WK11 Agenda
• Project 8 per group: member by Jan 18, 2010
• Pick one comparison: religion, music, art,
  language and lite...
Homework

• Table for 1900 to present
• What are the objectives of our homework?
  – Do we have learning curve? Better res...
Art Work




•   Artist? When?                    •   Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519 AD.),
•   Picture name?                ...
Art Work




• Perceptual speed!        • Virgin on the Rocks (Louvre
• Name?, technique?          vs. London)
• The Da Vi...
Art Work
• Name: The Last Supper
• Technique: Tempera on
  gesso or pitch and
  mastic
• Location: Santa Maria
  delle Gra...
Art Work
• Who is she?
   – Mona Lisa or La Gioconda,
     Banker’s wife
• Why is she so famous?
  What’s her secret?
   –...
Art Work

• His other works?
• See BBC documentary in YouTube
  – Leonardo da Vinci
  – The Divine Michael Angelo
Matching Game
      •   Pieta, St. Peter’s Basilica
      •   David
      •   Moses
      •   Sistine Chapel: The Creation...
Michael Angelo
• Michael Angelo took 4 years to draw this picture on the Sistine Chapel’s
  ceiling. What do you see the m...
Ancient World Left Off
• China: 3 kingdoms (221-265
  AD.)
   –   Decline of Hun
   –   Neo-Taoism
   –   Spread of Buddhi...
China Middle Ages
Sui Dynasty: 581-618 AD.
• Yang Chiang (1st emperor):
   – Reunited China
   – Set up the dynasty
   – U...
China Middle Ages
Tang Dynasty: 618-907 AD.
• Military Expansion Period:
     –   Largest empire(Korea to Turkestan)
     ...
China Middle Ages
• Sung Dynasty: 960-1279
  AD.
   – China reunited, capital city
     @ Kaifeng
   – Peak of internation...
China Middle Ages
Tz'u No. 1 by Li Ching Chao
To the tune "Courtyard Filled with Fragrance"
    Fragrant grass beside the ...
China Middle Ages
•   Yuan Dynasty: 1260-1368 AD.
     – First foreign dynasty, Mongol
     – Kublai Khan
     – Capital C...
•
                   India Middle Ages
    The Muslim invaders
•   The conquests of the Turks and Afghans
    (North, Hind...
India Middle Ages
• Chola Dynasty in Southern India:
  886-1267 AD
• Feudal society
• Bhakti movement: fight against
  Isl...
India Middle Ages
• Art
   – Bronze sculptures: Shiva
     Nataraja,
   – Hindu Rajarajeshvara
     Temple, Southern India...
WK12 Agenda

•   Discussion
•   Japanese poem: D_ad Poet Society?
•   Lecture continue: Japan, Thailand
•   Memory Bingo
•...
Discussion
• Why China could reunited again after the fall of
  the Han dynasty? After the fall of Rome, Europe
  could ne...
Japanese Poem
• Manyoshu (700-800           • Haiku Since 1700 AD.
  AD.)                        • 17 syllables in 3 lines...
Japan Middle Ages
Before Chinese influence
• What’s the geography effect
  to early Japanese politic?
   – Village, Clan (...
Japan Middle Ages
• What’s the religion
  during this time?
• Kami: Holy things in
  nature
• Shinto: the way of the
  god...
Japan Middle Ages
Chinese influence period
• 645 AD: The Taika Reform:
   – Centralized economy
   – Built roads to connec...
Japan Middle Ages
•   Nara:710-781 AD.
     – Copied Nara from Chang-
         an(Xian):East/West
     – Grid city
•   600...
Japan Middle Ages
•   Heian:794-1192 AD: Kyoto
     – Moved here to avoid politics from
         the Buddhist temple and b...
Military Leader period
                         Japan Middle Ages
•Kamakura:1192-1333 AD
•Internal conflict between Tiara ...
Japan Middle Ages
• Muromachi:1333-1700 AD.
