Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
FLOW AS A CULMINATION OF
HEUNI’S WORK AND CONCEPTS
Natalia Ollus & Anniina Jokinen
4 October, 2018
THE EUROPEAN INSTITUTE ...
FROM LABOUR
EXPLOITATION
TO TRAFFICKING
PUBLICATIONS
Report series 68.Trafficking for Forced Labour and Labour
Exploitation in Finland, Poland and Estonia
Edited ...
4
Membership in national
and international working
groups
National and
international networks Judgements
Parliamentary and...
THE SPECTRUM/CONTINUUM
OF EXPLOITATION
TRAFFICKING, FORCED
LABOUR AND EXPLOITATION
6
Exploiting migrants’
powerlessness
Indicators of exploitation
Several cases of severe labour exploitation of migrant wor...
LABOUR TRAFFICKING AND EXPLOITATION OF MIGRANT WORKERS
An infringement of the
rights of the individual –
labour exploitati...
THE SITUATION
IN FINLAND
5 3
8 11
19
31 34
18
11
27
61 58
29
1
0
4
7
17
14
14
33
32
18
45
46
29
0
0
0
0
9
6 0
5
7
7
24
23
19
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
...
TRAFFICKINGCASESREPORTEDTOTHEFINNISHPOLICE2010-2016
11
24 21 18 16
24
67
2
6
4
3 4
6
5
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
2010 2011...
fi15
LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK
.
15
Extortionate work discrimination
• Labour offence (labour inspectors’ duty to
report)
• Fi...
GUIDELINES FOR
BUSINESSES
#HEUNIOPAS
HEUNI guidelines for companies on managing the
risk of hidden labour trafficking in local
subcontracting chains.
21
GUIDELINES FOR COMPANIES AND
EMPLOYERS
01Overall risk
assessment
Use of migrant workers who lack
knowledge of labour ri...
FLOW: FLOWS OF ILLICIT FUNDS AND
VICTIMS OF LABOUR TRAFFICKING:
UNCOVERING THE COMPLEXITIES
23
01
Underpayment,
unpaid salaries
02
Non-payment of
statutory employer’s
fees (social welfare,
retirement etc.)
03
Consi...
So an hour of work, including all fees, holiday wages and everything is about
22– 25 EUR per hour, depending on the restau...
Sales besides the till/non-reported sales esp. in restaurants
Redirecting card payments from the till to other, unaccounte...
26
Misuse of benefits and
allowances, e.g. so-
called start-up money
for opening a new
business
“Clean” the details
entere...
27
Transferral of funds abroad
(Mamma Mia case?)
Using employees or
relatives to carry cash to
home country with them
Mone...
28
Do you have
relevant case
examples to
share?
3
What are the links
between financial
crimes and
exploitation?
2
1
Discus...
29
How to report
the results of the
data collection in
ENG to CSD?
What kind
template is
needed?
3
What kind of network
di...
32
Thanks!
Europeaninstituteheuni
@heuni_institute
@NataliaOllus
heuni.fi
@
natalia.ollus@om.fi
FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

of

FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 1 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 2 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 3 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 4 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 5 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 6 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 7 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 8 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 9 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 10 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 11 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 12 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 13 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 14 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 15 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 16 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 17 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 18 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 19 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 20 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 21 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 22 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 23 FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18  Slide 24
Upcoming SlideShare
What to Upload to SlideShare
Next
Download to read offline and view in fullscreen.

1 Like

Share

Download to read offline

FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18

Download to read offline

FLOW. FLOWS OF ILLICIT FUNDS AND VICTIMS OF LABOUR TRAFFICKING: UNCOVERING THE COMPLEXITIES
This project was funded by the European Union’s Internal Security Fund — Police.

The FLOW project promotes a holistic approach to the prevention and investigation of trafficking in human beings (THB) in conjunction with economic crime and engages businesses in the prevention of THB.
THB is an end result of complex interconnections between unsustainable business practices, organized crime, corruption and illicit flows. When tackling this nexus understanding these connections, and cooperation between business, law enforcement and labour inspectors is crucial. And moreover, the needs and rights of the victim of THB should be at the core of the actions taken.

