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Modern Design
A hundred years of
designed products
The colours the materials
the shapes & the images
The Designers
The Des...
19th
Century Taste (1)
Nostalgia, sentimentality & revivalism
(Medieval or Celtic)
Above: Celtic Revival brooch 1852 Awake...
19th
Century Taste (2)
Melancholy, myth, magic and
Medievalism in the face of the
brutal industrialization of society.
19th
Century Taste (3)
Sentimentality and bad taste so often
occur together. Proudly displayed
furniture and Rossetti’s Pr...
19th
Century Taste (4)
Above: William Morris Arts and Craft’s
interior Wightwick House 1880s -
Simplified ‘Gothic revival’...
Art Nouveau (1)
Sinuous & linear. Art Nouveau in the hands of a master,
brilliantly sophisticated.
Above: C.R. Mackintosh:...
Art Nouveau (2)
Armchair 1901 Lighting 1901 Tearooms 1902
Designer: Charles Rennie Mackintosh Glasgow
Art Nouveau (3)
Above: Lighting – House 1902
Right: Seat – Exhibition 1917
Designer: Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1869-1928)
Early Modern Design (1) 1920s
Fauvist Painting 1917 Cubist Painting 1921 De Stijl Chair 1917
The various faces of the Mode...
Early Modern Design (2) The 1920s
Marcel Breuer chair – 1925 Modern Interior – 1925
Stripped of Decoration and rejecting h...
Early Modern Design (3) The 1920s
The key Modern Building:
Left: Ville Savoie – roof patio - Le Corbusier 1929
Right: Vill...
Early Modern Design (4)
Top: House at Garches Le Corbusier 1927
Top right: Avions Sports 1923
Right: Al Jolson in first ‘t...
Early Modern Design (5) The 1920s
The Barcelona Pavilion by Mies van der
Rohe 1929
Like Le Corbusier’s Ville Savoie it sum...
Early Modern Design (7) – De Stijl
• Cubic
• Forms
• planes
• primary
• colours
•
• Schroder House 1923 Rietveldt
J.P.Oud ...
Early Modern Design (6) The 1930s
Aalto chair 1931
Smooth integrated
Shapes display the
virtues of technical
and aesthetic...
War Years 1939-1945
Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin
All energies and industries are
directed to the war economies
Mussolini a...
End of World War II
Top: Red Army takes Berlin 1945
Top right: End of the war in Asia as
Atomic bombs dropped on Japan
Rig...
Movies of the times
Citizen Kane 1941 Gone with the Wind 1939 Casablanca 1942
Hollywood during the war years
Movies of the Times
Searchers Gentlemen prefer Blondes Rebel without a Cause
1956 1953 1955
Post War Design Influences
Domestic design Jukebox design Coca Cola fronts Time
Together with Hollywood, American
consumer...
Corporate Design Culture The 1950s
Above: McDonald’s 1955
Right: Lever House, New York 1951
While Europe and Asia recovere...
International Modern Design (1) The 1950s
Gio Ponti bedroom suite 1951 Charles Eames wire chairs 1951
Beyond simple functi...
International Modern Design (2) 1950s
• Abstract Expressionist Painting plus
• designer furniture in a glass and steel
• t...
International Modern Design (3) The 1950s
Cadillac Eldorado 1959 Tailfins
Baroque Consumerism
extravagant styling as a sal...
International Modern Design (4) The 1950s
Chapel Ronchamps Le Corbusier 1952
The two sides of the international style:
Eur...
International Modern Design (5) The 1950s
Vastly Different
Styling and
Design Concepts
Between U.S.
& European
cars due to...
The Movies of the Times
Above: Easy Rider 1969
Dir: Dennis Hopper
Right: The Graduate 1967
Dir: Mike Nichols
Pop Influences on Design (1) –The
1960s70s
Sgt. Pepper Band 1967 Soft Toilet 1966 Marilyn 1962
The Beatles Claus Oldenburg...
