varian Cancer Fact Sheet
What are ovaries?
Your ovaries are two glands located on each
side of your uterus.
What ovaries do?
Ovaries are part of a female reproductive organ
responsible for producing eggs and generating
female hormones known as estrogen and
What is ovarian cancer?
Ovarian cancer starts in your ovaries. Cancer cells will grow in your ovaries, if cancer spread
outside of the ovaries, the cancer has metastasized, which means the cancer has spread from the
original organ to another part of your body.
There are three main sites of metastasis with ovarian cancer: liver, lung, and peritoneu
Who is at risk?
Ovarian cancer only occurs in women. It is found mainly in women over the age of 55, but it
may also occur with younger women. There are several factors that may increase your chances
of ovarian cancer.
Increase risk factors:
Age: 2/3 of women 55 or older Have close family with ovarian
Have a genetic mutation like
BRCA1 or BRCA 2
Have an Eastern European Jewish
Have never given birth
Obesity Have endometriosis
Decrease risk factors:
Use of birth control Delivered one child by age 30
Had tubal ligation or hysterectomy Some studies show breastfeeding
lower the occurrenc
Symptoms of ovarian cancer:
Bloating in the abdomen
Difficulty eating Feeling full quickly after eating
Back pain Vaginal bleeding or other discharge
different than normal
How many types of ovarian cancer are there?
22,280 women new diagnoses a year Every 24 minutes a woman is diagnosed
1 in 72 women are diagnosed yearly 90% will survive longer than 5 yrs. if detected early
14,240 deaths are expected in 2016 5th leading cause of cancer death in women
5 Year survival rate is 42.6%
Which diagnosis evaluations are there?
Pelvic exam, CT/PET Scan, CA 125 Test, MRI, Ultrasound, Lab test
if your symptoms
are the cause of
see your doctor.
There are over 30 types with three main ones being diagnosed these are:
Epithelial- Most common affectsthe surface layerof the ovary
Germ Cell- Developsinthe cellsthat creates you eggs
Stromal- Developswithinthe cellsthat holds the ovariestogetherand make female