WK14&15 1500-1900 AD


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WK14&15 1500-1900 AD

  1. 1. WK14 Agenda • Project progress • Civilization in music • 1500-1900 AD. Lecture • Homework • Exam Result SY
  2. 2. Classical Music • Western musical timeline? • Who are these people? • What’s in the orchestra? • Symphony orchestra? • Philharmonic orchestra? • Andante, Allegro, tempo? • Tone, chord, harmony, melody? SY
  3. 3. Mozart • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 01/27/1756-1791: 35 years • Salzburg, Austria • Father: Leopold, a musician at the Archbishop’s court • At 5: wrote little minuets and played the harpsichord • At 6: on tour, the Imperial Court in Vienna: the Emperor called him “a little magician” • At 8: first symphony • Several trips to Italy to study opera • At 17: worked in Vienna and got the influence from Joseph Haydn • 1777-1781:Misery period: Went to Germany and France, mom died in Paris, dismissed from his job • 1782: Got married with Constanze Weber, ill health, 4 children died • Several trips to Prague: Don Givoanni (his opera) • 1788: Huge debt • 1791: fever, severe headache and died(unverifiable grave) • BBC clip SY
  4. 4. Beethoven • Ludwig van Beethoven, 1770-1827:57 years • Bonn, Germany • Father: Johann, a drunkard who abused his son • At 7:played in public • At 13: organist assistant at the chapel in Bonn • At 17: met his idol “Mozart” in Vienna, but rushed back to take care of his mother • At 18: full responsibility of the family • At 22: Haydn’s student, but secretly studied with Johann Schenk • Strange appearance: but genius and was sponsored by the prince • At 30: deaf: expressed his original style of music: violent, suffering, joy (5th symphony) • 1815: became his nephew’s guardian (9th symphony) • 1827: died • BBC clip SY
  5. 5. Civilization in Music • Juke box game • Who composed this song? • Name? Feel? Mood? Tempo? SY
  6. 6. 1500 AD. Discovery • Explorer :Portuguese in Brazil, Spainish in Latin America • 1519: Ferdinand Magellan: sailed around the World (died near the Philippines but his assistant kept on sailing) • 1534: Jacques Cartier in Canada: Montreal • 1577: Sir Francis Drake sailed around the World • Why did they explore the new world? – Venetians and Muslims monopolized trade – Need gold and silver for exchange – To spread Christianity – To gain new knowledge and adventure SY
  7. 7. 1500 AD. Discovery • 1580: Slave trade • Triangle • 8 Weeks in the cargo • What’s the consequence of the new World discovery? – Improvement on geography knowledge, maritime route, new trade, map, new land settlement SY
  8. 8. 1600 AD. Expansion • 1603: French settlers in Canada • 1607: England in Jamestown • 1620: May Flower with the Pilgrims from England arrived in N. America • 1624: Dutch in New Amsterdam (New York) • 1699: French in Louisiana(for Louis XIV) along the Mississippi River SY
  9. 9. 1520 AD. Religious Reformation • What caused the reformation? – Corruption in the church, decay in the medieval thought, rise of sovereign states • 1517:Martin Luther wrote 95 Theses: self study bible, simple religious ceremony (Lutheran Church), got excommunication from the church • 1531: Henry 8th created Anglican Church in England because the pope didn’t allowed him to divorce Catherine of Aragon • 1541: John Calvin created the Calvinist Church in Geneva • What’s the consequence of the religious reform? – 1545: Counter reformation: set up Jesuits or teacher-priests and inquisition procedures for the Protestants – Individualism – War: 1567 (Calvinist in Netherland vs. Catholic from Spain), 30 years war in France (1572:Huguenots, St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre) SY
  10. 10. • 1500 AD. in Europe 1547:Ivan the terrible in Russia – Supported trade with Western Europe – Took land from boyars, canceled farmers’ right, farmers became serfs – St. Basil Cathedral • 1556:Charles 5th abdicated the throne and divided Hapsburg Empire into two parts – Philip II(son): Spain, Italy, Netherland, America – Ferdinand(brother): Austria and the Holy Roman Empire • 1558-1603:Queen Elizabeth – Last ruler in the Tudor dynasty – 45 years: England as the most powerful country in the World – The Poor Law in 1563 – The Globe Theater • 1564:William Shakespeare : – History: Julius Caesar, Anthony and Cleopatra – Comedies: As You Like It, The Merchant of Venice, A Midsummer Night’s Dream – Tragedy: Hamlet, Macbeth, King Lear SY – Tragi-comic: The Tempest, The Winter’s Tale
