SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Exclusivity of the concept of
      European Union citizenship


Who are the citizens of European Union? The concept of European Union citizenship is a
relatively undiscovered, still a very crucial theme when it comes to the functioning labor
markets in the European area. It is about time to discuss, should European Union
citizenship without national citizenship involved exist. Changing the concept of statutory
components, it is possible to get the labor market more efficient and flexible in the
European Union area. By benefitting the understanding of the conceptual context with its
features of inclusivity and exclusivity, it is more convenient to create functions for the
labor markets and to integrate the citizens to European Union.



                                      Keywords
    European Union, citizenship, Europe, labor market policies, privileges, migration




                                     Aino Salmi
                                    aino.salmi@jyu.fi
         scoop.it/t/citizenship-
         in-european-union

         @estudianteuc3m

         es.linkedin.com/in/
         ainosalmi
Hypothesis


The concept of European Union citizenship excludes non-EU -citizens, which causes faults
especially in the labor markets of Europe. The people coming from non-European Union
countries to EU -countries do not enjoy the same privileges in the scope of working and
moving whilst living in the European Union area. That results in legal and indentifical
problems especially in the case of migrants and refugees in labor markets. The dilemma
hides especially in the distinctions how different EU -countries handle the potential
migrant workers.


New institutional theory


The new institutional theory concentrates on the profound aspects of social structures and
it goes beneath the surface of social behavior. New institutional theories focus on a
sociological view of institutions and on how the institutions shape the behaviour of human
beings. According to this theory point of view, a critical look at the institution, the
European Union citizenship, is justifiable. It is questionable, for what purposes this
institution is created for and for who.


Institutionalism is not a theory in a way we understand it, it is moreover an "organising
perspective". New institutionalism does not really ask for any specific theory, with this
approach it is possible to adapt various theories, what is substantial is to have a critical
stance. The most important institutions in the world have their subjective and objective
features. One of them, is certainly the institution of citizenship. (Marsh etc. 2002)


As an institution, the European Union citizenship doesn't appear as something to take for
granted. The concept is relatively new and more or less arguable. European citizenship
itself does not yet have an autonomous definition. Citizenship is still a vital instrument for
incorporation in European societies, but absorption of national and European Union
citizenship doesn't seem to work when it comes to the labor markets. With the new
institutional theory we can examine how this institution affects human behaviour.
Analysis


European Union citizenship is an unexampled project in the making. The unique way to
access the European Union citizenship is by having one of the member states nationality. It
causes a relatively paradoxical situation, when the person coming from a third country
with the same circumstances will be treated in a different way. Depending on the state, the
person entering the area can get the nationality and become a EU -citizen or be excluded
from nationality and European Union citizenship. The concept of European Union
citizenship was built excluding a large amount of third countries nationals that live within
its frontiers.


The concept of European Union citizenship at this form delivers problems of distribution
and legitimisation of civil, political and social entitlements to non-citizens resident within
the territory of EU member states. It is considerable to think, if the national citizenship still
is an essential organisational factor in European Union politics as a status that assigns
individuals to a particular political community and enables those who qualify as citizens
with exclusive rights and obligations. (Maarten 2003) The other question to discuss is, why
and to what extent the co-operation of autonomous states in the EU affects the domestic
organisation of extending rights to noncitizens.


Any person holding the nationality of a European Union country is automatically also a
EU -citizen. EU citizenship is additional to and does not replace national citizenship,
giving a European status a distinctively national foundation. It is for every EU -country to
lay down the conditions for the acquisition and loss of nationality of the country. (Maarten
2003)


Referring to Soysal (1995), to note that "national citizenship or a formal nationality is no
longer a significant construction in terms of how it translates into certain rights and
privileges", undervalues the difficulties experienced by third country migrant workers and
refugees who seek access to European labor markets and social welfare. (Maarten 2003)
The postnational model of citizenship emerges as migrants gain rights on the basis of
universal personhood, rendering national citizenship increasingly irrelevant. The main
grounds for the equal treatment of third country nationals are the association agreements
between the EU and third countries, for example the Agreement on the European
Economic are. The status of third country nationals has been on the agenda of European
policy-makers within a more optimistic track.


