Chapter 9	          urinary system termsBy Alex Angelo
Urinary	  Tract	  Infection	  UTI	    An	  infection	  that	  affects	    any	  part	  of	  the	  unary	    tract.	    Most...
Symptoms of UTI"  Burning	  during	  Urination	             lower abdomen  (dysuria)	                                  dis...
Risk	  Factors	  for	  UTI	    Intercourse:	  for	  young	                 Urinary	  Catheters:	  An	    women	  sexual	  ...
Diagnosis	  and	  Treatment	  of	  UTI	    In	  most	  case	  a	  diagnosis	       Oral	  antibiotics	  are	  used	    can...
Urine	  Culture	  UC	    A	  urine	  culture	  is	  a	                Urine	  is	  collected	    laboratory	  test	  to	  ...
Results	  of	  a	  UC	    Normal:	  	  No	  presence	  of	       Abnormal:	  Presence	  of	    bacteria	  in	  urine.	  	 ...
Retrograde	  Pyelogram	  RP	    Retrograde	  Pyelogram	  is	                       A	  retrograde	  pyelogram	  is	    a	 ...
Procedure	  for	  a	  RP	    Fist	  a	  local	  or	  regional	    anesthetic	  is	  applied	  to	    numb	  the	  area.	  ...
Results	  of	  a	  RP	    Normal:	  Kidneys,	  blotter	       Abnormal:	  The	  flow	  of	    and	  ureters	  show	  now	  ...
Blood	  Urea	  Nitrogen	  BUN	    Blood	  urea	  nitrogen	  is	  a	      A	  BUN	  is	  done	  to	  test	  the	    measure...
Procedure	  of	  a	  	  BUN	    First	  an	  elastic	  band	  is	    wrapped	  around	  the	    upper	  arm	  to	  stop	  ...
Results	  of	  a	  BUN	    Normal:	  6-­‐20	  milligrams	           A	  high	  reading	  may	  be	    per	  deciliter	  or...
Results	  of	  a	  BUN	    Normal:	  6-­‐20	  milligrams	           A	  high	  reading	  may	  be	    per	  deciliter	  or...
Acute	  Renal	  Failure	  ARF	    Acute	  renal	  failure	  is	  a	    rapid	  lose	  of	  kidney	    function.	  
Symptoms	  and	  Causes	  of	  ARF	    Fatigue	                          Perenal:	  A	  decrease	  of	    Headaches	      ...
Diagnosis	  and	  treatment	  of	  ARF	    Can	  be	  detected	  by	  a	             A	  patient	  my	  never	    decrease...
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Ch9

