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Referencing for academic purpose

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How to reference in academic papares

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Referencing for academic purpose

  1. 1. Referencing by Bordunos Aleksandra Talent-a.livejournal.com
  2. 2. Content  Citing  Referencing styles  Notes/Bibliography style  Author/Date style
  3. 3. Why When What Citing
  4. 4. 3W of citing: why? For others  to avoid plagiarism  to engage in written academic conversations  to inform the reader of your paper where they should look if they want to find the same sources
  5. 5. 3W of citing: why? For me  shows the amount of research you've done  strengthens your work by lending outside support to your ideas, adds credibility to your work  emphasizes the originality of your own work, helping distinguish your ideas from those of your sources.
  6. 6. 3W of citing: when and what? When to cite? Whenever use quotes or charts, pictures, etc. from an other source Whenever paraphrase Whenever use an idea that someone else has already expressed Whenever make specific reference to the work of another whenever someone else's work has been critical in developing your own ideas What to cite?  information about the author  the title of the work  the name and location of the company that published your copy of the source  the date your copy was published  the page numbers of the material you are borrowing
  7. 7. Citing types Quoting (direct citing)  Using the author's exact words. Paraphrasing  Restating the author's words or ideas without altering the meaning or providing interpretation. Are about the same length as the original. Summarizing  Condensing the author's words or ideas, but presenting the original information in a nutshell. • To support or add credibility to arguments • The original is difficult to rephrase • The original is so good that you want to preserve the language • BUT analyze and do well-crafted transitions • Use your own words, do not copy author's style • Do not include your interpretation/analysis within the summary - make a clear distinction between your thoughts and someone else's • Always include a citation • Use quotation marks when using exact words of an author • Include the key relevant elements of the original and keep it brief - you're just going for the original's essence
  8. 8. Citing types • To support or add credibility to arguments • The original is difficult to rephrase • The original is so good that you want to preserve the language • BUT analyze and do well-crafted • Utrsaen syiotiounr sown words, do not copy author's style • Do not include your interpretation/analysis within the summary - make a clear distinction between your thoughts and someone else's • Always include a citation • Use quotation marks when using exact words of an author • Include the key relevant elements of the original and keep it brief - you're just going for the original's essence
  9. 9. Referencing Styles
  10. 10. Referencing styles ГОСТ Р 7.0.5- 2008 Система стандартов по информации, библиотечному и издательскому делу БИБЛИОГРАФИЧЕСКАЯ ССЫЛКА Общие требования и правила составления Incl. ISO 690-2:1997, ISO 690: 2010 “Information and documentation -- Guidelines for ISO 690: 1987 bibliographic references and citations to information resources”
  11. 11. Referencing styles ISO 690: 1987 • Notes/bibliography style, also known as "Humanities style." Sources are cited through footnotes (or endnotes) and a bibliography bibliographic references and citations • Author/date style, also known as to information resources” 2010 CMS, CMOS, Chicago, since 1906 "Scientific/Social Sciences style." Sources are cited through parenthetical author/date references in the text and a reference list A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate L. Turabian
  12. 12. Referencing styles Helpers  RefWorks  Zotero Mendeley  EndNote  EasyBib  Citation Builder  LaTeX MS Word 2013 for Windows • https://www.zotero.org/su pport/quick_start_guide
  13. 13. Referencing styles MS Word for Mac (Graber 2002)
  14. 14. Referencing styles References are organised in projects and can be copied or shared through a wide range of apps (Email, Messages, Notes, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Facebook, Twitter, Dropbox, Google+, etc.) so you can easily continue your work anywhere.
  15. 15. How to cite elements Archived Content Step 1. Identify the category of the product or service you want to cite Step 2. Identify what information you need to include in your reference Step 3. Use your preferred style to finish your reference The most important elements to include are: Author/Creator - the personal name of the researcher, or the institution that collected the data. Title - as it appears in the record for the dataset, including table or catalogue numbers if they are provided. Publication date Identifier and/or Link Other elements that may be good to include: Edition or Version - if it is one that undergoes continuous changes. Resource Type – if your style allows Publisher - This could be the repository where it's located, or whoever has verified the data.
