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Korea University OER for ELT Presentation and Workshop

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Korea University OER for ELT Presentation and Workshop

  1. 1. Open Educational Resources for English Language Teaching Korea University Workshop Alannah Fitzgerald http://www.flickr.com/photos/hyunwoosun/4965487511
  2. 2. Overview • FLAX Open Source Data Driven Learning tools and collections – Windows into linked copyrighted and open corpora = super ELT resources that go beyond many published resources – More accessible for non-specialist users, namely teachers and students • Promotion, training and evaluation of resources – DDL is still not a popular sport in mainstream ELT (Tribble, 2012) – DDL approaches facilitate English for Specific (Academic) Purposes • Broadening the DDL stakeholder vision – How can we move beyond classroom practice to include open and distance learning? – How can we work more closely with international collaborators for OER? • UK OER International programme – Oxford creative commons resources & Oxford-managed corpora – Crowd sourcing open DDL resources = a new methodology for ELT & Materials Development – ORIEL Re-use game and Creative Commons licensing scenarios
  3. 3. OER Defined (i) Open Educational Resources are “...digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning and research.” Giving Knowledge for Free: The Emergence of Open Educational Resources, OECD 2007
  4. 4. OER Defined (ii) Open communities as much as open content http://www.flickr.com/photos/edibleoffice/5391049006/
  5. 5. SCORE Academic Practice & Accreditation
  6. 6. Cambridge ESOL Training in Materials Development Knowledge of resources, materials and reference sources for language learning DELTA Module Outline 2008
  7. 7. Adapting Textbook Activities with SARS Select Adapt Reject Supplement Graves, 2003
  8. 8. Open Educational Practices The four Rs of OER in teaching & learning: Reuse – Use the work verbatim, just exactly as you found it Rework – Alter or transform the work so that it better meets your needs Remix – Combine the (verbatim or altered work) with other works to better meet your needs Redistribute – Share the verbatim work, the reworked work, or the remixed work with others David Wiley, 2007
  9. 9. Open Data-Driven Technology in Language Teaching and Learning Shaoqun Wu & Alannah Fitzgerald The Universities of Waikato and Oxford The Higher Education Academy OER International
  10. 10. Data Driven Learning (DDL) In DDL, a student has access to a large body of authentic language, from which s/he can extract language items in context. (Boulton, 2011) The student is a language “research worker” (Johns, 1994).
  11. 11. What is a Digital Library? The digital library concept is applied to a collection of digital resources including but not restricted to those selected by the teacher.
  12. 12. Collocation Collocation database database Any other Any other resource resource Digital Library Digital Library Glossary Glossary
  13. 13. flax.nzdl.org
  14. 14. BNC/BAWE
  15. 15. Learning Collocations collection in FLAX FLAX team collections building: Shaoqun Wu, Ian Witten, Margaret Franken, Xiaofeng Yu – Waikato University http://tinyurl.com/73zcgac
  16. 16. The BAWE text sub collections http://tinyurl.com/cpwyefb
  17. 17. Wikify key words & phrases http://tinyurl.com/cpwyefb
  18. 18. How could you use the FLAX collections in your teaching and learning?
  19. 19. Using corpus-based resources to support student writing Shaoqun Wu The University of Waikato
  20. 20. Features of academic writing • Complexity • Formality • Hedging • Precision • Objectivity • Explicitness • Accuracy • Responsibility
  21. 21. Complexity • more lexical words than grammatical words • more noun-based phrases • more nominalizations • more lexical variation
  22. 22. Laugesen claims that, "Two of the group who are Year 13s have noticed a change this year." This point of view expressed is that people understand drink too much is bad and it changes their attitude of drinking. I agree with Laugesen's point that with people getting older and older, they realize drinking is not as fun as it seems to be and they don't need to drink to be cool, instead, they can make their own decision whether to drink or not. However, the problem is that Laugesen doesn't effectively shows the factors that change people's responds to their overdrinking and it seems to be not persuasive enough . It is not only a whether to be cool problem , drinking too much also brings some other problems. To take an example, if people drink a lot and get to be addictive to drinking that cannot get off it, it would bring the physical health problem such as memory loss and myocardial infarction. Hence, Laugesen's claim is not persuasive enough to show why people change their attitude of drinking and more factors should be considered. The other point I want to make is that Laugesen doesn't concluded the article.
