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The Maker Revolution:!
DIY Assistive Technology and
Making “Making” Accessible!
"
Dr. Amy Hurst"
Information Systems Depar...
I DEVELOP TECHNOLOGY
THAT WORKS SMOOTHLY
WITH HUMAN BEHAVIOR!
"
Habit! Preference! Ability!
Methodology: Collaboration with Users!
[ACM%Interac-ons%2014]%
Michele%Williams.%%
Methodology: Longitudinal Field Work!
[ACM%Interac-ons%2014]%
Prototyping and Deign Lab!
Talk Outline"
Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT)
Problem with Current AT Adoption Rates
Rapid Prototyping Tools ...
Talk Outline"
Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT)
Problem with Current AT Adoption Rates
Rapid Prototyping Tools ...
What is Assistive Technology?!
“any"item,"piece"of"equipment,"or"product"
system," whether) acquired) commercially)
off)the...
SOUNDS GREAT, RIGHT? "
But… there is a problem
Assistive Technology Goes Unused!
29.3% overall AT abandonment rate
Common factors [Philips and Zhao, 2000]
1.  Not consid...
DIY is Not New in AT Practice!
Disabled!Village!Children!
David!Werner,!1987!
AT!Solu@ons!in!Minutes!
Therese!Willkomm,!20...
Doing ItYourself is Less Expensive!
Commercial:!$110% DIY:!$2%
Made!with!4”!cut!off!lengths!of!3”!
diameter!PVC!pipe,!black...
Test technology at
home, not the clinic
Digital fabrication has
fast turnaround
Customize design as
needs change
Doing ItY...
Doing ItYourself is Empowering!
Solve!problems!!
Build!confidence!!
Take!control!!
Independence!!
[ASSETS!2011]!
Doing ItYourself is Cool!!
Talk Outline"
Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT)
Problem with Current AT Adoption Rates
Rapid Prototyping Tools ...
Traditional “Making” Tools!
Accessible Making Tools!
“Personal-scale manufacturing tools enable people
that have no special training in woodworking,
m...
Great 3D printers available for $500!
Can’t afford one of your own?
Finding Accessible Making Tools!
Visit a local shop! O...
Online Communities!
Enable users to share designs, modifications,
experiences, knowledge and inspiration
Talk Outline"
Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT)
Problem with Current AT Adoption Rates
Rapid Prototyping Tools ...
DIY-AT PRACTICES ON
THINGIVERSE"
What 3D-printable DIY-AT has been
posted to Thingiverse.com, who made it,
and why it was ...
Sharing 3D Files with Thingiverse!
Pill%box%insert%for%Altoids%-ns%by%scanlime%
Share files ready to be manufactured
Open-...
Surveyed all AT posted to
Thingiverse since 2008
Under 1% was AT
(363 designs out of 100,000)
1.  Traditional assistive te...
Construction Complexity!
!
[CHI!2015]!
1.  30%!were!only!1!part!(no!assembly)!
2.  40%!required!assembly!of!mul@ple!
print...
What AT is Popular?!
!
[CHI!2015]!
Talk Outline"
Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT)
Problem with Current AT Adoption Rates
Rapid Prototyping Tools ...
Designer Experience and Motivation!
Online Survey with 69 AT designers to
understand why they made and shared
the AT, and ...
Do ItYourself… For Someone Else!
Fast
Affordable
Customizable
empowering?
Consider changing habits,
preferences, abilities...
Talk Outline"
Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT)
Problem with Current AT Adoption Rates
Rapid Prototyping Tools ...
EFFORTLESS 3D MODELING
WITH VIZTOUCH"
Automatically generates a mathematic
tactile graphic for tactile learners
VizTouch Interface!
[TEI!2012]!
VizTouch Equation Output!
[TEI!2012]!
VizTouch Excel Output!
[TEI!2012]!
EFFORTLESS 3D MODELING
WITH GRIPFAB"
Automatically generating customized
hand grips for therapists, teachers,
students, an...
Building AT with School Therapists!
[ASSETS!2014]!
[ASSETS!2014]!
[ASSETS!2014]!
[ASSETS!2014]!
Talk Outline"
Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT)
Problem with Current AT Adoption Rates
Rapid Prototyping Tools ...
Make abstract
concepts tangible
Support multi-modal
learning
Create Instruction Materials!
[ASSETS!2014]!
Learn High-Tech Employable Skills!
60% unemployment rate for adults with
Intellectual Disability
Making teaches valuable s...
Encourage Student Collaboration!
[ASSETS!2015]!
OPPORTUNITIES AND
CHALLENGES FOR MAKING
“MAKING” ACCESSIBLE"
Time is Most Expensive Resource!
Choose the Right Equipment!
[ASSETS!2014]!
Anticipate a Steep Learning Curve!
[ASSETS!2014]!
WHAT’S NEXT?"
Study impact of our software tools with
diverse populations
Continue studying evolution of “DIY”
culture and...
ThankYou! ! !!
To learn more: amyhurst.com
umbcpad.com isrc.umbc.edu
Thank you to all my students, collaborators,
particip...
HURST, AMY.  THE MAKER REVOLUTION-! DIY ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY AND MAKING “MAKING” ACCESSIBLE
HURST, AMY.  THE MAKER REVOLUTION-! DIY ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY AND MAKING “MAKING” ACCESSIBLE
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HURST, AMY. THE MAKER REVOLUTION-! DIY ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY AND MAKING “MAKING” ACCESSIBLE