  16. 16. Notes/Bibliography style
  17. 17. Journal (Chicago)
  18. 18. Footnotes-consequence  Chicago style  ГОСТ Р7.0.5 2008 The numbers in the notes are full size, not raised, and followed by a period. Citations in notes are single-spaced, but there is a double space between entries. The first line is indented. *"ibid." (short for 'ibidem’ "in the same place") Подстрочная / затекстовая библиографическая ссылка 1Адорно Т.В. К логике социальных наук // Вопр. философии. — 1992. — № 10. — С. 76—86. 2 Вопр. философии. 1992. № 10. С. 76—86. или 3 Там же. С. 76-86. (или 76- 86 с.) Footnote …дает работа библиографа И.М. Кауфмана1. … дает работа библиографа И.М. Кауфмана [59]. Subsequent notes Immediately following notes
  19. 19. References in Text: Footnotes  What if
  20. 20. References in Text: DOI  How to find DOI
  21. 21. Author/Date style
  22. 22. References in Text: Text Citations ГОСТ Р7.0.5 2008 Chicago style  Single Author (Nairn 1997), (Nairn 1997, 73), (Kurland and Lerner, chap. 10, doc. 19) Multiple Authors (Geis and Bunn 1997), if >4 (Barnes et al. 2010)  Group or Corporate Author (Global Environment Coordination 1994)  Citations taken from secondary sources quoting original works (quoted in Rathbun 2001) Web-site (Google 2009)  E-mail (John Doe, pers. comm.)  [Porter, 1994], [Porter, 1994b, p. 45], [Иванов, 1991б, с. 45],  [Porter, 1994b; Иванов, 1991],[Porter, Yansen, 1991b; Иванов, 1991].  [Гуриев и др., 2002], [Bevan et al., 2001].
  23. 23. References in Text: Text Citations What if  Author included in the sentence: Baumgartner and Morris (2006)  The source doesn't have an author: mention the title in the sentence or use the first few words of the title in the parenthetical citation  The source doesn't have pages: (Yetman, under "Slave Narratives during Slavery and After”)  If you cannot find the date: use n.d. (= no date).  If second referencing is in-texted Jean Smith (1987), as summarized by Jones (2007) highlights the application of ‘organizational devolution’... Or Smith’s (1987) ‘organizational devolution’ indicates this possibility (Jones 2007, p. 45).
  24. 24. Bibliography or Reference Lists Bibliography vs Reference list • Annenberg Public Policy Center. "Daily Show viewers knowledgeable about presidential campaign, National Annenberg Election Survey shows." NAES04: National Annenberg Election Survey. http://www.annenbergpublicpolicycente r.org/Downloads/Political_Communicatio n/naes/2004_03_late-night-knowledge- 2_9-21_pr.pdf. • Yetman, Norman R. 2001. "An Introduction to the WPA Slave Narratives." Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936- 1938. http://memory.loc.gov/amme m/snhtml/snhome.html. Geis, Gilbert, and Ivan Bunn. 1997. A Trial of Witches: A Seventeenth-Century Witchcraft Prosecution. London: Routledge. Graber, Doris A. Mass Media and American Politics. 6th ed. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2002.
  25. 25. Bibliography or Reference Lists  ГОСТ Р7.0.5 2008 Монография: Rumelt R. 1974. Strategy, Structure and Economic Performance. Harvard University Press: Cambridge, MA. Публикация в сборнике или продолжающемся издании: Porter M. 1994. Toward a dynamic theory of strategy. In: Rumelt R., Schendel D., Teece D. (eds.). Fundamental Issues in Strategy: A Research Agenda. Harvard Business School Press: Boston, MA; 423–461. Статья: Hamel G. 1996. Strategy as revolution. Harvard Business Review 74 (4): 69–80. Barlett C., Goshal S. 1993. Beyond the M-form, towards a managerial theory of the firm. Strategic Management Journal 14 (Winter Special issue): 23–46. 14. Экономика и политика России и государств ближнего зарубежья: аналит. обзор, апр. 2007 / Рос. акад. наук, Ин-т мировой экономики и междунар. отношений. М.,: ИМЭМО, 2007. 39 с. 16. Валукин М. Е. Эволюция движений в мужском классическом танце. М.: ГИТИС, 2006. 251 с. 17. Об индивидуальной помощи в получении образования: (О содействии образованию): федер. закон Федератив. Респ. Германия от 1 апр. 2001 г. // Образовательное законодательство зарубежных стран. — М., 2003. — Т. 3. — С. 422—464.  What does RJM expect?
  26. 26. Sources used • https://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/20110928111055_949.pdf • http://web.williams.edu/ • http://owl.english.purdue.edu • http://ux.brookdalecc.edu/library/plagi arism/tutorial/5paraphrasing.ph… • http://lugin.r u/inf or ma tion/e xpla na tion- on- quoting.html • http://www.lib.sfu.ca/help/writing/c hicago-turabian • http://www.rjm.ru/avtoram/pravila/ • http://ru.wikisource.org/wiki/ГОСТ_Р_7.0.5—2008 • http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/resdoc5e/RES5e_ch10_s1-0001.html

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