  23. 23. In the last paragraph, Laugesen points out that teenagers are furious about adults' criticism of their overdrinking as a problem when adult themselves drink so much . That is, many examples are shown in the article, but Laugesen doesn't really conclude what teenagers think about how they are drinking. The article should be concluded in the last paragraph and make the article more clearly to understand. First, teenagers are drawn to drink and the age to start drinking is getting younger and younger. Second, overdrinking is now becoming a problem; it's not only a teen's problem, but is a problem of the people who get drunk. Finally, people realize overdrinking is a problem and change their mind of drinking . Therefore, a conclusion is necessarily needed in the article. In this review, I have discussed Laugesen's article "Our teen drinking culture". The article covers several points of how teenagers think about their drinking. I have argued that while Laugesen is right that teenagers are drawn to drink, but the problems are that Laugesen doesn't effectively claims why and how people change their responds to their overdrinking. A clearly conclusion is needed to make the article more specific and easier understandable.
  24. 24. Formality avoid: "stuff", "a lot of", "thing", "sort of", "can't", "doesn't", "shouldn't" "put off", "bring up"
  25. 25. Binge drinking is considered harmful, regardless of a person's age, and there have been calls for healthcare professionals to give increased attention to their patients drinking habits, especially binge drinking. Some researchers believe that raising the legal drinking age and screening brief interventions by healthcare providers are the most effective means of reducing morbidity and mortality rates associated with binge drinking. Programs in the United States have thought of numerous ways to help prevent binge drinking. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests increasing the cost of alcohol or the excise taxes, restricting the number of stores who may obtain a license to sell liquor (reducing "outlet density"), and implementing stricter law enforcement of underage drinking laws. There are also a number of individual counselling approaches, such as motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioral approaches, that have been shown to reduce drinking among heavy drinking college students.
  26. 26. Binge drinking is considered harmful, regardless of a person's age, and there have been calls for healthcare professionals to give increased attention to their patients drinking habits, especially binge drinking. Some researchers believe that raising the legal drinking age and screening brief interventions by healthcare providers are the most effective means of reducing morbidity and mortality rates associated with binge drinking. Programs in the United States have thought of numerous ways to help prevent binge drinking. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests increasing the cost of alcohol or the excise taxes, restricting the number of stores who may obtain a license to sell liquor (reducing "outlet density"), and implementing stricter law enforcement of underage drinking laws. There are also a number of individual counselling approaches, such as motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioral approaches, that have been shown to reduce drinking among heavy drinking college students.
  27. 27. Preparing for essay writing • for teachers: building a collection of articles on a related topic • for students: collecting noun phrases on a related topic
  28. 28. Example topic: stress at work • … is caused by work stress • … is affected by work stress • … due to the work stress • …. suffer from work stress • … is under extreme work stress • • … causes higher levels of stress • Effects of work stress include … • Sources of work stress are … • … are the signs of work stress • As a result of work stress, … • • What can you do to reduce work stress? • How to manage work stress/handle work stress/cope with work stress • uses strategies/resources to cope with work stress • learn … ways of coping with work stress
  29. 29. Student feedback • Words or phrases I had heard before but had trouble understanding properly, it was very good to look up these in relation to my assignment. • Origins of words like notation that were used in a different context that I’m used to. Makes me understand the text better. • When reading other texts related to assignment I could look words up I didn't understand. • I looked up words that I normally overlook as normal dictionaries don't tend to have these phrases or words. (EC’s comments on using the system for her phonology assignment) 29
  30. 30. Open Training Resources for Wider Participation Alannah Fitzgerald & Shaoqun Wu The Universities of Waikato and Oxford The Higher Education Academy OER International
