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Genre of text


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Genre of text

  1. 1.    Purpose : To describe a particular person, place or thing in detail. Generic Structure : Identifications : identifies phenomenon to be described. Description : describes parts qualities, characteristics. Significant Lexicogrammatical Features : Focus on particular Participant. Use of Attributive and Identifying Processes. Frequent use of Epithets and Classifiers in nominal groups. Use of simple present tense. MY GUITAR My most valuable possession is an old, slightly warped blond guitar, the first instrument I taught myself how to play. It's nothing fancy, just a Madeira folk guitar, all scuffed and scratched and finger-printed. At the top is a bramble of copper-wound strings, each one hooked through the eye of a silver tuning key. The strings are stretched down a long, slim neck, its frets tarnished, the wood worn by years of fingers pressing chords and picking notes. The body of the Madeira is shaped like an enormous yellow pear, one that was slightly damaged in shipping. The blond wood has been chipped and gouged to gray, particularly where the pick guard fell off years ago. No, it's not a beautiful instrument, but it still lets me make music, and for that I will always treasure it.
  2. 2.    Purpose : To amuse, entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways; narratives deal with problematic events which lead to a crisis or lurning point of some kind, which in turn finds a resolution. Generic Structure : Orientation : sets the scene and introduces the participants. Evaluation : a stepping back to evaluate the plight. Complication : a crisis arises. Resolution : the crisis is resolved, for better or for worse. Re-orientation : optional. Significant Lexicogrammatical Features : Focus and specific and usually Individualized Participant. Use of Material processes (and in this text, behavioual and verbal processes). Use of Relational Processes and Mental Processes. Use of temporal conjunctions and temporal Circumstances. Use of past tense. SNOW WHITE Orientation Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her Aunt and Uncle because her parents were dead. Complication 1 One day she heard her Uncle and Aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because they both wanted to go to America and they didn’t have enough money to take Snow White. Snow White did not want her Uncle and Aunt to do this so she decided it would be best if she ran away. The next morning she ran away from home when her Aunt and Uncle were having breakfast. She ran away into the woods. Resolution 1 Then she saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep. Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said, “what is your name?” Snow White said, “My name is Snow White.” Doc, one of the dwarfs, said, “If you wish, you may live here with us.” Snow White said, “Oh could I? Thank you.” Then Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story and finally Snow White and the 7 dwarfs lived happily ever after.
  3. 3. Purpose : To retell something that happened in the past and to tell a series of past event.  Generic Structure : Orientation : provides the setting and introduces participants. Events : tell what happened, in what sequence. Re-orientation : optional-closure of events.  Significant Lexicogrammatical Features : Focus on specific Participant. Use of material processes. Circumstances of time and place. Use of past tense. Focus on temporal sequence.  Our trip to the Blue Mountain Orientation On Friday we went to the Blue Mountains. We stayed at David and Della’s house. It has a big garden with lots of colourful flowers and a tennis court. Events On Saturday we saw the Three Sisters and went on the scenic railway. It was scary. Then, Mummy and I went shopping with Della. We went to some antique shops and I tried on some old hats. On Sunday we went on the Scenic Skyway and it rocked. We saw cockatoos having a shower Reorientation In the afternoon we went home. That was very pleasent moment with my family that I ever got.
  4. 4. Purpose : To describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. Generic Structure : Goal Material (not required for all procedural texts). Step 1-n (i.e. Goal followed by a series of steps oriented to achieving the Goal) Significant Lexicogrammatical Features : Focus on generalized human agents. Use of simple present tense, often Imperative. Use mainly of temporal conjuctions (or numbering to indicate sequence). Use mainly of Material Processes.  How to Make a Cup of Black Coffee INGREDIENTS : 1. Black coffee powder 2. Sugar 3. Milk (if you like) 4. Hot water STEPS : 1. Heat water until boiled. 2. Pick a cup. 3. Put a spoon of black coffee powder. 4. Don't forget to add some sugar. 5. Pour the hot water into the cup. 6. If you like milk, you can also add it into your coffee 7. A cup of black coffee is ready to drink
  5. 5. Purpose : To describe the way things are, with reference to arange of natural, man-made and social phenomena in our environment. Generic Structure : General classifications : tells what the phenomenon under discussion is. Description tells what the phenomenon under discussion is like in terms of (1) parts, (2) qulitifies, (3) habits or behaviors, if living; uses, if non-natural. Significant Lexicogrammatical Features : Focus on Generic Participant. Use of Relational Processes to state what is and that which it is. Use of simple present tense (uniess extinct). No temporal sequence. THE PELICAN REPORT General Clasification The white pelican is one of the most successful fish-eating birds. Description The success is largely due to its command hunting behaviour. A group, perhaps two dozen birds, will gather in a curved arc some distance offshore. The birds then begin to move forward towards the shore, beating the water furiously with their wings, driving the fish before them. When the water is shallow enough for the birds to reach the fish, the formation breaks up as each bird dips its bill into the water to scoop up its meal. As the bird lifts its head, the water drains from its bill leaving the fish which are then swallowed. Pelicans are among the oldest group of birds, Fossils of this genus have been found dating back 40 million years