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Global Innovation Index - The Institutions

Global Innovation Index 2014 Edition
The Global Innovation Index 2014 (GII), in its 7th edition this year, is co-published by Cornell University, INSEAD, and the World Intellectual Property Organization(WIPO, an agency of the United Nations, UN).
The core of the GII Report consists of a ranking of world economies’ innovation capabilities and results. Over the last seven years, the GII has established itself as a leading reference on innovation. Understanding in more detail the human aspects behind innovation is essential for the design of policies that help promote economic development and richer innovation-prone environments locally. Recognizing the key role of innovation as a driver of economic growth and prosperity, and the need for a broad horizontal vision of innovation applicable to developed and emerging economies, the GII includes indicators that go beyond the traditional measures of innovation such as the level of research and development.

2014 Launch
With the support of the Australian Government, the GII 2014 was launched on July 18, 2014 in Sydney, Australia. The launch was associated with the meeting of international business leaders (known as B20) which is part of Australia’s preparations to host the annual Group of Twenty (G20) Leaders Summit on November 15-16, 2014, see https://www.g20.org/australia_2014. In addition, regional launches will take place throughout the year in Asia, the Middle-East, North and Latin America.

2014 theme: The Human Factor in Innovation
The theme of the 2014 GII, the ‘Human Factor in Innovation’, explores the role of the individuals and teams behind the innovation process. Statistically capturing this human contribution to innovation is a daunting challenge. Even more complex are the challenges faced by all those who try to properly nurture the human factor in innovation. The importance of both individual and collective efforts of creators and scientists in the innovation process has been well documented in the literature. The results of the GII provide additional evidence of this significance.
A rich collection of analytical chapters within the GII 2014 shed light on different aspects required of human capital in order to achieve innovation, including the presence of skilled labour, the necessity of skills for successful innovation, higher education, the intersection of human capital, financial capital, and technological capital, retention of talent, and the mobilization of the highly educated.

Knowledge Partners
The Confederation of Indian Industry, du, and Huawei collaborate as Knowledge Partners in 2014.
Knowledge Partners believe in the role of innovation in increasing the competitiveness of nations, enabling economic growth, driving societal changes and building the foundation of a country’s future.

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Global Innovation Index - The Institutions

