Philippine History Review Class March 5, 2013

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This is for the review class of the Grade 7-Social Studies-Philippine History for the fourth grading period. Prepared by Mr. Alex C. Torreda. Photo credits to their respective owners. NOT FOR SALE!

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Philippine History Review Class March 5, 2013

  1. 1. Grace Christian College Review Class for Fourth Grading Period Examination Grade 7-Social Studies I Philippine History March 4, 2013 Prepared by: ®©Mr. Alex C. Torreda™
  2. 2. Identification
  3. 3. 1. Manuel L. Quezon
  4. 4. 2. Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon(HUKBALAHAP)
  5. 5. 3. Japanese attack and bombingof the Pearl Harbor
  6. 6. 4. July 4, 1946
  7. 7. 5. Parity Rights Agreement
  8. 8. 6. Manuel A. Roxas
  9. 9. 7. Elpidio Quirino
  10. 10. 8. Ramon F. Magsaysay
  11. 11. 9. Carlos P. Garcia
  12. 12. 10. Diosdado Macapagal
  13. 13. 11. Ferdinand E. Marcos
  14. 14. 12. Military Base Agreement (MBA)
  15. 15. 13. Extend his term inoffice as president
  16. 16. 14. Senator Benigno “Ninoy”Aquino, Jr.
  17. 17. 15. Corazon “Cory” Aquino
  18. 18. 16. Salvador “Doy” Laurel
  19. 19. 17. Jaime Cardinal Sin
  20. 20. 18. Defense Min. Juan Ponce Enrileand Vice-Chief of Staff Fidel V. Ramos
  21. 21. 19. Joseph Ejercito “Erap” Estrada
  22. 22. 20. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
  23. 23. 21. Commission on Elections(COMELEC)
  24. 24. 22. Secure independence ofthe Philippines from the US
  25. 25. 23. Allied forces bombings ofHiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan
  26. 26. 24. Sergio Osmeoa, Sr.
  27. 27. 25. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
  28. 28. 26. Gen. Douglas MacArthur
  29. 29. 27. Jose P. Laurel
  30. 30. 28. Worsening state of poverty
  31. 31. 29. New People’s Army (NPA)
  32. 32. 30. Assassination of Sen.Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino
  33. 33. Definition
  34. 34. Writ of Habeas Corpus Power of the state to arrest and detain Habeas corpus is a writ (legal action) which requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court.
  35. 35. Desaparecidos• Civilians who were arrested and never seen again and were believed to be salvaged
  36. 36. Salvaging• Summary killing without due process
  37. 37. Cronyism• Granting favors to relatives or allies to advance business or political interests
  38. 38. Dictatorship• Fraud and abuse of authority
  39. 39. KALIBAPI (Kapisanan saPaglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas)• Only political party authorized by the Japanese
  40. 40. MAKAPILI(Makabayang Pilipino) Group of pro- Japanese Filipinos Believed to be spies of the Japanese Promoted independence form the Americans
  41. 41. USAFFE (United States ArmedForces in the Far East)• Both reserve and regular forces in the Philippines were integrated into the US military force in the country
  42. 42. Death March Around 78, 000Filipino and Americansoldiers who surrenderedwere forced to marchunder the scorching heatof the sun fromMariveles, Bataan to SanFernando, Pampanga
  43. 43. New Society Popularized byMarcos which heclaimed wasenvisioned to carryout meaningfulchange.
  44. 44. Filipino First PolicyAimed to upholdand promoteeconomicnationalismamong Filipinos.
  45. 45. Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) Conduct ofmilitary exercisesbetween Filipinoand Americantroops withinPhilippineterritory
  46. 46. Holiday Economics Allows longervacation periods foremployees in theprivate and publicsectors.
  47. 47. Philippines 2000• Medium-Term Philippine Development Plan (MTPDP)• Aimed to transform the country from being the “sick man of Asia” to a “tiger economy”.
  48. 48. “Demarcosify”• Dismiss incumbent officials who served during the regime of Marcos.• Ensure loyalty to the newly-installed government of Aquino and remove vestiges of Marcos regime.
  49. 49. Fill in the blanks
  50. 50. One of the mostsuccessful missions tothe US was led byOsmeoa and Roxas(Os-Rox Mission 1931-33) which paved theway for the passage ofthe HARE-HAWES-CUTTING ACT OF 1933by the US Congress.
  51. 51. Quezon was ableto obtain a newindependence law.Since he was the onebrought the TYDINGS-MCDUFFIE ACT, hisimage was enhancedand was eventuallyelected president ofthe Commonwealth in1935.
  52. 52. The Tydings-McDuffie Lawprovided thatindependence of thePhilippines will begiven and recognizedby the United Statesafter a Ten-year (10)transition period.
  53. 53. The executivebranch of theCommonwealthgovernment is ruledby the FILIPINOpresident but stillunder thesupervision of theUnited States.
  54. 54. TAGALOG wasmade the basis ofthe officiallanguage of thePhilippines.
  55. 55. The Filipinowomen wereALLOWED tovote for the firsttime under theCommonwealthof thePhilippines.
  56. 56. Manila wasdeclared an OPEN-CITY on December26, 1941 to preventfurther destructionsfrom the bombingsand hostilities ofthe invadingJapanese army.
  57. 57. Upon thereturn of theAmericans, majorityof the areas in thePhilippinearchipelago hadalready beenLIBERATED by theHuks.
  58. 58. For manynationalisthistorians, theindependencewhich the USgranted to thePhilippines wasFAKE.
  59. 59. The ParityRights Agreementgranted theAmerican investorsEQUAL rights toexploit the naturalresources of thePhilippines.
  60. 60. The politicaland economicagreementsbetween the UnitedStates and thePhilippines aremore beneficial tothe AMERICANS/UNITED STATES.
  61. 61. President Roxashad no other choiceto rebuild theeconomy of thewar-torn Philippinesbut to ACCEPT theconditions of theU.S. in exchange ofassistance.
  62. 62. The majorprovision of theBell Trade Act wasthe continuation ofFREE tradebetween the USand thePhilippines.
  63. 63. The MORONATIONALLIBERATION FRONT(MNLF) was formedout of the desire toseparate Mindanaofrom the Philippinestrough an armedstruggle.
  64. 64. Though Marcoswas removedthrough a peacefulrevolution, it is anundeniable fact thathis ouster from theMalacaoang wasfulfilled because ofthe intervention ofthe UNITED STATES.
  65. 65. The 1973PhilippineConstitution wasratified orapproved by thepeople in thebarangays andbarrios throughTRICKING*.
  66. 66. For the camp ofMarcos, thepresidency of Mrs.Aquino wasILLEGITIMATEbecause herassumption tooffice did not followthe rule of law.
  67. 67. A major blow tothe Estradaadministration was theexposé of Ilocos SurGovernor Luis “Chavit”Singson about theJUETENG pay-offallegedly received byPresident Estrada andsome members of thefirst family.
  68. 68. President Ramoswas noted for hisMedium-TermPhilippine DevelopmentPlan which is morepopularly known as“Philippines 2000.” Itaimed to transform thecountry from being “sickman of Asia” to a“TIGER-ECONOMY.”
  69. 69. The release ofthe controversial“HELLO GARCI TAPE”that contained thealleged rigging of theelection resultsposed a seriousquestion about thelegitimacy of theArroyo presidency.

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