Academic university collaboration - a win win partnership, Douglas Maxwell PAL Technologies

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Academic university collaboration - a win win partnership, Douglas Maxwell PAL Technologies

  1. 1. PAL Technologies Ltd Dougie Maxwell founder & ceo douglas@paltechnlogies.com
  2. 2. Who, why, where, when? • University spin-out – Founded in 2001 – Founders Dougie Maxwell, Malcolm Granat & Nikos Mourselas – Technology developed in Bioengineering Unit the founders and exclusively licenced to company – Traditional focus on measures of (dis)ability, our desire was to measure participation
  3. 3. Origins Group: Goal: PATIENT ACADEMIC INDUSTRIALIST Get Better Get Famous Get Rich
  4. 4. (old) Model of health World Health Organization (WHO) Rehabilitation Outcomes Model (ICIDH, 1980) Disease/Condition  Impairment  Disability  Handicap Model proposes a linear, left-to-right association
  5. 5. (New) Model of health International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Framework (WHO, 2002) Health condition (disorder or disease) Body Structure & Functions (Impairment) Environmental Factors Activity Participation Personal Factors
  6. 6. Ability or Participation?
  7. 7. Background – stroke rehab GAPS project physical activity monitoring data inpatient ~1 month post-stroke (n = 41) Time spent upright (% of waking day) 40% upright% standard physio augmented physio 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 18 35 15 5 40 12 10 29 4 2 8 24 28 1 13 22 11 3 26 6 27 32 25 30 14 41 36 21 subject's ranked by increasing upright time 9 19 16 39 7 31 38 17 23 33 20 34 37 -5% The Glasgow Augmented Physiotherapy Study (GAPS) group (2004) Can augmented physiotherapy input enhance recovery of mobility after stroke? A randomized controlled trial. Clin Rehabil. 2004 Aug;18(5):529-37
  8. 8. Ability or participation? Age = 80 Walking speed = 0.28m/s Data source: Dr Margaret Grant, Glasgow Caledonian University Age = 75 Walking speed = 0.14m/s
  9. 9. Easily understood outcomes pensioner teacher taxi driver stroke patient
  10. 10. “by jove, the taxi driver doesn’t do much”
  11. 11. Peer to peer
  12. 12. Customers
  13. 13. Cardiometobolic research “TV viewing time may have adverse health consequences that rival those of lack of physical activity, obesity and smoking; every single hour of TV viewed may shorten life by as much as 22 min.” Veerman JLet al. Br J Sports Med (2011) doi:10.1136/bjsm.2011.085662
  14. 14. Sedentary behaviour modification • Self monitoring has been demonstrated as most effective intervention for increasing physical activity • What are the options for sedentary behaviour modification? – Chair based – Screen based – Self monitoring
  15. 15. Sitting disease Increased sendentary time associated with increased risk of: • Cardiovascular disease • Diabetes • Obesity • Stroke • Metabolic syndrome
  16. 16. First Step Award Development of novel metrics for the assessment of free-living physical behaviour Dr Jason Gill, Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences University of Glasgow
  17. 17. First Steps
  18. 18. Behaviour (change) •Anatomy •Physiology •Psychology
  19. 19. HAPTIC ENGAGEMENT • activPAL VT (vibro-tactile) • Self-monitoring of sedentary bout duration • Changing sedentary behaviour one tickle at a time • “a PAL in your pants”
  20. 20. EuroFIT - sitFIT SitFIT To enable self-monitoring of free-living sedentary behaviour and physical activity. Cumulative sitting time is given context by visualising alongside upright time microUSB for download of detailed performance measures and battery charging Bluetooth SMART for connection to BT 4.0 enabled smartphones and displays and integration with other software, for example MatchFIT Sitting time Cumulative daily total Upright time Cumulative daily total Steps Cumulative daily total Sedentary Behaviour Index The index reflects duration of sitting bouts, short bouts are better Sitting bout timer Vibro-tactile feedback tells the wearer how long they have been sitting for
  21. 21. EuroFIT – keeping fit at the fitba
  22. 22. EuroFIT http://eurofitfp7.eu/

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