after 2018 produce their own energy. England and Wales use what is called the Code for Sustainable Homes, a planning-system code structure that ranges from Level 1, which is the lowest rating, to Level 6, the highest. The Welsh Assembly Government’s policy will require new housing to meet, at the minimum, Level 3 standards for projects approved on or after September 1. Aiming high One of the projects intended to kick-start Wales' green economy, according to a story recently published by the UK- based Green Building Press , is a three-home mini development in a former steelworks in Ebbw Vale, South Wales. The project touts not only high sustainability and energy-efficiency standards, but a high degree of collaboration among its partners, which include BRE Wales, a building and research consultancy; the Welsh Assembly Government; Blaenau Gwent Council, the county governing body; and United Welsh Housing Association. The project’s first house is designed to set a high standard not only for the development but for homebuilding elsewhere in the country. It is a three-bedroom built to the Passivhaus performance standard and a Level 6 rating under the Code for Sustainable Homes. The home will feature a closed-panel timber frame system made from Welsh timber, a solar power system, and Welsh larch cladding. A second three-bedroom house, designed to meet Level 5 code requirements, will be developed by Dragonboard, which will use its own brand of panels and sheathing rather than oriented-strand board and plasterboard. The third house, a two-bedroom, also will be built to the Passivhaus (and Level 6) standard but will be clad in Welsh lime render and feature specially developed windows made in Wales with local timber. A showcase for domestically produced materials Construction costs for the three homes – which will serve as prototypes for future projects – range from $173 per sq. ft. to $232 per sq. ft. They’re expected to be ready for occupancy by the summer of next year and will then be monitored for performance, factoring in occupant behavior, energy costs (which are expected to be under $80 annually), energy usage by mechanical systems, air quality, heat loss, and renewable-energy sources. “ We wanted to develop a range of Welsh-made construction materials and products that could meet the high sustainability criteria now essential in developing a low-carbon built environment,” BRE Wales Director Nick Tune told Green Building Press. “Most of the homes meeting high levels of sustainability in the UK use a primarily international supply chain. We have shown what can be achieved through collaboration, partnership and a positive, can-do attitude.” AMSTERDAM On the streets of Amsterdam major changes were afoot. The first of 1,200 households were gearing up to install an energy-saving system aimed at cutting electricity costs. Others were given fresh access to financing from Holland's Rabobank to buy everything from energy-saving light bulbs to ultra-efficient roof insulation. And on Utrechtsestraat, a major shopping avenue in the center of the Dutch capital, solar-powered panels on local bus stops were installed to transform the road into a "Climate Street" piloting clean technology. The projects are Amsterdam's first steps toward making its infrastructure more eco-friendly. Other projects are expected to follow soon. They include 300 power hookups around the city to recharge electric cars, solar panels that will be installed on Amsterdam's historic 17th century townhouses, and infrastructure upgrades that will allow households to sell energy they generate from small-scale wind turbines or solar panels back to the city's electricity grid for a profit. Amsterdam's recent green energy move comes as governments worldwide set aside billions of dollars to create "smart cities" that mix renewable energy projects and stiffer efficiency rules to cut overall carbon dioxide footprints. Other cities have shown interest in the idea, but so far Amsterdam remains the world leader, aiming to complete its first round investments by 2012. That makes it one of the most ambitious adopters of the smart city concept, which has attracted attention from global policymakers hoping to glean lessons from Amsterdam's green experiment. Highlights: The Dutch city's eco-friendly infrastructure to hook ups for electric cars, solar panels, and household wind turbines. Amsterdam Smart City uses innovative technology and the willingness to change behavior related to energy consumption in order to tackle climate goals. Amsterdam Smart City is a universal approach for design and development of a sustainable, economically viable program that will reduce the city’s carbon footprint. Many different partners have joined for the execution, both private and public parties, including knowledge institutes and universities. It incorporates Smart Grid concepts, Smart Building concepts, Smart Metering roll-out and best practices in Sustainability solutions. Remote energy management: As the city's energy infrastructure gets a face-lift, local policymakers also are devising ways to maximize the new smart grid. By early