  31. 31. Training Videos for FLAX http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dyDG29aQo8Y
  32. 32. Beyond audience boundaries Russell Stannard - Teacher Training Videos http://www.teachertrainingvideos.com
  33. 33. Widening audience participation http://en.crtvu.edu.cn/
  34. 34. Gyeonggi English Village http://www.english-village.or.kr/exclude/userIndex/engIndex.do
  35. 35. Education Broadcasting System ( 한국교육방송공사 ) http://global.ebs.co.kr/eng/about/contribution
  36. 36. International Collaboration OER for ELT FLAX and Oxford TOETOE International
  37. 37. University of Oxford http://openspires.oucs.ox.ac.uk/resources/index.html#posters 37
  38. 38. English through literature OER
  39. 39. http://www.slideshare.net/tbirdcymru/itunes-u-corporate-channel-of-free-educational-resources
  40. 40. http://www.apple.com/education/itunes-u/
  41. 41. Elements of a successful OER channel • Attractive to contributors • Usable • Useful • Used (and re-used) • Sustainable Photo courtesy of San Mateo County Library on Flickr http://www.slideshare.net/tbirdcymru/itunes-u-corporate-channel-of-free-educational-resources
  42. 42. iTunesU OER Success Factors Attractive to Usable Useful Used Sustainable contributors Profile ✔ User Quality Download Over 800 Experience ✔ material ✔ numbers ✔ universities ✔ ‘Apple gloss’ Search Consistency Teachers ✔ Apple ✔ ✔ function ✔ ✔ International Apple mobile Copyright Personal ✔ Benefit to reach ✔ ✔ ✗ ✔− contributors/i nstitution ✔ Linux, Feedback Not very Android ✗ ✗✔ repurposable ✗✔ Discoverability Community ✗ ✗✔ http://www.slideshare.net/tbirdcymru/itunes-u-corporate-channel-of-free-educational-resources
  43. 43. It’s all in the downloads University Downloads Open University, UK Over 34 million since June 2008 University of Oxford Over 9 million since June 2008 Coventry University 2.5 million in 2010 alone University of Warwick 1 million Jan ‘09 – June ‘10 http://www.slideshare.net/tbirdcymru/itunes-u-corporate-channel-of-free-educational-resources
  44. 44. What is Creative Commons? • Derived from free and open source software licensing • Founded in 2001 by Prof Lawrence Lessig at the University of Stanford • Designed to push back against increased enclosure of ‘intellectual commons’ • Six ‘general’, regionalised licences for easy sharing of rights in content • A suite of machine-, human- and lawyer-readable licences • Some cool icons
  45. 45. What are the conditions? Attribution • Author must be acknowledged on all copies and adaptations of the work, including a link to the original version of the work
  46. 46. What are the conditions? Non-commercial • The work can only be used for non-commercial purposes
  47. 47. What are the conditions? No Derivatives • The work can only be distributed in its original form; no adaptations or translations can be made
  48. 48. What are the conditions? Sharealike • The work can be modified and adapted, but the entire resulting work (including new material added by the adaptor) must be distributed under the same sharealike licence
  49. 49. What are the six licences?
  50. 50. What does adaptation mean? • Your authorship will always be acknowledged • Some examples – Re-use in educational material – Sampling your voice to use in electronic music – Incorporating still or moving images into a Youtube video • Re-use must avoid ‘derogatory treatment’ meaning adaptation that risks having a detrimental effect on your reputation
  51. 51. What could you do with the Oxford Creative Commons podcast content?
  52. 52. Open podcast corpus development for spoken collections in FLAX
  53. 53. Linking open tools and open pods http://http://openspires.oucs.ox.ac.uk/crunch/ 53
  54. 54. SPINDLE at OUCS blogs.oucs.ox.ac.uk/openspires/2012/09/12/spindle-automatic-keyword-generation-step-by-step/comment-page-1/#comment-28452
  55. 55. Teachers as OER developers, users, publishers
  56. 56. Materials Development with OER Arguably, competencies with resources cut across the whole of the TEAP framework. http://www.baleap.org.uk/baleap/parties-projects/eap-teacher-competencies/ 56
  57. 57. Why make educational resources open? A growing momentum behind OER worldwide  Commitment to social justice and widening participation  Helps build markets and reputation  Bridges the divide between formal and informal learning  A test bed for new e-learning developments and an opportunity to research and evaluate them  A way of drawing in materials from other organisations  A means for attracting the attention of publishers  Provides the basis for world-wide collaboration
  58. 58. https://openeducationalresources.pbworks.com/w/page/24836480/Home
