By: Alex BrownBy: Alex Brown
Freedom Rides:Freedom Rides:
In 1961, many Civil Rights Activists fromIn 1961, many Civil Rights Activists from
the Congre...
Congress of Racial Equality (C.O.R.E) conducting aCongress of Racial Equality (C.O.R.E) conducting a
march in Washington D...
Boynton v. VirginiaBoynton v. Virginia was a Unitedwas a United
States Supreme Court case aboutStates Supreme Court case a...
Boynton v VirginiaBoynton v Virginia led to a movementled to a movement
called the Freedom Rides because of thecalled the ...
Stanley Nelson Jr.Stanley Nelson Jr. is an Americanis an American
documentary filmmaker that was alive during thedocumenta...
Stanley Nelson statesStanley Nelson states
“many people know the“many people know the
term “freedom riders” butterm “freed...
Nelson’s main message was about the racialNelson’s main message was about the racial
segregation and inequality and how th...
Nelson described howNelson described how
President KennedyPresident Kennedy
ordered for a ‘cooling offordered for a ‘cooli...
Another message inAnother message in Freedom RidersFreedom Riders is how theis how the
Civil Rights activists are willing ...
 Nelson illustrated how many Riders wereNelson illustrated how many Riders were
fearful but theyfearful but they continue...
In Anniston, AL a violent mob boarded the Trailway busIn Anniston, AL a violent mob boarded the Trailway bus
and beat the ...
 The prior events inThe prior events in
Anniston led to a majorAnniston led to a major
riot in Montgomery, AL,riot in Mon...
Nelson's message of how the riders beingNelson's message of how the riders being
determined is escalated when the riders c...
 Stanley Nelson spoke before the film andStanley Nelson spoke before the film and
wanted the audience to respond with gre...
Sources:Sources:
John Lewis,
Freedom Rider
Charles Person,
Freedom Rider
John
Seigenthaler,
Diane Nash,
Witness
Ray Arsena...
Global Impact:Global Impact:
 The Freedom Rides surprised theThe Freedom Rides surprised the
American population because ...
This movement inspired many civil rights campaigns,This movement inspired many civil rights campaigns,
including voter reg...
Barack Obama’s presidency wouldBarack Obama’s presidency would
have not been possible if it wasn’t forhave not been possib...
Brown Multimedia Freedom Riders
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Brown Multimedia Freedom Riders

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Multimedia Presentation by Alexander Brown concerning Stanley Nelson's Freedom Riders.

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Brown Multimedia Freedom Riders