Europe has to consider pro-active migration policies and measures to identify future labor
and skills gaps. In the medium- and long-term the EU and its member states will have to
compete with other countries for attractive potential migrants. Might be that European
Union should develop a genuine interest in becoming both more attractive for highly
skilled migrants as well as more inclusive towards all employable migrants. (Münz 2008).


Citizenship is still a crucial instrument for incorporation in European societies. The limited
impact of European integration on national citizenship, arguably the result of aversion by
member states to do away with an essential aspect of the nation-state, however also
uncovers in more general terms the limits of European citizenship itself. It should be
emphasised that free movement is quite far from complete and unconditional under these
circumstances. European citizenship entails various good ideas for a more driven transition
to a post-national tableau and it can be the prototype for institutional experimentation on
citizenship on a global scale. EU citizenship has matured as an institution, owing to many
important interventions by the European Court of Justice and legislative initiatives, such as
the Citizenship Directive 2004/38/EC. (Konstakopoulou 2007)




Bibliography


Konstakopulou, D. (2007) "European Union Citizenship: Writing the Future". European
Law Journal, Vol. 13, No. 5, 623-646.
Maarten P. V. (2003): "Limits of European Citizenship: European Integration and
Domestic Immigration Policies". Constitutionalism Web-Papers, ConWEB, 4/2003.
Marsh, D., Stoker, G. (eds) (2002): Theory and Methods in Political Science. Great
Britain: Palgrave Macmillan.
Münz, R. (2008): "Migration, Labor Markets, and Integration of Migrants: An Overview
for Europe." Social Protection Discussion Paper, 0807.
Soysal, Y. (1995): Limits of Citizenship, Migrants and postnational membership in
Europe. Chigago: University of Chigago Press.

More Related Content

Similar to Exclusivity of the concept of European Union citizenship

A more inclusive cizitenship open to immigrants - The role of civil society
A more inclusive cizitenship open to immigrants - The role of civil societyA more inclusive cizitenship open to immigrants - The role of civil society
A more inclusive cizitenship open to immigrants - The role of civil society
European Economic and Social Committee - SOC Section
 
European Citizenship - Be Modern, Be Successful
European Citizenship - Be Modern, Be SuccessfulEuropean Citizenship - Be Modern, Be Successful
European Citizenship - Be Modern, Be Successful
Pavel26766
 
EU Citizenship Report 2013
EU Citizenship Report 2013EU Citizenship Report 2013
EU Citizenship Report 2013
Ali Babaoglan Blog
 
European identity over national identity
European identity over national identityEuropean identity over national identity
European identity over national identity
Austen Uche Uwosomah
 
Article on European Citizenship by Cécile Fournis
Article on European Citizenship by Cécile FournisArticle on European Citizenship by Cécile Fournis
Article on European Citizenship by Cécile Fournis
Cécile Fournis
 
The emergence of a europe wide public sphere slow but surely
The emergence of a europe wide public sphere slow but surelyThe emergence of a europe wide public sphere slow but surely
The emergence of a europe wide public sphere slow but surely
Austen Uche Uwosomah
 
Henrik Zipsane - Invitation til medborgerskab
Henrik Zipsane - Invitation til medborgerskabHenrik Zipsane - Invitation til medborgerskab
Henrik Zipsane - Invitation til medborgerskab
Association of Danish Museums / Organisationen Danske Museer
 
Please answer one of the following 1 Can The European Model (.docx
Please answer one of the following 1 Can The European Model (.docxPlease answer one of the following 1 Can The European Model (.docx
Please answer one of the following 1 Can The European Model (.docx
ARIV4
 
