Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Social networks in anatomy education workable models

3,744 views

Published on

Clarify the evolving role of social media as an instructional tool. Identify the most popular social media networks. Consider challenges faced by educators using social media. Relate the role social media can play in student centered and blended learning. Provide live examples.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Social networks in anatomy education workable models

  1. 1. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram Jaffar Akram Jaffar Social Media in Anatomy Education: Workable Models
  2. 2. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Objectives • Clarify the evolving role of social media as an instructional tool. • Identify the most popular social media networks. • Consider challenges faced by educators using social media. • Relate the role social media can play in student centered and blended learning. • Provide live examples.
  3. 3. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Anatomy reinvented • Content: has evolved from disciplinary perspective into professional. Louw G, Eizenberg N, Carmichael SW. 2009. The place of anatomy in the medical education: AMEE guide no 41. Med Teach 31:373–386. Regional anatomy Systemic anatomy Applied anatomy
  4. 4. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Alternative instructional tools Louw G, Eizenberg N, Carmichael SW. 2009. The place of anatomy in the medical education: AMEE guide no 41. Med Teach 31:373–386. • Fewer hours allocated to gross anatomy in newly evolving medical curricula.
  5. 5. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar IT Revolution and Education Evolution • Instructional tools: – Videos and lecture recording – Computer-assisted learning – Internet resources: Google, Wikipedia, and anatomy dedicated websites.
  6. 6. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar The “Net Generation” • Online social networking sites became an integral part of their daily lives.
  7. 7. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Mobile technology • Educators need to accommodate the attitudes, expectations and learning style of the 21st century students
  8. 8. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Go where the students are Sabah Perry DM. 2013. Go Where the Students Are: Facebook. The Chronicle of Higher Education[online] Available at: http://chronicle.com/article/Go-Where-the-Students-Are-/138801/ [Accessed 11 Sep. 2016].
  9. 9. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Web 2 • Social networking sites use Web 2.0 technologies which are characterized by greater user interactivity and collaboration.
  10. 10. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram Jaffar Leading social media monthly active users 2016 http://www.digitalinformationworld.com/2016/02/infographic-the-top-8-social-networking-sites-and-monthly-active-users.html
  11. 11. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar
  12. 12. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar
  13. 13. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Medical students’ presence on social media in uOttawa 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Facebook YouTube Twitter LinkedIn Instagram Pinterest Google+ El Bialy S, Jalali A. 2015. Go Where the Students Are: A Comparison of the Use of Social Networking Sites Between Medical Students and Medical Educators. JMIR Medical Education 2015;1(2):e7 URL: http://mededu.jmir.org/2015/2/e7/ doi:10.2196/mededu.4908
  14. 14. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram Jaffar 86% 52% 46% 19% 14% 6% 71% 92% 62% 53% 40% 11% 3% 78% 99% 74% 68% 63% 12% 0% 94% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Facebook YouTube Twitter Google+ LinkedIn No account >1 account 2012 2013 2014 Expansion of Students’ Presence on Social Networking Sites
  15. 15. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar ouTube world statistics • Every day, people watch hundreds of millions of hours on YouTube and generate billions of views • The number of hours people are watching on YouTube each month is up 50% year on year • More than half of YouTube views are on mobile devices YouTube press statistics https://www.youtube.com/yt/press/en-GB/statistics.html
  16. 16. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Universities’ uses of YouTube • Share video content about life, learning and research that takes place on campus
  17. 17. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Khan Academy
  18. 18. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Videos in anatomy education • Support classroom teaching. • Self-directed learning. • Continuous medical education.
  19. 19. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Advantages of using a YouTube educational channel Learner’s perspective Sulaima • Place the videos in an environment in which students are used to: on the go.
  20. 20. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Advantages of using a YouTube educational channel Learner’s perspective • Encourage learners to reflect: comment, like or dislike. • Build learner’s own playlists: add to. • Share on another network to engage viewers in multiple ways of interaction. Jaffar AA (2012): YouTube an emerging tool in anatomy education. Anat Sci Educ. 5(3):158-164.
  21. 21. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Advantages of using a YouTube educational channel Instructor’s perspective • Provide interactivity: spotlight annotations, reply to comments. • Flexibility of use in different context: use of links, cards, playlists, and YouTube video editor. • Retain authorship rights: copyright infringement notification. • Monitor the performance of the channel: YouTube Analytics • Increase visibility of instructor’s work and allows finding new synergies between different departments in the same or different institutes.
  22. 22. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar TUBE Why should the experts be recruited? • Danger of unregulated nature of user generated content. • Match student level of anatomy knowledge and the objectives of the course. YOUR STUDENTS NEED
