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Task 1: Shakespeare


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Task 1: Shakespeare

  1. 1. Task 1: Shakespeare<br />Done by: Alexander Chen (2P301)<br />Merchant of Venice<br />
  2. 2. Shakespeare’s Life<br />Shakespeare is a famous poet & playwright<br />Widely known as the greatest writer in the English Language<br />Often called England’s national poet and the “Bard of Avon”<br />His plays have been translated into every major living language<br />
  3. 3. Shakespeare’s Life<br />Born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon<br />Began education at the age of six or seven at the Stratford grammar school<br />Studied Latin grammar and the classics<br />
  4. 4. Shakespeare’s Life<br />Left Stratford-on-Avon to begin a career on stage<br />The Theatres of London were closed and Shakespeare turned to writing<br />Inspired by great writers of his time<br />
  5. 5. Shakespeare’s Life<br />Shakespeare’s father was a successful glover and later became an alderman in Stratford-upon-Avon<br />His mother was a daughter of an affluent landowning farmer<br />At age 18, he married Anne Hathaway and had 3 children<br />He was in the middle of the social system<br />
  6. 6. England in Shakespeare’s time <br />Queen Elizabeth I was ruling England<br />London was a very rich city<br />England had 3 big epidemics of plague<br />English poetry, music and literature flowered<br />
  7. 7. England in Shakespeare’s time <br />The English had a strong sense of social class<br />Most people born into a particular class stayed there<br />Social classes determined what a person could wear to where he could live to what job he had<br />
  8. 8. England in Shakespeare’s time <br />Theatres had no roof<br />Depended on sunlight<br />Two plays were done everyday, both in the afternoon<br />Not done earlier because the sun was too bright<br />Not done at night because there was no artificial lighting<br />
  9. 9. England in Shakespeare’s time <br />Cheapest ticket allowed spectators to stand the entire play<br />If they paid more, they could sit in the galleries<br />A pence more to sit on a cushion<br />Those who bought the most expensive sat on chairs on the actual stage<br />
  10. 10. The Renaissance<br />Renaissance is a French word meaning “rebirth”<br />Began in Northern Italy and spread through Europe<br />Europeans moved away from restrictive ideas of the middle ages<br />European Scholars became more interested in studying the world around them<br />
  11. 11. Significant Events<br />The discovery of perspective<br />Where paintings became more life-like<br /> The discovery and translations of Plato’s work<br />Led to the discovery of Neo-Platonism<br />Textual criticism<br />The Copernican revolution<br />The “discovery” of the new world<br />The discovery of a route around Africa to India<br />
  12. 12. How the Renaissance impacted Shakespeare<br />Influenced paintings, sculptures and architecture<br />There was less focus on religious topics and were more realistic<br />Focused on creating “human” characters with complex psychology<br />
  13. 13. How the Renaissance impacted Shakespeare<br />Explored the humanity of every character despite of their social status<br />Even monarchs were given human emotions and were capable of making mistakes<br />Used knowledge of Greek and Roman classics in plays<br />This were suppressed by the Catholic Church before the renaissance<br />
  14. 14. Thank you<br />