WK16 Agenda

•   Discussion question
•   Civilization in Music, Belated V-Day
•   Who am I?
•   Summarize last 100 years
•...
Discussion Question
• What’s the importance of South East Asia to the Industrial
  Revolution?
   – Cheap raw material: ri...
Civilization in Music
• Musical Myth: True or false
  – Jazz started in New Orleans and spread to the rest
    of America....
Who are they? What are their stories?




               SY, BBA UBU Civilization   4
Time                      America
                                                    Ancient time     EU                 ...
Great War: World War I
• Causes of WWI
   – Nationalism: Pan-Germany
     (Bismarck was the leader), Pan-
     Slavism, Mi...
Great War: World War I




                                                                                     War ended ...
Great War: World War I
• WWI Consequences
  1. Versailles Treaty
      • Germany must pay $33
        billion for war repa...
Great War: World War I
• WWI Consequences
3. Great Depression
   around the World
  –       President Franklin D.
        ...
World War II (1939-1945)

• Causes of WWII
  – Defect of the peace treaties: German war guilt
  – Great Depression around ...
World War II (1939-1945)



    Ignition:          War Expansion:
                                                        ...
World War II (1939-1945)
Consequences                                                        WWI               WWII

1. Ma...
Cold War 1945-1991
Fighting Methods
• Philosophy: communist vs.
   democracy
    – US: Truman Doctrine: containment
      ...
•
                  Communism in China
    1911: Kuomintang Revolution in China
     – Dr. Sun Yut Sen, Father of the Revo...
Communism in China
• 1978 Deng Xia Ping Economic
  Reform in China: Four
  modernizations
   –   Agriculture
   –   Indust...
Collapse of the Communist
• 1980: Solidarity(worker’s trade
  union) in Poland
• 1985-1991: Mikhail Gorbachev
    – Perest...
Human Rights
•   Human rights: basic freedoms that all
    people are entitle to enjoy such as civil,
    speech, religion...
Global Warming
• Global warming: Green house
  effect: gradual change in the
  earth’s climate due to
  emissions that tra...
Computer and the Internet
• 1871: Charles Babbage
  designed cogs and wheels.
• 1946: ENIAC (valves)
  computer invention
...
Biotechnology
• Biotechnology: the use of
  biology to solve problems. The
  important areas are
  production of therapeut...
Problems and Challenge
• Health: Population and poverty, Incurable
  disease(AIDs, Cancer, etc.), Epidemic, Virus
• Enviro...
Discussion Application
• You’ve finished reading your         • Change the application to
  friends story.                ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

WK16 Last 100 Years

595 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
595
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