  23. 23. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar YouTube creator academy https://creatoracademy.withgoogle.com/page/lesson/education-channels?hl=en Jaffar AA (2013): Tips for using YouTube in medical education. Iraqi J. Med. Sci. 11(2):102-108.
  24. 24. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar YouTube Live • To host and broadcast live discussions through a YouTube channel. • A copy of the broadcast can be edited and shared.
  25. 25. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Ethical considerations Miller G & Lewis T (2016): Anatomy education for the YouTube generation: Technical, ethical, and educational considerations. Anat Sci Educ. DOI: 10.1002/ase.1622
  26. 26. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Examples of Institutionalized Anatomy YouTube Channels • University of Utah: Brain anatomy for health professionals: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLp9HSlEm97VXyQ32Uwjfz3dpm Q8nl63zJ • American Association of Neurosurgical surgeons: The Rhoton collection: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6307C9E54B56AD87 • University of Michigan School of Dentistry: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIyF- HsoVU8fZWOAd3y8RTw • University of British Columbia Medicine: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCE4a1o3GMKCRSgHflXqZs8Q/feed
  27. 27. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Facebook • Of all social media, most medical students use Facebook and spend a considerable time on it every day. • Therefore, Facebook is the logical place to integrate online social networks into teaching and learning.
  28. 28. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Uses of Facebook in Universities • Establish relationships with students. • Students’ collaboration not only for social reasons but for informal learning purposes.
  29. 29. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Supports classroom teaching • Timeline (personal profile) • Group • Page
  30. 30. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Human Anatomy Education Page Post categories • Self-assessment questions • Links to online resources (videos, websites, and books) • Explanatory comments • Arts and history in relation to anatomical sciences • Documentation of in-class anatomy-related activities • Anatomy-related humor
  31. 31. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Student Preferences Post categories • Self-assessment questions • Links to online resources (videos, websites, and books) • Explanatory comments • Arts and history in relation to anatomical sciences • Documentation of in-class anatomy-related activities • Anatomy-related humor Concern about formal aspects of learning without giving up the social interactions Jaffar AA (2014): Exploring the use of a Facebook Page in anatomy education. Anat Sci Educ. 7(3):199-208.
  32. 32. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Live streaming • Comparable to what you get from Twitter’s Periscope or Snapchat.
  33. 33. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram Jaffar Page Group Relationship Long term Short term Communication Broad Small group discussions Facebook Page vs Facebook Group in an Educational Context El Bialy S, Jalali A, and Jaffar AA (2014): Integrating Facebook into Basic Sciences Education: A Comparison of a Faculty-Administered Facebook Page and Group. Austin J Anat. 2014;1(3):7. PAGE GROUP
  34. 34. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Pros and Cons of Facebook in higher education
  35. 35. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Facebook Page is Appropriate to Supplement Anatomy Education 0%20%40%60%80%100% Make anatomy learning more interesting and challenging Improve exam self-confidence Increase understanding Widen knowledge in general issues in relation to anatomy Communicate with tutor on academic matters Discuss with colleagues on issues posted on the Page
  36. 36. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Motivation, Collaboration, Lifelong Learning, media richness
  37. 37. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Distraction or a Learning Tool? • A profound engagement of the high performers. Jaffar AA and Eladl MA (2016): Engagement Patterns of High and Low Performers on Facebook Anatomy Pages. J Med Edu Curric Dev. 3:1-8.
  38. 38. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Privacy Concerns of Students 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% I feel safe to express my opinion freely on a public Facebook page… I am aware of privacy settings on Facebook that limit access to personal… I would like tutors to interact with and contact me via Facebook for formal… The benefit of Facebook as a learning environment exceeds the harm Facebook is a suitable learning environment at university level • Educate students about the main principles of ethics and etiquette on online social networks.
  39. 39. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Privacy Concerns of “Digital immigrants” • With a good control of privacy options you may accept friend requests from students. • Faculty self-disclosure through Facebook has a positive impact on student motivation, classroom climate, and course outcomes. • Provide a model of the responsible use of Facebook technology.
  40. 40. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Social media in student centered and blended education • Use of social media contributes to blended learning and student centered education and culminates in flipping classrooms. • Can release instructors from being drained by covering much of the theory that would otherwise create a huge lecturing load. • Teaching can be transformed into being interpretive, rather than merely descriptive
  41. 41. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Take home messages Anatomy • Social media are no more a site merely for social activities. • Instructors are encouraged to make the “smart” move to boost learning of the Net generation. • Technological tools cannot completely replace but they support practical sessions and classroom interactive teaching. • Production tools are simple and low cost but the creation of videos and continuity of posts require extra time and effort by the instructors for which they should be recognized.
  42. 42. Dr.AkramJaffar Dr. Akram JaffarDr. Akram Jaffar Thank You Human Anatomy Education Channel Human Anatomy Education Page —Illustration by Roy Wieman

×