John Dewey, James A. Banks and Albert Bandura


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John Dewey, James A. Banks and Albert Bandura

  1. 1. John Dewey, James A. Banks, and Albert Bandura iVET 2013-2014 Basics of Education Sciences, Session 1 Pink group : Virpi Pietilä inen, Jay Thompson, Minna Tuhkanen and Aleksandra Paravina 3.12.2013
  2. 2. John Dewey (1859-1952) • an American psychologist, philosopher, educator, social critic and political activist • the father of progressive education • one of the most influential educational philosophers of the 20th century • Dewey had high regard for the experimental method.
  3. 3. Biography o PhD in 1884 o teaching at the University of Michigan from 1884 to 1888 and 1889-1894 o in 1894: the chairman of the department of philosophy, psychology, and pedagogy at the University of Chicago o In 1899, president of the American Psychological Association, and in 1905 president of the American Philosophical Association. o taught at Columbia University from 1905 until he retired in 1929 o traveled the world as a philosopher, social and political theorist, and educational consultant: lectures in Japan and China from 1919 to 1921, visit to Turkey in 1924 to recommend educational policy, and a tour of schools in the USSR in 1928.
  4. 4. A key theory Schools must be places of interaction with the life of the new technological culture. To this end, the actual interests of the child must be nurtured and developed: interests: 1. 2. 3. 4. in communication in finding out about things in making things in artistic expression. There must be a reciprocal relation between the school and the wider society. Image source :
  5. 5. Albert Bandura v=hHHdovKHDNU He's is widely described as the greatest living psychologist and as one of the most influential psychologists of all time. He's influenced by cognitive psychology and social psychology. He has received more than sixteen honorary degrees from all over the world.
  6. 6. Biography:  Born on Dec 4th, 1925 in Mundare, Alberta, Canada.  1949 – Graduated from the University of British Columbia with a bachelors degree in Psychology.  1952 – Received his Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of Iowa.  1953 – Began teaching at Stanford University.  1974 – Elected to be be the Eighty-Second President of the APA (American Psychological Association).  1980 – Received the APA’s Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions.  2004 - Outstanding Lifetime Contribution to Psychology, APA.
  7. 7. Albert Bandura is known for : Social cognitive theory - Self-efficacy - Social learning theory (SLT) Live model  Verbal instruction  Symbolic  -Bobo doll experiment in 1961 Image source:
  8. 8. James A. Banks – Multicultural Education James A. Banks is an educator who has been called the “father of multicultural education.” Born in 1941 near Marianna, Arkansas • Grew up in racially divided Southern U.S. • Questioned why and how different cultures and races were depicted in textbooks. • First black professor at Univ. Washington (Seattle) • Founded UW’s Center for Multicultural Education. Image source: yclopedia/media-detail.aspx?mediaID=6814
  9. 9. Multicultural education is a discipline that seeks to develop awareness and skills in teachers and students for living in a culturally diverse world. Simply stated, Banks has provided teachers with detailed solutions as to “what to teach, how to teach, and how to assess students from different ethnic groups.” (Encyclopedia of Arkansas)
  10. 10. Banks own definition of multicultural education includes five dimensions: • • • • • Content integration Knowledge construction Prejudice reduction Equity pedagogy Empowering school culture Image source:
  11. 11. Applying James A. Bank’s ideas to a Vocational Education context: - When teaching, take different cultures into account: be sensitive, be inclusive. - Foster more racially positive attitudes among students, and avoid racial/sexist humour. Applying Albert Bandura’s ideas to a Vocational Education context: - In the classroom and in the workplace, remember: Monkey see, monkey do. Applying Albert Dewey’s ideas to a Vocational Education context: • • • • demonstrations hands-on exercises company visits practical training at firms
  12. 12. Sources James A. Banks John Dewy Philosophy of Education: an Encyclopedia, edited by J. J. Chambliss, published by Garland Press, 1996, pp. 146-153.
  13. 13. Selected Publications by Albert Bandura  Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. New York: General Learning Press.  Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: A Social Learning Analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.  Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundations of Thought and Action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Sources :  