1   Writing with Open   Tools             (Part One)09/11/2011      http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikekline/265954619/   Al...
2   Overview (part one)    Introducing Corpus Linguistics    Lexical knowledge: collocations, derivatives,    register    ...
Intro to corpus linguisticsLet‟s start with three questions about English:1.    What is the meaning of goalless?2.    How ...
British National Corpushttp://www.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/
Focus on representationThe British National Corpus (BNC)100 million-word static corpus 1978-1992  Spoken (10%); Written (9...
BNCweb concordancer – free download        http://bncweb.info/
BNC header information
http://flax.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=fp&sa=home
Focus on automationThe Flexible Language Acquisition Project(FLAX)Web n-gram corpora generated and supplied by 2006Google ...
„Goalless‟ keyword search in FLAX     http://flax2.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?
Distribution of shall I/we in the spoken component                     of the BNC
Distribution of I/we shall in the spoken component                     of the BNC
FLAX - Samples retrieved for I was a littledisappointed
BNC - Samples retrieved for I was a littledisappointed
BNC – Samples retrieved for I was verydisappointed FLAX Web Collocations Collection Search (http://flax2.nzdl.org/greensto...
FLAX vs BNC?•   Limitations with representativeness     Identifyingregister on the Web is difficult     Successful corpo...
Google‟s terms of services“You agree not to access (or attempt to access)any of the Services by any means other thanthroug...
Typical lexical errors18                                        telling     a. He‟s very humorous. He‟s always doing      ...
http://flax.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=fp&sa=home
OSS Mozilla          http://www.flickr.com/photos/hindrik/2586245939/
21   FLAX Web Pronoun Phrases Collection Search (http://flax2.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=p&sa=home&module=)
Noticing Text Types – Issues of Register and                  Genre     FLAX Web Pronoun Phrases Collection Search (http:/...
FLAX Web Pronoun Phrases Collection Search (http://flax2.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=p&sa=home&module=)23
Web Pronouns Phrases OER24     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ns4nXsZ
Kibbitzers (Tim John‟s EAP25     pages)http://www.lexically.net/TimJohns/Kibbitzer/timeap3.htm
Web Collocations (fact vs idea)26http://flax2.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=g&rt=r&sa=CollocationSearch&s=CollocationTypes&s...
Web Collocations (fact vs idea)27
Compleat Lexical Tutor (TomCobb)       http://www.lextutor.ca/
Web Collocations OER     http://www.lextutor.ca/vp/29     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iyZgZhHM
AWL Exercises (Nottingham)30http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/~alzsh3/acvocab/index.htm
UEFAP (Andy Gillett)31        http://www.uefap.com/index.htm
Specific EAP vocab (UEFAP)32                     http://www.uefap.com/vocab/vocfram.htm
FLAX User guides & demos  FLAX Web Collocations & Phrases Excercises (by Shaoqun Wu http://www.cs.waikato.ac.nz/~shaoqun/t...
Speaking & Listening OER forEAP       http://openspires.oucs.ox.ac.uk/crunch/
Web Phrases OER35         http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n67FBqBFm6I
36   FLAX Web Phrases Collection Search (http://flax2.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=p&sa=home&module=)
37   Preparation (part two)     •   Samples of your own writing – soft copy     •   Build your own corpus – collect ten   ...
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Writing with open tools