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

FLOW project in the context of HEUNI's previous research, 4.10.18

  1. 1. FLOW AS A CULMINATION OF HEUNI’S WORK AND CONCEPTS Natalia Ollus & Anniina Jokinen 4 October, 2018 THE EUROPEAN INSTITUTE FOR CRIME PREVENTION AND CONTROL, AFFILIATED WITH THE UN
  2. 2. FROM LABOUR EXPLOITATION TO TRAFFICKING
  3. 3. PUBLICATIONS Report series 68.Trafficking for Forced Labour and Labour Exploitation in Finland, Poland and Estonia Edited by Anniina Jokinen, Natalia Ollus and Kauko Aromaa. Helsinki 2011. Report series no. 75. Exploitation of migrant workers in Finland, Sweden, Estonia and Lithuania: Uncovering the links between recruitment, irregular employment practices and labour trafficking Edited by Natalia Ollus,Anniina Jokinen and Matti Joutsen. Helsinki 2013 Report series no. 78. Guidelines to prevent abusive recruitment, exploitative employment and trafficking of migrant workers in the Baltic Sea region Liliana Sorrentino and Anniina Jokinen. Helsinki 2014 Report Series 84: From Forced Flexibility to Forced Labour:The Exploitation of Migrant Workers in Finland Natalia Ollus. Helsinki 2016
  4. 4. 4 Membership in national and international working groups National and international networks Judgements Parliamentary and legislative hearings, references in background documents of law etc. Legislative processes IMPACT OF HEUNI’S THB WORK E.g. berry picking case (District court of Keski-Suomi R 17/373, 19.01.2018) UNODC Global Report on Trafficking, FRA:n SELEX report References in international projects Police, prosecutors, judges, trade unions, other authorities Training and capacity building
  5. 5. THE SPECTRUM/CONTINUUM OF EXPLOITATION TRAFFICKING, FORCED LABOUR AND EXPLOITATION
  6. 6. 6 Exploiting migrants’ powerlessness Indicators of exploitation Several cases of severe labour exploitation of migrant workers in Finland annually in multiple sectors (e.g. in catering, agriculture, cleaning, construction) Manipulation of contractual practices Direct use of force and threats Exploiting migrants’ economic vulnerability
  7. 7. LABOUR TRAFFICKING AND EXPLOITATION OF MIGRANT WORKERS An infringement of the rights of the individual – labour exploitation, extortionate work discrimination, ultimately trafficking. Exploitation as a structural problem, focus on restaurant and cleaning sectors. Including the prevention of trafficking and exploitation into corporate social responsibility policies. Exploitation Corporate crime Corporate social responsibility
  8. 8. THE SITUATION IN FINLAND
  9. 9. 5 3 8 11 19 31 34 18 11 27 61 58 29 1 0 4 7 17 14 14 33 32 18 45 46 29 0 0 0 0 9 6 0 5 7 7 24 23 19 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 labour exploitation sexual exploitation other VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING ASSISTED 2006-2018 (JUNE)
  10. 10. TRAFFICKINGCASESREPORTEDTOTHEFINNISHPOLICE2010-2016 11 24 21 18 16 24 67 2 6 4 3 4 6 5 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Human trafficking and aggravated human trafficking (all forms)
  11. 11. fi15 LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK . 15 Extortionate work discrimination • Labour offence (labour inspectors’ duty to report) • Fines • Limited rights for victims (Aggravated usury) Trafficking in human beings: • Serious (violent) offence • Imprisonment • Special rights for victims of trafficking (support/assistance, residence permit etc)
  12. 12. GUIDELINES FOR BUSINESSES
  13. 13. #HEUNIOPAS HEUNI guidelines for companies on managing the risk of hidden labour trafficking in local subcontracting chains.
