Role Of Police In Maintaining Law
And Order Situation
Discipline Security Progress
Vision & Mission (Slide-04)
Role On Liberation War (Slide-05)
Functions of Police (Slide-19-40)
SWOT Analysis (Slide-41)
Vision & Mission
To provide quality service by competent, efficient and
dedicated professionals enjoying trust and respect of citizens
to make Bangladesh a better and safer place to live.
Bangladesh Police is committed to enforce law, maintain social
order, reduce fear of crime, enhance public safety and ensure
internal security with the active support of the community.
The First Arms Resistance On Liberation War
Base for all stations.
Very important message.
Please keep Note.
Please send over. Base
for all stations of East
Pakistan police. Keep
listening, watch. We are
already attacked by Pak
Army. Try to save
yourself. Over and out.
On the night of March 25, the news of the
attack on Razarbagh Police lines by Pakistan
Army was transmitted out all over
Bangladesh through this transceiver by the
Constable Md. Shahjahan Mia
A Look Into The History Of The Bangladesh
In Mughal period,
1. Village Panchayat (Rural area)
2.Kotwali System (Urban area)
Kotwal emerged as an institution and was effective in
maintaining the law and order in cities, and was
implemented in Dhaka.
missioner of police
Dispose of many functions of modern police
Surveillance over visitors, spies and migrants
King’s principal spy, chief intelligence officer
Crime control and maintain order was not for most task of
Got power to collect rent revenue
Set up police force to help the collector to extract revenue
Introduce new police system in 1792
Darogha post was created responsible to District Judge
Inspector General of Police was the chief of the whole
SP was the chief of a district
Govt. had the responsibility of law and order situation
Introduced Irish constabulary model police
Established separate police department
This model provides the basic structure of Bangladesh police
Acts Promulgated By The British
The Police Act, 1861
The Indian Penal Code, 1861
The Chowkidar Act, 1870
The Evidence Act, 1872
The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
The Police Regulation of Bengal, 1943
After partition in 1947, Police was functioning on the name of
East Pakistan Police. Pakistan Rulers were not sincere to reform
Bangladesh came into existence in 1971.
According to article 152 of Bangladesh Constitution, Police is a
Ranges Of Police
Another two Police Ranges are:
Units Of Police
Thana (Police Station)
Investigation Centre (IC) / Police Out-Post / Police Camp
Thana (Police Station)
Town Out-Post / Police Camp
Administration Of BD Police
Bangladesh Police has its own administrative
setup in both urban and rural areas.
In 64 Districts, Police has three tier
administrations under the authority of –
OC (officer in charge of the police station)
Branches Of BD Police
Range and District Police
Detective Branch (DB)
Detective Branch (DB)Police
Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
Railway Police (GRP)
Armed Police Battalion (APBn)
Rapid Action Battalion (RAB)
Special Branch (SB)
Police Bureau of Investigation (PBI)
Special Security and Protection Battalion (SPBn)
Established under amendment of Armed Forces
Battalion Ordinance, 1979
RAB is a combination of following forces-
Bangladesh Boarder Guard
After the formation, RAB was praised for controlling
Functions Of Police
Maintaining Law and Order
Crime Management & Law Enforcement
Maintaining Law and Order
Police prevent unlawful assembly
Always on mobile duty
Permanent & temporary checkpoint
Special approaches to prevent terrorism
Police To Prevent Unlawful Assembly
The District SP/ASP directs the conduct of all assemblies
and processions on the public roads and issue a license
specifying the names of the licensees and defining the
conditions on which alone such assembly or such
procession according to section 30 of The Police Act, 1861.
District SP/ASP/Inspector/OC of a Police station may
stop any procession which violates the conditions of a
license as per section 30A of The Police Act, 1861.
According to section 127 of CrPC, Police have the power
to disperse an unlawful assembly.
According to section of CrPC, Protection against
prosecution for acts done to disperse an unlawful
The impact of terrorism was
lower on Bangladesh than
that was on the United
States of America and the
United Kingdom, according
to the Global Terrorism
Index (GTI) 2022.
Bangladesh stands at the
40th position among 163
countries on the index and
scored 4.411 out of 10,
while the USA and the UK
held the 28th and the 31st
positions scoring 4.961 and
Raising Awareness (Through Training, Rally, Exhibition,
Media Coverage, Visiting schools etc.)
Humanitarian Efforts (Winter cloth distribution, helping
disaster victims etc.)
Participation in the Social Events (Being partner in
Events like fair, assistance etc.)
Observing Open House Day
Victim Support Center
Preventive Functions Of Police
Prevent misdeeds arresting suspected criminals.
Arrests law violators and bring them before the court.
Section 149 to 153 of CrPC elaborate preventive actions
Section-149. Police to prevent cognizable offences
Section-150. Information of design to commit such offences
Section-151. Arrest to prevent such offences
Section-152. Prevention of injury to public property
Section-153. Inspection of weights and measures
Section 54 empowers to arrest a person on suspicion.
Thus police can prevent the commission of any
Functions Of Investigations
Police is the principal state agency to investigate
Sections 154 to 176 of CrPC empower police to
investigate any case
Under section 60 & 61 of CrPC , police take the arrestee
before a Magistrate
After filing an FIR, police immediately investigate as per
section 156 of CrPC
Police can seek remand to complete investigation as per
section 167 of CrPC
After investigation police serve ‘Charge-sheet’ or ‘Final
Report’ as per section 173 of CrPC
Interrogation By Police
For investigation Police can keep a person detained for
24 hours, if remand granted, for highest 15 days(s/167).
S/161(2) provides directions should be followed by
Police when investigation
Section 25 of the Evidence Act,1872 provides safeguards
to a person interrogative by Police
Article 35(4) provides safeguards to an arrestee
Search And Seizure By Police
Sections 96, 105 of CrPC deal with the procedures how a
search should be conducted.
May search with or without warrant.
Usually a Magistrate issue a search warrant mentioning
Search should be made in day time in the presence two
independent witnesses of the locality.
Given many authorities to make search, seize any
suspicious property, call witness to attend in the court.
Inquiry And Report On Suicide And Unnatural
On receipt of any information of death by suicide, killed
by another or suspicious death, Police shall immediately
inform the nearest Magistrate.
Shall Report on wounds, fractures, marks of injury.
If any doubt, the police officer shall forward the body to
the nearest Civil Surgeon to be examined.
Functions As Prosecutor
When any crime has been committed, the responsibility
lies with the state to bring the culprits before a court.
On behalf of the state, police investigate the case.
Police also helps the Public Prosecutor to conduct the
Actually their collaboration with each other may come
out successfully in redressing a crime.
• Collaboration with
• Sharing data with
• Access to NTMC
• Mental illness &
• Cyber crime
• Keeping up to date
on crime trends
• Well organized
• Committed to
• Equipment &
Eliminate terrorism, drugs, militancy.
Increasing public involvement through community
policing to curb crime and criminals.
Introduction of beat policing activities.
Organizing awareness meetings with owners, drivers and
helpers to control road accidents.
To introduce student community policing to prevent
child marriage and prostitution.
Prompt disposal of complaints received through 999.
Issuance of police clearance certificate through online.
Providing legal assistance to women and children
through Women Support Centre.
Problems & Challenges
Controlling the internal law and order.
Improving the service delivery management.
Combating cybercrime using ICT.
Combating transnational crime.
Strengthening community policing activities.
Strengthening anti- terrorist operations, and including
religious and educational institutions.
The spread of awareness activities against terrorist activities.
Insufficient manpower and logistics support.