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The PhD Abstracts Collections in FLAX: Academic English with the Open Access Electronic Theses Online Service (EThOS) at the British Library

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Presented on April 5, 2017 at the OER17 Conference: Politics of Open at Resource for London. England.

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The PhD Abstracts Collections in FLAX: Academic English with the Open Access Electronic Theses Online Service (EThOS) at the British Library

  1. 1. Academic English with the Electronic Theses Online Service (EThOS) at the British Library Alannah Fitzgerald & Chris Mansfield https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6c/Biblioteksbyggnader%2C_Bokmagasin_bredvid_l%C3%A4sesalen_i_British_museum%2C_Nordisk_familjebok.pn
  2. 2. Workshop Overview • FLAX Language Research & Development • Who we are • Electronic Thesis Online Service (EThOS) at the British Library • Reuse of digital collections • Abstracts • Tools for Search, Collocations, Word Lists, Lexical Bundles • Wikification and Linking to Open Resources
  3. 3. FLAX Language Project flax.nzdl.org Greenstone Digital Library Lab Waikato University NZ Professor Ian Witten FLAX Project Lead Dr Shaoqun Wu FLAX Project Lead Researcher & Developer
  4. 4. FLAX Open Language Research Alannah Fitzgerald FLAX Open Education Research Concordia University Chris Mansfield Queen Mary Language Centre University of London
  5. 5. FLAX DATA DRIVEN LANGUAGE LEARNING: MINING OPEN ACCESS PHD THESES FROM THE BRITISH LIBRARY
  6. 6. Reuse of Artefacts of the Academy Indeed, by far the biggest impact of openness in the higher education sector has been with open access, showing the importance of government agencies in promoting accessible research (Finch Group, 2012) to ensure “enhanced availability of discoverable, reusable and repurposable academic open content.” (JISC, 2011)
  7. 7. EThOS at the British Library http://ethos.bl.uk/Home.do;jsessionid=C0BD2D50495813E0DD83D5BD7E1341B6
  8. 8. British Library Lab Awards
  9. 9. British Library Collections Reuse Alannah Fitzgerald: Here we are at the British Library on the 29th of October, 2016 in London. So, we’re going to talk about the EThOS collections and what your views are on reuse. I think you just started talking there about the complexity around the rights of reuse…complexity was the word that you used. Mahendra Mahey: Okay, so there was a change in the law [2014], which allowed text and data mining. So, text and data mining for non-commercial purposes .[...] So, you know, obviously in terms of the projects I’ve worked on it’s all about trying to get, to open up digital collections for research and various other practices. So, when, obviously, when we saw that there was a change in the legislation that was being enforced, we were really excited about that. And, one of the prerequisites we were kind of told we would have to do is to maybe do an internal project. As I was telling you earlier like dogfooding, to do an internal project which would allow us to try and do this.
  10. 10. Mahendra: What was agreed was that we would run internal experiments. However, we were told that we would need to know what the results of our questions would be before we did the experiments. Alannah: Why? Mahendra: Um, because they wanted to be able to understand...So, I think they would’ve been a bit more flexible because it was internal. But, especially, if a researcher from the outside wanted to do this they would need to know what they wanted to do with the data, and you know...especially around the idea of copying big chunks of it, that’s the biggest worry. So, that was probably the resistance about, you know, are you reproducing this stuff? Are you republishing this stuff? Because then you sort of get into a dodgy area. [Transcript snippet from interview with Mahendra Mahey and Alannah Fitzgerald. British Library, London. 29th October 2016.]
  11. 11. PHD ABSTRACT COLLECTIONS: FLAX
  12. 12. Abstracts • “gatekeepers” (Swales, 1990) of academic fields • “sub-genre” (Swales and Feak, 2009) • “self-promotional tools” (Hyland, 2000) • Act as metadata (along with titles and keywords) for the improved searchability and ranking of a paper, thesis etc. via search engines • Are often the only part of a paper read via abstracts databases • Are often the only part of a paper that is accessible within subscription-based publications (Bordet, 2015)
  13. 13. flax.nzdl.org Powerful yet simple interfaces for Data-Driven Learning
  14. 14. FLAX Academic English Collections http://flax.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=fp&sa=library
