One of the mostsuccessful missions tothe US was led byOsmeoa and Roxas(Os-Rox Mission 1931-33) which paved theway for the passage ofthe HARE-HAWES-CUTTING ACT OF 1933by the US Congress.
Quezon was ableto obtain a newindependence law.Since he was the onebrought the TYDINGS-MCDUFFIE ACT, hisimage was enhancedand was eventuallyelected president ofthe Commonwealth in1935.
The Tydings-McDuffie Lawprovided thatindependence of thePhilippines will begiven and recognizedby the United Statesafter a Ten-year (10)transition period.
The executivebranch of theCommonwealthgovernment is ruledby the FILIPINOpresident but stillunder thesupervision of theUnited States.
TAGALOG wasmade the basis ofthe officiallanguage of thePhilippines.
The Filipinowomen wereALLOWED tovote for the firsttime under theCommonwealthof thePhilippines.
Manila wasdeclared an OPEN-CITY on December26, 1941 to preventfurther destructionsfrom the bombingsand hostilities ofthe invadingJapanese army.
Upon thereturn of theAmericans, majorityof the areas in thePhilippinearchipelago hadalready beenLIBERATED by theHuks.
For manynationalisthistorians, theindependencewhich the USgranted to thePhilippines wasFAKE.
The ParityRights Agreementgranted theAmerican investorsEQUAL rights toexploit the naturalresources of thePhilippines.
The politicaland economicagreementsbetween the UnitedStates and thePhilippines aremore beneficial tothe AMERICANS/UNITED STATES.
President Roxashad no other choiceto rebuild theeconomy of thewar-torn Philippinesbut to ACCEPT theconditions of theU.S. in exchange ofassistance.
The majorprovision of theBell Trade Act wasthe continuation ofFREE tradebetween the USand thePhilippines.
The MORONATIONALLIBERATION FRONT(MNLF) was formedout of the desire toseparate Mindanaofrom the Philippinestrough an armedstruggle.
Though Marcoswas removedthrough a peacefulrevolution, it is anundeniable fact thathis ouster from theMalacaoang wasfulfilled because ofthe intervention ofthe UNITED STATES.
The 1973PhilippineConstitution wasratified orapproved by thepeople in thebarangays andbarrios throughTRICKING*.
For the camp ofMarcos, thepresidency of Mrs.Aquino wasILLEGITIMATEbecause herassumption tooffice did not followthe rule of law.
A major blow tothe Estradaadministration was theexposé of Ilocos SurGovernor Luis “Chavit”Singson about theJUETENG pay-offallegedly received byPresident Estrada andsome members of thefirst family.
President Ramoswas noted for hisMedium-TermPhilippine DevelopmentPlan which is morepopularly known as“Philippines 2000.” Itaimed to transform thecountry from being “sickman of Asia” to a“TIGER-ECONOMY.”
The release ofthe controversial“HELLO GARCI TAPE”that contained thealleged rigging of theelection resultsposed a seriousquestion about thelegitimacy of theArroyo presidency.