next year, Amsterdam's planners expect to create a "virtual power plant, " or infrastructure upgrades that will let households sell excess energy generated from domestic solar panels, wind turbines, and biomass plants back to the city for a profit. All told, the plan could add 200 megawatts of renewable energy, roughly the size of a large wind farm, to Amsterdam's electricity generation. The idea is to create household or neighborhood renewable power plants. Dutch grid operator Alliander, which is 30% owned by the province that includes Amsterdam, will spend €100 million ($139 million) annually until 2016 to upgrade its entire network to a smart grid. That will include installing new meters in homes that detail consumer energy use and relay the data back to utilities. Yet by converting Amsterdam into a smart city, local planners expect to bolster the economy through public and private investment, as well as cut emissions by 40% by 2025. Says Amsterdam Innovation Motor (AIM) Baron: "The aim is to create innovation." Smart Schools: children learn about energy: Various primary schools in Amsterdam will work with an online portal and a specially developed education programme, so children learn how to use energy economically. The project is initiated by grid operator Liander and will be tested at ten primary schools in Amsterdam. Residents of Amsterdam-North owner windmill park: “Our energy” is a cooperation that works on sustainable and low cost energy in Amsterdam- North, where the members are owners as well, and completely profit from the gains. Together with the inhabitants of Amsterdam-North and the district of Waterland, the windmills will be placed around the area to generate sustainable energy under own management. Sustainable monuments: The canals and historic buildings tell us a part of the rich history of Amsterdam. In their different functions, the monumental buildings attract a lot of visitors each day. In this project, different technologies and working methods are tested to find out what works best to realize sustainability at the canals and change behavior of the visitors. Energy Management Haarlem: Residents of houses are playing a leading role by testing innovative and energy saving products. Also Haarlem, where Liander provides smart plugs for 250 households to test them. Users gain insight in their energy usage and are able to save energy in this way. The test is part of an analysis of Liander to look at potential savings by different energy management systems. Climate goals set by the EU initiated Amsterdam Smart City: European Union (2020): 20% CO2 reduction compared to 1990, 20% energy reduction, 20% sustainable energy The Netherlands (2020): 30% CO2 reduction compared to 1990, double energy reduction to 2% per year in the following years, 20% sustainable energy Amsterdam (2025): 40% CO2 reduction compared to 1990 20% sustainable energy, Municipal organization climate neutral before 2015 Amsterdam Smart City (ASC) is a unique collaboration between the inhabitants of Amsterdam, its businesses, research institutions and government authorities aimed at showing how it is possible to save energy now and in the future. Together we are developing smart projects that will change the world. We test them in Amsterdam first. The ultimate goal of Amsterdam Smart City is to reduce CO2 emissions. Amsterdam Smart City started as a unique cooperation between the citizens of Amsterdam, businesses, knowledge institutes and authorities to test the new, energy saving technologies and share knowledge and learning points with other countries and cities, so it can be used when it’s implemented on a larger scale. Amsterdam Smart City contributes to Amsterdam’s climate goals in an economically sustainable way by enabling its partners to apply innovative technologies and stimulate behavioral change with end users in the program’s sustainability projects. Amsterdam Smart City stands for innovative technology, the modification of the behavior of Amsterdam’s citizens, and sustainable economic development. By bringing partners together and setting up small-scale local projects, Amsterdam Smart City makes it possible to test all new initiatives. That way the most effective initiatives can subsequently be implemented on a large scale. By doing so, Amsterdam Smart City effectively serves as an accelerator for climate and energy projects. The projects will focus on issues such as sustainable living, sustainable working, sustainable mobility and sustainable public spaces. In Amsterdam Smart City user driven innovation and testing are at the center of all projects. Follow the latest developments and projects at http :// www.amsterdamsmartcity.com / , Email: i ... @amsterdamsmartcity.nl