• Weak Shoguns; continual warfare
  among the daimyos and samurais
• Chinese s...
Thailand
• Sukothai Dynasty 1230
  AD.
  – King Sriintaratit
    announced Thai
    Independence from
    Khorm
  – King R...
Thailand
• Ayudhaya Dynasty 1350 AD.
   – King Uthong constructed
     Ayudhaya as the new capital
     city of Thailand
 ...
Time: Asian                    Politic, Economic,                                  Knowledge, Philosophy,                 ...
Memory Bingo
•   Use 1-3 keywords to summarize each box of our table for Japan. For example:
Japan Middle Ages         Pol...
Discussion
• What’s the theme for Ancient World? What
  about the Middle Ages?
• What are the similarity and difference du...
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WK11-12 Asian Middle Ages

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WK11-12 Asian Middle Ages

  1. 1. WK11 Agenda • Project 8 per group: member by Jan 18, 2010 • Pick one comparison: religion, music, art, language and literature • Homework Learning Curve • Art work? • Asian Middle Ages Lecture
  2. 2. Homework • Table for 1900 to present • What are the objectives of our homework? – Do we have learning curve? Better result in a shorter time? • Prepare for the Middle Ages Exam on Monday January 25, 2010
  3. 3. Art Work • Artist? When? • Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519 AD.), • Picture name? during his study with Verrochio~1472 • Technique? • The Annunciation • Where’s the lily? What does it • Oil and tempera on panel symbolize? • The angel holds the lily which • What’s this voice? symbolized Mary’s virginity and the city of Florence.
  4. 4. Art Work • Perceptual speed! • Virgin on the Rocks (Louvre • Name?, technique? vs. London) • The Da Vinci Code? • Oil on panel, People in the pyramid, Chiaroscuro (แสงเงา)
  5. 5. Art Work • Name: The Last Supper • Technique: Tempera on gesso or pitch and mastic • Location: Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan • Where’s the V shape? • Da Vinci Code? • Clip
  6. 6. Art Work • Who is she? – Mona Lisa or La Gioconda, Banker’s wife • Why is she so famous? What’s her secret? – Her smile • What’s the technique? – Sfumato: no sharp contrast, middle gray, smokey technique – Particular around the eyes
  7. 7. Art Work • His other works? • See BBC documentary in YouTube – Leonardo da Vinci – The Divine Michael Angelo
  8. 8. Matching Game • Pieta, St. Peter’s Basilica • David • Moses • Sistine Chapel: The Creation of Adam, Igmudi, The Last Judgment(on the altar)
  9. 9. Michael Angelo • Michael Angelo took 4 years to draw this picture on the Sistine Chapel’s ceiling. What do you see the most in this picture? • Who are in the triangles, rectangles, and small rectangles?
  10. 10. Ancient World Left Off • China: 3 kingdoms (221-265 AD.) – Decline of Hun – Neo-Taoism – Spread of Buddhism – Fa- Hsien monk traveled to India: Record of Buddhist Kingdoms • India: Gupta Dyansty – Gupta Dynasty fell to the Huns in 451 AD. • Japan: Yayoi (300 AD.) – Rice planting and metal tools making
  11. 11. China Middle Ages Sui Dynasty: 581-618 AD. • Yang Chiang (1st emperor): – Reunited China – Set up the dynasty – Use strong centralized state • Sui Yang Di (2nd emperor): – Copy Asoka by mixing Buddhism with the idea of mandate from heaven – Grand Canal for trade and transportation (Hangzhou- Laoyang-Beijing) – The oldest and longest man made river (1776 km) – Repairing the great wall
  12. 12. China Middle Ages Tang Dynasty: 618-907 AD. • Military Expansion Period: – Largest empire(Korea to Turkestan) – Capital City @ Chang-an – 6 Ministries(finance, defense, justice, public work etc.) – Prefecture and province – Agricultural expansion: migration from the North to the South • Hanlin Yuan: Royal academy, center for scholars • Prosperous time of Buddhism: – Relief carvings in Buddhist cave shrines – Hsuan-tsang monk (พระถังซัมจัง) traveled to India ๋ for 16 years: famous for Buddhist translation – Zhen Hur 7 trips to Indonesia, Arabia, and Africa • Neo Confucianism: against outside culture, restored Confucianism – Chu Hsi: education will help us be a good citizen: mercy, not selfish, not biased – Wang Yang Ming: use the knowledge in practice, for example: • good son principle : be grateful to the parents • Practice: take care of the parents to be a grateful son • Wood Block Printing, Ship, Gunpowder, Fireworks, Cannon, Ceramics, Abacus
