Describe the location of the breast in relation to fascial layers
Identify the extent of the base of the breast
Define the reteromammary space
Identify the axillary tail and its significance
Understand the differences in size and colour of the areola; contractility of the nipple; Montgomery’s glands.
Describe the lobes of the breast and the clinical significance of the suspensory ligaments.
Describe the histological changes of the mammary gland during different phases: before puberty, inactive gland, during menstruation, active phase, and menopause.
Identify myoepithelial cells and their functional significance.
Understand the role of merocrine and apocrine secretion in the production of milk.
Describe mammary line and its congenital anomalies: polymastia, polylethelia, inverted nipple.
Identify the features of the pregnant woman’s breast
Understand the features of structural involvement in breast cancer
Breast features in mammography.
Incising for and positioning of a breast implant.
Describe the male breast and gynaecomastia.
Locate the arterial blood supply and venous drainage of the breast.
Describe the nerve supply and reflex secretion of milk
Thorough description of the lymphatic drainage of the breast and axillary lymph nodes
Applied anatomy of breast cancer metastasis, peau d’orange, and lympodema of the upper limb.
Surgical anatomy of mastectomy and paralysis of the long thoracic nerve.