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Published on

2015 NRI PI MEETING

Published in: Science
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HURST, AMY. THE MAKER REVOLUTION-! DIY ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY AND MAKING “MAKING” ACCESSIBLE

  1. 1. The Maker Revolution:! DIY Assistive Technology and Making “Making” Accessible! " Dr. Amy Hurst" Information Systems Department! University of Maryland, " Baltimore County" NRI PI Meeting: 11/5/15"
  2. 2. I DEVELOP TECHNOLOGY THAT WORKS SMOOTHLY WITH HUMAN BEHAVIOR! " Habit! Preference! Ability!
  3. 3. Methodology: Collaboration with Users! [ACM%Interac-ons%2014]% Michele%Williams.%%
  4. 4. Methodology: Longitudinal Field Work! [ACM%Interac-ons%2014]%
  5. 5. Prototyping and Deign Lab!
  6. 6. Talk Outline" Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT) Problem with Current AT Adoption Rates Rapid Prototyping Tools and Online Communities DIY-AT Practices on Thingiverse.com Do-It-Yourself vs. Do-It-For-Someone-Else Making “Making Accessible” Effortless 3D Modeling “Making” in Special Education
  7. 7. Talk Outline" Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT) Problem with Current AT Adoption Rates Rapid Prototyping Tools and Online Communities DIY-AT Practices on Thingiverse.com Do-It-Yourself vs. Do-It-For-Someone-Else Making “Making Accessible” Effortless 3D Modeling “Making” in Special Education
  8. 8. What is Assistive Technology?! “any"item,"piece"of"equipment,"or"product" system," whether) acquired) commercially) off)the)shelf,)modified,)or)customized,"that" is" used" to" increase," maintain," or" improve" func6onal" capabili6es" of" individuals" with" disabili6es.”!–!US!Access!Board!
  9. 9. SOUNDS GREAT, RIGHT? " But… there is a problem
  10. 10. Assistive Technology Goes Unused! 29.3% overall AT abandonment rate Common factors [Philips and Zhao, 2000] 1.  Not considering user opinion in selection 2.  Difficulty obtaining the devices 3.  Poor device performance 4.  Changes in user needs and priorities DIY offers end users control which may reduce abandonment rates
  11. 11. DIY is Not New in AT Practice! Disabled!Village!Children! David!Werner,!1987! AT!Solu@ons!in!Minutes! Therese!Willkomm,!2005!
  12. 12. Doing ItYourself is Less Expensive! Commercial:!$110% DIY:!$2% Made!with!4”!cut!off!lengths!of!3”! diameter!PVC!pipe,!black!fiberglass! rod,!and!brackets!from!PVC!scraps.! workshopsolu@ons.com! ! UUbolt!wheelchair!rail!mount!by!RAM! from!1800wheelchair.com! ! [ASSETS!2011]!
  13. 13. Test technology at home, not the clinic Digital fabrication has fast turnaround Customize design as needs change Doing ItYourself is Fast and Adaptive! [ASSETS!2011]!
  14. 14. Doing ItYourself is Empowering! Solve!problems!! Build!confidence!! Take!control!! Independence!! [ASSETS!2011]!
  15. 15. Doing ItYourself is Cool!!
  16. 16. Talk Outline" Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT) Problem with Current AT Adoption Rates Rapid Prototyping Tools and Online Communities DIY-AT Practices on Thingiverse.com Do-It-Yourself vs. Do-It-For-Someone-Else Making “Making Accessible” Effortless 3D Modeling “Making” in Special Education
  17. 17. Traditional “Making” Tools!
  18. 18. Accessible Making Tools! “Personal-scale manufacturing tools enable people that have no special training in woodworking, metalsmithing, or embroidery to manufacture their own complex, one-of-a-kind artisan-style objects” --Lipson, Factory@Home 3D!Printed!Plas@c! Laser!Cut!Wood! CNC!Milled!Metal!
  19. 19. Great 3D printers available for $500! Can’t afford one of your own? Finding Accessible Making Tools! Visit a local shop! Order it online!
  20. 20. Online Communities! Enable users to share designs, modifications, experiences, knowledge and inspiration
  21. 21. Talk Outline" Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT) Problem with Current AT Adoption Rates Rapid Prototyping Tools and Online Communities DIY-AT Practices on Thingiverse.com Do-It-Yourself vs. Do-It-For-Someone-Else Making “Making Accessible” Effortless 3D Modeling “Making” in Special Education
  22. 22. DIY-AT PRACTICES ON THINGIVERSE" What 3D-printable DIY-AT has been posted to Thingiverse.com, who made it, and why it was designed?