  13. 13. China Middle Ages • Sung Dynasty: 960-1279 AD. – China reunited, capital city @ Kaifeng – Peak of international trade: still use coinage system, cargo ship – A golden age of calligraphy and ink painting(mountain landscape, romantic landscape, and Buddhist simplicity) – Greatest female poet: Li Ching Chao, composer of tzu
  14. 14. China Middle Ages Tz'u No. 1 by Li Ching Chao To the tune "Courtyard Filled with Fragrance" Fragrant grass beside the pond green shade over the hall a clear cold comes through the window curtains crescent moon beyond the golden bars and a flute sounds as if someone were coming but alone on my mat with a cup gazing sadly into nothingness I want to call back the blackberry flowers that have fallen though pear blossoms remain for in that distant year I came to love their fresh fragrance scenting my sleeve as we culled petals over the fire when as far as the eye could see were dragon boats on the river graceful horses and gay carts when I did not fear the mad winds and violent rain as we drank to good fortune with warm blackberry wine now I cannot conceive how to retrieve that time.
  15. 15. China Middle Ages • Yuan Dynasty: 1260-1368 AD. – First foreign dynasty, Mongol – Kublai Khan – Capital City at Beijing – Peace established, trade expanded, tax exempt for Central Asian Muslim Merchant Association, link renewed with the West – Tried to invade Japan twice but the war ships wrecked from kamikaze storm – Tibetan style white pagoda in Beijing’s royal gardens – 1331 AD Bubonic plague in China • Ming Dynasty:1368 AD. – Chu Yuan Chang, rebellion leader against Mongols, became the first Ming Dynasty Emperor. – Peak of blue and white porcelain – Emperor Yung lo encyclopedia (1403 AD), Forbidden City
  16. 16. • India Middle Ages The Muslim invaders • The conquests of the Turks and Afghans (North, Hindustan, Deccan) • Factors aiding the conquerors – Caste system: Kshatriyas’ duties, lower classes had no incentive to fight – Muslim were fresh and energetic people, excited by the prosperity, “Slave Kings” – Muslim fight on the horse, Hindu on the elephant (not flexible) • Will Islam and Hindu have a problem? What did the Aryan do to the Dravidian? – Islam is monotheistic – Some Hindus converted to Islam because they didn’t want to pay tax (unbelievers • Kutb Minar near Delhi: Pillar of have to pay jeziya tax) Victory – Lower caste of Hindu like the equality in • 238 feet high, erected by Kutb-ud- Islam din, the founder of a Muslim – Intermarriage sultanate at Delhi • Why did they have to mix the culture? – Muslims had only military people. They needed help from other occupation. – After WWII they had to separate into: India and Pakistan
  17. 17. India Middle Ages • Chola Dynasty in Southern India: 886-1267 AD • Feudal society • Bhakti movement: fight against Islam • Sikh – Reconcile for Hindu and Muslim: only one god for all mankind – Prophet: Guru Nanak – 5 symbols: uncut hair, wooden comb, undergarment to wear, iron bracelet, strapped dagger – Immortal Pond (same as Mecca in Islam) • Middle ages ended in 1398 AD. Hun invasion (Tamerlane)
  18. 18. India Middle Ages • Art – Bronze sculptures: Shiva Nataraja, – Hindu Rajarajeshvara Temple, Southern Indian style, built by King Rajaraja I • University of Nalanda
  19. 19. WK12 Agenda • Discussion • Japanese poem: D_ad Poet Society? • Lecture continue: Japan, Thailand • Memory Bingo • Homework: Medieval World exam next week
  20. 20. Discussion • Why China could reunited again after the fall of the Han dynasty? After the fall of Rome, Europe could never reunited in a single empire again. – Confucianism: concept of unified empire, Mandate from Heaven What about Constantine? – China’s greater cultural homogeneity (although many tribes but they have common written language) – China’s population density (more people=more communication=more trade) Sounds familiar in business? – ASEAN, EU, NAFTA, AFTA, APEC etc.
