[biurowi 2 - en] identification of threats and occupational risk assessment


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[biurowi 2 - en] identification of threats and occupational risk assessment

  2. 2. <ul><li>Electric current – electric shock caused by the current powering office equipment (e.g. computers, photocopier), lighting and heating-ventilating devices (e.g. table lamps, fans and blowers), extension leads, wires, sockets and plugs, fuse boxes, </li></ul><ul><li>Moving elements of the office devices (e.g. of fans, photocopiers o r shredders), </li></ul><ul><li>Surfaces on which there is a possibility to fall – (e.g. damaged floors and floor finishes, doorsteps, wet tile floors, taking things from bookstands and shelves in case there is no access to them from the floor), </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals – (e.g. irritating, cleansers causing allergies, disinfecting and antiseptic cleaning products), </li></ul>Threats and inconveniences in the office
  3. 3. <ul><li>Moving heavy objects – (e.g. computers, photocopiers, office furniture), </li></ul><ul><li>Area and cubature of rooms and workplaces – (e.g. too cramped and too low rooms), </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature, humidity and air circulation in the rooms – (e.g. the lack of natural ventilation or heating system ensuring appropriate temperature), </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting – (e.g. the lack of daily lighting, inappropriate intensity of artificial lighting), </li></ul><ul><li>Noise in the workplace – (e.g. noise coming from internal and external sources, office devices and equipment, wiring system and ventilating devices), </li></ul>Threats and inconveniences in the office
  4. 4. <ul><li>Physical load – caused by e.g. not applying the rules of ergonomics in organizing work and in equipping w orkstation (e.g. unregulated, ill-suited seat and table for a worker’s height at his/ her workstation), for </li></ul><ul><li>Neural-psychic load – (e.g. too extensi v e mental load, emotional load). </li></ul>Threats and inconveniences in the office
  5. 5. <ul><li>The employer is obliged to inform his/ her employees about occupational risk if it is connected with work they perform as well as about the rules of protection against threats. </li></ul><ul><li>The employer is obliged to assess and document occupational risk characteristic for certain works and to take appropriate preventive measures to lower the risk </li></ul>Art. 226 LC Occupational risk
  6. 6. <ul><li>Occupational risk is the probability of unwelcome incidents connected with the performed work which may lead to unwelcome consequences connected with health. </li></ul><ul><li>In particular, it is refers to unwelcome consequences connected with health being the result of occupational threats of the work environment or the way of its use. </li></ul>WHAT IS OCCUPATIONAL RISK? Occupational risk
  7. 7. <ul><li>Occupational risk assessment refers to predicting what kind of damages (e.g. injuries, illnesses) and how often th e y can happen to the worker employed at a given position, and it refers to planning what should be done to avoid them. </li></ul>OCCUPATIONAL RISK ASSESSMENT Occupational risk
  8. 8. <ul><li>To check whether threats characteristic </li></ul><ul><li>for a particular position have been identified </li></ul><ul><li>and whether they bear occupational risk, </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of threats or limiting their results, </li></ul><ul><li>To demonstrate to the employer, workers </li></ul><ul><li>and supervising bodies that threats have been considered and appropriate protective measures have been taken, </li></ul><ul><li>To select the right equipment and organization of work and positions as well as to select proper materials and resources, </li></ul><ul><li>To arrange the most important actions eliminating or controlling threats as well as identify preventive measures, </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure continuous and systematic improvement ofconditions of occupational safety and hygiene. </li></ul>THE AIM OF OCCUPATIONAL RISK ASSESSMENT Occupational risk
  9. 9. <ul><li>Systematic prophylactic examination of workers, </li></ul><ul><li>Training in the field of occupational health and safety, </li></ul><ul><li>Arranging social rooms, </li></ul><ul><li>Caring about good interpersonal relationships, </li></ul><ul><li>Setting clear division of responsibilities among workers, </li></ul><ul><li>Conducting measurements and examinations or networks as well as electric and gas devices, </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring free service roads. </li></ul>Organizational actions include: ACTIONS TO LOWER THE RISK Occupational risk
  10. 10. <ul><li>Position characteristics, </li></ul><ul><li>Information concerning threat identification, </li></ul><ul><li>Information concerning the means of protection necessary to eliminate threats, </li></ul><ul><li>The final result of the assessment. </li></ul>CONTENT OF THE DOCUMENTATION Occupational risk
  11. 11. <ul><li>Before a worker begins his/ her work, the employer is obliged to present full information regarding rules of protection against threats resulting from the occupational risk to the worker, </li></ul><ul><li>The way of providing information should be determined by the employer. </li></ul><ul><li>Workers should confirm the fact of having been informed about the occupational risk in a written form. </li></ul>INFORMING ABOUT OCCUPATIONAL RISK Occupational risk