Error AnalysisWhat is EA? EA is a technique which aims to describe and explain the systematic nature of deviations or errors generated in the learner’s language.
Error Analysis The importance of EA? 2. EA helps to understand the process of SLA. 3. EA shows statistically the troublesome linguistic areas or errors that L2 learners encounter in learning.
Error Analysis 1. The errors give valuable feedback to both teachers and learners regarding learner strategies and progress. 2. The errors also provide researchers with insights into the nature of SLA process.
EA Assumptions1. EA is not restricted to errors caused by negative transfer from the L1, it covers all types of errors.
EA Assumptions1. EA, unlike CA, provides data on real problems and this may lead to right solutions in the L2 teaching.
EA Assumptions1. EA is not confronted with problems such as accurate and explicit descriptions of languages, compatibility, knowing the two languages, etc.
EA Methodology1. Collection of errors2. Identification of errors3. Classification of error types
EA Methodology4. Statement of relative frequency of error types5. Identification of the areas of difficulty in the L26. Determination of the source of errors
EA Methodology7. Determination of the seriousness of the error8. Remedy by the teacher in the classroom
Classification of ErrorsInterlingual Errors Intralingual Errors Or Or Transfer Errors, Overgeneralization i.e. Errors due to Errors, i.e. Errors the effect from due to the effect L1. from L2.
Classification of ErrorsInterlingual Errors Intralingual ErrorsPhonological Syntactic /b/ for /p/ Semantic *Huda good student Literal translation: *You fall from my eye
Classification of Errors Interlingual Errors Intralingual Errors Phonological SyntacticCount vs. Country Semantic *The letter sent to Ali Idiomatic expressions: *What’s up Mike!!
EA Critics• Errors may be wrongly classified between language tasks. The same error may be classified as interlingual and intralingual: *He intelligent.
EA Critics1. EA stresses only on what the learner cannot do at a given point in time. It doesn’t give any insights into the course of SLA process.
EA Critics1. Difficulty of error identification which is mainly due to the different usages of the L2 norms: formal vs. informal context spoken vs. written language
EA Critics• Learners some times adopt the avoidance strategy not commit errors. In this case certain types of errors don’t appear in the L2 learner’s performance.