Mnemonic Learning III
Nazi Control of Germany
G Gypsies, Gays and Jews
P Police State
P – Propaganda
Propaganda was spreading information and ideas of the Nazi
viewpoint to influence people’s opinions.
Nazis used various tools of Propaganda: Radio; Newspapers;
Censorship; Films; Books; Theatre; Music and Mass Rallies.
Hitler’s Propaganda minister was Josef Goebbels.
I - Indoctrination
Hitler took great trouble making sure the German children
supported him and his views.
In schools teachers had to be Nazis and teach Nazi ideas in their
lessons (like Aryan values).
Young people had to belong to the Hitler youth where the boys
learned military skills and the girls learned homemaking skills.
G – Gypsies, Gays and Jews
Hitler was determined to crush anyone who he felt was a threat
to his rule, but he also targeted groups he personally hated.
Jew were treated very badly – banned from voting, sacked from
jobs, barred from schools, even forced to move home.
Hitler started moving these people into concentration camps
where many would die.
S – The S.A
The S.A. (or brownshirts) were Hitler’s private army.
They broke up opposition meetings, bullied voters and cause
trouble for people on Hitler’s Hate list.
They were disbanded and leaders (Rohm) executed in the Night
of the Long Knives (1934).
L – Laws
Enabling Act (1933) – After the Reichstag fire this allowed
Hitler to make laws without consulting the Reichstag.
Nuremberg Laws (1935) – A set of laws that discriminated
against the Jews and said they were only allowed to marry
A – Army
The army (Wehrmacht) were a potential threat to Hitler( the
only force big enough to stand up to him)
As soon as Hindenburg made Hitler President he made
sure the army all the army swore an oath of personal loyalty
P – Police State
The S.S. (Schutzstaffel) were Hitler’s personal bodyguards and took
prominence after the S.A. Were disbanded.
Gestapo – Were Germany’s secret police who spied on people they
thought would be a threat.
Law courts were under Nazi control and Nazi officials were ignored by
the police. Concentration camps set up for anyone the Nazis didn’t
like – inmates forced to work hard and some were tortured and killed.
How the Nazis controlled Germany!