  1. 1. By: Alex BrownBy: Alex Brown
  2. 2. Freedom Rides:Freedom Rides: In 1961, many Civil Rights Activists fromIn 1961, many Civil Rights Activists from the Congress of Racial Equality rodethe Congress of Racial Equality rode interstate buses into the segregatedinterstate buses into the segregated southern part of the United States.southern part of the United States. They wanted toThey wanted to protest the Unitedprotest the United States SupremeStates Supreme Court decision on theCourt decision on the case ofcase of Boynton v.Boynton v. Virginia.Virginia.
  3. 3. Congress of Racial Equality (C.O.R.E) conducting aCongress of Racial Equality (C.O.R.E) conducting a march in Washington D.C in 1960’s.march in Washington D.C in 1960’s.
  4. 4. Boynton v. VirginiaBoynton v. Virginia was a Unitedwas a United States Supreme Court case aboutStates Supreme Court case about an African American convicted ofan African American convicted of trespassing in a “white only”trespassing in a “white only” restaurant in a public station. Thisrestaurant in a public station. This case overturned the man'scase overturned the man's conviction because racialconviction because racial segregation in public transportationsegregation in public transportation is unconstitutional and violates theis unconstitutional and violates the Interstate Commerce Act, whichInterstate Commerce Act, which outlaws discrimination in interstateoutlaws discrimination in interstate transportation.transportation.
  5. 5. Boynton v VirginiaBoynton v Virginia led to a movementled to a movement called the Freedom Rides because of thecalled the Freedom Rides because of the outlawing of racial segregation in publicoutlawing of racial segregation in public transportation.transportation.
  6. 6. Stanley Nelson Jr.Stanley Nelson Jr. is an Americanis an American documentary filmmaker that was alive during thedocumentary filmmaker that was alive during the Freedom Rides and made a documentary.Freedom Rides and made a documentary. Nelson feels this isNelson feels this is an emotional storyan emotional story about the beginningabout the beginning of the civil rightsof the civil rights movement withmovement with ordinary, white andordinary, white and black people helpingblack people helping change this country.change this country.
  7. 7. Stanley Nelson statesStanley Nelson states “many people know the“many people know the term “freedom riders” butterm “freedom riders” but don't know the dramadon't know the drama involved. Now is theinvolved. Now is the perfect time to tell the storyperfect time to tell the story of the Freedom Riders.”of the Freedom Riders.” Thus, Nelson and his crewThus, Nelson and his crew begin to make the film andbegin to make the film and take on a period of historytake on a period of history usually misunderstood inusually misunderstood in 1961, known as the1961, known as the Freedom Riders.Freedom Riders.
  8. 8. Nelson’s main message was about the racialNelson’s main message was about the racial segregation and inequality and how the United Statessegregation and inequality and how the United States government focused their attention elsewhere.government focused their attention elsewhere. Nelson describes in 1961, many states were violentlyNelson describes in 1961, many states were violently enforcing the racial segregation policies, however, theenforcing the racial segregation policies, however, the federal government and the Kennedy administrationfederal government and the Kennedy administration continued to focus on matters abroad and take nocontinued to focus on matters abroad and take no action to stop these policies.action to stop these policies.
  9. 9. Nelson described howNelson described how President KennedyPresident Kennedy ordered for a ‘cooling offordered for a ‘cooling off period’ and said theperiod’ and said the Freedom Rides areFreedom Rides are unpatriotic and embarrassunpatriotic and embarrass the United States. Robertthe United States. Robert Kennedy was even quotedKennedy was even quoted saying “the Department ofsaying “the Department of Justice cannot side withJustice cannot side with one group or the other inone group or the other in disputes overdisputes over Constitutional rights.”Constitutional rights.”
  10. 10. Another message inAnother message in Freedom RidersFreedom Riders is how theis how the Civil Rights activists are willing to do whatever it takesCivil Rights activists are willing to do whatever it takes to change the racial segregation policies.to change the racial segregation policies. The first Freedom RideThe first Freedom Ride started on May 5, 1961,started on May 5, 1961, when 13 interracial riderswhen 13 interracial riders departed fromdeparted from Washington D.C onWashington D.C on Greyhound and TrailwayGreyhound and Trailway buses traveling to Newbuses traveling to New Orleans, Louisiana.Orleans, Louisiana. When the bus reachedWhen the bus reached Rock Hill, South Carolina,Rock Hill, South Carolina, one of the riders wasone of the riders was beaten.beaten.
  11. 11.  Nelson illustrated how many Riders wereNelson illustrated how many Riders were fearful but theyfearful but they continuedcontinued their journey.their journey. When passing through Atlanta, Georgia,When passing through Atlanta, Georgia, the Greyhound bus was stopped as itthe Greyhound bus was stopped as it entered Alabama.entered Alabama.  A mob surrounded the bus, the tires wereA mob surrounded the bus, the tires were slashed, and the bus was set on fire. Theslashed, and the bus was set on fire. The bus was burned to the ground, but thebus was burned to the ground, but the group took another bus and continued thegroup took another bus and continued the rides.rides.
  12. 12. In Anniston, AL a violent mob boarded the Trailway busIn Anniston, AL a violent mob boarded the Trailway bus and beat the African-Americans until they moved to theand beat the African-Americans until they moved to the back of the bus.back of the bus. These riders were assaulted, knocked unconsciousThese riders were assaulted, knocked unconscious and hospitalized. The group gathered to show thatand hospitalized. The group gathered to show that violence can't stop them and they will do whatever itviolence can't stop them and they will do whatever it takes to stop the segregation policies in the South.takes to stop the segregation policies in the South.
  13. 13.  The prior events inThe prior events in Anniston led to a majorAnniston led to a major riot in Montgomery, AL,riot in Montgomery, AL, when three hundredwhen three hundred mob membersmob members gathered and begangathered and began beating the riders untilbeating the riders until thethe policepolice authoritiesauthorities finallyfinally showed up and helpedshowed up and helped.. James Zwerg was hospitalized after being beaten for his role in protesting.
  14. 14. Nelson's message of how the riders beingNelson's message of how the riders being determined is escalated when the riders continuedetermined is escalated when the riders continue through the riots and eventually were escortedthrough the riots and eventually were escorted by the United States National Guardsmen.by the United States National Guardsmen. Over the next severalOver the next several months, the ridersmonths, the riders continued to Jacksoncontinued to Jackson to accomplish theirto accomplish their goal of desegregatinggoal of desegregating the facilities.the facilities.
  15. 15.  Stanley Nelson spoke before the film andStanley Nelson spoke before the film and wanted the audience to respond with greatwanted the audience to respond with great empathy toward the determination that theempathy toward the determination that the Freedom Riders showed, and anger towardFreedom Riders showed, and anger toward the white authority with their lack ofthe white authority with their lack of involvement.involvement.
  16. 16. Sources:Sources: John Lewis, Freedom Rider Charles Person, Freedom Rider John Seigenthaler, Diane Nash, Witness Ray Arsenault, Author Evan Thomas, Journalist John Patterson, Governor of AL Bull Connor, U.S. Politician
  17. 17. Global Impact:Global Impact:  The Freedom Rides surprised theThe Freedom Rides surprised the American population because peopleAmerican population because people were becoming worried that the Rideswere becoming worried that the Rides were evoking widespread socialwere evoking widespread social disorder, racial problems. However,disorder, racial problems. However, the Freedom Rider's actions helpedthe Freedom Rider's actions helped impact the country because theimpact the country because the authorities reconsidered theauthorities reconsidered the segregation policies and ultimatelysegregation policies and ultimately removed them.removed them.
  18. 18. This movement inspired many civil rights campaigns,This movement inspired many civil rights campaigns, including voter registration, freedom schools, and theincluding voter registration, freedom schools, and the black power movement that help shape our countryblack power movement that help shape our country into what it is today.into what it is today. A Black Power Movement in 1965 Freedom School in 1964 in Mississippi
  19. 19. Barack Obama’s presidency wouldBarack Obama’s presidency would have not been possible if it wasn’t forhave not been possible if it wasn’t for the events that took place in the Souththe events that took place in the South in the 1960’s.in the 1960’s.

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