Impact on children of ParentalAlcohol MisuseAlcohol Action Ireland27th May 2009Dr. Sarah Buckley,Consultant Adolescent Psy...
Overview   Impact on Parent   Maslow’s hierarchy of needs   Impact on Child   Attachment theory   How to Help?
Effects of Alcohol misuse onparents   All social backgrounds or ethnic groups   Physiological reactions   Cognitive los...
Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs
Effects on children   Neglect   Emotional   Educational   Social   Psychological
Effects pre-natally of excessiveparental drinking   Excessive drinking by either parent is    associated with miscarriage...
Attachment Theory   Biologically based, lifelong tendency of    human beings under conditions of stress to    seek some f...
Neglect   Providing physical care, food, hygiene   GP, immunizations   Taking on a level of responsibility beyond    th...
Emotional Effects   Family life may be characterised by    chaos and unpredictability   Headaches, Tummy pains, Panic at...
Educational Effects   Preoccupied or tired because of home events and    unable to concentrate in school or other activit...
Social Effects   Avoid bringing friends home   May avoid going out in public with    parent   Shy away from friends may...
Psychological Effects   Higher prevalence of depression, anxiety,    eating disorders, suicide attempts among    children...
Childrens worries   Parents’ health problems   Risk of abandonment or parental death   Finances   Conflict between par...
How can you help?   Be aware of signs of problems at home   If working with children talk to them    directly   If work...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The Impact on Children of Parental Substance Misuse

1,013 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,013
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
18
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Impact on Children of Parental Substance Misuse

  1. 1. Impact on children of ParentalAlcohol MisuseAlcohol Action Ireland27th May 2009Dr. Sarah Buckley,Consultant Adolescent Psychiatrist,St. Patricks University Hospital
  2. 2. Overview Impact on Parent Maslow’s hierarchy of needs Impact on Child Attachment theory How to Help?
  3. 3. Effects of Alcohol misuse onparents All social backgrounds or ethnic groups Physiological reactions Cognitive loss Disruption to family + home life Economic consequences Increase in domestic violence + conflict
  4. 4. Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs
  5. 5. Effects on children Neglect Emotional Educational Social Psychological
  6. 6. Effects pre-natally of excessiveparental drinking Excessive drinking by either parent is associated with miscarriage + neonatal deaths Maternal prolonged heavy alcohol use can lead to a range of serious developmental problems for child- delayed neurological development, growth development, foetal alcohol spectrum
  7. 7. Attachment Theory Biologically based, lifelong tendency of human beings under conditions of stress to seek some form of proximity with specific persons who are perceived as protective or comforting ‘An innate survival mechanism that provides humans with a safe haven or secure base from which to explore a potentially dangerous world’- Bowlby,1988.
  8. 8. Neglect Providing physical care, food, hygiene GP, immunizations Taking on a level of responsibility beyond their years in engaging in considerable physical and emotional caregiving of parents (Kroll & Taylor, 2003) Inadequate supervision
  9. 9. Emotional Effects Family life may be characterised by chaos and unpredictability Headaches, Tummy pains, Panic attacks Children may not understand that their parents mood can be affected by alcohol may feel confused and insecure Difficulty regulating their emotions
  10. 10. Educational Effects Preoccupied or tired because of home events and unable to concentrate in school or other activities Repeat more grades, Attend more schools More likely to be truant, delinquent, drop out of school early Poor attendance at school Unable to focus on homework because of fighting, tension or worry at home Role reversal – developmentally inappropriate responsibility for household, siblings or parents
  11. 11. Social Effects Avoid bringing friends home May avoid going out in public with parent Shy away from friends may lack social skills Profound fear that someone will find out the truth
  12. 12. Psychological Effects Higher prevalence of depression, anxiety, eating disorders, suicide attempts among children whose parents misuse alcohol than their peers Low self esteem, tension, anxiety, depressed feelings, acting out behaviour are often reflections of insecurity due to a difficult home environment
  13. 13. Childrens worries Parents’ health problems Risk of abandonment or parental death Finances Conflict between parents Safety
  14. 14. How can you help? Be aware of signs of problems at home If working with children talk to them directly If working with parents ask about their children Ensure appropriate action is taken making referrals on when necessary

×