Pop Influences on Design
(2) – The 1960s70s
Pop Art uses
Popular and
Familiar
Consumer items
as subject
Matter, like
Moder...
The New Design Culture (1) – 1960s
Vespa scooters 1960s Loungers Joe Colombo 1967
Tactile, colourful & fun ideas from
pop ...
The new Design Culture (2) - The 1960s
Above: Lounger Archizoom 1967
Right: Sottsass cabinet 1967
The new Design culture (3) The 1960s
• Left: Yale University Art
Museum, New Haven Ct
Louis Kahn 1969
Right:Isamu Noguchi
...
The New Design Culture (4) – The 1960s
Top: Los Clubes, Mexico, Barragan 1966
Right: Urban graphics, U.K. 1960s
Colour
inv...
The New Design Culture
(5) The 1960s-1970s
Album covers had become a powerful
new art form. They show the influence
of Eas...
The New Design Culture (6) – The 1960s
• Top Left: Carnaby St. London fashion
• Top: Model Jean Shrimpton
• Top right: Fas...
The New Design Culture (7) The 1970s
Right and Left: the powerful statements of the PUNK style
In the middle ‘prettified’ ...
The New Design Culture (8) – The 1970s
Late 1970s fashion statements – style is powerful but clean’
Retro as usual –
BUT t...
The Postmodern Era
1970s-1980s
Elements of shock, retro, Pop
art, clashes of colour and of
normal design associations
The ...
The Postmodern Era
1970s ++
Shock and Historicist design
The settee materials and shape collide Il Palazzo Hotel, Japan
as...
The Postmodern Era 1970s ++
A new range of ‘postmodern’ tones
Provide a new vocabulary of design
Toshiyuki Kita wink chair...
The Postmodern Era 1970s++
Michael Graves Postmodern Chair set 1980s
For various tastes and emotions
Postmodernism means p...
The Postmodern Era
1970s++
Everything was now possible –
1) Body Shop green Design
2) Minimalist interiors &
3) Historicis...
The Postmodern Era
1970s++
Morphosis Lighting Design
Lounger by Shin Takamatsu
Disney L.A. HQ by Isaozaki
The Postmodern Era
1970s++++
Office Building Mexico: Legorretta
Shop Japan, Yasuo Kondo Kirin Beer HQ Osaka,
Takamatsu
The Postmodern Era
1970s +++
1980s
Yuppie symbols of wealth and confidence
The Postmodern Era
1980s++
Minimalist spaces, hi tech
imagery – also a symbol of
good design taste in the 1980s
The Movies 1970s-1980s
E.T. Star Wars Godfather I
Dir: Steven Spielberg Dir: George Lucas Dir: Francis Coppola
The Movies 1970s-1980s
Raging Bull 1980 Apocalypse Now 1979 Cabaret 1972
Dir: Martin Scorsese Dir: Francis Coppola Dir: Bo...
The Postmodern Era
1980s-1990s
•
• Not particularly for sitting on -
• these pieces of furniture show
• postmodern humour,...
The Postmodern Era 1980s-1990s
Humour, horror, sci-fi & technical
sophistication open new frontiers in
furniture design – ...
The Postmodern Era 1980s-
1990s
Above: Guggenheim Museum Spain, Gehry 1990s
Top right: Chest of Drawers, Droog, 1991
Soft ...
The Postmodern Era 1980s-1990s
Left & Right: Dior fashion by John Galliano 1999
Centre: ‘Ebb’ graphic art by Amy Jenkins
I...
The Postmodern Era 1980s- 1990s
New Graphics by Muller Hess 1998
Mask by P. Treacy 1992
The Postmodern Era
1980s-1990s
Above: Lou Reed album cover
by Stefan Sagmeister, 1996
‘Mona leo’ by Schwartz
1998
The Postmodern
Era 1990s- 2000s
Above: Dressing table – pseudo-gothic
Above right: Chair by Verner Panton1999
Right: Chair...