ETTW J Tagger Labour Mobility Riga May 2015
ETTW J Tagger Labour Mobility Riga May 2015ETTW J Tagger Labour Mobility Riga May 2015
ETTW J Tagger Labour Mobility Riga May 2015
euromonde
 
A social and democratic Europe?
A social and democratic Europe?A social and democratic Europe?
A social and democratic Europe?
FESD GKr
 
EU IMUN 2014 STUDY GUIDE
EU IMUN 2014 STUDY GUIDEEU IMUN 2014 STUDY GUIDE
EU IMUN 2014 STUDY GUIDE
Zain Azzaino
 
athornintheside-1.pdf
athornintheside-1.pdfathornintheside-1.pdf
athornintheside-1.pdf
thinkingeurope2011
 
athornintheside-1.pdf
athornintheside-1.pdfathornintheside-1.pdf
athornintheside-1.pdf
thinkingeurope2011
 
European citizenship
European citizenshipEuropean citizenship
European citizenship
scoutsdegredos
 
Respect for Immigrants’ Fundamental Rights: a Duty
Respect for Immigrants’ Fundamental Rights: a DutyRespect for Immigrants’ Fundamental Rights: a Duty
Respect for Immigrants’ Fundamental Rights: a Duty
European Economic and Social Committee - SOC Section
 
Eu crash course
Eu crash courseEu crash course
Eu crash course
Gillian Vicente
 
European Union
European UnionEuropean Union
European Union
Gillian Vicente
 
Thomas Social Capital, Migrants And Ict Use, A Comparative Study
Thomas Social Capital, Migrants And Ict Use, A Comparative StudyThomas Social Capital, Migrants And Ict Use, A Comparative Study
Thomas Social Capital, Migrants And Ict Use, A Comparative Study
ftr_
 
Equality in the European Union
Equality in the European UnionEquality in the European Union
Equality in the European Union
Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
 
ECI Faq
ECI FaqECI Faq

Similar to Exclusivity of the concept of European Union citizenship (20)

A more inclusive cizitenship open to immigrants - The role of civil society
A more inclusive cizitenship open to immigrants - The role of civil societyA more inclusive cizitenship open to immigrants - The role of civil society
A more inclusive cizitenship open to immigrants - The role of civil society
 
European Citizenship - Be Modern, Be Successful
European Citizenship - Be Modern, Be SuccessfulEuropean Citizenship - Be Modern, Be Successful
European Citizenship - Be Modern, Be Successful
 
EU Citizenship Report 2013
EU Citizenship Report 2013EU Citizenship Report 2013
EU Citizenship Report 2013
 
European identity over national identity
European identity over national identityEuropean identity over national identity
European identity over national identity
 
Article on European Citizenship by Cécile Fournis
Article on European Citizenship by Cécile FournisArticle on European Citizenship by Cécile Fournis
Article on European Citizenship by Cécile Fournis
 
The emergence of a europe wide public sphere slow but surely
The emergence of a europe wide public sphere slow but surelyThe emergence of a europe wide public sphere slow but surely
The emergence of a europe wide public sphere slow but surely
 
Henrik Zipsane - Invitation til medborgerskab
Henrik Zipsane - Invitation til medborgerskabHenrik Zipsane - Invitation til medborgerskab
Henrik Zipsane - Invitation til medborgerskab
 
Please answer one of the following 1 Can The European Model (.docx
Please answer one of the following 1 Can The European Model (.docxPlease answer one of the following 1 Can The European Model (.docx
Please answer one of the following 1 Can The European Model (.docx
 
ETTW J Tagger Labour Mobility Riga May 2015
ETTW J Tagger Labour Mobility Riga May 2015ETTW J Tagger Labour Mobility Riga May 2015
ETTW J Tagger Labour Mobility Riga May 2015
 
A social and democratic Europe?
A social and democratic Europe?A social and democratic Europe?
A social and democratic Europe?
 
