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Ohop Tree Planting Pre-Trip Presentation Fall 2015

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This presentation provides information for the field trips to Ohop Valley where students plant trees as part of a restoration project. It includes educational information, some history, and project information.

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Ohop Tree Planting Pre-Trip Presentation Fall 2015

  1. 1. Tree Planting with the Nisqually River Education Project
  2. 2. Your Task! Replant native vegetation to re-establish a healthy Riparian Zone. Why is the Riparian Zone important?
  3. 3. Riparian Zones Rock! • Moderate flooding • Cleans the water • They provide shade, habitat, and food!
  4. 4. Floodplains and Riparian Zones • Floodplains are lowlands next to rivers that are subject to floods
  5. 5. The First People •The Nisqually Tribe •“Squally-absch”, or “People of the river, People of the grass country”. •Traditionally lived off the land and rivers •Salmon are important to their diet and culture.
  6. 6. European Settlers
  7. 7. Modern Life
  8. 8. How does modern life affect wildlife?
  9. 9. Nisqually Watershed Schools
  10. 10. Ohop Valley Restoration
  11. 11. The Ohop Valley Story  Ohop Creek is the 2nd most important salmon- producing tributary of the Nisqually River.  A century ago, the creek was drained into a ditch. This was done to dry-out the valley for dairy farming.
  12. 12. Restoration Activities • Re-meander stream • Removing old buildings • Removing invasive plants Current phase: Replanting the large floodplain (This is where YOU come in!)
  13. 13. Why Re-meander a stream?  Meander= to follow a winding, bending course.
  14. 14. Ohop Creek in the ditch
  15. 15. Ohop Creek re-meandered
  16. 16. Engineered Log Jams Mimicking Nature
  17. 17. 6 Main Reasons We Plant Trees For Salmon A. Roots hold dirt, preventing erosion which can smother the redds within the stream. Photo credit: Redds – WDFW, Salmon eggs – Thomas C. Kline, Jr., Ph. D.
  18. 18. 6 Main Reasons We Plant Trees For Salmon B. Large woody debris create log jams that provide resting spots, feeding areas, and hiding spaces from predators.
  19. 19. 6 Main Reasons We Plant Trees For Salmon C. Trees provide shade, keeping stream temperatures low; a necessity for the survival of salmon.
  20. 20. 6 Main Reasons We Plant Trees For Salmon D. Trees provide oxygen, which is good for not only the salmon but us too.
  21. 21. 6 Main Reasons We Plant Trees For Salmon E. Trees provide habitat and food for bugs, which are food for the juvenile salmon!
  22. 22. 6 Main Reasons We Plant Trees for Salmon 6. Trees use the carbon in CO2 as building blocks to grow, thus becoming carbon reservoirs.
  23. 23. What is a Native Plant?
  24. 24. Native plant: A species that originated in a given region.
  25. 25. Red Alder Alanus rubra Oregon Ash Fraxinus latifolia
  26. 26. Black Cottonwood Populus balsamifera Sitka Spruce Picea sitchensis
  27. 27. Pacific Crab Apple Malus fusca Red Osier Dogwood Cornus sericea
  28. 28. Twinberry Honeysuckle Lonicera involucrata Pacific Ninebark Physocarpus capitatus
  29. 29. Cascara Rhamnus purshiana Swamp Rose Rosa pisocarpa
  30. 30. Rose Spirea Spiraea douglasii Sitka Willow Salix sitchensis
  31. 31. Hooker’s Willow Salix hookeriana Pacific Willow Salix lucida
  32. 32. Western Red Cedar Thuja plicata
  33. 33. Remember, Safety First!  Walk, don’t run.  Stay in sight of the group at all times.  Shovels:  Sharpened regularly, which makes them dangerous.  Never carry shovels over your shoulder.  Tip should always be pointed towards the ground, like walking sticks.
  34. 34. Thank you! Liked the presentation? Want to check it out or learn more? Go to our website! nrep.nisquallyriver.org

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