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Multiple instances consolidation practices


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There are many ways to reduce costs in IT. Consolidation is one of these ways. Many IT managers thinking only about virtualization when consider consolidation. Multi-instancing is very legitimate and effective way too. Managers and DBAs have to understand benefits and pitfalls, difference from virtualization. Presentation is unveiling real-world practice and experience of support of over 70 servers with at least 6 instances on each with over 2500 databases. This presentation can be helpful for infrastructure managers, system architects, and DBAs .

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Multiple instances consolidation practices

  1. 1. MS SQL Server: Multiple Instances Consolidation Practices<br />Alexander Prusakov<br />Senior MS SQL Server DBA<br />May, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Sr. MS SQL Server DBA (consultant) in one of the biggest financial institution in the world <br />20+ years of IT experience (business users, ERPs, databases and applications support, software development, data warehousing, etc.)<br />15+ years of experience with MS SQL Server<br />MBA, MCITP: Database Administrator 2005/2008<br />Industries: banking/finance, energy, education, health care, manufacturing, IT consulting.<br />Speaker’s Background:<br />
  3. 3. Why;<br />How;<br />What to expect and how it works;<br />Summary;<br />Q and A.<br />Agenda:<br />
  4. 4. Terms<br />Consolidation refers to the merger from multiple computer sources into single.<br />Virtualization refers to the abstraction of computer resources.<br />Multi-instancing refers to the utilization of the same computer sources by multiple independent SQL Servers<br />
  5. 5. Dedicated service<br />
  6. 6. Dedicated service<br />
  7. 7. Multi-instancing <br />Virtualization<br />
  8. 8. Multi-instancing<br />Virtualization<br />
  9. 9. Unexpected need in new SQL Server without budget for a hardware;<br />Buzz about virtualization;<br />Enterprise environment;<br />Curiosity;<br />How did I step in:<br />
  10. 10. Reduce hardware cost<br /> Reduce pollution (carbon footprint)<br />Reduce labor/support cost<br /> Increase resources utilization <br /> Look nice in other’s eyes<br />Why to consolidate:<br />
  11. 11. Reduce hardware cost:<br />Actually it might not (MSRP pre-configured estimated):<br />Enterprise level server: 16 sockets, 196GB (16P) about<br />$175,000.00;<br />HP ProLiant DL785G5 8380 -128GB (8P)<br />$34,999.00;<br />HP ProLiant DL380G6 E5504-4GB (1P)<br />$ 2,289.00 x 8 = $ 18,312.00;<br />$ 2,289.00 x 16 = $ 36,624.00;<br />
  12. 12. Real Benefits:<br />Space: 2U x 8 = 16U vs. 7U<br />Power: 460x8 = 3,680 vs. 1,300 W<br />Cooling cost: vary<br />Reduced carbon footprint (including manufacturing and usage)<br />Ability to add physical CPUs and/or memory<br />
  13. 13. Reduce support cost:<br />Cost of annual licensing;<br />OS – 1 to 8;<br />SQL Server: 8 x 5,999.00 = 47,992.00<br /> 8 x 24,999.00 = 199,992.00<br />Load performance improvement;<br />Cost of SysAdmin support(1 vs. 8);<br />Cost of DBA time (patch 1 vs. 8);<br />Cost of real estate and other<br />
  14. 14. Extras bonus from Enterprise version:<br /> Data compression;<br /> Resource governor;<br />Table partitioning;<br /> Hot-add CPU and memory;<br />Policy-based management;<br />Data collector;<br /> etc.<br />
  15. 15. Total workload throughput on the system versus total number of databases.<br /><br />
  16. 16. Workload throughput on each database versus the number of databases on the system<br /><br />
  17. 17. Effective memory for procedure cache in different configurations <br /><br />
  18. 18. Increase resource utilization:<br />Ability to re-distribute CPUs and memory between instances;<br />Parallel processing (especially beneficial in non-business hours);<br />Now you look GREAT!<br />Or may be not<br />
  19. 19. Multi-instancing vs Virtualization<br />
  20. 20. Multi-instancing vs Virtualization<br />
  21. 21. Multi-instancing vs Virtualization<br />*<br />
  22. 22. How:<br /> Install multiple instances;<br />Create multiple TempDBs;<br />Limit CPUs and memory per instance;<br />Leave enough memory for OS;<br />Monitor performance;<br />Test performance before move to production;<br /> Know your IO system;<br /> Set up thresholds;<br />
  23. 23.
  24. 24.
  25. 25. What is useful:<br /> Microsoft Performance Dashboard;<br /> Quest Foglight software;<br />Good DBA;<br />What is not that much:<br /> Single Instance Reports;<br /> Profiler;<br />Sysadmins.<br />
  26. 26. Usefulness:<br />
  27. 27. And NOT:<br />
  28. 28. But can be better:<br />
  29. 29. Steady but needs a lot of patience from DBA;<br />Business has to follow rules;<br />Adds extra work to manage and keep records on DBs;<br />Harder tune performance;<br />Higher cost of error (including planning).<br />How it works :<br />
  30. 30. How:<br />SQL Server Engines for users are separated on different instances;<br /> SSAS and SSRS are separated from database engines;<br />Each instance is used by databases of one business unit;<br />Application has no elevated rights on any shared server;<br /> Have a big boss on your side!<br />
  31. 31. Push back from development team on:<br />CPU utilization;<br />IO utilization (IOPS);<br />Database schema optimization;<br />Query tuning;<br />What to expect:<br />
  32. 32. Push back from business:<br />DBA has to be involved;<br />One instance down – all business units might be down;<br />IT cost saving <> business cost;<br />Is there a shortcut?;<br />What to expect:<br />
  33. 33. Unexpected errors;<br /> A lot of work to build monitoring and administration tools;<br /> Fun, fun, a lot of fun <br />What to expect:<br />
  34. 34. Bigger the farm – better savings;<br />Bigger the farm – bigger the headache;<br />Not that scary if design and implementation has been done carefully.<br />Summary:<br />
  35. 35. Internet – find your way, do it yourself<br />Microsoft –excellent documentation, big community. For example:<br /><br /> Hardware Manufactures –hard to find the truth<br /> Consultants –result may be vary<br />Where to look for more:<br />
  36. 36. Slides can be found on:<br /><br />Email:<br />Questions & Open Discussion<br />Thank You!<br />