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Drugs In Sport


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GCSE level P.E

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Drugs In Sport

  1. 1. Drugs in sport
  2. 2. What is a drug? <ul><li>A drug is any chemical substance that you take that effects the way your body works </li></ul><ul><li>Doping = means taking drugs to improve sports performance. </li></ul><ul><li>Sports governing bodies produce lists of all the banned substances. Athletes have to be careful as some of the banned substances appear in over the counter medicines e.g. night nurse. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why would a sports person take performance enhancement drugs? <ul><li>Obviously to improve performance </li></ul><ul><li>Improve response times </li></ul><ul><li>Improve their bodies ability to transport oxygen. </li></ul><ul><li>To kill pain, to continue training </li></ul><ul><li>To build muscle faster than training would </li></ul><ul><li>To calm themselves for an event. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Different drugs <ul><li>Stimulants </li></ul><ul><li>They raise the heart rate and blood pressure, speed up reactions, person feels alert and confident, work for long periods of time without feeling pain for fatigue. </li></ul><ul><li>Pain and fatigue are the bodies warning signs and suppressing them is dangerous. when they wears off the person feels really “down”, can cause violent aggressive behaviour, heavy use can lead to high blood pressure and liver/brain damage. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Different Drugs <ul><li>Narcotic analgesics </li></ul><ul><li>These are pain killers. They act on the central nervous system. They give a feeling of well being, relaxation and sleepiness. </li></ul><ul><li>Cause constipation/low blood pressure, there addictive, working through an injury makes them worst, there illegal. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Different Drugs <ul><li>Anabolic Steroids </li></ul><ul><li>They’re hormones which help build and repair muscle and bone. </li></ul><ul><li>Taking artificial steroids may lead to the body stopping making its own which may lead to heart disease/high blood pressure, weakened ligaments/tendons, infertility, aggressive behaviour and facial hair on females. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Different Drugs <ul><li>Diuretics </li></ul><ul><li>They increase the amount of water in the urine, boxers and wrestlers use these to lose weight fast before the weigh in for a match, they are also used to flush other drugs out of peoples systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Body loses vital salts, low levels of potassium lead to muscle weakness and heart damage. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Different Drugs <ul><li>Anxiety drugs, beta blockers </li></ul>