  59. 59. 824/ 822/ 0388 9882 /242 /372 1ders lplum who etua chad perp tos/ s/ /pho hoto Davi ckr.com m/p erpe .flickr.co By C /www.fli lum s tualp w had /ww :/ http Chris’s http:/ By: P SEA BLE RPO E U RIOL . R EP TO 24 rpos n Repu rce ca sou bout in g a Purp o Conc erns se Reusable MEE e1w ill Com mun tice ity re Phas e reuse Prac OER be a lity r just g the Qua explo urces via arch in mak rce look gy so of re and a Rese u reso ou want nolo rvey Tech su ing y how ok. Is s at. retre egler: Shar urce Card lo it to cility Reso P Chris al g fa this tant to ation g Usin N por hin im Teac ship you? w Fello Game 9/9 545 9/ 2 485 57 2 0 625 s/3 /2 jo ean Chris Pegler r86 one s/r oto dge om s 2 kr.c Anjo /ph 7. A blus/ s Pre ww es do oto can sentat PPE /ph .flic ://w Alv AR 11 om http enata the be pa ion AN . CO kr.c ww 86 Acc R .flic NV E ://w ner The appea rt of CE By e http ludgeo res l. reso ss to NI E loo ks b ource onli urces NCE By B Pur tha n ett pos n s o c e is n o ma ones er Con e onv w de. we cer it ca enie Pur Ove ns usin n repla nt pos imp rall, h Qu g yo ce e alit Con app ortan ow y own HE I r u cern ear t is Tec reso ’s s anc hno the urces. Qua e? lo re a Is lity Res gy dow Tec our nsid hno ces e? log Res y o urc es 59
  60. 60. Reuse of OER •The blue cards are on a general theme of MOTIVATION – what leads to OER reuse or discourages it. •The grey cards are on the theme of TECHNOLOGY – how this may affect OER reuse •The pink cards are on the theme of QUALITY – how this affects OER use decisions 60
  61. 61. Open licensing scenarios with Creative Commons
  62. 62. Lichôdmapwa v. Théâtre de Spa Court of First Instance Nivelles (Tribunal de Première Instance Nivelles) 26 October 2010 A Belgian band uploaded some songs on a freely accessible website under a non-commercial and no derivatives Creative Commons license. A Belgian theatre used one of the songs to create an advertisement for the next theatrical season, which was broadcasted on several national radios channels. The Court found that the theatre did not respect the license and consequently granted indemnities to the band. http://kluwercopyrightblog.com/2011/03/09/lichodmapwa-v-theatre-de-spa-court-of-first-instance-nivelles- tribunal-de-premiere-instance-bruxelles-26-october-2010-2/
  63. 63. Licensing Scenarios Group work: Read and discuss the following licensing scenarios as they would apply to language teaching and materials development practice. (Adapted from copyright resources created by Bernie Atwell at the OU; adapted for language resource developers)
  64. 64. Use clearance I’ve found an open access pre-publication article by Diane Nation on the web and this would be brilliant to use in my EAP class. I intend to develop a language learning resource with these materials and then to upload it into LORO for open use. I’ve tried to contact Ms Nation twice and have been in touch with the web master of the site to see if s/he can help but have had no response so far. I’ve amended the article, as I didn’t agree with some of the points she was making. I think I’ve improved the work actually and I’ve obviously left her acknowledged as the author. As I’ve had no response I’m just going to use it anyway. Everyone’s always talking about risk so I’ll take one. Is this OK?
  65. 65. CC licensing worldwide My institution has an online open learning resource and is based in the UK. We have selected an England and Wales UK licence for the use of our content. However, a user in China has asked us if the CC licence still applies? Does the CC licence refer to where the content is being used or where it is hosted?
  66. 66. Open software licenses I have some software I would like to make available under a CC licence – would that be OK?
  67. 67. Logo protection My institution is making some of its content available under a CC licence. How do we ensure that our trademarks/logos are protected?
  68. 68. Extended Licensing Scenario The following scenario is intended to promote discussion around the areas of creative commons licensing, the collaborations involved, and any other issues the discussion may highlight.
  69. 69. Your educational institution is going to be working in collaboration with at least two other educational institutions in the UK. You are going to create an innovative joint MA TESOL resource for Masters students studying and researching in the area of open corpora for teaching English for Academic Purposes (EAP). This facility will act as a provider of online resources. All institutions will provide some of their own existing materials that contain third party content (journal articles, images, extracts from books, and website content) which are made up of text and audio- visual content. The collaboration would like to make the content openly available whilst ensuring that their intellectual property rights are not compromised.
  70. 70. Consider the following questions for discussion: • How would you license this content to users? • Would you consider using a Creative Commons licence, if so which one? • Would you need to consider more than one type of licence? • What would you need to take care of contractually in relation to the content? • How would you ensure that the integrity of third party content is maintained?