  11. 11. •Ptolemy: geocentrism 1600 AD in Europe •1543: Copernicus (math): Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies (Ptolemy’s wrong) •1620s: Johannes Kepler(math): the motion of Mars, Law of planetary motion •1628: William Harvey: Blood circulation •1630s: Galileo Galilei (physic): celestial observations: Law of inertia, four moons around Jupiter and Dialogues on the Two Chief Systems of the World, used telescope •1660s: Isaac Newton: Kepler+Galileo: Law of gravitation: apple fall from the tree, earth moves around the sun(inductive reasoning) •Francis Bacon? John Locke? •What’s the consequence of scientific revolution? –Rationalism and Empiricism –Decline in theology –Foundation of enlightenment –Industrial revolution SY
  12. 12. 1600 AD. In Europe • 1643: Louise XIV in France: Sun King, An absolute ruler, “I am the state” (Old Regime) • Ministry of Finance: Jean Colbert • 1682: Versailles in France, Hall of Mirrors • War to expand France territory, banned protestant, high tax • French revolution was 70 years after his death. • 1694: Voltaire: Ecrasez l’infame: crush infamy:”The individual who persecutes another because he is not of the same opinion is nothing less than a monster”=>1st principle of civil liberty SY
  13. 13. 1700 AD. In America • 1763: Paris Treaty (Franco-British conflict conclusion after the 7 years war) • 1773: Boston tea party • No taxation without representation campaign • 1776: US declaration of independence • 1789: George Washington 1st president SY
  14. 14. Industrial Revolution • 1767 AD: The invention of Spinning Jenny by James Hargreaves • 1782 AD: The invention of Steam engine by James Watt – 1st application: mine water removal using vacuum engine • 1804 AD: The invention of Steam locomotive by Richard Trevithick – The Rocket by George Stephenson • 1811 AD: Ned Ludd and the Luddites tried to destroy textile machineries. SY
  15. 15. Industrial Revolution • What are the causes of the industrial revolution? – Expanding market: raw materials and new markets from the new lands – Technology: inventions, problem solving • For example: muddy roads or slow boats in the canals=>railways – Population growth: • Decline in death rate • Fewer wars and epidemics • Increased food supply: Expanded grain production, potato • What are the periods of the industrial revolutions? Textile=>Steam=>Iron SY
  16. 16. Industrial Revolution • What are the consequences of the industrial revolution? – Society • Migration from rural to city, Slums • Bourgeoisie, Proletariat • Child labor – Politics: Trade union, voting – Intellectual concepts: • Socialism • Adam Smith: Laissez-faire • David Ricardo: Free Trade – Economy of scale: lower cost – Environmental problems SY
  17. 17. French Revolution • 1789:French Revolution • What are the causes of the French Revolution? – Economic problems: budget deficit, debt, unfair tax collection – Tyrannous Louise XVI • The Estates General (ประชุมสภา ฐานันดร หรื อประชุมสภาแห่ งชาติ) • The fall of the Bastille • Reign of terror • Thomas Paine: “The Rights of Man” influenced the French Revolution • 1789-1792:Declaration of rights of Man and the Citizen, Woman • Result? Consequence? – End of feudalism SY
  18. 18. Napoleon • 1799-1815: Napoleon Bonaparte (Dictator) – Won many wars – New law: land owner, education, centralized finance – Crowned emperor in 1804 • 1805: Battle at Trafalgar(lost to England) • 1812: Russian disaster • 1814: Forced to abdicate the throne and was sent to exile island of Elba • 1815:Restored power but later lost the battle at Waterloo and was sent to St. Helena Island SY
  19. 19. Writers •1721:Jean Jacques Rousseau’s work also influenced the French Revolution. –The Enlightenment –Social Contract 1762 (สัญญาประชาคม) •1723:Adam Smith –The Wealth of Nation (price mechanism by demand and supply) •1791:Thomas Paine –The Rights of Man SY
  20. 20. 1800 AD. In America • 1816-1824: Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin brought S. America Independence • 1860:Abraham Lincoln • 1861: Civil War – North (Union), City & factory – South (Confederacy), plantations • 1863: Gettysburg, PA • 1865: The war ended and 5 days later Lincoln got assassinated • 1888: No more slave SY
  21. 21. 1800 AD. In Europe • 1848: Revolution across Europe (Year of Revolutions) – Wanted to vote – Job lost, No food – French revolution recollection • 1848: Karl Marx’s Manifesto of the Communist Party – Conflict between bourgeoisies and proletariats – Problems of capitalism • 1861: Italian unification by Count Camillo Cavour(N) and Giuseppe Garibaldi(S) • 1871: German unification SY
