Presentation study methods and examination techniques 2014

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Presentation study methods and examination techniques 2014

  1. 1. Self and Time Management for Students Pakistan Naval Academy Karachi May 29, 2009 Basheer Juma Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  2. 2. Students to do Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  3. 3. Students to do Change your habits accordingly. Develop your skills. Work hard. Review your progress. Document yourself. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  4. 4. The Study and Examination Process Assessment Phase I Study Planning Phase II Develop Skills Phase III Fighting Anxiety and Stress Phase IV Attempting the Paper Phase V Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  5. 5. Assess your position The Process Determine Objectives of life. Why you have been created. Where will you go ultimately. Set your goals Personal Career Economic Family And Social Prepare your Plus and Minus position. Find out. Find out your problems. Problem within you and problem around you. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  6. 6. Know your syllabus and get the right books. Get base books and also Supplementary books Review past years papers and find out the exanimation trend Plan study environment. Make plan and schedule your activities. Make a practical time table. Make a system of making daily review and note your progress regularly. Use charts. Assess your position The Process Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  7. 7. Reading. How do you read. What is comfortable environment for you. Listening and notes taking. Your class room roles, participation and retention style. Notes making and retention as notes (sheets), Cards or soft copy Revisions. How do you retain your record and how often do you revise them. Revision for examination Is important. Assess your position The Process Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  8. 8. Fight with these problems. The Process Stress. Here time management skills are required. Anxiety. Here psychological improvement is required. Pressures, interruptions, Barriers and constraints. Procrastination. Lethargy. Delaying the important Items. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  9. 9. Struggle is the meaning of life. Defeat or victory is in the hands of God. Struggle itself man’s duty and should be his joy. What's Success Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  10. 10. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  11. 11. 2-Studying  2.1 Before starting the studies Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  12. 12. 2.1.1 Have a goal in mind  It is always helpful to have a clear objective in mind, for the studies that a student is pursuing. These objectives can be different for students of different levels or categories. Some of these might be:  To have the basic education without which one cannot be recognized by the society as an educated person. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  13. 13. 2.1.1 Have a goal in mind  To acquire a higher learning in a subject of special interest, such as International Relations or Applied Chemistry.  To enable one to take up the profession of one’s choice and liking.  To move higher in one’s career. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  14. 14. 2.1.2 Know the syllabus  Many students do not know exactly what topics are included in the course.  In such a situation, they might be wasting their time on what is not expected from them.  it is, therefore, important that a student should acquire a copy of the syllabus. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  15. 15. Examination Planning Chart EXAM – MODULE E NAME OF SUBJECT BASIC BOOKS(S) SUPPLEMENTARY BOOK(S) HELPING PERSONS COACHING NOTES NOTES STATUS FILE STATUS Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  16. 16. 2.1.3 Acquire books and other necessities  Besides the prescribed textbooks, often other related books are also recommended.  Acquire them wherever possible. Books too costly or not available in the market may be borrowed from friends or libraries.  Also, collect past years question papers.  Get a good dictionary and other necessary items like paper, pen, pencil and folders. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  17. 17. 2.1.4 Ascertain important areas  Important portions of the course from which questions might be expected to be asked in the examination, are often indicated by the teachers.  In addition, the student too can work out himself such parts by studying thoroughly the past years’ question papers.  The student should work harder on these portions of the course. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  18. 18. 2.2 Preferred environment and modes of study  Methods of study largely depend on an individual’s nature and circumstances.  Methods of study also differ from subject to subject. The methods suitable for the study of Political Science, for example, are not likely to be the same as those for Information Technology. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  19. 19. 2.2 Preferred environment and modes of study  Yet there are certain aspects which are common and certain rules that apply in most cases. Some of these are detailed here. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  20. 20. 2.2.1 Place of study  One can always try to re-locate or re-arrange his or her place of study so as to bring it as close to the ideal one as possible.  It is better not to change your place of study every now and then.  Stick to one place.  