new technologies to enrich your mind<br />Expanding consciousness with Brain-machine interfaces<br />
Consciousness is…<br />experiencing brain processes<br />
Consciousness is…<br />experiencing brain processes<br />different processes cause different qualia<br />color<br />
Consciousness is…<br />experiencing brain processes<br />different processes cause different qualia<br />color<br />sound<...
Consciousness is…<br />experiencing brain processes<br />different processes cause different qualia<br />color<br />sound<...
Consciousness is…<br />experiencing brain processes<br />different processes cause different qualia<br />color<br />sound<...
Consciousness is…<br />experiencing brain processes<br />different processes cause different qualia<br />color<br />sound<...
Consciousness is…<br />experiencing brain processes<br />different processes cause different qualia<br />color<br />sound<...
Expanding experience<br />synthetic<br />qualia<br />brain<br />qualia<br />similarly to neurons, brain implant represents...
Synthetic qualia? <br />but is it possible for artificial device<br />to create consciousness?<br />artificial neural netw...
Putting them together<br />how to integrate synthetic qualia<br />with those produced by brain?<br />learn from nature!<br...
The miracle of broadcast<br />what makes the system conscious?<br />Information Integration Theory<br />Tononi & Edelman<b...
integration each module profoundly affects activity of others
consciousness can be measured mathematically</li></ul>Global Neuronal Workspace Theory<br />Dehaene<br /><ul><li>many spec...
integration/broadcasting via subset of special workspace neurons</li></li></ul><li>The miracle of broadcast<br />what make...
integration each module profoundly affects activity of others
consciousness can be measured mathematically</li></ul>Global Neuronal Workspace Theory<br />Dehaene<br /><ul><li>many spec...
integration/broadcasting via subset of special workspace neurons</li></ul>(C) Consciousness as Integrated Information: a p...
The miracle of broadcast<br />what makes the system conscious?<br />Information Integration Theory<br />Tononi & Edelman<b...
integration each module profoundly affects activity of others
consciousness can be measured mathematically</li></ul>Global Neuronal Workspace Theory<br />Dehaene<br /><ul><li>many spec...
integration/broadcasting via subset of special workspace neurons</li></li></ul><li>The miracle of broadcast<br />what make...
integration each module profoundly affects activity of others
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Brain-Computer Interfacing, Consciousness, and the Global Brain: Towards the Technological Enlightenment

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Brain implants to increase intellectual capabilities, control machines using thought alone, or transfer information directly into the brain are quite popular in sci-fi and have been recently adopted as concrete research goals by many science and engineering teams around the world. Currently developed prototypes adopt a "black box" model - they do not allow the user to experience what is going on inside the implant. Our brain, however, doesn't only process sensory input and calculate appropriate behaviors based on it, but also enables us to experience what is happening. In other words, brain activity is accompanied by consciousness.
Potentially, brain chips can also be designed to have consciousness inside them. Inserted into a human brain, such a conscious implant would expand the user's conscious experience with its own contents. For this, however, a new kind of brain-machine interface should be developed that would merge consciousness in two separate systems - the chip and the brain - into single, unified one.
Progress in conscious interfaces could eventually allow us to unify consciousness of different human beings, leading to the emergence of special kind of global brain, in which every individual will experience itself being a GB, and won't become just one of the cogs in this huge super-intelligent system.

Comments for slides can be found here:
http://engineuring.wordpress.com/2010/06/14/mind-implants-or-how-to-expand-consciousness-using-new-technologies/

Published in: Technology, Spiritual
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Brain-Computer Interfacing, Consciousness, and the Global Brain: Towards the Technological Enlightenment

