Decision making


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Prepared for high school students by India sudar Educational and Charitable trust

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Decision making

  1. 1.  Define Decision Making Importance of Decision Making Factors in making Decision Art of Decision Making Problem in Delayed Decisions. Decision Making model Case study Decision Making without data Case study Conclusion
  2. 2. The process of selecting a logicalchoice from the available options.Major Life DecisionsGOALS Develop, Prioritize, attainCHOICE Of life style , study & food habits, hobbiesCAREER Choice of profession , further study
  3. 3.  Life is full of choices/decisions When do we wake up in morning? Which dress shall I wear? Which bus shall I go? Which film shall I see? When and what to study? All are made by selecting among the various options
  4. 4.  Our childhood decisions are mostly taken by parents Our education, employment, life style are all critical stages of decision making The critical question is “Are we take every decision wisely and consciously by following a rational approach”
  5. 5.  Meet our desired objective Rational, Feasible and desirable Morally and ethically correct Best possible among alternatives Permanent solution Ability to deal negative impact Taken at suitable time and right opportunity
  6. 6.  Ready to give the prize. We should decide to sacrifice something in order to get something
  7. 7.  Decision taken with balanced mind with rightful objection and without involving emotions.
  8. 8.  Deep thinking with the available data Decide and execute Thiruvalluvar says in Kural 467: "Any task should be started after a deep thinking, Reconsidering the decision later is a disgrace."
  9. 9.  Prioritize the work "Delay the actions which are not important, Delay not the actions which are urgent." ( Kural 672)
  10. 10.  Analyze and Ready to face the consequence of action Firm in execution “Soolchi huniveidhal athunivu Thaalchiyul thangudhal theedhu" (Thirukural 671)
  11. 11.  Stand in the middle of opposite possibilities Analyse pros and cons of each available alternative Proceed with open mind without any predetermined assumptions.
  12. 12.  Belated decision tantamount to wrong decisions. Jammu- kashmir leads to great trouble between India and Pakistan. The king failed to decide where to annexe the region. Koodankulam Nuclear Plant. People belatedly decided to oppose the project.
  13. 13. The Decision-Making Model A six-step process that when properly utilized increases chances of success in decision making and problem solving
  14. 14.  How to choose a education after +2
  15. 15.  Marks Interest Economy Jobopportunities Family Background No of years(3,4,5)
  16. 16.  Palani, Mani and Arun studying in a same school They are average students Let us take a decision on their future education.
  17. 17.  Likes adventure and sports Hails from poor family He had two elder brother who works in their home town
  18. 18.  Mother and Father are teachers They desire to make his son to acquire higher degree Mani is interested in vehicles and machines
  19. 19.  Hails from an average family He is good in maths. He had a younger sister and it is his responsibility to educate him.
  20. 20.  Take a decision on all three friends by considering the factors and situation given above
  21. 21.  Look back your predecessor acted in similar situation Consult masters in their field.
  23. 23. The story givenhere is quiteinteresting andreally gives usan insight in todecisionmaking
  24. 24.  A group of children were playing near 2 railway tracks, one still in use while the other disused. Only one child played on the disused track, the rest on the operation track
  25. 25.  The train came and you were just beside the track interchange. It was not possible to stop the train but you could make the train change its course to the disused track and save most of the kids
  26. 26.  However, that would also mean the lone child playing in the disused track would be sacrificed. Or would you rather let the train go way.Let us take a pause to think what kindof decision we would make
  27. 27.  Analyze the situation Thick and reflect Decide Now go ahead
  28. 28. Most people might choose to divert thecourse of the train, and sacrifice only onechild.To save most of the children at the expenseof only one child was rational decisionmost people would make morally andemotionally
  29. 29.  But, have you ever thought that the child choosing to play on the disused track had in fact made the right decision to play at a safe place. Nevertheless, he had to be sacrificed because of his ignorant friends who choose to play in the used track which is dangerous.
  30. 30.  This kind of dilemma happens around us everyday. In the office community, in politics and especially in a democratic society the minority is often sacrificed for the interest of the majority. No matter how foolish or ignorant the majority are and how farsighted and knowledgeable the minority are.
  31. 31.  The child who choose not to play with the rest on the operational track was side lined. And in the case he was sacrificed, no one would shed a tear for him
  32. 32.  To make the proper decision is not try to change the course of the train because the kids playing on the operational track should have known very well that track was still in use and that they should have run away if they heard train sirens.
  33. 33.  Ifthe train was diverted, that lone child would definitely die because he never thought the train could make over to that track. Notably that track was not in use probably because it was not safe.
  34. 34.  Ifthe train was diverted to the unused track, we would put the lives of all passengers on board at stake. And in your attempt to save a few kids by sacrificing one child, you might end up sacrificing hundreds of people to save these few kids
  35. 35.  While we are all aware that life is full of tough decisions that need to be made, we may not realize that hasty decisions may not always be the right one. Remember that What’s right is not always popular and what’s popular isn’t always right.
  36. 36.  Everybody makes mistakes;that’s why they put erasers onpencils.
  37. 37.  "Imagination leads to creativity Creativity leads to thinking Thinking leads to learning Learning provides knowledge, Knowledge makes you great” Abdul kalamKnowledge leads to self confidenceSelf confidence leads to CourageCourage leads to DecisionsAcquiring knowledge is a continuous processDecision Making is indispensable part of life.