Ukraine by aleona goncharova sm


Published on

Published in: Travel, Education
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ukraine by aleona goncharova sm

  1. 1. UKRAINE by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova
  2. 2. Location on the world map Ukraine is situated in the south-eastern part of Central Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km² ((233,100 sq mi) and with a coastline of 2,782 kilometres (1,729 mi)) by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova
  3. 3. Location on the map of Europe Ukraine borders the Russian Federation to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively. byOlena(Aleona)Goncharova
  4. 4. Flag, coat of arms & anthem Ukraine has its own flag, coat of arms and anthem. About colors on the flag: According to a popular modern interpretation, yellow symbolizes the wheat fields and blue - the clear sky above them. byOlena(Aleona)Goncharova The state coat of arms of Ukraine is Tryzub (trident). There are many interpretations of the symbol. One of them: to mean Volodymyr, Olga, and Yaroslav. Who were all either princes or princesses. "Shche ne vmerla Ukraina“/ "Ukraine has not yet perished") is the national anthem of Ukraine again since 1992. The lyrics (1862) by Pavlo Chubynsky, music (1863) by Mykhailo Verbytsky.
  5. 5. Geography of Ukraine by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova The Ukrainian landscape consists mostly of fertile plains (or steppes) and plateaus, crossed by rivers such as the Dnieper (Dnipro), Seversky Donets, Dniester and the Southern Buh as they flow south into the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov. There are about 20 thousand Lakes in the country, of which only 43 have an area of ​​10 km ² and more, such as Svityaz, Synevyr, Yalpug, Kugurl uy, Kurukove etc The Dnipro RiverThe steppe The Black Sea The Synevyr Lake
  6. 6. Geography of Ukraine byOlena(Aleona)Goncharova There are two mountainous areas in Ukraine are: the Carpathians and the Crimean Mountains. The Crimean MountainsThe Carpathian Mountains The Wuchang- Su waterfall (Crimea) The Dzhurinsky waterfall (Ternopil) The snow melt from the mountains feeds the rivers, and natural changes in altitude form a sudden drop in elevation and create many opportunities to form waterfalls.
  7. 7. Geography of Ukraine by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova The flora and fauna is diverse in Ukraine. Pelicans on the Dnieper Lynx in the Carpathians Wolf in the wilderness Bear in a mountain forest Wild boar in the forest Red deer in a forest clearing
  8. 8. Geography of Ukraine by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova In general the climate of Ukraine is moderately continental, being subtropical only on the southern coast of the Crimea. Winter in Kyiv Summer in Yalta (Crimea) Winter in Yalta (Crimea) Summer in Kyiv
  9. 9. History of Ukraine I. Early history by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova History of Ukraine can be divided into several stages: The Cucuteni- Trypillian Culture (c. 4800 to 3000 B.C.) The tribes of Cimmerians, Sc ythians, and Sarmatians (1200 BC – 200 AD) The colonies of Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, and the Byzantine Empire, such as Tyras, Olbia, and Hermonassa (600 BC -600 AD ) The Goths (370 AD-700 AD)
  10. 10. History of Ukraine II. Kievan Rus‘ /Golden Age of Kyiv (Kiev) by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova (882–1283 AD) III. Foreign domination Mongol invasion, Lithuania, Polish– Lithuanian Commonwealth, Russia (14th century-16th century) IV. Cossack era (1492 - 1775)
  11. 11. History of Ukraine VII. Soviet era by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova V. Imperial era Austria-Hungary and Russia (1775- 1917) VI. New era VIII. Independence The Ukrainian People's Republic, the Hetmanate, the Directorate, the West Ukrainian People's Republic, the Hutsul Republic, an anarchist movement Black Army (1917-1922) The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1922 - 1991) Independent Ukraine in 1991
  12. 12. Politics of Ukraine by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova Ukraine is a republic under a semi- presidential system with separate legislative, executive, a nd judicial branches. The highest state authority is the Parliament of Ukraine (Verkhovna Rada), as head of state - the President of Ukraine. Viktor Yanukovych, the President of Ukraine since 2010 Mykola Azarov, the Prime Minister of Ukraine since 2010 The session chamber of the Verkhovna Rada, the Parliament of Ukraine
  13. 13. Politics of Ukraine Ukraine - a unitary state. It is composed of 24 oblasts (provinces), one autonomous republic of Crimea, and two cities with special status: Kyiv (Kiev) is the capital and largest city, and Sevastopol, which houses the Russian Black Sea Fleet under a leasing agreement. by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova
  14. 14. Language of Ukraine Ukraine is home to 46 million people. According to the constitution, the state language of Ukraine is Ukrainian. Most native Ukrainian speakers know Russian as a second language. The languages of Ukraine are as follows: byOlena(Aleona)Goncharova •Ukrainian: 31,100,000 •Russian: 11,300,000 •Polish: 1,140,000 •Eastern Yiddish: 634,000 •Romanian / Moldovan: 630,000 •Rusyn: 560,000 •Belarusan: 440,000 •Crimean Tatar: 260,000 •Bulgarian: 234,000 •Hungarian: 176,000 •Armenian: 99,900 •Urum: 95,000 •Tatar: 90,500 •North Azerbaijani: 45,200 •German: 38,000 •Jakati: 29,300 •Georgian: 24,000 •Czech: 21,000 •Erzya: 19,000 •Northern Uzbek: 10,600 •Kazakh: 7,560 •Greek: 7,210 •Serbian: 5,000 •Tosk Albanian: 5,000 •Osetin: 4,550 •Bashkort: 3,670 •Latvian: 2,600 •Tajiki: 2,220 •Lezgi: 1,710 •Karaim: 1,010 •Abkhaz: 950 •Dargwa: 630 •Lak: 570
  15. 15. Religion in Ukraine by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova Ukraine - a secular state in which the church is separated from the state and school. The Constitution of Ukraine guarantees freedom of conscience and freedom of religion. More than 90 percent of religiously active citizens were Christians. Saint Andrew's Church of Kyiv (Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church) Cathedral of the Resurrection, Kyiv (Greek Catholic Church) St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Cathedral, Kyiv
  16. 16. Religion in Ukraine by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova Evangelical Christian Baptist Church in Vinnitsa Kyiv Ukraine Temple - The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon) Kharkiv Choral Synagogue Sultan Suleiman Mosque in Mariupol Buddhist Temple of the martial arts «Bilyi Lotos» (White Lotus) in Cherkasy Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses in Kyiv Seventh-day Adventist Church in Kyiv
  17. 17. Education in Ukraine According to the Ukrainian constitution, access to free education is granted to all citizens. In Ukraine there are 489 universities I-II accreditation levels and 334 - III-IV levels. The literacy rate in Ukraine is, an estimated, 99.4%. by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova
  18. 18. Education in Ukraine National University "Ostroh Academy“ est. 1576. National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy est. 1632 Ivan Franko National University of Lviv est. 1661 V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University est. 1804 Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv est. 1834 I. I. Mechnikov Odesa National University est. 1865 Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University est. 1875 Mykola Gogol Nizhyn State University est. 1805 Kharkiv State Zooveterinary Academy est. 1873 National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute“ est. 1885 National Technical University of Ukraine “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute est. 1898 National Mining University of Dnipropetrovs’k est. 1899 byOlena(Aleona)Goncharova
  19. 19. Ukrainian Culture Ukraine has a rich historical and cultural heritage. There are many higher educational establishments, theatres, libraries, museums, art galleries in Ukraine. It’s also famous for many outstanding writers, poets and musicians. A performance of a traditional Ukrainian dance by Virsky dance ensemble. by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova
  20. 20. Ukrainian Culture The prominent Ukrainian cultural figures in Ukraine and abroad byOlena(Aleona)Goncharova Ivan Kotlyarevsky (1769-1838) writer and poet Taras Shevchenko (1814–1861), poet and painter Ivan Franko (1856– 1916), writer and poet Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky (1864–1913) writer Lesya Ukrainka (1871–1913), writer and poet Mykola Lysenko (1842-1912), composer, pianist, conductor and ethnomusicologist Sergei Prokofiev (1891- 1953), composer , pianist and conductor Solomiya Krushelnytska (1872- 1952), soprano opera star Kvitka (or "Kasey") Cisyk (1953- 1998), singer of popular songs, classical Ruslana, modern singer
  21. 21. Ukrainian Culture weaving and embroidery by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova Artisan textile arts play an important role in Ukrainian culture, especially in Ukrainian wedding traditions. Ukrainian embroidery, weaving and lace-making are used in traditional folk dress and in traditional celebrations. Rushnyk, Ukraine embroidered decorative towels. National dress is woven and highly decorated. Original folk- costumes from Central Ukraine Original folk- costumes of Carpatho-Rusyn Ukrainians.