  1. 1. new technologies to enrich your mind<br />Expanding consciousness with Brain-machine interfaces<br />
  2. 2. Consciousness is…<br />experiencing brain processes<br />
  3. 3. Consciousness is…<br />experiencing brain processes<br />different processes cause different qualia<br />color<br />
  4. 4. Consciousness is…<br />experiencing brain processes<br />different processes cause different qualia<br />color<br />sound<br />
  5. 5. Consciousness is…<br />experiencing brain processes<br />different processes cause different qualia<br />color<br />sound<br />taste<br />
  6. 6. Consciousness is…<br />experiencing brain processes<br />different processes cause different qualia<br />color<br />sound<br />taste<br />smell<br />
  7. 7. Consciousness is…<br />experiencing brain processes<br />different processes cause different qualia<br />color<br />sound<br />taste<br />pain<br />smell<br />
  8. 8. Consciousness is…<br />experiencing brain processes<br />different processes cause different qualia<br />color<br />sound<br />taste<br />pain<br />smell<br />let’s enrich this experience with new technologies!<br />
  9. 9. Expanding experience<br />synthetic<br />qualia<br />brain<br />qualia<br />similarly to neurons, brain implant represents itself in consciousness<br />
  10. 10. Synthetic qualia? <br />but is it possible for artificial device<br />to create consciousness?<br />artificial neural network models<br />have been already developed<br />which demonstrate<br />rudimentary consciousness or some aspects of consciousness<br />Edelman brain-based devices<br />neural networks simulations by<br />Dehaene, Gamez<br />
  11. 11. Putting them together<br />how to integrate synthetic qualia<br />with those produced by brain?<br />learn from nature!<br />motion<br />sounds<br />shape<br />color<br />so how does brain bring them all together?<br />
  12. 12. The miracle of broadcast<br />what makes the system conscious?<br />Information Integration Theory<br />Tononi & Edelman<br /><ul><li>differentiation consist of many specialized modules
  13. 13. integration each module profoundly affects activity of others
  14. 14. consciousness can be measured mathematically</li></ul>Global Neuronal Workspace Theory<br />Dehaene<br /><ul><li>many specialized modules
  15. 15. integration/broadcasting via subset of special workspace neurons</li></li></ul><li>The miracle of broadcast<br />what makes the system conscious?<br />Information Integration Theory<br />Tononi & Edelman<br /><ul><li>differentiation consist of many specialized modules
  16. 16. integration each module profoundly affects activity of others
  17. 17. consciousness can be measured mathematically</li></ul>Global Neuronal Workspace Theory<br />Dehaene<br /><ul><li>many specialized modules
  18. 18. integration/broadcasting via subset of special workspace neurons</li></ul>(C) Consciousness as Integrated Information: a provisional manifesto<br />Tononi, 2008<br />
  19. 19. The miracle of broadcast<br />what makes the system conscious?<br />Information Integration Theory<br />Tononi & Edelman<br /><ul><li>differentiation consist of many specialized modules
  20. 20. integration each module profoundly affects activity of others
  21. 21. consciousness can be measured mathematically</li></ul>Global Neuronal Workspace Theory<br />Dehaene<br /><ul><li>many specialized modules
  22. 22. integration/broadcasting via subset of special workspace neurons</li></li></ul><li>The miracle of broadcast<br />what makes the system conscious?<br />Information Integration Theory<br />Tononi & Edelman<br /><ul><li>differentiation consist of many specialized modules
  23. 23. integration each module profoundly affects activity of others
  24. 24. consciousness can be measured mathematically</li></ul>Global Neuronal Workspace Theory<br />Dehaene<br /><ul><li>many specialized modules
  25. 25. integration/broadcasting via subset of special workspace neurons</li></ul>(C) Neural mechanisms for access to consciousness<br />Dehaene & Changeux, 2003<br />
  26. 26. The hardware<br />how to make the implant broadcast?<br />today’s brain-machine interfaces <br />DBS electrode<br />X many connections are not possible:<br /><ul><li>can damage everything
  27. 27. procedure too cumbersome</li></ul>electrode grid<br />X only those neurons close to the surface<br />
  28. 28. The hardware<br />a new hopes<br />“sprouting” brain-machine interfaces <br />Harnessing the blood supply network (R. Llinas)<br />Growing up your own network of neuroagents<br />
  29. 29. The hardware<br />interfacing in a brain-friendly way<br />neurons are grown on a chip<br />their axons grow through the brain<br />intermediate layer between brain and electronics<br />communication channel is natural for the brain<br />
  30. 30. Applications<br />artificial bodies<br />tactile and proprioceptive feedback<br />for neuroprostheses<br />
  31. 31. Applications<br />approach to “cracking neural code”<br />conscious neural implants provide a fresh approach to the problem of transferring information into the brain<br />transfer happens when brain-implant system becomes conscious<br />a mathematical tools for analyzing conscious systems are being developed<br />these tools finally allow to calculate optimal design for the implant enabling consciousness = information transfer<br />
  32. 32. Going further<br />exploring the minds of Others<br />would it be possible to join conscious experience of another being with yours?<br />the major difficulty is provided by functional aspects of consciousness<br />
  33. 33. Going further<br />Ω<br />the Consciousness Singularity<br />all consciousness on the planet, living and artificial, merged to a single one<br />the “functional problem” disappears at the global level<br />
  34. 34. The end?<br />nop, just the beginning!<br />Thank you!<br />

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