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY AKSHAY V KUMAR AMRITA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS
  2. 2. Contents • 1.1.1 – Political Stability • 1.1.2 – Government Effectiveness • 1.1.3 – Press Freedom • 1.2.1 – Regulatory Quality • 1.2.2 – Rule of Law • 1.2.3 – Cost of Redundancy • 1.3.1 – Ease of Starting • 1.3.2 – Ease of Resolving • 1.3.3 – Ease of Paying Political Environment Regulatory Environment Business Environment
  3. 3. Political Environment
  4. 4. POLITICAL STABILITY Index that captures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically motivated violence and terrorism. Top 3 Countries 1. Switzerland 2. Finland 3. Newzeland Mid 3 Countries 71. Gambia 72. Malaysia 73. South Africa Last 3 Countries 141. Sudan 142. Yemen 143. Pakistan 126. India with a weakness, value : -1.25 and score : 35.17
  5. 5. GOVERNMENT EFFECTIVENESS Index that captures perceptions of the quality of public and civil services and the degree of their independence from political pressures, the quality of policy formulation and implementation, and the credibility of the government’s commitment to such policies. Top 3 Countries 1. Finland 2. Singapore 3. Denmark Mid 3 Countries 71. Jordan 72. Morocco 73. Rwanda Last 3 Countries 141. Burundi 142. Sudan 143. Myanmar 82. India value : -0.18 and score : 36.02
  6. 6. PRESS FREEDOM Index that captures perceptions on violations of press freedom in the world. It reflects the degree of freedom that journalists and news organizations enjoy in each country and the efforts made by the authorities to respect and ensure respect for this freedom. Top 3 Countries 1. Finland 2. Netherland 3. Norway Mid 3 Countries 71. Guinea 72. Bulgaria 73. Madagascar Last 3 Countries 140. Vietnam 141. China 142. Iran, Islamic Rep 115. India value : 41.22 and score : 58.78
  7. 7. Regulatory Environment
  8. 8. Top 3 Countries Mid 3 Countries Last 3 Countries 1. Singapore 71. Namibia 141. Uzbekistan 2. Hong Kong 72. Cabo Verde 142. Zimbabwe 3. Sweden 73. Montenegro 143. Myanmar REGULATORY QUALITY Index that captures perceptions of the ability of the government to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations that permit and promote private-sector development. 108. India value : -0.47 and score : 46.47
  9. 9. RULE OF LAW Top 3 Countries Mid 3 Countries Last 3 Countries 1. Norway 71. Morocco 141. Guniea 2. Finland 72. Panama 142. Zimbabwe 3. Sweden 73. Bosnia & Herzegovina 143. Venezuela Index that captures perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. 64. India value : -0.10 and score : 43.50
  10. 10. COST OF REDUNDANCY Top 3 Countries Mid 3 Countries Last 3 Countries 1. Austria 71. Brazil 139. Srilanka 2. Bahrain 72. Tajikistan 139. Venezuela 3. Belgium 73. India 139. Zimbabwe The redundancy cost indicator is the sum of the cost of advance notice requirements added to severance payments due when terminating a redundant worker, expressed in weeks of salary. 73. India value : 15.76 and score : 84.41
  11. 11. Business Environment
  12. 12. EASE OF STARTING A BUSINESS Top 3 Countries 1. Newzeland 2. Canada 3. TFYR of Macedonia Mid 3 Countries 71. Jordan 72. Iran, Islamic Rep 73. Barbados Last 3 Countries 141. Venezuela 142. Cambodia 143. Myanmar The ranking is the simple average of the percentile rankings on the component indicators of the ease of starting a business index: procedures (number); time (days); cost to complete each procedure (% of income per capita); and paid-in minimum capital (% of income per capita). 129. India value : 62.74and score : 62.74
  13. 13. EASE OF RESOLVING INSOLVENCY Top 3 Countries Mid 3 Countries Last 3 Countries 1. Japan 71. Uganda 139. Angola 2. Norway 72. Tajikistan 139. Bhutan 3. Finland 73. South Africa 139. Cabo Verde 105. India value : 27.12 and score : 27.12 The ranking on the ease of resolving insolvency is based on the recovery rate (cents on the dollar). To make the data comparable across economies, several assumptions about the business and the case are used: the recovery rate is recorded as cents on the dollar recouped by creditors through reorganization, liquidation, or debt enforcement (foreclosure) proceedings.
  14. 14. EASE OF PAYING TAXES The ranking is the simple average of the percentile rankings on the component indicators of the ease of paying taxes: payments (number per year); time (hours per year); profit tax (%); labour tax and contributions (%); other taxes (%); and total tax rate (% profit). Top 3 Countries 1. UAE 2. Qatar 3. Saudi Arabia Mid 3 Countries 71. France 72. Poland 73. Malawi Last 3 Countries 140. Guniea 141. Venezeula 142. Bolivia 120. India value : 51.04 and score : 51.04

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Global Innovation Index 2014 Edition The Global Innovation Index 2014 (GII), in its 7th edition this year, is co-published by Cornell University, INSEAD, and the World Intellectual Property Organization(WIPO, an agency of the United Nations, UN). The core of the GII Report consists of a ranking of world economies’ innovation capabilities and results. Over the last seven years, the GII has established itself as a leading reference on innovation. Understanding in more detail the human aspects behind innovation is essential for the design of policies that help promote economic development and richer innovation-prone environments locally. Recognizing the key role of innovation as a driver of economic growth and prosperity, and the need for a broad horizontal vision of innovation applicable to developed and emerging economies, the GII includes indicators that go beyond the traditional measures of innovation such as the level of research and development. 2014 Launch With the support of the Australian Government, the GII 2014 was launched on July 18, 2014 in Sydney, Australia. The launch was associated with the meeting of international business leaders (known as B20) which is part of Australia’s preparations to host the annual Group of Twenty (G20) Leaders Summit on November 15-16, 2014, see https://www.g20.org/australia_2014. In addition, regional launches will take place throughout the year in Asia, the Middle-East, North and Latin America. 2014 theme: The Human Factor in Innovation The theme of the 2014 GII, the ‘Human Factor in Innovation’, explores the role of the individuals and teams behind the innovation process. Statistically capturing this human contribution to innovation is a daunting challenge. Even more complex are the challenges faced by all those who try to properly nurture the human factor in innovation. The importance of both individual and collective efforts of creators and scientists in the innovation process has been well documented in the literature. The results of the GII provide additional evidence of this significance. A rich collection of analytical chapters within the GII 2014 shed light on different aspects required of human capital in order to achieve innovation, including the presence of skilled labour, the necessity of skills for successful innovation, higher education, the intersection of human capital, financial capital, and technological capital, retention of talent, and the mobilization of the highly educated. Knowledge Partners The Confederation of Indian Industry, du, and Huawei collaborate as Knowledge Partners in 2014. Knowledge Partners believe in the role of innovation in increasing the competitiveness of nations, enabling economic growth, driving societal changes and building the foundation of a country’s future.

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