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  1. 1. The Bard of Avon
  2. 2. <ul><li>From childhood to death </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Baptized in 26 April 1564 </li></ul><ul><li>Birth date is unknown. </li></ul><ul><li>Died at the age of 52 in 23 April 1616 </li></ul><ul><li>Playwright , poet and actor </li></ul><ul><li>Married to Anne Hathaway (married from 1582 to 1616) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>It is unknown exactly when or how Shakespeare started writing, but several of his plays were on London stage by 1592 </li></ul><ul><li>Son of John Shakespeare, successful glover and alderman, and Mary Arden, the daughter of an affluent landowning farmer. </li></ul><ul><li>William’s social status is quite high as his parents are all very wealthy. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Shakespeare’s plays was very well-received because the topics were very universal </li></ul><ul><li>His plays talked about love, loss, behavior and mannerism. </li></ul><ul><li>People can always relate the plays to situations in real life. </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone who had loved someone would have behaved similarly as portrayed in the play. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>When Shakespeare was in London, he was not really famous for his plays, but for being attacked by playwright Robert Greene! </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide happens exactly 13 times in Shakespeare’s plays. </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare lived for 52 years only(1564-1616). </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare wrote a total of 37 plays and 154 sonnets. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The Shakespearian Time </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Elizabethan Era (1558-1603) </li></ul><ul><li>The Golden Age in English history </li></ul><ul><li>Height of the English Renaissance </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Anglo-Spanish War (1585~1604) </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict Between the two kingdoms: Spain and England </li></ul><ul><li>Started with British expedition to Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Support the resistance of the States General of Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Both parties achieved some of their aims, but lost a lot of their treasuries </li></ul><ul><li>Ended with the Treaty of London negotiated in 1604 by the representatives of King Phillip III and the new king of England, James I </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>English Reformation </li></ul><ul><li>A series of events in the 16 th century </li></ul><ul><li>England broke free of the authority of Pope and the Roman Catholic Church </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Ruled by Queen Elizabeth </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Elizabeth enjoyed art, music and plays </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged a lot of writers like Shakespeare to develop. </li></ul><ul><li>The social system was such that if you come from the noble family, you have a high social status. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The theatres are usually polygonal in plan to give an overall rounded effect. </li></ul><ul><li>The balcony provided is used in plays such as Romeo and Juliet. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The revival of art and literature </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Happened during the 14 th century to the 17 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance means the revival, rebirth of art and learning </li></ul><ul><li>In French, ri- “again” and nascere- “birth” </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Black Death/Plague </li></ul><ul><li>A pandemic during the 14 th century Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Changed the views of people </li></ul><ul><li>People started to care more about their lives on Earth instead of spirituality and afterlife </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Shakespeare used his knowledge of Greek and Roman classics in his plays, which was suppressed by the Roman Catholics before the Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Since social hierarchy is not longer existing, it allowed Shakespeare the humanity of any character, regardless of their social position. </li></ul>