A good place of study is a quiet private room, well-lit and properly furnished. Some of the essential requirements of the room are: Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  21. 21. 2.2.1 Place of study Table and chair. Bookshelves and a notice-board. Lights. Cooling and fresh air. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  22. 22. 2.2.2 Preferred posture.  A person studies with his mind. But what should he do with his body along all that?  A very comfortable chair with thick cushions might turn create drowsiness. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  23. 23. 2.3 Joint studies  Such an arrangement can prove to be fruitful only if the two partners happen to be of comparable intelligence and understanding of the subject as well as being equally serious in the pursuit of their studies. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  24. 24. 2.4 Fighting distractions  During studies most of the significant distractions, except noise, are internal— created by one’s own mind. These include:  Indecision  Daydreams  Personal problems  Anxiety due to unrealistic goals Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  25. 25. 2.5 Preparing Plans and Timetables  After acquiring information about the syllabus, key areas and the trends in question papers, the next step is to prepare a plan an a timetable for studies.  Usually, a plan covers a longer period of time and indicates only broadly the intended scheme of studies.  It will show what topics or subjects are to be taken up first, which areas are to be given more time and also that what proportion of time one would give to rest, recreation and sleep. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  26. 26. IF YOU FAIL TO PLAN YOU ARE PLANNING TO FAIL Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  27. 27. EXAMINATION TREND CHART AND PLANNER EXAMINATION WEEK ENDING PLAN HOURS ALLOCATION. BASIS: FOR 100 MARKS = 150 HOURS (NET) MODULE E SUBJECTS Advance Auditing Advanced Accounting and Financial Reporting Corporate Law Business Management TOTAL MARKS WEEK ENDING TOTAL HOURS Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  28. 28. PREPARATION Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  29. 29. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  30. 30. 2.5.2 Timetables  On the other hand, timetables cover a shorter period, a week or a day, and give more exact details.  A daily timetable will indicate the exact timings and duration of various activities. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  31. 31. 2.5.2 Timetables  A weekly timetable consists of such schedules for every day of the week which may or may not be repeated over the following weeks.  The under mentioned points should be kept in mind while preparing timetables: Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  32. 32. 2.5.2 Timetables  Study hours : The best hours for study are in the morning when the mind is fresh and it is easy to concentrate. Find your best study hours under your own circumstances.  Periods of study: The periods of study may stretch from one to three hours.  Concentration and efficiency tend to dwindle after about an hour’s study. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  33. 33. 2.5.2 Timetables  Give more daylight hours to study: It has been established by research one hour’s study during the day equals one and a half hour’s study at night.  Difficult parts: The most difficult part of the course should be studied during hours found best for studies. Find your prime time.  Revision: Each day’s study session should be started with a revision of the previous day’s work. This would re-enforce the previous day’s work and would also serve as a warm up process for this day’s session. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  34. 34. 2.5.2 Timetables  Relaxation, exercise and sleep: The timetable must allocate sufficient time for sleep and adequate periods for relaxation and exercise.  Synchronize his period of relaxation and recreation with those of others in the family..  Good meals: Well-balanced meals should be taken at the proper time. Greasy or low protein food is not advisable. Deficiencies in the diet lead to weariness and lack of enthusiasm for work. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  35. 35. EXAMINATION STUDY EVALUATION SUBJECT PREPARATION STATUS AS ON SUBJECTS A B C D E F G H GRESSIVE CENTAGE 100 95 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 35 30 25 20   15 10 05 Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  36. 36. 3-Reading Methods Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  37. 37. 3.1.1 Examining a book-  This is called skimming. One just glances through a book to find out its scope and contents.  This kind of ‘reading’ is undertaken when one has to examine if a particular book would be useful for his studies or not. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  38. 38. 3.1.2 Locating an important point or topic  It involves going through the pages of a book rapidly to locate a certain point or topic which is now required to be consulted.  This is called scanning.  A student often needs to scan books and periodicals during his studies to re-locate a point which he might have already gone through earlier. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  39. 39. 3.1.3 Serious reading  This is reading for a study. One goes through the pages of the book slowly and often repeatedly. The object is to understand and digest fully what has been said in those pages.  A hardworking student would usually write the passage himself in his own words to check if he has understood the text correctly and fully. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  40. 40. 3.2 What is a good reading speed ?  Although there are people who can read much faster, a speed of 250-300 words per minute is good enough.  Reading speed problem, if it exists, can be over come by enlarging one’s vocabulary and mastering the difficult words that come across frequently Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  41. 41. 3.3 Concentration Some of the techniques that can help secure concentration are given below:  No room for other thoughts  Thinking about future  Every thing should be handy  Ignoring unavoidable noises Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  42. 42. Understanding  Construct a word diagram or concept map.  The various steps for this process are as under:  The concerned passage should be read thoroughly and its meaning be understood as much as possible.  Find out the central idea and other points should be linked to this. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  43. 43. Understanding  The passage should be read again to find out other key ideas. These should be listed on a separate sheet of paper.  The key words should now be written on the paper carrying the most important or main idea, so as to show their relationship with each other and also with the main idea. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  44. 44. Understanding  Lines should be drawn among them and these lines should be labeled with words indicating the relationship.  The diagram should now be reviewed to find out if some other information is required to be added, or if some other arrangement would be better.  More passages can be summarized in this manner. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  45. 45. Methods of remembering The text should be read several times so as to be understood fully. If it is lengthy, break up in to convenient pieces. When it is felt that the gist of the text can now be recalled easily, it should be written in one’s own words and compared with the original to check if it has been accurately reproduced. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  46. 46. Methods of remembering A convenient method of remembering things is to associate them with a word or phrase which could be easily remembered. VIBGYOR. Here V stands for violet, I for indigo, B blue, G for green, Y for yellow, O for orange and R for Red. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  47. 47. 4-Listening and Notes Taking Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  48. 48. Listening  Listening is distinctly different from hearing.  Listening is a conscious act.  One must be fully attentive to it.  So in a classroom, one is not just hearing but listening to the teacher or the lecturer Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  49. 49. Notes Taking  Notes taking is a skill and needs to be developed for success in one’s studies.  Some techniques of taking accurate and meaningful notes at a reasonably fast speed are described here. The techniques are: Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  50. 50. Revision-Importance  It’s a bridge between what you have studied, learnt and remembered and what you are going to attempt. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  51. 51. Method of Revision While carrying out a revision of studies, it is advisable to observe the following:  Consult the notes  New material to be avoided:  Recalling is more effective than just reading:  Revision sessions:  Major revision: The bulk of the revision should be completed about one week ahead of the examination. Last minute rush with late night sittings often produce fatigue and confusion. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  52. 52. 6-Fighting Stress and Anxiety How to deal it Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  53. 53. Anxiety and Stress Anxiety Stress Fighting stress and anxiety The goals must be achievable Divide the load- Prioritize-important and urgent analysis Brief diversion Recreation Exercises Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  54. 54. Our time wasters Major time wasters External 1. Unplanned visitors 2. Unorganized meetings 3. Excessive paper work 4. Poor communication 5. Socializing 6. Incomplete information 7. Meetings 8. Paperwork 9. Poor communication Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  55. 55. Our time wasters Major time wasters Internal 1. Lack of proper priorities 2. Too little delegation 3. Spreading yourself too thin 4. Lacking "I can do it" attitude 5. Unclear planning 6. Attempting too much 7. Inability to say ‘no’ 8. Inadequate planning 9. Lack of self-discipline 10.Leaving tasks unfinished Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  56. 56. At the time of Examination Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  57. 57. 7.1 Getting seated  Arrive earlier to see the seating arrangement.  If optional, choose according to your preference. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  58. 58. EXAMINATION SUPPORT PROGRAMME PLANNING TO ATTEMPT THE PAPER 1. READ “REQUIRED 2. FIND CLUE 3. UNDERLINE THE CLUE 4. PRIORITIZE 5. OUTLINE AS FOLLOWS TIME FOR 1-4 10 MINUTES FOR 5 15 MINUTES THEN FOR EACH 1 MARK ALLOCATE 1.5 MINUTES LAST 5 MINUTES FOR REVISION Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  59. 59. 7.1 Getting seated  Instructions must be listened to attentively and abided by fully. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  60. 60. Before starting answering the questions  Reading the instructions:  Choosing the questions to be attempted:  Allocating time for each question: Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  61. 