  22. 22. 1800 AD. In Europe • 1859: Charles Darwin: Origin of Species, Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection, Galapagos Island • 1895: German engineer Carl Benz 1stautomobile invention • 1895: The French brothers (Louis and Auguste Lumiere) invented cinematograph and premiered in Paris • Clip SY
  23. 23. Artists •Impressionism: 1840- • Cubism: 1881-1973: 1926: Claude Monet Pablo Picasso (Spanish) (French) SY
  24. 24. Artists Monet Picasso SY
  25. 25. 1500-1900 AD. In Asia • Mogul dynasty in India • 1600: British East India(Joint Stock Company) to trade silk, tea, cotton, and spices. • 1632:Shah Jahan built Taj Mahal • 1757: General Robert Clive over Prince of Bengal in India (Battle of Plessey) • 1857: Indian Revolution • 1858: India under British Empire (Raj period until 1947) • 1885:Indian National Congress Independence campaign: Gandhi • 1947: Indian independence day in August 15, 1947 (helped British troop during WWII) SY
  26. 26. 1500-1900 AD. In Asia Japan •1603: Togugawa in Japan, Kyoto and Edo •1630: Japan banned Christian and allowed only Dutch and Chinese traders in Japan. China •1500: Chinese isolation period: foreigners are barbarian, trade only in Canton •1720:The British traders paid for the merchandise by opium instead of silver. •1813:Banned on opium •1839: Opium war in China •1850: Taiping Rebellion •1894-1895:China-Japan War for Korea •1898-1900: Boxer Revolution in China •1911: Kuomintang took over the government SY
  27. 27. Summary • What’s the big picture? • Can you draw the flowchart? • Hint – List what happened – Think of the cause and effect SY
  28. 28. Time: America Religious, Technology, Asia Art and culture 1500-1900 Europe AD. 1500 AD Explorer :Portuguese in Brazil, 1500-1900 AD. 1520: Religious reformation in EU Mogul dynasty in India St Basil Cathedral in Russia Explorer and Spain in Latin America 1545: Counter reformation 1564:William Shakespeare : religious 1519: Ferdinand Magellan: sailed 1547:Ivan the terrible in Russia Anthony and Cleopatra, As reformation around the World 1556:Charles 5th abdicated the throne You Like It, The Merchant of 1534: Jacques Cartier in Canada: and divided Hapsburg Empire into two Venice, Hamlet, Macbeth, The Montreal parts Winter’s Tale 1577: Sir Francis Drake sailed 1558-1603:Queen Elizabeth around the World 1580: Slave trade 1600 AD 1603: French settlers in Canada 1618-1648: 30 years war: Catholic and 1600: British East India 1632: Taj Mahal Settlement 1607: England in Jamestown Protestant 1603: Togugawa in Japan 1682: Versailles in France and 1620: May Flower with Pilgrims 1620s: Kepler’s on the Motion of Mars 1632:Shah Jahan built Taj 1685: Johann Sebastian Bach Scientific from England arrived in N. 1628: William Harvey: Blood circulation Mahal 1694: Voltaire discovery America 1630s: Galileo celestial observations 1624: Dutch in New Amsterdam 1642:Civil War in England (New York) 1643: Louise XIV in France: Sun King, An 1699: French in Louisiana absolute ruler 1660s: Isaac Newton: force of gravity 1700 AD 1763: Paris Treaty 1750:Industrial Revolution in England 1757: Robert Cliff over Prince 1721:Jean Jacques Rousseau: Revolution 1776: US declaration of 1789:French Revolution of Bengal in India The Enlightenment independence 1789-1792:Declaration of rights of Man 1723:Adam Smith 1789: George Washington 1st and the Citizen, Woman 1756: Mozart president 1799-1815: Napoleon Bonaparte 1770: Beethoven 1791:Thomas Paine: The Rights of Man 1800 AD 1816-1824: Simon Bolivar and 1848: Revolution across Europe 1839: Opium war in China 1840: Tchaikovsky The Hose de San Martin brought S. 1848: Karl Marx’s Manifesto of the 1850: Taiping Revolution 1840: Monet Enlightenment America Independence Communist Party 1857: Indian Revolution 1881: Picasso 1860:Abraham Lincoln 1861: Italian unification 1858: England colonize India 1861-1865: Civil War 1871: German unification 1885:Congress of India 1888: No more slave 1895: German engineer Carl Benz car Independence campaign invention, French brother Lumiyare 1894-1895:China-Japan movie War1898-1900: Boxer SY Revolution in China
  29. 29. Homework • In 8 groups: Find information on the following topics – Global warming – WWI and WWII – 911 – DNA, cloning – Free Trade – Human rights, activists – Space shuttle project, Mission on Mars project, International project – Computer and the Internet • Prepare articles, video, pictures or game to make your friends understand your topic. • Ask questions and submit to me. • Mini test 10% on February 16, 2010. • Artwork and group project presentation February 22, 2010. • Final exam March 1-12 (scheduled with other classes) SY