The Postmodern Era 1990s-
2000s
• Left: M-M
• Invitation Card
• 2002
•
•
•
• Rings by Azagury-Patridge 2002 ‘Muff Daddy’lo...
The Postmodern
Era 1990s-2000s
• Product Styling
•
•
Above: Mini Cooper with graphics
Paul Smith 1999
Apple computer produ...
The End
Thank you
for your attention
and interest
I hope you have enjoyed
the talk and perhaps have
learned something
See ...
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Modern Design

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Everything you wanted to know about Modern Design - its origins and heroes from the 19th century till now. Explanation and inspiration.

Researched, assembled and designed by Alex Brown:
alexbrown.net

Published in: Design

Modern Design

  1. 1. Modern Design A hundred years of designed products The colours the materials the shapes & the images The Designers The Designs The Ideas
  2. 2. 19th Century Taste (1) Nostalgia, sentimentality & revivalism (Medieval or Celtic) Above: Celtic Revival brooch 1852 Awakening Conscience Holman Hunt 1850
  3. 3. 19th Century Taste (2) Melancholy, myth, magic and Medievalism in the face of the brutal industrialization of society.
  4. 4. 19th Century Taste (3) Sentimentality and bad taste so often occur together. Proudly displayed furniture and Rossetti’s Proserpine 1880
  5. 5. 19th Century Taste (4) Above: William Morris Arts and Craft’s interior Wightwick House 1880s - Simplified ‘Gothic revival’ ‘Dolce’ by Holman Hunt 1866
  6. 6. Art Nouveau (1) Sinuous & linear. Art Nouveau in the hands of a master, brilliantly sophisticated. Above: C.R. Mackintosh: Hill House Glasgow 1901 above right: Mackintosh: doors Willow tearoom 1903
  7. 7. Art Nouveau (2) Armchair 1901 Lighting 1901 Tearooms 1902 Designer: Charles Rennie Mackintosh Glasgow
  8. 8. Art Nouveau (3) Above: Lighting – House 1902 Right: Seat – Exhibition 1917 Designer: Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1869-1928)
  9. 9. Early Modern Design (1) 1920s Fauvist Painting 1917 Cubist Painting 1921 De Stijl Chair 1917 The various faces of the Modern Movement in painting and design. Compare these with late 19th century only 20 years earlier
  10. 10. Early Modern Design (2) The 1920s Marcel Breuer chair – 1925 Modern Interior – 1925 Stripped of Decoration and rejecting historical associations Modern designers revolutionize the design of objects and space
  11. 11. Early Modern Design (3) The 1920s The key Modern Building: Left: Ville Savoie – roof patio - Le Corbusier 1929 Right: Ville Savoie – Le Corbusier 1929 The key early Modern building all the theory combined into one building
  12. 12. Early Modern Design (4) Top: House at Garches Le Corbusier 1927 Top right: Avions Sports 1923 Right: Al Jolson in first ‘talking picture’ 1927
  13. 13. Early Modern Design (5) The 1920s The Barcelona Pavilion by Mies van der Rohe 1929 Like Le Corbusier’s Ville Savoie it sums up all that was to happen in architecture in the next 50s years Form NOT Functionalism
  14. 14. Early Modern Design (7) – De Stijl • Cubic • Forms • planes • primary • colours • • Schroder House 1923 Rietveldt J.P.Oud - De Stijl Poster Piet Mondrian Paintings 1920s
  15. 15. Early Modern Design (6) The 1930s Aalto chair 1931 Smooth integrated Shapes display the virtues of technical and aesthetic Functionalism All complex issues resolved into a single ‘significant’ form RCA phonograph 1930s Sports car & UK 1937 Hoover Moderne building
  16. 16. War Years 1939-1945 Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin All energies and industries are directed to the war economies Mussolini and Hitler
  17. 17. End of World War II Top: Red Army takes Berlin 1945 Top right: End of the war in Asia as Atomic bombs dropped on Japan Right: The atomic bomb itself
  18. 18. Movies of the times Citizen Kane 1941 Gone with the Wind 1939 Casablanca 1942 Hollywood during the war years
  19. 19. Movies of the Times Searchers Gentlemen prefer Blondes Rebel without a Cause 1956 1953 1955
  20. 20. Post War Design Influences Domestic design Jukebox design Coca Cola fronts Time Together with Hollywood, American consumerism becomes the dominant factor in the new post war economies
  21. 21. Corporate Design Culture The 1950s Above: McDonald’s 1955 Right: Lever House, New York 1951 While Europe and Asia recovered from the war, The U.S. built a new consumer & corporate culture
  22. 22. International Modern Design (1) The 1950s Gio Ponti bedroom suite 1951 Charles Eames wire chairs 1951 Beyond simple functionalism to a concern for ‘significant form’. Good design becomes part of consumerist retail imagery.