  23. 23. Sharing 3D Files with Thingiverse! Pill%box%insert%for%Altoids%-ns%by%scanlime% Share files ready to be manufactured Open-source: users modify their designs Users share images and experiences
  24. 24. Surveyed all AT posted to Thingiverse since 2008 Under 1% was AT (363 designs out of 100,000) 1.  Traditional assistive technologies (6%) 2.  Accessible media (11%) 3.  Accessories for assistive devices (8%) 4.  New assistive technology prototype (4%) 5.  Prosthetic limbs (17%) 6.  Medication management tools (36%) 7.  Other design explicitly intended for disabled or senior users (18%) Assistive Technology on Thingiverse! [CHI!2015]!
  25. 25. Construction Complexity! ! [CHI!2015]! 1.  30%!were!only!1!part!(no!assembly)! 2.  40%!required!assembly!of!mul@ple! printed!parts! 3.  28%!required!assembly!of!printed! and!extra!parts! Most!AT!was!! designed!for!3D! printers! !
  26. 26. What AT is Popular?! ! [CHI!2015]!
  27. 27. Talk Outline" Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT) Problem with Current AT Adoption Rates Rapid Prototyping Tools and Online Communities DIY-AT Practices on Thingiverse.com Do-It-Yourself vs. Do-It-For-Someone-Else Making “Making Accessible” Effortless 3D Modeling “Making” in Special Education
  28. 28. Designer Experience and Motivation! Online Survey with 69 AT designers to understand why they made and shared the AT, and their experience [CHI!2015]! ! 13% I%Made%This%for%Myself%) 24! I!Made!This!for!Someone!I!Know) 13! This!Was!a!Personal!Challenge!) 5! This!Was!Required!for!a!Class!or!Compe@@on!! 6! This!Was!Part!of!a!Research!Project! 8! This!Isn’t!Intended!for!a!Disability!)
  29. 29. Do ItYourself… For Someone Else! Fast Affordable Customizable empowering? Consider changing habits, preferences, abilities How do we make “making” accessible?[CHI!2015]! !
  30. 30. Talk Outline" Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT) Problem with Current AT Adoption Rates Rapid Prototyping Tools and Online Communities DIY-AT Practices on Thingiverse.com Do-It-Yourself vs. Do-It-For-Someone-Else Making “Making Accessible” Effortless 3D Modeling “Making” in Special Education
  31. 31. EFFORTLESS 3D MODELING WITH VIZTOUCH" Automatically generates a mathematic tactile graphic for tactile learners
  32. 32. VizTouch Interface! [TEI!2012]!
  33. 33. VizTouch Equation Output! [TEI!2012]!
  34. 34. VizTouch Excel Output! [TEI!2012]!
  35. 35. EFFORTLESS 3D MODELING WITH GRIPFAB" Automatically generating customized hand grips for therapists, teachers, students, and anyone else.
  36. 36. Building AT with School Therapists!
  37. 37. [ASSETS!2014]!
  38. 38. [ASSETS!2014]!
  39. 39. [ASSETS!2014]!
  40. 40. [ASSETS!2014]!
  41. 41. Talk Outline" Do-It-Yourself Assistive Technology (DIY-AT) Problem with Current AT Adoption Rates Rapid Prototyping Tools and Online Communities DIY-AT Practices on Thingiverse.com Do-It-Yourself vs. Do-It-For-Someone-Else Making “Making Accessible” Effortless 3D Modeling “Making” in Special Education
  42. 42. Make abstract concepts tangible Support multi-modal learning Create Instruction Materials! [ASSETS!2014]!
  43. 43. Learn High-Tech Employable Skills! 60% unemployment rate for adults with Intellectual Disability Making teaches valuable skills: Problem solving, Physical design, 3D Printer operation, 3D Modeling [Fab!Learn!2015,!ASSETS!2015]!
  44. 44. Encourage Student Collaboration! [ASSETS!2015]!
  45. 45. OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES FOR MAKING “MAKING” ACCESSIBLE"
  46. 46. Time is Most Expensive Resource!
  47. 47. Choose the Right Equipment! [ASSETS!2014]!
  48. 48. Anticipate a Steep Learning Curve! [ASSETS!2014]!
  49. 49. WHAT’S NEXT?" Study impact of our software tools with diverse populations Continue studying evolution of “DIY” culture and assistive technology
  50. 50. ThankYou! ! !! To learn more: amyhurst.com umbcpad.com isrc.umbc.edu Thank you to all my students, collaborators, participants and supporters. Lisa Anthony, Scott Hudson, Shaun Kane, Anita Komlodi, Ravi Kuber, Wayne Lutters, Jen Mankoff, Helena Mentis Thank you to my funders: NSF QoLT ERC, NSF EAGER, NIDDR DRRP, Toyota Robotics, Microsoft Research, Nokia Research, and NIST

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