INTRODUCTION OF WIRELESS
Wireless is a term used to describe
telecommunications in which electromagnetic
waves (rather than some form of wire) carry the
signal over part or all of the communication path.
The word wireless is dictionary defined as
"having no wires". In networking terminology,
wireless is the term used to describe any
computer network where there is no physical
wired connection between sender and receiver,
but rather the network is connected by radio
waves and/or microwaves to maintain
communications. Wireless networking utilizes
specific equipment such as NICs, APs
Y-1G refers to the first generation of wireless
telecommunications) which was first introduced
in 1980s and completed in early 1990s.
It's Speed was up to 2.4kbps.
It allows the voice calls in 1 country.
1G network use Analog Signal.
AMPS(Advanced Mobile Phone System) was
first launched in USA in 1G mobile systems.
Battery life is poor.
Poor voice quality.
No Security system.
Phones are large in size.
Capacity is limited.
Poor Handoff Reliability
2G technology refers to the 2nd
generation which is based on GSM.
It was launched in Finland by
Radiolinja in the year 1991.
2G network use digital signals.
It’s data speed was up to 64kbps.
It enables services such as text
messages, picture messages and
MMS(Multi Media Message).
It provides better quality and
2G requires strong digital signals to
help mobile phones work. If there is
no network coverage in any specific
area , digital signals would weak.
These systems are unable to handle
complex data such as Videos.
WIRELESS MODELS OF 1G AND
1G WIRELESS SYSTEMS 2G WIRELESS SYSTEMS
2.5G is a technology which is between 2nd generation(2G)
and 3rd generation(3G) in the world of mobiles.
It bridged 2G to 3G wireless technology.
Conference Call, Speed Dialing, Hands Free, Loudspeaker,
Navigation Technology with Nokia maps 2.0.
Emails can be Sent/Receive.
Speed up to 200kbps.
Battery life is good (Talk Time-14 hrs. and
Web Browsing(users can use internet).
3G technology refer to third
generation which was introduced in
3G Technology is designed for
multimedia communication. It
provides services like higher data
Speed- While in 3G technology the
downloading and uploading speeds are
up to 21 Mbps and 5.7 Mbps
3G technology offers a high level of security
when communicating with other devices.
3G network allows video calling, live streaming,
mobile internet access, IPTV, etc. on the mobile
3G technology the downloading and uploading
speeds are up to 21 Mbps and 5.7 Mbps
In 3G Network Videos/Images can be download
Provide faster communication.
Large storage capacity.
Application can be install in phones.
3G Phones are much costlier.
3G network will be excessively high if they make
use of the various applications of 3G.
A drawback of 3G is that it is simply not
available in certain regions.
3G Phones are large in size.
The official launch of 4G is due in early 2015. On 12
March 2015, ANRT have reviewed all applications,
and accorded 4G licenses to the main operators.
Speed up to 100Mbps-1Gbps.
Fourth generation (4G) technology will offer many
advancement to the wireless market, including
downlink data rates well over 100 Mbps.
One of the basic term used to describe 4G is
M- Mobile Multimedia
A- Anytime Anywhere
G- Global Mobility Support
I- Integrated Wireless Solution
C- Customized Personal Services
Also known as Mobile Broadband Everywhere.
Provide any type of services at any time as per our
Higher security functions.
Large storage capacity.
Security is More.
Provide faster communication.
Battery drain very fast.
Hard to implement.
Need complicated hardware.
Expensive equipment required to implement
next generation network.
COMPARISON BETWEEN 3G AND 4G
The basic difference between 3G and 4G is in
data transfer and signal quality.
TECHNOLOGY 3G 4G
DATA TRANSFER RATE 3.1MB/Sec 100MB/Sec
INTERNET SERVICES BROADBAND ULTRA BROADBAND
MOBILE - TV
BANDWIDTH 5-20MHz 100MHz
FREQUENCY 1.6-2GHz 2-8GHz
DOWNLOAD AND UPLOAD 5.8Mbps 14Mbps
WIRLESS MODELS OF 3G AND
3G WIRELESS SYSTEM 4G WIRELESS SYSTEM
5G (5th generation mobile
networks or 5th generation wireless
systems) denotes the next major phase
of mobile telecommunications
standards beyond the current4G/IMT-
Complete wireless communication with
almost no limitations.
There are lots of improvements from
1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G to 5G in the world
The new coming 5G technology is
available in the market in affordable
rates, high peak future and much
reliability than its preceding
The 5G technology is providing up to 25
Mbps connectivity speed.
The 5G technology also support virtual
The uploading and downloading speed of 5G
technology touching the peak.
Uploading and Downloading speed of 5G
Technology is up to 1Gbps.
Very attractive and efficient.
Peak data rate is 10Gbps.
High Speed and High Capacity.
COMPARISON BETWEEN 4G
TECHNOLOGY 4G 5G
SWITCHING CIRCUIT/PACKET CIRCUIT/PACKET
DATA RATE UPTO 20Mbps UPTO 1Gbps
TECHNOLOGY COMBIBATION OF
COMPARISON OF 1G TO 5G
ology 1G 2G 3G 4G 5G
uced In 1980 1991 2000 2015 2020
dth 2kbps 14-64kbps 2mbps 200mbps >1gbps
Digital cellular Broadband
Digital Voice ,
exing FDMA TDMA/CDMA CDMA CDMA CDMA
ing Circuit Circuit/Circuit Packet All Packets All Packets
According to me the best way to help all
users is to use 5G as the next wireless
system and in totally it is safety and
secure for public, this the need that
demands the solution.
Today’s wired society is going wireless
and if it has problem, 5G is answer.
5G technology is going to give tough
competition in coming future.