The gift of the magi


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The gift of the magi

  1. 1. O’HENRY (WILLIAM SYDNEY PORTER) 1862 - 1910 BY: Vargas, Alcira
  2. 2. <ul><li>Born September 11, 1862 as </li></ul><ul><li>William Sydney Porter in </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina, where he </li></ul><ul><li>spent his childhood. </li></ul><ul><li>Read avidly </li></ul><ul><li>Dropped out of school at 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Worked many jobs (on a Texas ranch, in a drug store, as a bank clerk) to make money </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Started a humorous weekly called The Rolling Stonein 1894 </li></ul><ul><li>Drank heavily when the weekly failed Worked as a bank teller and accused of embezzling money from the First National Bank of Austin </li></ul><ul><li>Fled to Honduras to avoid trial </li></ul><ul><li>Returned after hearing of wife dying </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>He was convicted of embezzling $4,000 in 1894. </li></ul><ul><li>While in prison, he began writing short stories. </li></ul><ul><li>After he spent three years in jail, he changed his name to O. Henry. </li></ul><ul><li>He was released two years early for good behavior. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>William Porter was married to Athol Estes in 1887. </li></ul><ul><li>They had one daughter, Margaret Worth Porter. </li></ul><ul><li>His wife died of tuberculosis in 1897. </li></ul>Porter Family in the 1890’s.
  6. 6. <ul><li>Whistling Dick’s Christmas was his first story, written in 1899. </li></ul><ul><li>He wrote a story each week for about three years, that was published in the New York World magazine. </li></ul><ul><li>His stories were also published in other magazines. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>O’Henry wrote over 600 short stories in his life. These inlcude:. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>He also published ten collections, of his hundreds of short stories. These include: </li></ul><ul><li>Cabbages and Kings </li></ul><ul><li>The Four Million </li></ul><ul><li>The Trimmed Lamp </li></ul><ul><li>Whirligigs </li></ul><ul><li>Sixes and Sevens </li></ul><ul><li>Rolling Stones </li></ul><ul><li>Waifs and Strays </li></ul><ul><li>Heart of the West </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>O. Henry died on June 5th, 1910, of cirrhosis of the liver. </li></ul><ul><li>In the last years of his life he had many problems, including an unhappy marriage, financial problems, poor health, and alcoholism. </li></ul><ul><li>He had married Sarah Lindsay Coleman just three years earlier and they had separated after 1 year. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>It is a classic tale of sacrifice, irony, and wisdom gained. </li></ul><ul><li>It is about a couple who long to buy the perfect holiday gifts for one another. </li></ul><ul><li>They are very much in love with each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately, they have very little money, but they are determined. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>New York City </li></ul><ul><li>A cheap, small apartment </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas Eve </li></ul><ul><li>Early 1900’s </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Della Young: Pretty, slender young woman who cuts off her beautiful long hair and sells it to buy a Christmas gift for her husband. </li></ul><ul><li>James Dillingham Young: Husband of Della. He is a thin, serious young man, twenty-two years old. He sells his gold watch to buy a gift for Della. </li></ul><ul><li>Madame Sofronie: The only character in the story other than the Youngs. The local hair-goods shop owner who buys Della's hair. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Introduction: The background information about Jim and Della, description of setting, and circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Rising Action: Della’s difficult decision. </li></ul><ul><li>Climax: Exchange of gifts </li></ul><ul><li>Falling Action: The realization of generosity and that actions are more priceless than the possessions. </li></ul><ul><li>Denouement: Jim and Della remain in love. They already possess the greatest gift of all, love for each other. </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Conflict (Man vs. Man/Man vs. Himself) </li></ul><ul><li>External Conflict (Man vs. Society) </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Personality and presence </li></ul><ul><li>Della’s point of view </li></ul><ul><li>Third party narrator </li></ul><ul><li>Direct </li></ul><ul><li>Discusses details </li></ul><ul><li>Comments on his own words </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Wealth and poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Generosity </li></ul><ul><li>Love </li></ul>