61. Answering the questions  The First Question to be answered  Planning the answer  Writing the answer  Reviewing the answer  Number of questions/sections to be attempted  Use last two pages for planning the paper Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  62. 62. EXAMINATION TREND CHART AND PLANNER EXAM TREND:___________________ SUBJECT: E-14 Advanced Auditing Y – I Y – II Y – III Y – IV Y – V SUPPLEMENTARY BOOK S. NO. T O P I C S 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 TOTAL MARS % BASE BOOK I II NOTES CARDS REF. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  63. 63. EXAMINATION SUPPORT PROGRAMME MODULE E DATE D A Y FROM TO FROM TO FROM TO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 MENTION TIME RANGE IN COLUMN (FORM __________ TO ___________) Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  64. 64. EXAMINATION STUDY EVALUATION SUBJECT PREPARATION STATUS AS ON SUBJECTS A B C D E F G H GRESSIVE CENTAGE 100 95 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 35 30 25 20   15 10 05 Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  65. 65. EXAMINATION SUPPORT PROGRAMME ACCOUNTING – SOAPRATE E N T R I E S SEQUENCE OF ACCOUNTING PROCEDURES RELATED ACCOUNTING TRANSACTIONS DEBIT CREDIT Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  66. 66. PLANNING GUIDE FOR STUDY – C.A. 2002 JAN. FEB. MARCH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. Sat. 1 Sat Sun. 2 1 1 Sun. Mon. 1 3 1 2 2 Mon. Tue 1 2 4 2 3 1 3 Tue Wed. 2 3 1 5 3 4 2 4 Wed. Thu. 3 4 2 6 4 1 5 3 5 Thu. Fri. 4 1 1 5 3 7 5 2 6 4 1 6 Fri. Sat 5 2 2 6 4 8 6 3 7 5 2 7 Sat Sun. 6 3 3 7 5 9 7 4 8 6 3 8 Sun. Mon. 7 4 4 8 6 10 8 5 9 7 4 9 Mon. Tue 8 5 5 9 7 11 9 6 10 8 5 10 Tue Wed. 9 6 6 10 8 12 10 7 11 9 6 11 Wed. Thu. 10 7 7 11 9 13 11 8 12 10 7 12 Thu. Fri. 11 8 8 12 10 14 12 9 13 11 8 13 Fri. Sat 12 9 9 13 11 15 13 10 14 12 9 14 Sat Sun. 13 10 10 14 12 16 14 11 15 13 10 15 Sun. Mon. 14 11 11 15 13 17 15 12 16 14 11 16 Mon. Tue 15 12 12 16 14 18 16 13 17 15 12 17 Tue Wed. 16 13 13 17 15 19 17 14 18 16 13 18 Wed. Thu. 17 14 14 18 16 20 18 15 19 17 14 19 Thu. Fri. 18 15 15 19 17 21 19 16 20 18 15 20 Fri. Sat 19 16 16 20 18 22 20 17 21 19 16 21 Sat Sun. 20 17 17 21 19 23 21 18 22 20 17 22 Sun. Mon. 21 18 18 22 20 24 22 19 23 21 18 23 Mon. Tue 22 19 19 23 21 25 23 20 24 22 19 24 Tue Wed. 23 20 20 24 22 26 24 21 25 23 20 25 Wed. Thu. 24 21 21 25 23 27 25 22 26 24 21 26 Thu. Fri. 25 22 22 26 24 28 26 23 27 25 22 27 Fri. Sat 26 23 23 27 25 29 27 24 28 26 23 28 Sat Sun. 27 24 24 28 26 30 28 25 29 27 24 29 Sun. Mon. 28 25 25 29 27 29 26 30 28 25 30 Mon. Tue 29 26 26 30 28 30 27 29 26 31 Tue Wed. 30 27 27 29 31 28 30 27 Wed. Thu. 31 28 28 30 29 31 28 Thu. Fri. 29 31 30 29 Fri. Sat. 30 31 30 Sat. Sun. 31 Sun. JAN. FEB. MARCH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
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  70. 70. Here is a list of our activities. You have to show whether you agree or disagree with each activity. Say –Yes/No Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  71. 71. AREAS / ACTIVITIES Studying ■ Attending classes Notes making TV ■ Functions Emails ■Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  72. 72. AREAS / ACTIVITIES Shopping House keeping Hospitality Laundry Planning Reading.Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  73. 73. AREAS / ACTIVITIES Trouble shooting Telephone and mobile Writing SleepingStudy Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  74. 74. AREAS / ACTIVITIES  Text messages Telephone and mobiles ■ Internet ■ Unending searches Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  75. 75. How time passes This chart shows what you might be doing with your time in a life of average length.  Tying one’s shoes 8 days  Waiting for traffic lights to change 1 month  Time spent at the barber shop 1 month  Dialing the telephone 1 month  Riding elevators (in big cities) 3 months  Brushing one teeth 3 months Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  76. 76. How time passes  Waiting for the bus (in cities) 5 months  Time spent in the shower or bathroom 6 months  Reading books ■ 2 years  Eating ■ 4 years  Earning a living 9 years  Watching television ■ 10 years  Sleeping 20 years Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  77. 77. Your activities in 168 hours  Hours per activity in a 7 day week  Sleep 56 hours  Meals 14 hours  Chores 5 hours  Exercise 5 hours  Transportation 5 hours  Work 15 hours  Family 5 hours  Classes 15 hours  Studying 30 hours  Total 150 hours Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  78. 78. What’s problem with this person. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
  79. 79. Know yourself Document yourself Prepare position Plus/ Minus points Know symptoms and Habits Identify areas of time management and major time wasters Problems within Problems around Determine Life Objectives and Set Goals and Values Eliminate time wasters avoid Procrastination Improve / develop habits Improve Skills and Develop Leadership Say NO to Unimportant Regular self Assessment ASSESSMENT Planning and Listing Prioritizing Scheduling/ Know prime time Targeting Do the right job Do the job right Team Building Delegating Accountability and matching Reviewing Rewarding Re-Thinking ACTIONS L I F E O B J E C T I V E S GOAL 1 Personal GOAL 2 Career / Economic GOAL 3 Family GOAL 4 Social CHANGING Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
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  83. 83. Why our efforts do not bring results. We have to identify reasons. Study Methods and Examination Techniques by Basheer Juma
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