  14. 14. 21 GUIDELINES FOR COMPANIES AND EMPLOYERS 01Overall risk assessment Use of migrant workers who lack knowledge of labour rights in Finland; use of subcontracting; engagement in risk sectors? 02Recruitment and payment practices Are all potential employees met in person and the terms of employment presented in a language that the employee can understand; use of written employment contracts; ensuring the validity of personal documents? 03 The use of subcontractors Is the use of sub-contractors limited; are the subcontractors vetted; are there contractual clauses that foresee contract termination in case of detection of exploitation? 04Indicators of exploitation Victims are often silent due to threats, lack of options and fear of reprisals. Do employees know what constitute as red flags? The full picture is hidden, people have to act on the sense “that something is wrong”. Does your company have a mechanisms for reporting possible suspicions?
  15. 15. FLOW: FLOWS OF ILLICIT FUNDS AND VICTIMS OF LABOUR TRAFFICKING: UNCOVERING THE COMPLEXITIES
  16. 16. 23 01 Underpayment, unpaid salaries 02 Non-payment of statutory employer’s fees (social welfare, retirement etc.) 03 Considerable financial profits from systematic under/non-payment of wages www.heuni.fi Economic crimes related to labour exploitation: underpayment of salaries
  17. 17. So an hour of work, including all fees, holiday wages and everything is about 22– 25 EUR per hour, depending on the restaurant. So if you pay 7 EUR per hour under the table, it makes quite a big competitive advantage. (Permit and inspection authority) Vietnamese restaurant: one of the exploited cooks received a starting wages of 500 EUR per month and had to work 6−7 days a week, up to 10–15 hours a day.
  18. 18. Sales besides the till/non-reported sales esp. in restaurants Redirecting card payments from the till to other, unaccounted bank accounts Tax evasion Economic crimes related to labour exploitation: tax evasion and undeclared sales Using blind accounts Subtracting amounts from the sales before closing the books for the day
  19. 19. 26 Misuse of benefits and allowances, e.g. so- called start-up money for opening a new business “Clean” the details entered into various registers (i.e. corporate register and corporate liability register) and enable the new owner to start fresh without any notations or credit problems. Frequent change of ownership of businesses (e.g. small restaurants) Economic crimes related to labour exploitation: misuse of economic structures
  20. 20. 27 Transferral of funds abroad (Mamma Mia case?) Using employees or relatives to carry cash to home country with them Money laundering e.g. in ethnic restaurants? Economic crimes related to labour exploitation: money-laundering
  21. 21. 28 Do you have relevant case examples to share? 3 What are the links between financial crimes and exploitation? 2 1 Discussion on relevant cases, recent trends and definitions Definition of exploitation vs. trafficking in your country?
  22. 22. 29 How to report the results of the data collection in ENG to CSD? What kind template is needed? 3 What kind of network diagram/analysis makes sense? Using CSD’s previous work as a basis? 2 1 Discussion on data collection and methods How to do the data collection in all countries (case examples, media articles, selected interviews max 5)
  23. 23. 32 Thanks! Europeaninstituteheuni @heuni_institute @NataliaOllus heuni.fi @ natalia.ollus@om.fi
  • ChristinaTaylor62

    Nov. 24, 2021

FLOW. FLOWS OF ILLICIT FUNDS AND VICTIMS OF LABOUR TRAFFICKING: UNCOVERING THE COMPLEXITIES This project was funded by the European Union’s Internal Security Fund — Police. The FLOW project promotes a holistic approach to the prevention and investigation of trafficking in human beings (THB) in conjunction with economic crime and engages businesses in the prevention of THB. THB is an end result of complex interconnections between unsustainable business practices, organized crime, corruption and illicit flows. When tackling this nexus understanding these connections, and cooperation between business, law enforcement and labour inspectors is crucial. And moreover, the needs and rights of the victim of THB should be at the core of the actions taken.

Views

Total views

217

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

0

Actions

Downloads

2

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

1

×