WK16 Last 100 Years

  1. 1. WK16 Agenda • Discussion question • Civilization in Music, Belated V-Day • Who am I? • Summarize last 100 years • Mini test SY, BBA UBU Civilization 1
  2. 2. Discussion Question • What’s the importance of South East Asia to the Industrial Revolution? – Cheap raw material: rice, tobacco, coffee, rubber, oil, and tin – New market for Western products – Strategic location: resourceful, dense population, link between the far East and the West (especially after the creation of Suez) • What is Bowring Treaty? – The treaty between Thai and England in 1855 to open foreign trade. • What are the presidential doctrines? Famous people doctrines? Thai doctrine? – Truman, JFK, Carter, Clinton, Colin Powell, Bush doctrine – Self sufficient, creative economy • What’s the new trend? What should we call our period? – Contemporary World, Globalization, Activist Era, Digital Age, etc. SY, BBA UBU Civilization 2
  3. 3. Civilization in Music • Musical Myth: True or false – Jazz started in New Orleans and spread to the rest of America. – What a Wonderful World was released as a single in 2006 by Celine Dion. – Elvis Presley was the King of pop. – The Beetles cam from the USSR. – We Are The World was originated for Haiti. • Name these music type and their names. SY, BBA UBU Civilization 3
  4. 4. Who are they? What are their stories? SY, BBA UBU Civilization 4
  5. 5. Time America Ancient time EU Africa/Middle East/Asia Art 1900 1917 America in WWI 1914-1918 World War I 1910 Japan in Korea 1927 The Jazz 1920 Banned alcohol in the US 1922 Mussolini in Italy 1911 Kuomintang Revolution in China Singer 1921 Einstein got Nobel Prize for 1928-1953 Joseph Stalin in 1934 Communist long march explaining photoelectric effect Russia 1937 Japanese Invasion “China 1929 Wall Street Crashed 1933 Adolf Hitler in Germany Incident” 1933 Roosevelt New Deal 1939-1945 WWII 1945 Nuclear bomb in Japan 1941 Pearl Harbor, America in WWII 1948 Communist in Eastern 1948 Set up Jewish State of Israel Europe 1948-1949 Arab and Israel War 1949 Mao Zedong set up People Republic of China: Great Leap Forward, Cultural Revolution 1949 racial discrimination in Africa 1950 1958 Jack Kill bee: Microchip 1953 Francis Crick and James 1956 ,1967, 1973, Arab Israel War Musical Theater 1963 Kennedy assassination Watt: DNA 1950-1953 Korean War 1968 Martin Luther King assassination 1957 Sputnik 1 in the orbit 1954-1973 Vietnam War 1969 Neal Armstrong on the moon 1985 Gorbachev Russia Leader 1966 Cultural Revolution in China 1992 Earth Summit in Brazil 1989 Berlin Wall collapse 1978 Deng XiaoPing Economic 1994 NAFTA 1989 Tim Bernerse Lee: WWW. Reform in China 1991 Collapse of the USSR 1980-1988 Iran Iraq War 1989 Tianmen Square 1990 Iraq invade Kuwait 1991 Persian Gulf War 1993 Peace Talk (Israel and Palestine) 1996 Cloning Dolly 1997 Avian Flu in Hong Kong 2000-2010 2001: Terrorist attack 2000 EU 2003 SARS (Severely Acute Harry Potter 2002 War on Terrorist, Giant leap forward 2009 Economic Collapse, H1N1 Respiratory Syndrome) Lord of the Rings on Mars (found reservoir) 2004 Tsunami in South East Asia 2003 US control in Baghdad 2008 Olympic in China 2005 Texting 2009 Economic Collapse, H1N1 2006 Al Gore: Inconvenience Truth 2020 Olympic in Thailand??? 2007 Columbia Space Shuttle Explosion 2030 Chinese economy surpass the 2009 Barack Obama 1st African American SY, BBA UBU Civilization US economy??? president, Economic Collapse, H1N1 5
  6. 6. Great War: World War I • Causes of WWI – Nationalism: Pan-Germany (Bismarck was the leader), Pan- Slavism, Militarism – Imperialism: European authority expansion – Conflict between the two super power Triple Alliance(Germany, Austria- Hungary, and Italy) Triple Alliance+Turkey+Bulgaria = Central Powers Triple Entente (UK, France, and Russia) Triple Entente+Romania+US+Asia +Etc.=Allies SY, BBA UBU Civilization 6
  7. 7. Great War: World War I War ended in November 18, 1918. The Big Three Ignition: War Expansion: Trench Warfare on the (US, UK, and France) Western Front. America agreed on the Fourteen Bosnian student, tool of Austria announced the joined WWI when Points of President Serbian Nationalist, shot war with Serbia Germany announced Woodrow Wilson to the crown prince of (supported by Russia). that their U-boats would restore democracy and Austria, Archduke Germany announced the torpedo any vessels set up a League of Francis Ferdinand, in war with Russia and headed for the British Nations. Versailles Peace Sarajevo. France. port. Treaty signed in 1919 SY, BBA UBU Civilization 7
  8. 8. Great War: World War I • WWI Consequences 1. Versailles Treaty • Germany must pay $33 billion for war reparation. • Surrendered some territories and colonies. • Limit the size of the army to 100,000 officers. • Disarmed and forbade to have air force. 2. A League of Nations • World peace and protect sovereignty of its members • Economic sanction the invaders • No army (leaded to its failure) SY, BBA UBU Civilization 8
  9. 9. Great War: World War I • WWI Consequences 3. Great Depression around the World – President Franklin D. Roosevelt launched New Deal project to create jobs. 4. Communist – Russian Revolution: Lenin leaded Bolshevik to set up the government for the USSR – Fascist • 1922:Italy: Mussolini • 1932: Germany: Hitler • 1931:Japan SY, BBA UBU Civilization 9
  10. 10. World War II (1939-1945) • Causes of WWII – Defect of the peace treaties: German war guilt – Great Depression around the World 1920-1930 – Nationalism of Germany, Italy, and Japan – Failure of the League of Nations: Italy attacked Ethiopia, Hitler in Rhineland, Austria, and Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia – Western policy of appeasement SY, BBA UBU Civilization 10
  11. 11. World War II (1939-1945) Ignition: War Expansion: D-Day The atomic bomb 1939: Germany 1940: Hitler blitzkrieg or lightning war in Pearl Harbor 1944: The Allied 1945: Joint invaded Poland. troops invaded Norway, Denmark, 1941: Japan struck proclamation to UK and France Belgium, Netherlands, Normandy coast in Japan (surrender or France, and UK. at Pearl Harbor. The France. announced the war be destroyed) US announced the with Germany. 1940: Japan invaded 1945: Soviet troops war with Japan. Atomic bomb in Axis Powers: the Philippines, conquered Berlin Hiroshima and Germany and Italy Indonesia, Malaysia, and Hitler killed Nagasaki. Burma, and himself. Indochina. End of the war in Japan surrendered Europe on August 14, 1945. SY, BBA UBU Civilization 11