  71. 71. Thank you Email: fitzgerald@education.concordia.ca; shaoqun@waikato.ac.nz FLAX Language: flax.nzdl.org; Twitter: @AlannahFitz Slideshare:http://www.slideshare.net/AlannahOpenEd/ Blog: Technology for Open English – Toying with Open E-resources www.alannahfitzgerald.org

Editor's Notes

  • August 16, 2010
  • August 16, 2010
  • August 16, 2010
  • August 16, 2010
  • August 16, 2010
  • Teachers can construct collections of different types: for different purposes and for different types of students. The collections can be: item specific domain and/or topic specific graded for levels of difficulty representative of a particular source or of a particular genre subsets of a larger corpus e.g. BAWE. Potentially students can also construct collections (see Charles, 2012)
  • Teachers can construct collections of different types: for different purposes and for different types of students. The collections can be: item specific domain and/or topic specific graded for levels of difficulty representative of a particular source or of a particular genre subsets of a larger corpus e.g. BAWE. Potentially students can also construct collections (see Charles, 2012)
  • Teachers can construct collections of different types: for different purposes and for different types of students. The collections can be: item specific domain and/or topic specific graded for levels of difficulty representative of a particular source or of a particular genre subsets of a larger corpus e.g. BAWE. Potentially students can also construct collections (see Charles, 2012)
  • 70 ninutes
  • 70 ninutes
  • Explicitness Academic writing is explicit in several ways. 1. It is explicit in its signposting of the organisation of the ideas in the text (Biber, Johansson, Leech, Conrad & Finegan, 1999, pp. 880-882). As a writer of academic English, it is your responsibility to make it clear to your reader how various parts of the text are related. These connections can be made explicit by the use of different signalling words. Objectivity This means that the main emphasis should be on the information that you want to give and the arguments you want to make, rather than you. This is related to the basic nature of academic study and academic writing, in particular. Nobody really wants to know what you "think" or "believe". They want to know what you have studied and learned and how this has led you to your various conclusions. The thoughts and beliefs should be based on your lectures, reading, discussion and research and it is important to make this clear. Accuracy In academic writing you need to be accurate in your use of vocabulary. Do not confuse, for example, "phonetics" and "phonology" or "grammar" with "syntax". Choose the correct word, for example, "meeting", "assembly" , "gathering" or "conference". Or from: "money", "cash", "currency", "capital" or "funds". Responsibility In academic writing you are responsible for demonstrating an understanding of the source text. You must also be responsible for, and must be able to provide evidence and justification for, any claims you make.
  • Nominalisation Formal written English uses nouns more than verbs. For example, "judgement" rather than "judge", "development" rather than "develop", "admiration" rather than "admire".
  • Explicitness Academic writing is explicit in several ways. 1. It is explicit in its signposting of the organisation of the ideas in the text (Biber, Johansson, Leech, Conrad & Finegan, 1999, pp. 880-882). As a writer of academic English, it is your responsibility to make it clear to your reader how various parts of the text are related. These connections can be made explicit by the use of different signalling words.
  • Nominalisation Formal written English uses nouns more than verbs. For example, "judgement" rather than "judge", "development" rather than "develop", "admiration" rather than "admire".
  • August 16, 2010
  • OUCS – Oxford University Computing Services, including the OpenSpires, Great Writers Inspire, Spindle and TOETOE International OER projects funded by the JISC and the HEA in the UK
  • Well-resourced – ou – ebooks, lectures and more – not able to identify individuals as made by teams Podcasts – oxford – 40% cc – highlighting stars China – Nottingham – campus at Ningbo instead of having to use youtube which is blocked uNow Representing the ethos of the institutions The best marketing is great learning material – Martin Bean
  • A new method of giving individual items individual licenses in the metadata is apparently on its way
  • August 16, 2010
  • Contributors – both individuals and the institution
  • Youtube banned in China, Turkey, Bangladesh, Tunisia, Morocco – Iran flip-flops Star rating and comments but not many comments
  • 70 ninutes
  • Ylva –OER mash-up for language learning Do we want to say something about discipline-spec discourse types in uni lectures/seminars? Turn taking in uni seminars – uni of Birmingham – looking at different knowledge domains – something I saw at CLC in B ’ ham in July E.g. medical seminars – long turn from sts presenting case studies with input from tutor and other sts at the end. Hard sciences have a lot more stop and check the facts built into exchanges btwn sts and tutors -
  • August 16, 2010
  • August 16, 2010
  • Shuffle time…or plant some of these in the audience??   Managing barriers and challenges - choose question cards from Chris ’ s Reusable Card Game to surface OER issues around: discoverability, interoperability, proved in use, moving online, my community research basis, metadata, brand, style/tone, appearance, reliability, quality check, cutting costs and, innovation. Locating materials - choose question cards from Chris ’ s Reusable Card Game to surface OER issues around: repurposeable, new n improved, learn new stuff, custom/habit of reuse, sharing is good, context-free, personalisation, adaptable, rarity, funding and, policy.
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