  21. 21. Japanese Poem • Manyoshu (700-800 • Haiku Since 1700 AD. AD.) • 17 syllables in 3 lines • Smooth and energetic • (5 7 5) (Chinese influence) • Famous poet: Matsuo • All class of people could Basho (1644-1694 AD.) write • Zen inspiration • 31 Syllables in 5 lines • In group of 4 or 5 start • (5 7 5 7 7) writing your poem and post it on Facebook.
  22. 22. Japan Middle Ages Before Chinese influence • What’s the geography effect to early Japanese politic? – Village, Clan (Uji), leader, strong relationship – Yayoi 300 AD. – Tomb Culture – Yamato State (near Kyoto) – Sun Goddess • 604 AD. Prince Shotoku announced The 17 Article Constitution – Sent Ambassadors to China – Confucianism: obey the rulers – Stability for the society – Horoyuji Temple (607 AD.)
  23. 23. Japan Middle Ages • What’s the religion during this time? • Kami: Holy things in nature • Shinto: the way of the gods: belief in spiritual in nature: force of nature – Respect Kami – Worship ancestors and respect unity – Emphasis on simplicity and hygiene – Purification What’s this water for?
  24. 24. Japan Middle Ages Chinese influence period • 645 AD: The Taika Reform: – Centralized economy – Built roads to connect with the center – Set up local management – Equal field system: government as a landowner, assigned amount of land according to labor work capability and would revert to the government again after death (prevent local power and asset accumulation) • 701 AD: The Taiho Code: – Prefecture, province, and district – Quota tax: rulers could make a fortune through the difference they got from their people and the required quota
  25. 25. Japan Middle Ages • Nara:710-781 AD. – Copied Nara from Chang- an(Xian):East/West – Grid city • 600 AD. Spread of Buddhism from China and Korea – Todaiji Temple • Japanese Garden (Shinto) –Leaf, grass, moss, pond •Literature: The history of Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters 712 AD.) –3 Sections:5Gods from heaven including Amatera’s descendant to rule Japan, Jimmu Emperor empire expansion to the East, Nintoku Emperor success –Showed the belief that link God to the emperor and the birth of Japan=>Nationalism Nihon Shoki (720 AD.) –30 books of ancient tales of miracle things –Chinese tradition and philosophy
  26. 26. Japan Middle Ages • Heian:794-1192 AD: Kyoto – Moved here to avoid politics from the Buddhist temple and better link with N/E cities – The estate: Shoen: owned large piece of land, farmers preferred to be serfs in the estate to avoid tax – worsened centralized economy, the start of feudalism • Fujiwara: most powerful family: married with the emperor • Kana Alphabet invention (women started to write) – Lady Murasaki Shikibu: The Tale of Genji (1002-1019 AD.): World first novel – Story of Prince Genji and his love – Reflect the life, taste, and belief of the royal families during those time. – Emaki painting (Genji) • New School of Buddism: – Tendai:praying, Shingon:ritual ceremony – Biyodoing Temple: The Phoenix Pavillion: private chapel of the regent Fujiwara Yorimichi(994-1074 AD.)