  12. 12. World War II (1939-1945) Consequences WWI WWII 1. Massive Destruction # of people died 10,947,000 58,508,000 2. Germany divided into 4 Expense 196.5 Million $ 2091.3 Million $ occupied zones (American, Countries involved 24 67 British, French, and Soviet) and later became East and West Germany, which was divided by the Berlin Wall (symbol of the Iron Curtain) 3. World power shifted to Communist vs. Capitalism and Democracy =>Cold War 4. United Nations 5. End of colonization SY, BBA UBU Civilization 12
  13. 13. Cold War 1945-1991 Fighting Methods • Philosophy: communist vs. democracy – US: Truman Doctrine: containment policy: stopped the spread of communism by helping the needed countries. For example, 400 million$ to support Greece and Turkey military and economy. – USSR: Set up COMECON to spread communist • Politics: NATO vs. Warsaw Pact • Economics: Economic support to its ally • Proxy war (both sides use substitutes or third parties to fight) – Afghanistan, Korean War, Vietnam War, etc. • Space Race: Sputnik (1st in the orbit) vs. Apollo 11(1st on the moon) SY, BBA UBU Civilization 13
  14. 14. • Communism in China 1911: Kuomintang Revolution in China – Dr. Sun Yut Sen, Father of the Revolution – Supported by Russia – His doctrine: Sun Min Chu I (Three Principles of the People: Nationalism, Democracy, and Livelihood) – Died in 1924 and Chiang Kai Shek became his successor: Leader of Nanking government • 1934: Communist long march • 1937-1945: Japanese Invasion “China Incident”, seven weeks rampage • 1949: Mao Zedong(former deputy of Zhou Enlai) set up People Republic of China • 1950: President Chiang in Taiwan • 1958 The Great Leap Forward: a program to industrialized China but ended up with disaster from not enough food supply • 1963: Lin Biao wrote “Quotation from Chairman Mao”( The little Red Book) • 1966 Cultural Revolution in China – Closed schools and universities – Brain washed, concentration camp – Teenage Red Guard Youths – Mao died in 1976 ended the revolution periodCivilization SY, BBA UBU 14
  15. 15. Communism in China • 1978 Deng Xia Ping Economic Reform in China: Four modernizations – Agriculture – Industry – Military – Science and technology • 1980: One child policy • 1989 Tianmen Square: Fifth modernization: democracy is a necessary condition for modernization: 3000 students went on hunger strike • 1997: One country two systems (got Hong Kong back from UK) • 1997: Avian Flu in Hong Kong • 2008 Olympic in China SY, BBA UBU Civilization 15
  16. 16. Collapse of the Communist • 1980: Solidarity(worker’s trade union) in Poland • 1985-1991: Mikhail Gorbachev – Perestroika-restructuring: political reforms, privatize property, moved economy towards free – Glasnost-openness: allowed government criticism • 1989: Hungary opened its border with Austria, (East German civilian fled to West Germany through this border) • 1990: Reunited East and West Germany • 1991: Collapse of the USSR: Republic of Russia(Boris Yeltsin as the president), Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, etc. SY, BBA UBU Civilization 16
  17. 17. Human Rights • Human rights: basic freedoms that all people are entitle to enjoy such as civil, speech, religion, political, assembly and vote. • Organization: United Nations, Amnesty International, OAS, FTC, etc. • Human rights is the focus of the US Foreign policy since 1900. No American aid would go to nations that violate human rights. • After WWII, the universal declaration of human rights became the new standard which include – equal rights and freedoms, – right to life, liberty, and security – freedom from slavery or servitude – freedom from torture or cruel – right to equal protection of the law – right to marry – right to own property – right to education See your friends presentation for more detail. SY, BBA UBU Civilization 17
  18. 18. Global Warming • Global warming: Green house effect: gradual change in the earth’s climate due to emissions that trap heat currents within the atmosphere. • Greenhouse gas emission: CO2 , methane, and water vapor • Ultraviolet, harmful to our eyes and skin, comes through the ozone layer hole which caused by the CFC gas found in spray or old refrigerators. • What’s the three R stands for? SY, BBA UBU Civilization 18
  19. 19. Computer and the Internet • 1871: Charles Babbage designed cogs and wheels. • 1946: ENIAC (valves) computer invention • 1947: transistor invention • 1969: ARPANET in the US military • 1975: Altair home computer • 1981: IBM PC • 1989: Tim Berners Lee created WWW. • 2001:iPod • 2008:3G SY, BBA UBU Civilization 19
  20. 20. Biotechnology • Biotechnology: the use of biology to solve problems. The important areas are production of therapeutic proteins and other drugs through genetic engineering. • Cloning: a genetically identical copy of a cell or an organism • GMO: genetically modified organism: a process whose genome has been engineered to get the desired traits. • What’s the advantage and disadvantage of GMO? SY, BBA UBU Civilization 20
  21. 21. Problems and Challenge • Health: Population and poverty, Incurable disease(AIDs, Cancer, etc.), Epidemic, Virus • Environment: Pollution, Global warming • Economic: Economic Collapse, Free Trade • Politics: War, Terrorist • Technology: Biotechnology, Information Technology, Virus • Social: Moral Standard, Human Rights SY, BBA UBU Civilization 21
  22. 22. Discussion Application • You’ve finished reading your • Change the application to friends story. World Civilization. • What incidents affect your • What incidents affect, friends behavior or change, and shape our decisions? lives? • Are there any pattern? • Any pattern? • What are the problems and • How will you help your challenge we’ll have to friends, community, country encounter? and the World? • How will you help your • What are the risk involved? friends? • Will you solve the problems the same way as before or create a new method to help your friends? • What are the risk involved? SY, BBA UBU Civilization 22

×