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Reported speech

reported speech basic rules

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Reported speech

  1. 1. Grammar Study: Reported Speech Next
  2. 2. We use the Reported speech: Next • When we are telling someone what another person said or thought, but do not use their exact words. For example Mark said that he wanted to live in London.
  3. 3. Please, note that: • Quotation marks are not used in reported speech. • Verb tenses, pronouns and some “time” and “place” words may change because the time, place and speaker may be different. • When we report a statement, we use reported verbs such as say, tell, explain, inform, answer, decide, etc. often followed by that. Next
  4. 4. • In reported –wh questions, we use the wh- word + the subject + the verb. • We do not use the interrogative form of the verb – do, does or did. Next • As it is an indirect question no question marks are used • When we report requests, orders, advice or warnings we use verbs such as advice, ask, beg, tell, order, etc, followed by an infinitive.
  5. 5. Verb tense changes: Nex t • Present simple Direct speech Reported speech • Past simple • Past Simple • Past Perfect • Present continuous • Past continuous • Present perfect Past perfect • Present perfect continuous Past perfect continuous • Future Conditional
  6. 6. Place changes Direct speech Reported speech here there This place • That place Nex t
  7. 7. Time changes Direct speech Reported speech • now • then Today / tonight • That day / that night • This morning • That morning yesterday The day before • Tomorrow • The following day • Last month • The month before Nex t
  8. 8. Personal Pronouns changes Direct speech Reported speech • I • He, she you • I, she, he, we, they we • they Me Him, her • You • Him, her, us, them • Us • them Nex t
  9. 9. Possessive Pronouns changes Direct speech Reported speech my • His, her your • My, his, her, our, their our • their mine His, hers yours • Mine, his, hers, ours, theirs ours Mine, his , hers, ours, theirs,

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reported speech basic rules

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