BRITTANY Population:3,043,500 (2005)GHG Emissions: 16.5 MtCO2(2005)Targets and Goals Reduce CO2 emissions by at least 20% by 2020; to cut CO2 emissions 80% by 2050. Produce 20% of energy from renewable resources by 2020 (currently at 7%). Top Actions Energy Efficiency From 2005 on, the Eco-Faur programme has supported 250 housing and equipment projects for Euro20 million (US$27 million). The grant is only awarded if the local communities (small and medium-sized) take substantial steps to design buildings in an environmentally-friendly way (e.g. low energy consumption, renewable fuels for heating etc.). The idea of Eco-Faur is to convince small community leaders (60% of the projects were built in towns and villages of less than 2000 inhabitants) that energy efficiency is as much a rewarding matter for small communities in terms of lowered pollution levels and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as for large and rich urban ones. Renewable Energy The Regional Council of Brittany pushes for the development of a wide diversity of renewable energy sources applied to all possible fields of production. For example: Land-based wind farms will produce 1,000MW by 2010. By early 2007, 200MW were already operating and 500MW are at various stages of development. Sea-based wind farms will be developed in order to reach an operational capacity of 500MW by 2015, half of the actual capacity at the European level. Biomass from wood production will increase from 120MW to 220MW in 2013. 25 local methanisation equipments on farms will be operational by 2009 to produce biogas. The expected biogas production prospect, using only 20 to 25% of the region potential is 160MW for electricity and 210MW for heat production. Brittany has taken complementary actions to extract renewable energy from maritime sources with the aim of providing 10% of the region's electricity consumption by 2020 and involving both the public and private sector: A prototype of tidal turbine has been put in operation in March 2008. The first tidal turbine farm (3 to 6 units) will be operational on the North Coast in 2011. Two off-shore wind farms are planned off the Northern and Southern coast. Brittany, together with six other French regions and state agencies, has agreed on the IPANEMA (National Partnership Programme on Renewable Marine Energies) to test a wide range of technologies for energy extraction from the sea: tide, surf, off-shore wind farms, thermal energy, pressure osmosis from salinity, etc. This project was signed in October 2008 and will be progressively implemented in the coming months. Clean Transport Brittany has successfully developed train transportation by renovating stations and by renewing 85% of the engines and the carriages for Euro 142 million (US$200 million). As a result train transportation has increased by 50%, up from 17,000 users per day in 2001 to 26,000 in 2008. This means less car traffic and less use of non-renewable energies. This achievement was fulfilled thanks to an articulate policy working on all aspects of rail transportation: regularity: late trains are the exception and consumers' satisfaction is a top priority of the regional train policy, speed: new equipment has reduced transport time by 15-25%, comfort: comfort standards on regional trains are based on the TGVs (French high-speed train) standards, increased access facility with special fares for young people and unemployed. Sustainable Land Use With 95% of its population living less than 60km from the shore, Brittany has set a unique integrated coastal management scheme gathering 150 local governments and interest groups: The Charter for Coastal Spaces (Charte des Espaces Côtiers). This tool identifies how coastal land can be managed in a sustainable way, taking into consideration ecology and the local economy. The charter provides guidelines for long term management of the coastline and is an excellent basis for a climate change adaptation policy. UPPER AUSTRIA Since the mid-90s, the government of Upper Austria has prioritized energy efficiency and renewable energy. Renewable energy currently supplies more than 33% of the total primary energy demand in the state, of which 15% comes from hydro power, 15% from wood biomass and about 4% from solar and other renewable energy sources.The impressive share of renewables in the energy mix was achieved through comprehensive regional energyaction plans that laid the foundation for more than a decade of steady progress. Building upon the success of its policies to date, Upper Austria has set a target to meet 100% of its electricity and space heat demandwith renewable energy sources by 2030.The O.O. Energiesparverband, the state agency for energy efficiency and renewable energy, supports thestate government in developing and implementing these policies. The O.O. Energiesparverband also manages the “Okoenergie-Cluster“, the network of renewable energy and energy efficiency companies in the state. There are currently 150 companies and institutions in the network,which employ more than 6,200 people and generate annual revenues of more than 1.7 billion Euro | 2 billionUS$ (~ 3.5% of state GDP). Although the network members represent the full spectrum of sustainable energy products and services,Upper Austrian companies are leaders in the fields ofautomatic biomass heating, solar thermal energy, and high-efficiency building technologies. In recent years,companies in these fields have experienced stronggrowth and have added more than 500 new in-state jobs.