EU IMUN 2014 STUDY GUIDE
EU IMUN 2014 STUDY GUIDEEU IMUN 2014 STUDY GUIDE
EU IMUN 2014 STUDY GUIDE
 
athornintheside-1.pdf
athornintheside-1.pdfathornintheside-1.pdf
athornintheside-1.pdf
 
athornintheside-1.pdf
athornintheside-1.pdfathornintheside-1.pdf
athornintheside-1.pdf
 
European citizenship
European citizenshipEuropean citizenship
European citizenship
 
Respect for Immigrants’ Fundamental Rights: a Duty
Respect for Immigrants’ Fundamental Rights: a DutyRespect for Immigrants’ Fundamental Rights: a Duty
Respect for Immigrants’ Fundamental Rights: a Duty
 
Eu crash course
Eu crash courseEu crash course
Eu crash course
 
European Union
European UnionEuropean Union
European Union
 
Thomas Social Capital, Migrants And Ict Use, A Comparative Study
Thomas Social Capital, Migrants And Ict Use, A Comparative StudyThomas Social Capital, Migrants And Ict Use, A Comparative Study
Thomas Social Capital, Migrants And Ict Use, A Comparative Study
 
Equality in the European Union
Equality in the European UnionEquality in the European Union
Equality in the European Union
 
ECI Faq
ECI FaqECI Faq
ECI Faq
 

Recently uploaded

MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
Filippo64
 
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
FIRST INDIA
 
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
LUMINATIVE MEDIA/PROJECT COUNSEL MEDIA GROUP
 
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu BiographyYoungest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
VoterMood
 
Essential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptx
Essential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptxEssential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptx
Essential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptx
Pragencyuk
 
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
dynamo777
 
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
bhavenpr
 
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
ckn2izdm
 

Recently uploaded (8)

MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
 
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
 
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu BiographyYoungest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
 
Essential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptx
Essential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptxEssential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptx
Essential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptx
 