  22. 22. Ukrainian Culture sport by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova The most popular sport in Ukraine is football (soccer). There are two most famous and successful: FC Dynamo Kyiv and FC Shakhtar Donetsk. Andriy Shevchenko is a famous Ukrainian footballe. Ukraine was the host to the UEFA European Football (soccer) Championship in 2012,together with Poland. Besides football, a major sport in Ukraine is basketball. There are two famous Ukrainian club teams: BC Kyiv and BC Azovmash. Ukraine also will host at Eurobasket 2015. Ukraine is a regular participant in both Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics, and is successful on the international arena.
  23. 23. Ukrainian Culture sport by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova Andriy Shevchenko (football/ soccer) Yana Klochkova (swimming) Volodymyr & Vitaliy Klitschko (boxing) Lilia Podkopayeva (artistic gymnastics) Sergey Bubka (pole vaulting) Anna Bessonova (rhythmic gymnastics) Vita & Valya Semerenko (biathlon) Oleksandr Vorobiov (artistic gymnastics)
  24. 24. Ukrainian Culture cuisine by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova Popular traditional dishes include varenyky/perogy (boiled dumplings with mushrooms, potatoes, sauerkraut, cottage cheese or cherries); borscht (is a vegetable soup made out of meat, beets, cabbage, potatoes, tomatoes, carrots, mushrooms, onions, garlic, dil l); holubtsy (stuffed cabbage rolls filled with rice, carrots and meat); kholodets (jellied meat); salo (cured fatback). Ukrainian specialties also include Chicken Kyiv and Kyiv Cake. varenyky/perogy borscht holubtsy kholodets salo chicken Kyiv Kyiv cake
  25. 25. Tourism in Ukraine by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova Ukraine occupies 8th place in Europe by the number of tourists visiting, according to the World Tourism Organization rankings. Ukraine is a destination on the crossroads between central and eastern Europe, between north and south. It has mountain ranges – the Carpathian Mountains suitable for skiing, hiking, fishing and hunting. The coastline on the Black Sea is a popular summer destination for vacationers. Ukraine has vineyards where they produce native wines, ruins of ancient castles, historical parks, Orthodox and Catholic churches as well as a few mosques and synagogues. Kyiv, the country’s capital city has many unique structures such as Saint Sophia Cathedral and broad boulevards. There are other cities well-known to tourists such as the harbour town Odessa and the old city of Lviv in the west. The Crimea, a little “continent” of its own, is a popular vacation destination for tourists for swimming or sun tanning on the Black Sea with its warm climate, rugged mountains, plateaus and ancient ruins. Visitors can also take cruise tours by ship on Dnieper River from Kiev to the Black Sea coastline.
  26. 26. Tourism in Ukraine by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova The Seven Wonders of Ukraine are the seven historical and cultural monuments of Ukraine; the places were chosen by the general public through an internet-based vote. Sofievka Park in Uman (Cherkasy oblast) Kiev Pechersk Lavra / Kyiv Monastery of the Caves, in Kyiv
  27. 27. Tourism in Ukraine by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova The Seven Wonders of Ukraine. The Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle in Kamianets-Podilskyi, Khmelnytskyi Oblast The island Khortytsia, Zaporizhia, Zaporizhia Oblast
  28. 28. Tourism in Ukraine by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova The Seven Wonders of Ukraine. Chersonesos Taurica / Khersones Tavriysky, Sevastopol, Crimea Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kyiv
  29. 29. Tourism in Ukraine by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova The Seven Wonders of Ukraine. Stronghold in Khotyn, Chernivtsi Oblast
  30. 30. Tourism in Ukraine by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova A special nomination - the Livadia Palace (near Yalta, Crimea), a monument of modern history, Monument of Architecture; Facade of the Livadia Palace An Italian courtyard of the Livadia Palace The Grand Livadia Palace, east facade with a Florentine tower
  31. 31. Tourism in Ukraine by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova There are many interesting places in Ukraine such as: The Swallow's Nest (Crimea), est. 1911-1912 The cave monastery complex, Rozhirche (Lviv Oblast), est. 1460 The Granite Canyon, Buki (Cherkasy Oblast) Old Town, Lviv Coast of Yalta (Crimea)
  32. 32. Welcome to Ukraine! by Olena (Aleona) Goncharova enhanced presentation here