A 3-economics of our health spending up to 3.5 billion euros per year in France, thanks to improved air quality and lower respiratory diseases. 4-A reduction in the energy bill of France up to 5.3 billion euros per year by 2020, and greater resistance to global energy shocks.
Alex Obregón - The Climate Group
“Regional development conference” Luc Bas Alejandro ObregónÖstersund, Jamtland, Sweden, June 14th, 2011
OVERVIEW • About TCG • Programmes: LED project and SMART 2020 • Market changes: Global Alliance of Corporations • EU policies: the need for ambition. • States and Regions Alliance
ABOUT US • World’s first international NGO focused solely on the low carbon economy • Focus on building confidence in the ‘clean revolution’ amongst the world’s most influential leaders • Partnerships with multinational companies, cities, regions and states to support leadership on climate policy and technology • Ninety staff, in the EU, USA, China, India, Australia • Independent with diverse, primarily philanthropic funding base – Foundations, Individuals, Companies, Governments
GLOBAL ALLIANCE GOVERNMENT MEMBERSBUSINESSMEMBERS STRATEGIC PARTNERS
The Climate Group | Our GoalsPresent a compelling vision of aprosperous, clean energy future.Engage the 1,000 most influentialgovernment and private sectorleaders to accelerate thedeployment of low carbonsolutions.Catalyse market transformation inkey clean technologies to cut globalemissions and accelerate a cleanindustrial revolution.
TCG MARKET TRANSFORMATION PROGRAMS Bring technologies with large mitigation potential to commercial scale Work with our network on fast-start deployment Support development of standards and policy Establish global trials in commercializing new technologies Develop and disseminate templates to finance scale-up Raise awareness and prove concepts 6
MARKET TRANSFORMATION: LED LIGHTING Light Emitting Diode (LED) lamps, combined with smart controls, can cut CO2 emissions from lighting 50-70% by 2020 • The LightSavers programme is piloting LED street lighting products with a group of world cities • 10 cities including Toronto, New York, Calcutta, London, Tianjin, Guiyang • Unique global product trial, moving to financing and policy support for scale up • 1,000 Village Campaign (China) – bringing LED/solar lighting to rural areas around major Chinese cities through donated product from LED companies – Launched by Tony Blair and Jet Li in Guiyang, 2009 7
CORPORATIONS• Alstom At a power plant in West Virginia, Alstom is burying the carbon emissions from a power plant 8,000 feet underground. According to Alstom, this process can capture as much as 90 percent of the CO2 from a plant’s emission stream.• Tesco The company has a target of being zero carbon by 2050 with an interim target of reducing its emissions by 50% by 2020. This includes all the energy used in stores such as refrigeration and other equipment reducing the environmental impact of leaking refrigeration gas, which can contribute up to 25% of the emissions of a typical store.
CORPORATIONS• PSA-PEUGEOT CITRÖEN10/26/2009 PSA Peugeot Citroën is actively working to add more low-emission vehicles to its product lines. The has introduced low-emission technologies, electric vehicles in 1995, HDi diesel engines in 1998, and particulate filters in 2000.• PHILIPS Philips is working with St. Helens Council to trial LED street lighting in St Helens, a large town in Merseyside in northwest UK. The project is part of the pan-European project, which aims to help shape an energy-efficient street-lighting strategy for Europe.
SMART 2020•Smarter technology use could reduce globalemissions by 15% and save global industry €500billion in annual energy costs by 2020.