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Ch9

  1. 1. Chapter 9   urinary system termsBy Alex Angelo
  2. 2. Urinary  Tract  Infection  UTI    An  infection  that  affects   any  part  of  the  unary   tract.    Most  common  pathogen   is  E  Coli  accounting  for   80%-­‐85%    2nd  most    common  is   Staphylococcus   Saprophyticus  
  3. 3. Symptoms of UTI"  Burning  during  Urination     lower abdomen (dysuria)   discomfort"  Frequency  to  urinate     low-grade fever"  Cloudy  or  foul  smelling     pelvic pressure" urine     Malaise"  Blood  in  urine   " (hematuria)   "
  4. 4. Risk  Factors  for  UTI    Intercourse:  for  young     Urinary  Catheters:  An   women  sexual   unsterile  catheter  can   intercourse  accounts  for   cause  a  UTI   75%  to  90%  of  infections;     Others:    heredity  and    Gender:  Women  are  more   diabetes  can  also  cause   prone  to  UTI  due  to  the   close  proximity  of  the   UTI   urethra  to  the  anus.  
  5. 5. Diagnosis  and  Treatment  of  UTI    In  most  case  a  diagnosis     Oral  antibiotics  are  used   can  be  made  by   and  clear  up  the  infection   symptoms  alone.   it  a  couple  of  days.    A  Urinalysis  is  used  in   more  complicated  cases.  
  6. 6. Urine  Culture  UC    A  urine  culture  is  a     Urine  is  collected   laboratory  test  to  detect   midstream  into  a  into  a   the  presence  of  bacteria   container.    Usually  around   in  urine.   2  fl  oz    A  urine  culture  is  used  in   the  diagnosis  of  a  urinary   tract  infection.(UTI)  
  7. 7. Results  of  a  UC    Normal:    No  presence  of     Abnormal:  Presence  of   bacteria  in  urine.    The   bacteria  in  urine.    A  count   culture  is  negative.   of  100,000  or  more   bacteria  per  a  milliliter  is   an  infection.    A  count  of   100,000  or  less  is  possibly   a  contamination  of  the   sample.  
  8. 8. Retrograde  Pyelogram  RP    Retrograde  Pyelogram  is     A  retrograde  pyelogram  is   a  uretic  procedure  where   often  used  to  determine  if   a  physician  uses  dye  to   a  kidney  stone  is  blocking   visualize  the  urinary  tract.       the  urinary  tract.    
  9. 9. Procedure  for  a  RP    Fist  a  local  or  regional   anesthetic  is  applied  to   numb  the  area.  Next   cytoscope  is  insertened  into   the  patients  urethra.  Then  a   catheter  is  inserted  through   the  cytoscope.    Finally  a    dye   is  injected  through  the   cytoscope  and  x-­‐rays  are   taken.    
  10. 10. Results  of  a  RP    Normal:  Kidneys,  blotter     Abnormal:  The  flow  of   and  ureters  show  now   the  dye  is  blocked.     blockage  and  appear   Revealing  the  location  of   normal   a  stone.  
  11. 11. Blood  Urea  Nitrogen  BUN    Blood  urea  nitrogen  is  a   A  BUN  is  done  to  test  the   measurement  of  the   function  of  the  kidneys.       amount  of  nitrogen  in  the   blood  stream  in  the  form   of  urea.    
  12. 12. Procedure  of  a    BUN    First  an  elastic  band  is   wrapped  around  the   upper  arm  to  stop  the   flow  of  blood.    Next  a   sterile  needle  is  inserted   into  the  vain.    Blood  is   collected  through  the   needle  into  a  tube.    Then,   the  needle  is  removed   and  pressure  is  applied  to   the  site.      
  13. 13. Results  of  a  BUN    Normal:  6-­‐20  milligrams     A  high  reading  may  be   per  deciliter  or  2.1-­‐7.1   caused  by  a  damaged  or   millimoles  per  liter   infected  kidney.     A  low  reading  may  be   caused  by  a  poor  diet  or  a   damaged  liver.  
  14. 14. Results  of  a  BUN    Normal:  6-­‐20  milligrams     A  high  reading  may  be   per  deciliter  or  2.1-­‐7.1   caused  by  a  damaged  or   millimoles  per  liter   infected  kidney.     A  low  reading  may  be   caused  by  a  poor  diet  or  a   damaged  liver.  
  15. 15. Acute  Renal  Failure  ARF    Acute  renal  failure  is  a   rapid  lose  of  kidney   function.  
  16. 16. Symptoms  and  Causes  of  ARF    Fatigue     Perenal:  A  decrease  of    Headaches   blood  flow  to  the  kidney    Loose  of  appetite     Intrinsic:  Damage  to  the    Lower  back  pain   kidney  itself     Postrenal:    An  obstruction    Dehydration   of  the  tract    Irregular  heart  beat  
  17. 17. Diagnosis  and  treatment  of  ARF    Can  be  detected  by  a     A  patient  my  never   decrease  in  urine  output.   recover  full  renal  function    Blood  can  be  tested  for   and  will  require  dialysis   presence  of  substances   that  are  eliminated  by  the   kidneys.  

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