  15. 15. PhD Abstracts in FLAX http://flax.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=b&rt=r&s=ClassifierBrowse&cl=CL1&c=PASS&if=flax Browse by discipline
  16. 16. Search for Key Terms http://flax.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=b&rt=r&s=ClassifierBrowse&cl=CL1&c=PASS&if=flax Search/ “overexpressed”
  17. 17. Word Lists http://flax.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=g&rt=r&s=FlaxWordList&sa=FlaxWordQuery&c=PALS&s1.listType=3000&if= Wordlist/AWL
  18. 18. Top 100 Collocations http://flax.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?c=PALS&a=g&rt=r&sa=FlaxCollocationRetrieve&s=FlaxCollocationListRetrieve&s1.maxCount=1 00 Collocations/Save
  19. 19. Contemporary English (Wikipedia)
  20. 20. Link to the Collocation Learning System with the Wikipedia Corpus in FLAX (Wu, Li, Witten & Yu, 2016) http://flax.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=g&rt=r&sa=CollocationQuery&s=CollocationQuery&s1.title=&c=collocations&s1.threshold= 0.5&s1.startNum=0&s1.perPage=20&s1.sampleNum=10&s1.type=&s1.wordType=&s1.colloType=&s1.query=role&s1.dbName=Wikip edia
  21. 21. Lexical Bundles Biber et al. (2004, 2007) http://flax.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=g&rt=r&s=FlaxLexicalBundle&sa=FlaxLexicalBundle&c=PALS Lexical Bundles
  22. 22. Wikification 1 (Milne & Witten, 2013) http://flax.nzdl.org/greenstone3/flax?a=d&c=PAAH&d=HASHd8c8320ed33c1482e223&dt=simple&sib=1&p.a=q&p.sa=&p.s=Advance dFieldQuery Wikify “William Wordsworth”
  23. 23. Link to Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Wordsworth
  24. 24. References • Biber, D., Conrad, S., & Cortes, V. (2004). If you look at . . .: lexical bundles in university teaching and textbooks. Applied Linguistics, 25, 371–405. Biber, D. (2006). University Language, A corpus-based study of spoken and written registers. John Benjamins, Amsterdam. • Biber, D., Barbieri F. (2007). Lexical bundles in university spoken and written registers. English for Specific Purpose, 26, 263–286. • Bordet, G. (2015). The role of “Lexical Paving” in building a text according to the requirements of a target genre. In In P. Thompson. G. Diani (Eds.), English for Academic Purposes: Approaches and Implications. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle upon Tyne, England. pp. 43-66. • Coxhead, A. (2000). A new academic word list. TESOL Quarterly, 34(2), 213–238. • Finch Group (2012). Accessibility, sustainability, excellence: how to expand access to research publications. Report of the Working Group on Expanding Access to Published Research Findings. Retrieved from http://www.researchinfonet.org/publish/finch/ • Hyland, K. (2000). Disciplinary discourses: Social interactions in academic writing. Longman, London. • Joint Information Systems Committee. (2011). JISC Grant funding 18/11: OER rapid innovation. Retrieved from http://www.webarchive.org.uk/wayback/archive/20140616011838/http://www.jisc.ac.uk/fundingo pportunities/funding_calls/2011/11/oerrapidinnovation.aspx • Milne, D. & Witten, I.H. (2013). An open-source toolkit for mining Wikipedia. Artificial Intelligence, 194, 222-239. • Swales, J. (1990). Genre analysis: English in academic and research settings. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. • Swales, J. & Feak, C. (2009). Abstracts and the writing of abstracts. The Michigan Series in English for Academic and Professional Purposes. Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press. • Wu, S., Li, L., Witten, I.H., Yu, A. (2016). Constructing a Collocation Learning System from the Wikipedia Corpus. International Journal of Computer-Assisted Language Learning and Teaching (IJCALLT), 6, issue 3, pp. 18-35
  25. 25. Thank You Special Thanks: Mahendra Mahey of British Library Labs Sara Gould and Rosie Heather of EThOS at the British Library The International Research Foundation (TIRF) for English Language Education FLAX Language Project & Software Downloads: http://flax.nzdl.org/ FLAX Language Project Research: https://www.researchgate.net/project/FLAX-Flexible-Language- Acquisition-flaxnzdlorg The How-to eBook of FLAX: http://flax- doc.nzdl.org/BOOK_OF_FLAX/BookofFLAX%20fullsize%20with%20links.pdf FLAX Game-based Apps for Android via Google Play Store (free): https://play.google.com/store/apps/developer?id=FLAX%20TEAM&hl=en Ian Witten (FLAX Project Lead): ihw@cs.waikato.ac.nz Shaoqun Wu (FLAX Research and Development): shaoqun@waikato.ac.nz Alannah Fitzgerald (FLAX Open Language Research): a_fitzg@education.concordia.ca Chris Mansfield (Queen Mary Language Centre): c.mansfield@qmul.ac.uk TOETOE Technology for Open English Blog: www.alannahfitzgerald.org Slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/AlannahOpenEd/ Twitter: @AlannahFitz

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