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How Citizens will live in autonomous cities

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Paradigm shift for cities and citizens following digital autonomous technologies.

When looking at the history of lighting, we see how people delegate the ownership of light first to the community, then to the infrastructure. Same will happen with mobility, moving from horses to cars, then to autonomous vehicles and finally to flying taxis.
Digital Technologies and autonomous machines abolish distances: no more need to live "nearby" to enjoy urban services.
Question is now raised of possible disruption of politics, whose role cannot be justified anymore by delivering services: private companies provide high quality urban services without any constraint of localization. Politics need to deliver new meaning for living somewhere.

Driving Digital - October 2019 - Bratislava

Published in: Technology
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How Citizens will live in autonomous cities

  1. 1. Citizens living in Autonomous Cities Alain Staron The new paradigm 1
  2. 2. 1318 Alain Staron driving.digital | 2
  3. 3. Alain Staron driving.digital | 3 PARIS 1318
  4. 4. Alain Staron driving.digital | 4 3 lights 1318
  5. 5. Alain Staron driving.digital | 5 6500 lights 1nov-28 feb 1667
  6. 6. Alain Staron driving.digital | 6 1763 3600 Street lights
  7. 7. Alain Staron driving.digital | 7 23 325 Gaz Street lights 1869
  8. 8. Alain Staron driving.digital | 8 1951: 34 300 street lights 1960: 48 000 street lights 2014: 200 000 Street lights Nowadays
  9. 9. Alain Staron driving.digital | 9 1840 1784 1600 1383 1200 2000 Light and area
  10. 10. Paradigm shift Alain Staron driving.digital | 10 Rembrandt , 1642 Edward Hopper , 1942
  11. 11. Paradigm shift Alain Staron driving.digital | 11 Domenico Feti (1589-1624) Indoor night scene Bedroom, 21st century ( 25 lights/household in average)
  12. 12. Light Ownership Paradigm shift Alain Staron driving.digital | 12 Human InfrastructureCommunity
  13. 13. Early public Transport Alain Staron driving.digital | 13 1662
  14. 14. Manure Alain Staron driving.digital | 14 200 000 horses X 11 kg/day => 2,5 m high in 50 years (1894 – Times of London)
  15. 15. 1891: Ecological move Alain Staron driving.digital | 15 Panhard & Levassor Type A P2C 1.5 HP – 12 km/h 1891 1 Horse 3 – 10 - 16 km/h
  16. 16. Game Over in … Alain Staron driving.digital | 16 Paris 1900: 10 863 horse cabs >> 115 cars 1907: 9 409 horse cab > 2 359 cars 1922: end of last horse cab New York, 1912 Cars >> Horses 30 years, and 20 years to 50/50
  17. 17. The fuel Alain Staron driving.digital | 17 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 Worldwide car production 1903 Panhard & Levassor 1891 12 years
  18. 18. 30+ french car makers in 1905 Alain Staron driving.digital | 18 1891 Amédée Bollée Delamare-Deboutteville Jeantaud Rochet-Schneider 1903 Triouleyre Goujon Montier & Gillet Grivel juzan Astresse Augé David & Bourgeois Lufbery automobile Poron Tourey Le Blon Frères De Riancey
  19. 19. Still some fears Alain Staron driving.digital | 19 August, 26th, 1902 Bry-sur-Marne Grand Rue 12
  20. 20. Infrastructure impact Alain Staron driving.digital | 20
  21. 21. Infrastructure footprint cost Alain Staron driving.digital | 21
  22. 22. How much of a city is occupied by streets? Alain Staron driving.digital | 22 5% 15% 25%
  23. 23. How much of a city is occupied by streets? Alain Staron driving.digital | 23 5% 15% 25% PARIS
  24. 24. From Living to driving… Alain Staron driving.digital | 24 Parking 12% Street 48% Sidewalk 40%
  25. 25. Discrepancy… Alain Staron driving.digital | 25 Parking 12% Street 48% Sidewalk 40% Walking Public Transport Cars Bikes MotorBikes Others (Taxis…) Mobility share, Paris 2010-2014
  26. 26. From Living to driving… Alain Staron driving.digital | 26
  27. 27. Infrastructure footprint cost Alain Staron driving.digital | 27
  28. 28. Relaxing the environnemental footprint Alain Staron driving.digital | 28 Infrastructures move into devices
  29. 29. Relaxing the environnemental footprint Alain Staron driving.digital | 29
  30. 30. Relaxing the environnemental footprint Alain Staron driving.digital | 30
  31. 31. Where are cars ? Alain Staron driving.digital | 31 Hanoi Guangzhou Moscow Roma
  32. 32. Alain Staron driving.digital | 32 Autonomous Driving?
  33. 33. Going 3D ! Alain Staron driving.digital | 33
  34. 34. The Loop Alain Staron driving.digital | 34