  27. 27. Military Leader period Japan Middle Ages •Kamakura:1192-1333 AD •Internal conflict between Tiara and Minamato families •Minamato Yoritomo:1st Shogun •Headquarters: Kamakura but the emperor’s still lived in Kyoto •Yoritomo Government: Bakufu (Tent government) •Feudalism: Peak of Samurai •Coincidence with Western Europe? What’s the difference? Similarities –Knight: Samurai: expensive and long training, came from good family –Code of chivalry :Bushido: brevity, loyalty, prefer death over dishonesty •Later(Diamyo as a vassal of Shogun) •Bakuhun: Decentralized(autonomy) management with Centralized national policy: Diamyo’s family as a hostage in Edo •Samurai increased power (700 years) •The Tale of Heike: Gempei war between the two families •Azuma Kagami: Reflection of the East: Information on the start of feudalism in Japan, Minamato Yoritomo •Kamakura:sword making
  28. 28. Japan Middle Ages • Muromachi:1333-1700 AD. • Weak Shoguns; continual warfare among the daimyos and samurais • Chinese style pavilions built by Shoguns for tea house or retreat: Golden Pavilion: Kyoto • Zen: experience a sudden flash when tune in with nature • Zen influence: Ryoanji Rock Garden in Kyoto; Can you intepret? • Samurai entertainment: – No drama: mask for main actor, imitating samurai, devil, or god – Tea ceremony: peace, calm • Civilian entertainment: Kabuki
  29. 29. Thailand • Sukothai Dynasty 1230 AD. – King Sriintaratit announced Thai Independence from Khorm – King Ramkamhang created Thai Alphabet – Spread of Buddhism from Srilanka •Mahatat Temple in Sukothai, JD style? •Ramkamhaeng Stone
  30. 30. Thailand • Ayudhaya Dynasty 1350 AD. – King Uthong constructed Ayudhaya as the new capital city of Thailand – 1492 AD: Sailed boat to Japan – 1531 AD: Portuguese merchant arrival • 1560 AD. Portuguese Missionary spread Christianity in Thailand • 1569 AD. Lost Ayudhaya to Burma – Praya Jackri:traitor • 1592 AD. King Narasuan the great fought on the elephant’s back (ยุทธหัตถี) With whom?
  31. 31. Time: Asian Politic, Economic, Knowledge, Philosophy, Art: Painting, Literature, Middle Ages Society Religion, Technology Sculpture, Drama Architecture Sui Dynasty: 581-618 AD. Yayoi,Tomb , Yamato State 300-600 AD state, equal field systemAsian Middle Ages Sui Yangdi: China reunited strong centralized Sun Goddess, 604 AD. Prince Shotoku announced Grand Canal for trade, repairing the great wall Kami: Holy things in nature Cave temples: Lung men Horyuji Temple (Before Chinese influence) The 17 Article Constitution Shinto: the way of the gods: belief in spiritual in nature: force of nature Tang: 618-907 AD. Military Expansion Period: Largest empire: Korea Hanlin Yuan: Royal Academy, Neo Cave Temples, Ceramics to Turkestan, Capital City @ Chang-an, Confucianism: Chu Hsi, Wang Yang Ming, centralized state with 6 ministries, prefecture Wood Block Printing, Ship, Gunpowder, The history of Kojiki and province, Agricultural expansion: economic Fireworks, Cannon, Ceramics, Abacus (Records of Ancient revolution period, Migration to the South Hsuan-tsang monk traveled to India for Matters 712) Chinese influence period 645 AD: The Taika Reform: Centralized economy, 16 years, Zhen Hur 7 trips to Indonesia, Nara Period: Todaiji Temple Nihon Shoki (720) Nara:710-781 AD. equal field system Arabia, and Africa Heian:Biyodoing Temple: The Heian:794-1192 AD, Fujiwara 701 AD: The Taiho Code: prefecture, province, tax 600 AD. Spread of Buddhism from China Phoenix Pavillion Lady Murasaki Copied Nara from Chang-an(Xian):East/West and Korea, Heian: New School of Japanese Garden (Shinto) Shikibu: The Tale of Arab Muslim:712 AD Moved the capital to Heian (Kyoto) 784 AD: Buddhism Tendai, Shingon Yamato-e Painting Genji (1002-1019 Slave Dynasty politics avoidance from the Buddhist temple and Kana Alphabet Emaki painting (Genji) AD.): World first Khilji Dynasty better link with N/E cities, Shoen system novel Tughlak Dynasty worsened centralized economy Islamic Mosques Book of Wonders Sayyid Dynasty Feudal society 800-1000 AD.1000 AD. Mahmud of Bhakti movement: fight against Islam Chola:Bronze sculptures: by Buzurg ibn Lodhi Dynasty Ghazni from Afghanistan invaded Northern India, University of Nalanda, Islam, Sikh Shiva Nataraja, Hindu shahriyar Chola Dynasty in Southern Delhi Sultanatee began 1192 (followed by 5 Rajarajeshvara Temple: India 886-1267 AD Muslim dynasties), Jeziya tax(non Muslim tax) Southern Indian style Sung: 960-1279 AD. Sung: China reunited, Capital City@Kaifeng, Sung: translucent porcelain, spinning Yuan dynasty: Tibetan style Sung: Li Ching Chao, Yuan: 1260-1368 AD. centralized state, peak of international trade machine, coinage, a golden age of white pagoda in Beijing’s composer of tzu Mongol, Kublai Khan Yuan: 1279 AD. Kublai Khan, Capital calligraphy and ink painting (mountain royal gardens (greatest female Ming:1368-1644 AD. City@Beijing, peace established, trade expanded, landscape, romantic landscape, and Marble Gate: 1345 AD poet) tax exempt for Muslim Merchant Association, Buddhist simplicity), magnetic compass Ming dynasty: peak of blue Ming: Emperor link renewed with the West, Tried to invade Yuan: color printing and white porcelain, Yung lo Japan twice but the war ships wrecked from Forbidden City encyclopedia (1403 kamikaze storm, 1331 AD Bubonic plague in Bushido: loyalty, brevity, death over AD) China, Ming: 1368 AD. Chu Yuan Chang, rebellion dishonesty leader against Mongols, became the first Ming Kamakura: sword making Chinese style pavilions built Dynasty Emperor, limited trade and collect Zen (Chinese Ch’an):sudden flash by Shoguns for tea house or tribute, paper currency experience when in tune with nature retreat: Golden Pavilion: Military Leader period Feudalism: Peak of Samurai: Tiara vs. Minamato Kiukakuji: Kyoto Azuma Kagami: Kamakura:1192-1333 AD Minamato Yoritomo is the first Shogun, Reflection of the Muromachi:1333 headquarters moved to Kamakura but the Ryoanji Rock Garden in Kyoto East emperor’s still in Kyoto, samurai increased power (Zen) The Tale of the (700 years) Heike Islam period in India (1000- 1206 AD. Aibak Sultan of Delhi Kutb Minar: Pillar of Victory No drama: male 1500 AD.) 1300 AD. Sultan expand the kingdom to S. India only 1336 AD. Hindu fought back and constructed The Tale of Ise Vijayanagar (วิชัยนคร) 1398 AD. Hun invasion (Tamerlane)
  32. 32. Memory Bingo • Use 1-3 keywords to summarize each box of our table for Japan. For example: Japan Middle Ages Politic, Economic, Knowledge, Art: Painting, Literature, Drama Society Philosophy, Religion, Sculpture, Architecture Technology Before Chinese Kami, Shinto Influence Chinese Influence: Nara, Heian Military Leader Period: Kamakura • Draw a new 3X3 table • Select 9 keywords and put them in your 3X3 table • Answer the following questions using your keyword list • “Bingo” when you get 3 words in a row, column, or diagonal.
  33. 33. Discussion • What’s the theme for Ancient World? What about the Middle Ages? • What are the similarity and difference during the Middle Ages in Europe and Asia? – Think of the Intellectual resources – Invasions – Politics and Society – Technology • What about Thailand? Where are we now? • Should be able to understand the table vertically and across continents. • Think about the cause and effect of the events.

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