Global Disaster Information Network


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Describes a proposed global network for sharing disaster information (World Conference on Disaster Reduction, Kobe, Japan, 2006): sharing information, information markets, market infrastructure; report available

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  • Today, I would like to talk about a virtual information marketplace that would serve the global emergency management community.
  • Global Disaster Information Network

    1. 1. A Proposal Global Disaster Information Marketplace: Presented to: United Nations World Conference on Disaster Reduction January 18-22, 2005 Albert J. Simard
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Sharing information </li></ul><ul><li>Information market </li></ul><ul><li>Market infrastructure </li></ul>
    3. 3. Benefits <ul><li>Making disaster information more readily available when, where, and as needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Lowering the cost of producing, providing, and using disaster information. </li></ul><ul><li>Leveraging the efforts of existing disaster information and relief networks. </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting more timely and better coordinated disaster response. </li></ul><ul><li>Creating synergy to enable the production of new kinds of information. </li></ul>Sharing Information
    4. 4. Barriers <ul><li>Information is fragmented and hard to find </li></ul><ul><li>Different languages, cultures, and mandates </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of methods to integrate information </li></ul><ul><li>Information is often not formatted to be useful when and where needed </li></ul>Sharing information
    5. 5. Principles <ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge must be volunteered; it cannot be conscripted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People need time to provide and search for knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing must be recognized, rewarded, and facilitated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A champion is insufficient; a majority must participate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build a real /virtual “place” for exchanging knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IT greatly increases market efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t force fluid knowledge into rigid structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t focus on systems; also consider content </li></ul></ul>Sharing information
    6. 6. Mechanisms <ul><li>Talking (real, virtual) </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail (individuals, list servers, distribution lists) </li></ul><ul><li>Chat rooms, forums, discussion groups </li></ul><ul><li>Communities of interest, informal networks </li></ul><ul><li>Groupware (teams, working groups) </li></ul><ul><li>Conferences, workshops, knowledge fairs </li></ul><ul><li>Data bases, information bases, knowledge bases </li></ul><ul><li>Digital libraries (repositories, search, retrieval) </li></ul>Sharing Information
    7. 7. Finding the Right Information There are some excellent disaster Web sites Some order is emerging , Most sites are hard to find We need a structure for disaster information Sharing Information
    8. 8. Outline <ul><li>Sharing information </li></ul><ul><li>Information market </li></ul><ul><li>Market Infrastructure </li></ul>
    9. 9. A Business Model: Information market Supply (Providers) Demand (Users) Providers and users connect through an Information Market
    10. 10. Attributes <ul><li>Price – reciprocity, repute, altruism </li></ul><ul><li>Trust – visible, ubiquitous, top-down </li></ul><ul><li>Signals – position, education, networks </li></ul><ul><li>Inefficiencies – incomplete information, asymmetry, localness </li></ul><ul><li>Pathologies – monopolies, artificial scarcity, trade barriers </li></ul>Adapted from Davenport (1998) Information market
    11. 11. Autonomous providers and users <ul><li>Diversity - mandates, jurisdictions, roles </li></ul><ul><li>Trust - security, privacy, control </li></ul><ul><li>Legal - accountability, responsibility, liability </li></ul><ul><li>Certification - inclusion, authenticity, reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Quality - completeness, timeliness, accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure - standards, networks, systems </li></ul>Information market
    12. 12. The Provider Face Information market Provider Face Academia NGOs Private Sector Public Sector Government disaster organizations Universities, colleges, institutes, schools Disaster-related businesses Non-Government disaster organizations
    13. 13. The User Face Information market Public, educators, youth, seniors, media Policy advisors, decision makers, regulators User Face Public Practitioners Policy Makers Business Businesses for innovation and marketing Scientists, managers, professionals, specialists
    14. 14. General Information Information market
    15. 15. Information for Practitioners Fire Monitoring, Mapping, and Modeling System Information market
    16. 16. Information Facilitator <ul><li>Enable information search and retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>Support global database search and access </li></ul><ul><li>Create value-added information products and reports </li></ul><ul><li>Support networking among communities of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Assist providers with communication and cataloging </li></ul><ul><li>Help users with searching, reformatting, and interpretation </li></ul>Information market
    17. 17. Outline <ul><li>Sharing information </li></ul><ul><li>Information market </li></ul><ul><li>Market infrastructure </li></ul>
    18. 18. Portals: <ul><li>Gateways to cyberspace </li></ul><ul><li>Links to related sources </li></ul><ul><li>Limited content </li></ul><ul><li>Add value to content </li></ul><ul><li>Search capability </li></ul><ul><li>Organize information </li></ul><ul><li>Customizable interface </li></ul>Content Portal Market infrastructure
    19. 19. Market infrastructure <ul><li>How (technical) </li></ul><ul><li>Databases </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>What (subjects) </li></ul><ul><li>Type of disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Function </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Where (place) </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive maps </li></ul><ul><li>Place names </li></ul><ul><li>Latitude & longitude </li></ul><ul><li>Who (directories) </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Experts </li></ul><ul><li>Products & Services </li></ul><ul><li>When (time) </li></ul><ul><li>Events & meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Schedules </li></ul><ul><li>Time series </li></ul><ul><li>Why (about) </li></ul><ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><li>GDIN </li></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul>
    20. 20. Scale Market infrastructure
    21. 21. Prototype Cube Design Market infrastructure
    22. 22. Rotating the Cube Market infrastructure
    23. 23. Canadian Forest Fire Portal Market infrastructure
    24. 24. The Way Ahead <ul><li>Establishment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>agreements, plans, funding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>concepts, architecture, projects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prototype </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build a key component </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate components </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operationalize, maintain </li></ul></ul>Summary Http://