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
 
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
 
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
 

Exclusivity of the concept of European Union citizenship

  • 1. Exclusivity of the concept of European Union citizenship Who are the citizens of European Union? The concept of European Union citizenship is a relatively undiscovered, still a very crucial theme when it comes to the functioning labor markets in the European area. It is about time to discuss, should European Union citizenship without national citizenship involved exist. Changing the concept of statutory components, it is possible to get the labor market more efficient and flexible in the European Union area. By benefitting the understanding of the conceptual context with its features of inclusivity and exclusivity, it is more convenient to create functions for the labor markets and to integrate the citizens to European Union. Keywords European Union, citizenship, Europe, labor market policies, privileges, migration Aino Salmi aino.salmi@jyu.fi scoop.it/t/citizenship- in-european-union @estudianteuc3m es.linkedin.com/in/ ainosalmi
  • 2. Hypothesis The concept of European Union citizenship excludes non-EU -citizens, which causes faults especially in the labor markets of Europe. The people coming from non-European Union countries to EU -countries do not enjoy the same privileges in the scope of working and moving whilst living in the European Union area. That results in legal and indentifical problems especially in the case of migrants and refugees in labor markets. The dilemma hides especially in the distinctions how different EU -countries handle the potential migrant workers. New institutional theory The new institutional theory concentrates on the profound aspects of social structures and it goes beneath the surface of social behavior. New institutional theories focus on a sociological view of institutions and on how the institutions shape the behaviour of human beings. According to this theory point of view, a critical look at the institution, the European Union citizenship, is justifiable. It is questionable, for what purposes this institution is created for and for who. Institutionalism is not a theory in a way we understand it, it is moreover an "organising perspective". New institutionalism does not really ask for any specific theory, with this approach it is possible to adapt various theories, what is substantial is to have a critical stance. The most important institutions in the world have their subjective and objective features. One of them, is certainly the institution of citizenship. (Marsh etc. 2002) As an institution, the European Union citizenship doesn't appear as something to take for granted. The concept is relatively new and more or less arguable. European citizenship itself does not yet have an autonomous definition. Citizenship is still a vital instrument for incorporation in European societies, but absorption of national and European Union citizenship doesn't seem to work when it comes to the labor markets. With the new institutional theory we can examine how this institution affects human behaviour.
  • 3. Analysis European Union citizenship is an unexampled project in the making. The unique way to access the European Union citizenship is by having one of the member states nationality. It causes a relatively paradoxical situation, when the person coming from a third country with the same circumstances will be treated in a different way. Depending on the state, the person entering the area can get the nationality and become a EU -citizen or be excluded from nationality and European Union citizenship. The concept of European Union citizenship was built excluding a large amount of third countries nationals that live within its frontiers. The concept of European Union citizenship at this form delivers problems of distribution and legitimisation of civil, political and social entitlements to non-citizens resident within the territory of EU member states. It is considerable to think, if the national citizenship still is an essential organisational factor in European Union politics as a status that assigns individuals to a particular political community and enables those who qualify as citizens with exclusive rights and obligations. (Maarten 2003) The other question to discuss is, why and to what extent the co-operation of autonomous states in the EU affects the domestic organisation of extending rights to noncitizens. Any person holding the nationality of a European Union country is automatically also a EU -citizen. EU citizenship is additional to and does not replace national citizenship, giving a European status a distinctively national foundation. It is for every EU -country to lay down the conditions for the acquisition and loss of nationality of the country. (Maarten 2003) Referring to Soysal (1995), to note that "national citizenship or a formal nationality is no longer a significant construction in terms of how it translates into certain rights and privileges", undervalues the difficulties experienced by third country migrant workers and refugees who seek access to European labor markets and social welfare. (Maarten 2003) The postnational model of citizenship emerges as migrants gain rights on the basis of universal personhood, rendering national citizenship increasingly irrelevant. The main grounds for the equal treatment of third country nationals are the association agreements between the EU and third countries, for example the Agreement on the European
  • 4. Economic are. The status of third country nationals has been on the agenda of European policy-makers within a more optimistic track. Europe has to consider pro-active migration policies and measures to identify future labor and skills gaps. In the medium- and long-term the EU and its member states will have to compete with other countries for attractive potential migrants. Might be that European Union should develop a genuine interest in becoming both more attractive for highly skilled migrants as well as more inclusive towards all employable migrants. (Münz 2008). Citizenship is still a crucial instrument for incorporation in European societies. The limited impact of European integration on national citizenship, arguably the result of aversion by member states to do away with an essential aspect of the nation-state, however also uncovers in more general terms the limits of European citizenship itself. It should be emphasised that free movement is quite far from complete and unconditional under these circumstances. European citizenship entails various good ideas for a more driven transition to a post-national tableau and it can be the prototype for institutional experimentation on citizenship on a global scale. EU citizenship has matured as an institution, owing to many important interventions by the European Court of Justice and legislative initiatives, such as the Citizenship Directive 2004/38/EC. (Konstakopoulou 2007) Bibliography Konstakopulou, D. (2007) "European Union Citizenship: Writing the Future". European Law Journal, Vol. 13, No. 5, 623-646. Maarten P. V. (2003): "Limits of European Citizenship: European Integration and Domestic Immigration Policies". Constitutionalism Web-Papers, ConWEB, 4/2003. Marsh, D., Stoker, G. (eds) (2002): Theory and Methods in Political Science. Great Britain: Palgrave Macmillan. Münz, R. (2008): "Migration, Labor Markets, and Integration of Migrants: An Overview for Europe." Social Protection Discussion Paper, 0807. Soysal, Y. (1995): Limits of Citizenship, Migrants and postnational membership in Europe. Chigago: University of Chigago Press.