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Writing with open tools

  1. 1. 1 Writing with Open Tools (Part One)09/11/2011 http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikekline/265954619/ Alannah Fitzgerald
  2. 2. 2 Overview (part one) Introducing Corpus Linguistics Lexical knowledge: collocations, derivatives, register The Flexible Language Acquisition Project (FLAX) The British National Corpus (BNC) The Lextutor The Academic Wordlist (AWL) EAP practice resources
  3. 3. Intro to corpus linguisticsLet‟s start with three questions about English:1. What is the meaning of goalless?2. How is the word shall used in present-day British English? Think of some examples.3. Which is more commonly expressed in everyday English? a. “I was a little disappointed…” b. “I was very disappointed…” Adapted from Hoffmann et al., 2008
  4. 4. British National Corpushttp://www.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/
  5. 5. Focus on representationThe British National Corpus (BNC)100 million-word static corpus 1978-1992 Spoken (10%); Written (90%); Domain representation
  6. 6. BNCweb concordancer – free download http://bncweb.info/
  7. 7. BNC header information
  8. 8. http://flax.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=fp&sa=home
  9. 9. Focus on automationThe Flexible Language Acquisition Project(FLAX)Web n-gram corpora generated and supplied by 2006Google web dump 500,000 words and 380 million five-grams GALL - Google Assisted Language Learning (Chinnery, 2008; Shei, 2008)
  10. 10. „Goalless‟ keyword search in FLAX http://flax2.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?
  11. 11. Distribution of shall I/we in the spoken component of the BNC
  12. 12. Distribution of I/we shall in the spoken component of the BNC
  13. 13. FLAX - Samples retrieved for I was a littledisappointed
  14. 14. BNC - Samples retrieved for I was a littledisappointed
  15. 15. BNC – Samples retrieved for I was verydisappointed FLAX Web Collocations Collection Search (http://flax2.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=p&sa=home&module=)
  16. 16. FLAX vs BNC?• Limitations with representativeness  Identifyingregister on the Web is difficult  Successful corpora are based on domains, genres, collections of document types  The web is a “dirty corpus” Kilgariff & Grefenstette (2003, p. 342) FLAX cleaned by 30% using BNC wordlist  Linked externally to BNC, Yahoo  Complementary sources, both with limitations
  17. 17. Google‟s terms of services“You agree not to access (or attempt to access)any of the Services by any means other thanthrough the interface that is provided byGoogle, unless you have been specificallyallowed to do so in a separate agreement withGoogle.”http:www.google.com/accounts/TOS Clause 5.3
  18. 18. Typical lexical errors18 telling a. He‟s very humorous. He‟s always doing jokes. collocation conversed b. We conversated for almost word families / derivatives one hour. without delay c. …and compromise, the issue was resolved in register a jiffy.
  19. 19. http://flax.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=fp&sa=home
  20. 20. OSS Mozilla http://www.flickr.com/photos/hindrik/2586245939/
  21. 21. 21 FLAX Web Pronoun Phrases Collection Search (http://flax2.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=p&sa=home&module=)
  22. 22. Noticing Text Types – Issues of Register and Genre FLAX Web Pronoun Phrases Collection Search (http://flax2.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=p&sa=home&module=)22
  23. 23. FLAX Web Pronoun Phrases Collection Search (http://flax2.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=p&sa=home&module=)23
  24. 24. Web Pronouns Phrases OER24 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ns4nXsZ
  25. 25. Kibbitzers (Tim John‟s EAP25 pages)http://www.lexically.net/TimJohns/Kibbitzer/timeap3.htm
  26. 26. Web Collocations (fact vs idea)26http://flax2.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=g&rt=r&sa=CollocationSearch&s=CollocationTypes&s1.wordClass=n&c=c ollodb&s1.query=&s1.multiple=on
  27. 27. Web Collocations (fact vs idea)27
  28. 28. Compleat Lexical Tutor (TomCobb) http://www.lextutor.ca/
  29. 29. Web Collocations OER http://www.lextutor.ca/vp/29 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iyZgZhHM
  30. 30. AWL Exercises (Nottingham)30http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/~alzsh3/acvocab/index.htm
  31. 31. UEFAP (Andy Gillett)31 http://www.uefap.com/index.htm
  32. 32. Specific EAP vocab (UEFAP)32 http://www.uefap.com/vocab/vocfram.htm
  33. 33. FLAX User guides & demos FLAX Web Collocations & Phrases Excercises (by Shaoqun Wu http://www.cs.waikato.ac.nz/~shaoqun/tmp/instruction.html)
  34. 34. Speaking & Listening OER forEAP http://openspires.oucs.ox.ac.uk/crunch/
  35. 35. Web Phrases OER35 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n67FBqBFm6I
  36. 36. 36 FLAX Web Phrases Collection Search (http://flax2.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=p&sa=home&module=)
  37. 37. 37 Preparation (part two) • Samples of your own writing – soft copy • Build your own corpus – collect ten academic articles in your discipline • Writing analysis tools • Specific academic word lists

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