Magna Carta - Alex VardY


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Magna Carta - Alex VardY

  1. 1. The Magna Carta Alex Vardy
  2. 2. Analysis <ul><li>The Magna Carta is a document/charter which King John of England ( 1166 – 1216) was forced to sign. </li></ul><ul><li>It significantly reduced the amount of power that the King had before. </li></ul><ul><li>From then on, Kings and Queens had to follow the rules rather than having absolute power. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone lived under the same laws </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why was the Magna Carta created? <ul><li>The Magna Carta was created to: </li></ul><ul><li>Limit the powers of the king </li></ul><ul><li>Preserve basic legal rights to all “free men” </li></ul><ul><li>Forced the monarchy to respect the rights of the common man. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevented the king from increasing taxes without consent of a council of nobles </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen the powers of nobles </li></ul><ul><li>Fair trial for all freemen </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the injustice towards vassals </li></ul><ul><li>To stop the King from disrupting the Pope from religious matters </li></ul>Term: free men only referred to ¼ of the population who are people who owned land and male. (or great charter)
  4. 4. Who’s King John of England? <ul><li>He lived from 1166 to 1216 </li></ul><ul><li>He was the youngest of fives sons that King Henry II of England had. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very unpopular King between him and the nobles as he was not “fit” for a King! (did not have many qualities that people intended for a King to have) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(he was also the favourite out of the sons) </li></ul></ul>Nickname: Soft Sword
  5. 5. Important information leading to the creation of the Magna Carta… <ul><li>Again, King John was not a popular King. He lost many wars against the French while he was in power. </li></ul><ul><li>England lost the duchy of Normandy to King Philip II of France under King John’s rule. </li></ul><ul><li>The near extinction of the Angevin Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>which resulted in the growth of Capetain dynasty under King John’s rule. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>1202 under King John’s rule, he lost his empire in the northern France. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thus for the next decade, John attempted to regain the lands. He was unsuccessful. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also, an attempt to defeat King Philip II once and for all failed in 1214 surprisingly. </li></ul>
  7. 7. He then… <ul><li>Raised large sums of cash, improved his army and rebuild continental alliances </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced new taxes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This caused the retaliation of King John’s nobles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They thought of the new taxers unfair. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. John also disputed with the Pope. <ul><li>King John had angered Pope Innocent III (the current Pope at that time) by asking for a new archbishop of Canterbury. </li></ul><ul><li>Pope Innocent placed an interdict on England for some years. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, the King was excommunicated because John rebelled against the Pope but later he was forgiven. </li></ul>Interdict : excludes from certain rites of the Church individuals or groups
  9. 9. The King finally stamped the Magna Carta… <ul><li>It was stamped by King John at Runnymede on June 15 th , 1215. </li></ul><ul><li>The feudal barons forced King John. </li></ul><ul><li>It was drafted by the archbishop Stephen Langton and the most powerful Barons </li></ul><ul><li>It was originally called Articles of the Barons </li></ul>
  10. 10. Today… <ul><li>The Magna Carta still has a great influence in rules in today’s society as you can still see it’s influence in the US Bill of Rights and Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Three of the clauses in Magna Carta are still used in society. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EX) habeas corpus “legal action, through which a prisoner can be released from unlawful detention”. ~ Wikipedia </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Picture of the existing Manga Carta… <ul><li>Only FOUR of the original Manga Carta still exist today </li></ul>
  12. 12. Video <ul><li> </li></ul>If you wish to watch it.
  13. 13. Bibliography: <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>,_King_of_England </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>