Chapter 1 lecture notes


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Chapter 1 lecture notes

  1. 1. Chapter 1: Leading a Healthy Life Section 1: Health and Teens Section 2: Health and Wellness Section 3: Health in Your Community
  2. 2.  Knows: ◦ The major causes of death in the past compared with the causes of death today. ◦ The difference between controllable risk factors and uncontrollable risk factors. ◦ The major causes of death for teens compared to those of other age groups. ◦ The six health risk behaviors that lead to health problems in teens.
  3. 3.  Do’s: ◦ Read pages 6-10 ◦ Name three behaviors you can adopt now to improve your health (Life Skill). ◦ Define the Key Terms:  Lifestyle Disease  Risk Factor  Sedentary
  4. 4.  Do’s: ◦ What’s Your Health IQ? Page 4 ◦ Analyzing DATA page 9 ◦ What risk behaviors do you think are the most common at JCHS? ◦ Homework
  5. 5. Chapter 1: Leading a Healthy Life Section 2: Health and Wellness Section 3: Health in Your Community
  6. 6.  Knows: ◦ The six components of health. ◦ The importance of striving for optimal health. ◦ Influences on wellness. ◦ Ways to take charge of your wellness. ◦ Four ways society addresses health problems. ◦ “HEALTH KNOWLEDGE IS USELESS WITHOUT POSITIVE HEALTH BEHAVIOR. YOU MUST PUT WHAT YOU KNOW INTO ACTION FOR IT TO WORK!”
  7. 7.  Do’s: ◦ Define the key terms:  Health  Value  Wellness  Health Literacy  Public Health  Advocate  Public Service Announcement (PSA)
  8. 8.  Do’s: ◦ Name two ways you can improve two components of your health. ◦ What is character? Why is good character important? ◦ List three ways you can promote an issue to improve the health of others.
  9. 9. Six Components of Health  Physical Health ◦ Refers to the way your body functions. ◦ You don’t have to be an athlete or even good at sports to be physically healthy. ◦ Includes eating right, getting regular exercise and being at your recommended body weight. ◦ Avoiding drugs and alcohol ◦ Being free of disease and sickness
  10. 10.  Emotional Health ◦ Expressing your emotions in a positive, nondestructive way. ◦ Emotionally healthy people can cope with unpleasant emotions and NOT get overwhelmed by them. ◦ Are YOU aware of how you feel? ◦ Where can you go for support?
  11. 11.  Social Health ◦ The quality of your relationships with friends, family, teachers and others you are in contact with. ◦ Respects others ◦ Supportive relationships ◦ Expresses needs to others ◦ Stays clear of those who do not treat him/her with respect and tolerance. ◦ Able to work out disagreements calmly
  12. 12.  Mental Health ◦ The ability to recognize reality and cope with the demands of daily life. ◦ High self-esteem ◦ Enjoys trying new things. ◦ Free of mental illness
  13. 13.  Spiritual Health ◦ Maintaining harmonious relationships with other living things and having spiritual direction and purpose. ◦ Includes living according to one’s ethics, morals and values.  Ethics is defined as the standards of conduct and moral judgment.  Morals is defined as being able to make the distinction between right and wrong.
  14. 14.  Environmental Health ◦ Keeping your air and water clean, your food safe and the land around you enjoyable and safe. ◦ Made up of the living and nonliving things in your world. ◦ YOUR environment is YOUR surroundings. ◦ Constantly changing.
  15. 15. Wellness: Striving or Optimal Health  Optimal Health  Improved Health  Average Health  Illness  Death  The wellness continuum shows that wellness is about ALWAYS striving for optimal health, even though most people are never completely healthy.
  16. 16.  Many components of health can be affected by the other components.  Why?
  17. 17. Influences on Your Wellness  Hereditary Influences ◦ The traits you inherit from your parents  Social Influences ◦ Peer pressure ◦ Family ◦ teachers  Cultural Influences ◦ Culture is the values, beliefs and practices shared by people that have a common background. ◦ Culture can strongly influence your health! ◦ Why?  Environmental Influences ◦ Pollutants, safety regulations and the availability of medical care.
  18. 18. Taking Charge of Your Wellness  IF NOT YOU, WHO?  Knowledge ◦ keep up with current health issues ◦ Family health history  Lifestyle ◦ Make behavioral changes in your lifestyle  Attitude ◦ A person’s way of thinking greatly affects a person’s health. ◦ Why? ◦ A POSITIVE attitude is KEY!
  19. 19. Four Ways Society Addresses Health Problems  Medical Advances ◦ Medical research  Technology ◦ The use of computers, lasers and other revolutionary technologies, new and better products have been made to help people lead healthier lives.  Public Policy ◦ Congress passes laws that provide funds for research on diseases such as diabetes.  Education ◦ Health education is a key factor in the prevention of disease and illness in this country.
  20. 20. What Can You Do?  Be an advocate! ◦ We all have the potential to better our own wellness as well as the wellness of others. ◦ Be a positive influence! ◦ ACTIONS speak louder than words!  Get your point across! ◦ Public Service Announcements