Cities contribute more than70% of global emissions50% of world’s population living in cities today80,000 people added to the urban populationevery day5 billion mobile phonesubscriptions globally2 billion in Asia alone
— “SMART 2020 for Cities” report— “ICT for Sustainable Homes” report— “SMART 2020: Five Years On” report— 10 Leading demonstration projects— Workshops in 10 cities with ICT and other corporate partners
FLAGSHIP INITIATIVES Smart Growth programs Innovation « Innovation Union » EDUCATION INNOVATION Education « Youth on the move » DIGITAL ÑKWDASOKD Digital Society SOCIETY « A digital agenda for Europe »
More ambitious EU renewable energy and energy efficiency policies • To enhance EU-energy security • To ensure EU-competiveness in the global low carbon economy • To create millions of jobs in the low carbon economy Ambitious, stable and additional policy needed
Energy securityDeutsche Bank forecasts that oil prices could hit US$175 by as early as 2016.The bulk of European gas imports come from Russia, Norway and Algeria andimports are expected to increase from 61% in 2008 to 73% by 2020.EU Oil import bill increased by 70 billion US$ in 2010 !! There is no high-carbon low-cost future for Europe
Ensuring EU competitiveness in the global low carbon economy China and the US led the world in new clean energy technology and infrastructure investment in 2009. Latest UNEP report sees China surge in investment. Out of $119 billion invested worldwide by the financial sector, $33.7 billion took place in China, up 53% from 2008. Europe was down 10% at $43.7 billion.
EU wants to move to a low carbon prosperous futureRenewables accounted for 60 per cent of newly installed powercapacity in Europe in 2009; (50% in the US)German government is an early mover with 278,000 workersemployed in renewable energy, more than in conventional energy.By 2020, it is estimated this number could increase to between353,500 and 400,000.
More ambitious EU renewable energy policies • More ambitious EU GHG emission reduction target by 2020 • Need for an agreed political 2030 target on the road to 2050 • Binding Energy saving targets( call from EP) • New Financial Framework deliberations= opportunity • ....
THE CLIMATE GROUP Taking into account these facts and figures is fostering change in the political realm: STATES AND REGIONS ALLIANCE
THE CLIMATE GROUP •The Climate Group launched the states and regions climate alliance based on the commitments made by sub national governments in the Montreal Declaration in 2005. •The alliance focuses on practical solutions to climate change, in particular sharing best practice on effective policy implementation. •The Climate Group works to strengthen the alliance and drive the process forward through meetings, briefings and publications, such as “Low Carbon Leader: States and Regions”
THE CLIMATE GROUP Examples of regional government action • Scotland’s Climate Bill includes a legallly binding commitment on all future Scottish governments to deliver at least 80% cuts in emissions by 2050 and a goal of 50% total renewable energy generation by 2020. • Catalonia is implementing cleaner transportation policies and tax incentives to promote cleaner, less polluting vehicles. • North Rhine Westphalia is undertaking an initiative aiming to achieve a 20% reduction in overall primary energy consumption across the economy by 2020 compared to 2006
THE CLIMATE GROUP• The Basque Country’s Climate Action Plan, with renewables set to provide some 12% towards total energy consumption by the end of 2010. The region is also pushing for a 21% improvement in the efficiency of its transportation sector by 2012.• Bavaria has set the goal of doubling its primary energy consumption from renewables – from 8% to 16% - by 2020.
REGIONS AND CITIES• VITORIA Vitoria has been awarded European Green Capital 2012 due to an ambitious plan with eco- friendly measures such as The Green Belt creating a number of different environments of high ecological and landscape value around the city.• LONDON London has set itself the target to reduce emissions by 60% by 2050. Specific targets within this include generating at least enough power from renewables for 100,000 homes by 2010.
REGIONS AND CITIES• WALES Wales is pursuing an aggressive low-carbon policy for residential and commercial construction, with strict requirements for energy efficiency, water consumption, and use of sustainable materials.• AMSTERDAM The City of Amsterdam is offering individual grants for the purchase of electric vehicles and for fleets buying 20 or more EVs. The city will also cover 50% of the cost difference between an conventional gasoline car and a comparable electric model.
