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Fundamental Movement Skills


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Presentation about Fundamental Movement Skills ( FMS), developed by Aled Hughes from Codex Kids.

Fundamental Movement Skills

  1. 1. Fundamental Movement Skills Aled Hughes (BE’d Hons – Human Movement Studies) June 2006
  2. 2. <ul><li>Why is physical activity so important ? </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes healthy growth and development </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. strong bones and muscles, flexibility, balance, posture, cardiovascular fitness and achieving and maintaining a healthy weight </li></ul><ul><li>Helps make important connections between different parts of the brain that develop memory and language </li></ul><ul><li>Provides opportunities to develop social skills and to make friends </li></ul><ul><li>Helps with relaxation and sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Develops self esteem </li></ul>Benefits of physical activity in young children
  3. 3. “ If We Take Care In The Beginning, the End Will Take Care Of Itself!
  4. 4. Why FMS’ s are important <ul><li>Fundamental movement skills provide the foundation for all athletic maturity and are seen as the building blocks from which </li></ul><ul><li>sports-specific skills are developed. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why fundamental movement skills? <ul><li>Fundamental movement skills are specific gross motor movements that involve different body parts such as feet, legs, trunk, hands, arms and head </li></ul><ul><li>Children need to be taught fundamental movement skills - they don’t acquire them naturally </li></ul><ul><li>Children that learn fundamental movement skills are more likely to participate in and play different games, sports and recreational activities offered in the school years and in the community </li></ul>
  6. 6. Critical fundamental motor skills <ul><li>Leap </li></ul><ul><li>Dodge </li></ul><ul><li>Punt </li></ul><ul><li>Forehand Strike </li></ul><ul><li>Two handed strike </li></ul><ul><li>Catch </li></ul><ul><li>Kick </li></ul><ul><li>Run </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical Jump </li></ul><ul><li>Overhead Throw </li></ul><ul><li>Ball Bounce </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>“ Children who possess inadequate motor skills are often relegated to a life of exclusion from the organised and free play experiences of their peers, and subsequently, to a lifetime of inactivity because of their frustrations in early movement behaviour”. </li></ul><ul><li>(Seefeldt, Haubenstricker & Reuchlien 1979, cited in Graham, Holt, Hale & Parker 2001) </li></ul>
  9. 9. 3 CATEGORIES OF FMS <ul><li>(1)Locomotor </li></ul><ul><li>Locomotor skills involve moving the body from point A to point B. These skills include walking, running, jumping, leaping, hopping, skipping and galloping </li></ul><ul><li>(2)Non-Locomotor </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Locomotor skills involve body stability and balance. These skills include twisting, turning, pivoting and performing balances </li></ul><ul><li>(3)Manipulative </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulative skills involve the control of objects using various body parts. These skills include throwing, passing, striking, catching, kicking and receiving objects </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Fundamental Movement Phase <ul><li>Initial stage first goal-oriented attempts </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary stage better control </li></ul><ul><li>Mature stage mechanically efficient </li></ul>Live Your Purpose ECH 340 Dr. Kathryn A. Short
  11. 11. The Fundamental Movement Phase <ul><li>Initial stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>first goal-oriented attempts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>exaggerated/inhibited use of body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>poor rhythm & temporal/spatial sequencing </li></ul></ul>Live Your Purpose <ul><li>Elementary stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>better control, rhythm, & temporal/spatial sequencing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>still restricted or exaggerated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>some mature elements missing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mature stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mechanically efficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>coordinated, controlled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>all elements present </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Typical Sequence of Emergence <ul><li>Stability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>static balance, dynamic balance, axial movements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Locomotion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>walking, running, jumping, hopping, galloping, skipping, sliding, leaping </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manipulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>throwing, catching, kicking, striking </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Stability <ul><li>Axial movements </li></ul><ul><li>Body rolling </li></ul><ul><li>Dodging </li></ul><ul><li>One-foot balance </li></ul><ul><li>Beam walking </li></ul><ul><li>Inverted supports </li></ul><ul><li>Walking </li></ul><ul><li>Running </li></ul><ul><li>Jumping from a height </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical jumping </li></ul><ul><li>Horizontal jumping </li></ul><ul><li>Hopping </li></ul><ul><li>Galloping/sliding </li></ul><ul><li>Leaping </li></ul><ul><li>Skipping </li></ul>Locomotors <ul><li>Ball rolling </li></ul><ul><li>Overhand throwing </li></ul><ul><li>Catching </li></ul><ul><li>Kicking </li></ul><ul><li>Trapping </li></ul><ul><li>Striking </li></ul><ul><li>Dribbling </li></ul><ul><li>Volleying </li></ul>Manipulati ve
  14. 14. Physical activities Cycling Snooker Handball Rounders Golf Skateboard Walking Baseball Netball Athletics Tennis Basketball Gaelic Swimming Cricket Badminton Hockey Rugby Football Gymnastics
  15. 15. If Can’t catch ?
  16. 16. Unable to play the following Cycling Snooker Handball Rounders Golf Skateboard Walking Baseball Netball Athletics Tennis Basketball Gaelic Swimming Cricket Badminton Hockey Rugby Football Gymnastics
  17. 17. www,