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Metamorphosis by Kafka--An overview


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Metamorphosis by Kafka--An overview

  1. 1. AIZA Roll no 2750
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Written by in 1912 Published in 1915. Translated in English in 1936
  4. 4. AN OVERVIEW Part 1 Gregor, a travelling salesman, transformed into a monstrous vermin. First he tried to lift up his body starting from lower part then he lifted upper part at last he succeeded after many attempts.
  5. 5. PART 1 CONTINUE……. While struggling to lift up his body he thought of many things like his uneasy job and about his family's economic situation. Here a note of 'stream of consciousness can be seen that how Geegor Samsa runs through it.
  6. 6. PART 1 CONTINUE……. The manager of Gregor came to Samsa's house as he is not there at job. Gregor then tried to open the door, he opened the door from his jaws as he is not having human like teeth. Mrs. Samsa became unconscious as she took the first sight of her son Manager ran from house as 'he had just burned the sole of his foot'.
  7. 7. PART 1 CONTINUE……. Part 1 of novella ends in the tyrannic attitude of Gregor's father when he forced Gregor to go back in his room through a cane in right hand and newspaper in left hand.
  8. 8. PART 2 Gregor is given food by his sister. She gave him bread and fresh milk it was the favorite food of Gregor before his transformation. Gregor's preferences have changed as an insect. Now he likes rotten foods instead of fresh eatables.
  9. 9. PART 2 CONTINUE……. Gregor is now isolated and alienated from family. He is 'imprisoned' in his room. 'And now the keys were even inserted on the outside'.  Family is so much disturbed which can be seen in a situation that there is no cook in house and not so much cooking work as no one is eating too much at this time.
  10. 10. PART 2 CONTINUE…….  Father then told about financial situation of the family to Mrs. Samsa and Grete  Gregor now thinks about his sister to whom he loves much. Grete is very fond of violin playing and Gregor is having a plan in his mind that he will announce about the admission of his sister in conservatory at Christmas Eve.
  11. 11. PART 2 CONTINUE……. Gregor now became totally isolated that when his sister comes to his room for cleaning purpose or to give food. He hides himself under the couch to prevent his sister from his sight. He has totally adapted the habits of an insect that he started crawling on ceiling.
  12. 12. PART 2 CONTINUE……. Gregor, most of the time looked out of the window to view the world outside. His sister notices it only twice.
  13. 13. PART 2 CONTINUE…….  Grete decided to empty out Gregor's room so that he can crawl easily.  When they started to bring all furniture out of room. Gregor suddenly creep over the picture which was in his room. Hanging on the wall. In the second round when Mrs. Samsa caught Gregor's sight she screamed due to horrified scene of her son.
  14. 14. PART 2 CONTINUE……. Meanwhile Mr. Samsa came home and attacked on Gregor with apples. This part ended in Gregor's forceful return to his room.
  15. 15. PART 3 Gregor tells about the situation in which his father sleeps daily. Samsas hired a new old aged char woman. She is not afraid of Gregor yet calls him a dung beetle. Grete now gives food to him in a worst way through a broom stick. Gregor's room is now filled with dirt and all unnecessary things of home.
  16. 16. PART 3 CONTINUE……. Gregor's mind has stopped working. Now the family has given one room of apartment to three male boarders on rent as a source of income. Gregor's family is behaving politely to boarders.
  18. 18. THE METAMORPHOSIS--NARRATOR Third person Gregor’s mind Creeps in other minds
  19. 19. THE METAMORPHOSIS---GENRE Modernist fiction Magical realism Fantastic happenings Realistic setting
  20. 20. THE METAMORPHOSIS--- WRITING STYLE AND TONE OF FRANZ KAFKA Simple Run on lies Concluded lines Not complicated vocabulary Dispassionate tone
  21. 21. THE METAMORPHOSIS---TITLE Complex Not specified General
  22. 22. THE METAMORPHOSIS ---PLOT ANALYSIS  Most good stories start with a fundamental list of ingredients:  the initial situation  conflict  complication  climax  suspense  denouement  conclusion.
  23. 23. INITIAL SITUATION Gregor wakes up one morning and finds himself turned into a bug.
  24. 24. CONFLICT Gregor is met with horror and disgust when he reveals his new form to his family and his supervisor.
  25. 25. COMPLICATION Both Gregor and his family attempt to accommodate Gregor's new condition. Gregor's family has no idea how to treat this thing that he's become.
  26. 26. CLIMAX Moved by his sister's violin- playing, Gregor leaves his room in an effort to approach her. He exposes himself to the family's boarders, however, and chaos ensues.
  27. 27. SUSPENSE After some discussion, the family agrees that they must get rid of Gregor.
  28. 28. DENOUEMENT Gregor dies. Poor Gregor. On top of being a loathsome insect, he has to witness his family's horror, poverty, and humiliation.
  29. 29. CONCLUSION Relieved by Gregor's death, the family takes the day off and goes out for a trip to the country. Mr. and Mrs. Samsa notice that Grete has become a marriageable young woman.
  30. 30. THEMES The Absurdity of Life The Disconnect Between Mind and Body The Limits of Sympathy Alienation
  31. 31. MOTIFS Metamorphosis Sleep and Rest Money
  32. 32. SYMBOLS The Picture of the Woman in Furs The Father’s Uniform Food
  33. 33. CONCLUSION Franz Kafka was alienated from society, human being, family specially father, being a Jew from Germans, not being orthodox Jew from Jews and being a German speaker from Czech’s people. Isolated from creative reward.
  34. 34. SO He was socially, culturally, religiously, linguistically was under class and out class. He was treated as ‘others’. He felt himself worthless and useless.