REGIONS AND CITIES• BRITTANY Brittany pushes for land and sea-based wind farms, tidal energy and biomass and aims to produce 20% of energy from renewable resources by 2020 (currently at 7%).• UPPER AUSTRIA Upper Austria’s has committed to generate 100% renewable electricity by 2030. It has the programme "Save electricity now" where biomass energy is playing a bigger role.
More ambitious EU GHG emission reduction targetEuropean Commission’s assessment to get to 30% 2020-target• Costs (investments) for 20% target down from €70 billion perannum in 2008 to an estimated €48 billion today.• 30% target now would “cost” €33 billion(0,2% GDP) more (projectedagainst cost 2 years ago for the 20% target this is only 11billion• Reduced imports of oil and gas (€40 billion saving)• Health benefits from improved air quality (€3.5-8 billion saving).
Business call for 30% GHG emissionreduction EU-target •Endorsement given to the 30% target by Denmark, France, Germany, Spain, Greece, Portugal, Sweden and the UK • A win-win-win for Europe. • Numerous economic and social benefits • Will spur innovation and investment thus creating millions of new jobs in a low carbon economy • Maintain its leadership and competitiveness in the global low carbon economy estimated to be worth over €3,5 trillion and growing rapidly. • Ensure energy security through greater low carbon energy investments
Business call for 30% GHG emissionreduction EU-target risk of needing to engineer a • Avoid high carbon ‘lock-in’ and the financial rapid shift away from stranded assets • Recession has made emissions cuts easier and cheaper but market incentives are required to spur action Over 60 companies support the call and still growing: Acciona, Adolfo Dominguez, Allianz, Alpro, Arjowiggins, graphic, Arkadin, ASDA, Atkins, Barilla, Better Place, BNP Paribas, Boralex, British Telecom, BSkyB, Capgemini, Carrefour, Centrica, Climate Change Capital, The Coca-Cola Company, Coca-Cola Hellenic, Crédit Agricole, Danfoss, Danone, DHV Group, DONG Energy, Elektrolux, Elopak, Eneco, Eurostar, F&C Asset Management, First Solar, Google, H&M, If P&C Insurance Company Ltd., IKEA, InterfaceFLOR, John Lewis Partnership, Johnson Controls Inc, Kingfisher, Lafuma Groupe, MANGO, Marks and Spencer, National Grid, Nestlé, Nike, Nokia Siemens Networks, Novo Nordisk, Philips, PUMA, Rockwool, RSA, Scottish and Southern Energy, SKAI Group of Companies, Sony Europe, Standard Life, Sveaskog, Swiss Re, Thames Water, The Co-operative Group, Tryg, Unilever, United Biscuits, Velux, Vestas, Vodafone and WSP Group
States and Regions Alliance Aragon Ontario Baden Württemberg Poitou Charentes Basque Country Prince Edward Island Bavaria Quebec British Columbia Quintana Roo Brittany Queensland Burgenland Rhône Alpes California São Paulo Carinthia Saskatchewan Catalonia Scotland Connecticut South Holland Fatik Region South Australia Flanders Tuscany Île de France Upper Austria Jamtland Vermont Maine Victoria Manitoba Wales New Brunswick Wallonia New South Wales West-Australia Newfoundland and Labrador Western Cape New York Wielkopolska North Rhine Westphalia Yukon Northwest Territories Nova Scotia Nunavut
States and Regions responsibilities Enacted vehicle efficiency or tailpipe emissions standards, low carbon fuel standards and massively increased investments in public transport. Brought in sustainable urban, rural and forest protection land‐use policies. Established fiscal policies to expand the market for new low carbon technologies. Invested in partnerships between developed and developing country regions. Recognition or the role of subnational governments in Cancun agreements
Examples of Regional governmentaction EU regional governments call for a 30% GHG emission reduction target Endorsed by: Baden-Württemberg Bavaria Brittany Cornwall Ile de France Rhone-Alpes Scotland Upper Austria Wales
Thank you all for your attention! Lbas@email@example.com