  35. 35. The Sky Alain Staron driving.digital | 35 2019 2031 ?Carplane Germany Sale: 2021 "EHang 184" - China 20xx "Volocopter 2X" - Germany Sale: 2023 NEC Quadrocopter Japan Sale: 2023 Cora, Flyer, Heaviside Kitty Hawk – USA Preorder:2019 "Pop Up" Airbus – Italdesign/Audi Europe Service:2024 "Lilium Jetr " Lilium Aviation - Germany Service:2022 "S2" Joby Aviation - USA Unknown « ??" Hyundai- Korea Unknown "Transition & TF-2" Terrafugia –Geely USA/Chine Preorder:2019 "Elevate" Uber – Boeing USA Service:2023 "Volante", Aston Martin UK Unknown "Skydrive" Cartivator – Toyota Japan 2023 "Formula" Hoversurf - Russia Preorder:2018 "AeroMobil 4.0" AeroMobil - Slovakia Sale:2021 "DR-7" DeLorean Aerospace - USA Unknown "PAL-V Liberty" PAL-V - Netherlands Preorder:2019 "Xplorair" Michel Aguilar/Dassault - France Sale:2025 « Alpha-2" Airbus –France Service:2024 « Uber-Copter" USA Service:2019 « HoverTaxi" France Service:2022 Boeing USA- Unknown Boeing Porsche USA-Germany Unknown Vertical Aerospace UK Unknown « BlackFly" - Opener USA Sale: 2019
  36. 36. Regulations Alain Staron driving.digital | 36 Japan: The plan aims to introduce flying cars for logistics use in 2023. Personal transport would follow in the mid-2020s for use in rural areas and in the 2030s for urban areas. One between Singapore's international airport and central business district, and another between the tourist hot spots of Marina Bay and Sentosa Island. Melbourne will be the third city to host trials of Uber's flying taxis, after Dallas, Texas, and Los Angeles, California. New Zealand regulators approved plans for Zephyr Airworks. The Dubai Roads and Transport Authority (RTA) announced the signing of an agreement with the German VOLOCOPTER Company. Autonomous air mobility company EHang to deploy air shuttle service in Guangzhou. PARIS: Airbus, la RATP et ADP s’associent pour mettre en fonction d’ici cinq ans un démonstrateur reliant l’aéroport de Roissy-Charles-de-Gaulle aux sites olympiques. utiliser le couloir aérien déjà emprunté par les hélicoptères et d'assurer une rotation toutes les six minutes.
  37. 37. Business cases flying cars Alain Staron driving.digital | 37 Crowdy area
  38. 38. Business cases flying cars Alain Staron driving.digital | 38 Urban Cable Car
  39. 39. Business cases flying cars Alain Staron driving.digital | 39 Rural area
  40. 40. Business cases flying cars Alain Staron driving.digital | 40 Touristic areas
  41. 41. Business cases flying cars Alain Staron driving.digital | 41 Emergency
  42. 42. Flying Taxis - Infrastructure Alain Staron driving.digital | 42 Essex-based Skyports Ltd. plans to show off the vertical take-off and landing station at Marina Bay during the Intelligent Transport Systems World Congress from Oct. 21-25. Starting in October, Uber Copter will be available to every single Uber user residing in New York City. Uber Copter will take riders from lower Manhattan to JFK International Airport, or vice versa.
  43. 43. Delivery Alain Staron driving.digital | 43 2019: UPS won USA government approval to operate a nationwide fleet of drones over 55 pounds initial business around medical facilities In Rwanda and Ghana, Zipline runs the world’s largest delivery drone network, carrying vaccines, medications, and blood to rural hospitals 2019: Google sister company Wing announced that it would be partnering with FedEx and the drugstore chain Walgreens to bring autonomous drone deliveries to the US. 2016: La Poste delivery service in South of France 2019: Swiss Post delivery service (suspended after crash) 2018: An international group of companies is set to test drones at the DronePort campus in Brustem, Belgium, including Amazon China, Dubai, 2019: Google launches its first drone delivery service in Australia Finland, 2019: The first-of-its-kind drone delivery service coming to Christiansburg will launch later this month, according to Wing Aviation Flytrex is already conducting drone delivery trials in Iceland, is preparing to begin trial food deliveries in the town of Holly Springs, North Carolina, USA 2019: DHL became the first international logistics provider to launch an autonomous aerial vehicle (AAV) drone delivery service in China, Guangzhou.
  44. 44. Delivery - Regulations Alain Staron driving.digital | 44
  45. 45. Energy Alain Staron driving.digital | 45
  46. 46. Water Alain Staron driving.digital | 46 metal-organic framework (MOF) sewage treatment plant
  47. 47. Telecom - done Alain Staron driving.digital | 47 France: 2700 left, used 28s/month USA: From 2 000 000 in 1999 down to 100 000 today UK: Usages falls 90% Half removed of converted
  48. 48. Health and Medecine Alain Staron driving.digital | 48
  49. 49. Things change Alain Staron driving.digital | 49
  50. 50. Distance is no more an issue Alain Staron driving.digital | 50 Do I need shopping malls nearby? Amazon will deliver, or my neighbor Do I need to live close to my working place? Workspaces available nearby Do I need a bus station nearby? Uber or Google will drive me Do I need a school nearby? MOOC* will make it Do I need theatres nearby? My Hometheatre makes the job, and my twitter/FB allow me to share with my friends Do I need a Medical Doctor nearby? My health will be monitored on line
  51. 51. City new paradigm Alain Staron driving.digital | 51 Making sense for communities Providing & Organizing

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