  23. 23. International Modern Design (2) 1950s • Abstract Expressionist Painting plus • designer furniture in a glass and steel • tower represent the stereotype of • corporate good taste. Franz Kline Charles Eames Arne Jacobsen 1956 1956
  24. 24. International Modern Design (3) The 1950s Cadillac Eldorado 1959 Tailfins Baroque Consumerism extravagant styling as a sales factor
  25. 25. International Modern Design (4) The 1950s Chapel Ronchamps Le Corbusier 1952 The two sides of the international style: European: concrete, textured & plastic American: Steel, glass, cubic, grid Seagram building 1957 New York
  26. 26. International Modern Design (5) The 1950s Vastly Different Styling and Design Concepts Between U.S. & European cars due to cultural and economic differences above: the Mini 1950s the Fiat 500 below: Plymouth 1950s 1950s
  27. 27. The Movies of the Times Above: Easy Rider 1969 Dir: Dennis Hopper Right: The Graduate 1967 Dir: Mike Nichols
  28. 28. Pop Influences on Design (1) –The 1960s70s Sgt. Pepper Band 1967 Soft Toilet 1966 Marilyn 1962 The Beatles Claus Oldenburg Andy Warhol A new art & design consciousness emerges out of an ironic analysis of popular consumer culture. It is then applied to the design of products. The beginnings of Postmodernism
  29. 29. Pop Influences on Design (2) – The 1960s70s Pop Art uses Popular and Familiar Consumer items as subject Matter, like Modern Design Style, irony and retro. Hockney and Lichenstein above. Right: Ironic statement on Consumerism and pop music
  30. 30. The New Design Culture (1) – 1960s Vespa scooters 1960s Loungers Joe Colombo 1967 Tactile, colourful & fun ideas from pop consumer culture entered the Normally ‘serious’ design areas of architecture, furniture, product Design. Colombo loungers 1967
  31. 31. The new Design Culture (2) - The 1960s Above: Lounger Archizoom 1967 Right: Sottsass cabinet 1967
  32. 32. The new Design culture (3) The 1960s • Left: Yale University Art Museum, New Haven Ct Louis Kahn 1969 Right:Isamu Noguchi light sculptures 1960s
  33. 33. The New Design Culture (4) – The 1960s Top: Los Clubes, Mexico, Barragan 1966 Right: Urban graphics, U.K. 1960s Colour invades the designs of the 1960s
  34. 34. The New Design Culture (5) The 1960s-1970s Album covers had become a powerful new art form. They show the influence of Eastern design and philosophies Jimi Hendrix and Cream album covers
  35. 35. The New Design Culture (6) – The 1960s • Top Left: Carnaby St. London fashion • Top: Model Jean Shrimpton • Top right: Fashion group – mini skirts • Left: Male fashion history 1950s to 1990s • London becomes fashion capital of the • world & British pop music takes over.
