Race Conflict       ChangeWeek 5 Race and Multi Culture
Overview…            • What is              multiculturalism?            • Sowing segregation?            • Multiculturali...
“The melting pot doesn’tmelt”     Anthias   Yuval Davis 1992
A Salad Bowl of Cultures
David Goldberg (2004):2 kinds of Multiculturalism
David Goldberg (2004):  2 kinds of MulticulturalismDescriptive
David Goldberg (2004):    2 kinds of MulticulturalismDescriptive Multiculturality
David Goldberg (2004):    2 kinds of MulticulturalismDescriptive           Normative Multiculturality
David Goldberg (2004):    2 kinds of MulticulturalismDescriptive           Normative Multiculturality        MC Policy
Multiculturality:          A fact of lifeThe multiple nature of oursocieties is a fact.London - “You see the worldgathered...
The problem withmulticulturalism    “Multiculturalism   constructs society    as composed of a       hegemonic      homoge...
The notion of ‘community’
The notion of ‘community’• ‘Community’: the whole vs.  the part.
The notion of ‘community’• ‘Community’: the whole vs.  the part.• Community: shorthand for  ‘minority’.
The notion of ‘community’• ‘Community’: the whole vs.  the part.• Community: shorthand for  ‘minority’.• For ‘Community re...
Towards segregation - The rise of the New        Right
Towards segregation -  The rise of the New         Right• The New Racism of the  New Right (Barker  1981).
Towards segregation -  The rise of the New         Right• The New Racism of the  New Right (Barker  1981).• Culture explai...
Liberals the promotion of the cultural mosaic
Liberals the promotion of the cultural mosaic         • Taking ‘blacks’ off the           streets.
Liberals the promotion of the cultural mosaic         • Taking ‘blacks’ off the           streets.         • The professio...
Liberals the promotion of the cultural mosaic         • Taking ‘blacks’ off the           streets.         • The professio...
Different cultures, separate lives?
Different cultures, separate lives?
Different cultures, separate lives?          • Self-segregation:            blaming            Muslims(Kundnani
Different cultures, separate lives?          • Self-segregation:            blaming            Muslims(Kundnani          •...
A Crisis ofMulticulturalism?
A Crisis ofMulticulturalism?         • Too diverse?
A Crisis ofMulticulturalism?         • Too diverse?         • A vicious circle:           Minority culture still          ...
“Integrationism”
“Integrationism”• Community cohesion:  Back to the  “community”
“Integrationism”• Community cohesion:  Back to the              Cantle: we have “created a culture  “community”           ...
“Integrationism”• Community cohesion:  Back to the              Cantle: we have “created a culture  “community”           ...
“Integrationism”• Community cohesion:  Back to the               Cantle: we have “created a culture  “community”          ...
Sleepwalking to  segregation?         “Opinion polls would         suggest that rather than         minorities having a   ...
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Race and (Multi)Culture

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Race and (Multi)Culture

  1. 1. Race Conflict ChangeWeek 5 Race and Multi Culture
  2. 2. Overview… • What is multiculturalism? • Sowing segregation? • Multiculturalism in Crisis? • “Integrationism”
  3. 3. “The melting pot doesn’tmelt” Anthias Yuval Davis 1992
  4. 4. A Salad Bowl of Cultures
  5. 5. David Goldberg (2004):2 kinds of Multiculturalism
  6. 6. David Goldberg (2004): 2 kinds of MulticulturalismDescriptive
  7. 7. David Goldberg (2004): 2 kinds of MulticulturalismDescriptive Multiculturality
  8. 8. David Goldberg (2004): 2 kinds of MulticulturalismDescriptive Normative Multiculturality
  9. 9. David Goldberg (2004): 2 kinds of MulticulturalismDescriptive Normative Multiculturality MC Policy
  10. 10. Multiculturality: A fact of lifeThe multiple nature of oursocieties is a fact.London - “You see the worldgathered in one city, living inharmony, as an example to all”Ken Livingstone after 7/7
  11. 11. The problem withmulticulturalism “Multiculturalism constructs society as composed of a hegemonic homogeneous majority and small unmeltable minorities” Anthias Yuval Davis, 1992
  12. 12. The notion of ‘community’
  13. 13. The notion of ‘community’• ‘Community’: the whole vs. the part.
  14. 14. The notion of ‘community’• ‘Community’: the whole vs. the part.• Community: shorthand for ‘minority’.
  15. 15. The notion of ‘community’• ‘Community’: the whole vs. the part.• Community: shorthand for ‘minority’.• For ‘Community relations’ read ‘problems caused by blacks’
  16. 16. Towards segregation - The rise of the New Right
  17. 17. Towards segregation - The rise of the New Right• The New Racism of the New Right (Barker 1981).
  18. 18. Towards segregation - The rise of the New Right• The New Racism of the New Right (Barker 1981).• Culture explains social unrest.
  19. 19. Liberals the promotion of the cultural mosaic
  20. 20. Liberals the promotion of the cultural mosaic • Taking ‘blacks’ off the streets.
  21. 21. Liberals the promotion of the cultural mosaic • Taking ‘blacks’ off the streets. • The professionalisation of community.
  22. 22. Liberals the promotion of the cultural mosaic • Taking ‘blacks’ off the streets. • The professionalisation of community. • “Steel bands, samosas and saris”
  23. 23. Different cultures, separate lives?
  24. 24. Different cultures, separate lives?
  25. 25. Different cultures, separate lives? • Self-segregation: blaming Muslims(Kundnani
  26. 26. Different cultures, separate lives? • Self-segregation: blaming Muslims(Kundnani • Factors: De- industrialisation, white flight, separate education & housing.
  27. 27. A Crisis ofMulticulturalism?
  28. 28. A Crisis ofMulticulturalism? • Too diverse?
  29. 29. A Crisis ofMulticulturalism? • Too diverse? • A vicious circle: Minority culture still blamed for the problems of multiculturalism.
  30. 30. “Integrationism”
  31. 31. “Integrationism”• Community cohesion: Back to the “community”
  32. 32. “Integrationism”• Community cohesion: Back to the Cantle: we have “created a culture “community” in which each different group feels that it is being unfairly treated.” “we should not “dismiss negative perceptions too lightly as racist.”
  33. 33. “Integrationism”• Community cohesion: Back to the Cantle: we have “created a culture “community” in which each different group• Culture is still feels that it is being unfairly treated.” everything! “we should not “dismiss negative perceptions too lightly as racist.”
  34. 34. “Integrationism”• Community cohesion: Back to the Cantle: we have “created a culture “community” in which each different group• Culture is still feels that it is being unfairly treated.” everything!• Integration: a one-way “we should not “dismiss negative street? perceptions too lightly as racist.”
  35. 35. Sleepwalking to segregation? “Opinion polls would suggest that rather than minorities having a problem with engagement it is the majority White populations that are most isolated and least engaged with communities other than their own.” Finney & Simpson 2009

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