  36. 36. The New Design Culture (7) The 1970s Right and Left: the powerful statements of the PUNK style In the middle ‘prettified’ post hippie styling The 1970s saw a mix of stylistic possibilities in all design fields
  37. 37. The New Design Culture (8) – The 1970s Late 1970s fashion statements – style is powerful but clean’ Retro as usual – BUT the powerful influence of the punks is still there to be seen!
  38. 38. The Postmodern Era 1970s-1980s Elements of shock, retro, Pop art, clashes of colour and of normal design associations The armchair joke An ‘historicist’ office building Portland Building, Michael Graves
  39. 39. The Postmodern Era 1970s ++ Shock and Historicist design The settee materials and shape collide Il Palazzo Hotel, Japan associations of Renaissance
  40. 40. The Postmodern Era 1970s ++ A new range of ‘postmodern’ tones Provide a new vocabulary of design Toshiyuki Kita wink chairs Postmodern Fashion
  41. 41. The Postmodern Era 1970s++ Michael Graves Postmodern Chair set 1980s For various tastes and emotions Postmodernism means plurality of choice
  42. 42. The Postmodern Era 1970s++ Everything was now possible – 1) Body Shop green Design 2) Minimalist interiors & 3) Historicist Museums With eclectic Pop colour detailing.
  43. 43. The Postmodern Era 1970s++ Morphosis Lighting Design Lounger by Shin Takamatsu Disney L.A. HQ by Isaozaki
  44. 44. The Postmodern Era 1970s++++ Office Building Mexico: Legorretta Shop Japan, Yasuo Kondo Kirin Beer HQ Osaka, Takamatsu
  45. 45. The Postmodern Era 1970s +++ 1980s Yuppie symbols of wealth and confidence
  46. 46. The Postmodern Era 1980s++ Minimalist spaces, hi tech imagery – also a symbol of good design taste in the 1980s
  47. 47. The Movies 1970s-1980s E.T. Star Wars Godfather I Dir: Steven Spielberg Dir: George Lucas Dir: Francis Coppola
  48. 48. The Movies 1970s-1980s Raging Bull 1980 Apocalypse Now 1979 Cabaret 1972 Dir: Martin Scorsese Dir: Francis Coppola Dir: Bob Fosse
  49. 49. The Postmodern Era 1980s-1990s • • Not particularly for sitting on - • these pieces of furniture show • postmodern humour, • sensuality & sense of form
  50. 50. The Postmodern Era 1980s-1990s Humour, horror, sci-fi & technical sophistication open new frontiers in furniture design – sculptural works Lounger 1986: Mark Lawson
  51. 51. The Postmodern Era 1980s- 1990s Above: Guggenheim Museum Spain, Gehry 1990s Top right: Chest of Drawers, Droog, 1991 Soft ‘chaotic’ shapes
  52. 52. The Postmodern Era 1980s-1990s Left & Right: Dior fashion by John Galliano 1999 Centre: ‘Ebb’ graphic art by Amy Jenkins Images of beauty and of tragedy
  53. 53. The Postmodern Era 1980s- 1990s New Graphics by Muller Hess 1998 Mask by P. Treacy 1992
  54. 54. The Postmodern Era 1980s-1990s Above: Lou Reed album cover by Stefan Sagmeister, 1996 ‘Mona leo’ by Schwartz 1998
  55. 55. The Postmodern Era 1990s- 2000s Above: Dressing table – pseudo-gothic Above right: Chair by Verner Panton1999 Right: Chair by Bengtsson, 1999
  56. 56. The Postmodern Era 1990s- 2000s • Left: M-M • Invitation Card • 2002 • • • • Rings by Azagury-Patridge 2002 ‘Muff Daddy’lounger 2002 • by Seymour
  57. 57. The Postmodern Era 1990s-2000s • Product Styling • • Above: Mini Cooper with graphics Paul Smith 1999 Apple computer product styling J. Ive, 1999 above: Falcon Jet styling graphics, Newson 1999
  58. 58. The End Thank you for your attention and interest I hope you have enjoyed the talk and perhaps have learned something See you again I hope

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