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Flood management in Pakistan ppt

Disaster Management, Flood Management in Pakistan

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Flood management in Pakistan ppt

  1. 1. FLOOD MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  Flooding is the most devastating natural hazard in Pakistan and the recent flooding has demonstrated its severeness. Floods are common throughout the country. However, their characteristics differ from region to region. Monsoon rainfalls are the main source of floods in the Indus Basin. Floods are almost annual events in Pakistan. Pakistan has been experiencing. floods mainly because of its topography, Sind, Kabul and swat are three hazard prone rivers, and due to climatic and ecological condition, Pakistan constantly received flooding every year.
  3. 3. FEDERAL FLOOD COMMISSION ESTABLISHMENT – Prior to 1976, the Provincial Governments were responsible for planning and execution of flood protection works; – Disastrous floods of 1973 and 1976 resulted in heavy losses indicating that existing flood protection facilities and planning were inadequate to provide effective protective measures for the country; – Consequently in January 1977, Federal Flood Commission was established for integrated flood management on country-wide basis.
  4. 4. FEDERAL FLOOD COMMISSION COMPOSITION  Chief Engineering Adviser Chairrman  Chief (Water), Planning & Development Division , Member  Joint Secretary (Roads), M/O Communications Member  Member (Water), WAPDA Member  Director General, Pakistan Meteorological Department Member  Member (Civil Engineering), Pakistan Railways Member  Four Provincial Irrigation Secretaries and representatives Members from Gilgit-Baltistan, FATA and Azad Jammu & Kashmir
  5. 5. FLOOD MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN  Flood have caused massive damage to infrastructure and crops in Pakistan, besides loss of life. Monetary losses during the major floods since 1950 aggregate billion dollars. Major floods during the years 1955, 1973, 1976, 1988, 1992, 2010 & 2011 resulted in inundation of millions of acres of land in various parts of Pakistan, which constituted one of the most serious environmental hazards. Over 10,668 people lost their lives during these floods. Floods are detrimental not only in financial terms, but also in their ability to severely undermine the productive system, which needs to be free from uncertainties and frequent disruptions
  6. 6. FLOOD MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN – The complete prevention of floods is almost a physical impossibility. However, flood protection to the extent it is technically and economically feasible, is a socio-economic necessity. By proper planning, means can be devised not only to minimize flood losses but also to conserve the surplus flows for augmenting water availability for productive use of the community. The recent drought, prolonged as it has been, must not be understood as meaning that Pakistan will not be hit by severe floods again. Indeed, the progressively declining storage, if not replaced, will eventually mean that flood peaks on Indus and Jhelum will be even higher due to loss of attending ability of the reservoir.
  7. 7. FLOOD MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN  In order to safeguard the Indus Valley and other flood prone areas from inundation, 5,822 Km (3,600 miles) of embankments have been constructed along major rivers and their tributaries in Pakistan.  The protect embankment, to channelize flows through barrages and bridges, and to save lands and areas from erosion, 577 spurs have so far been constructed.
  8. 8. FLOOD MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN  The nature and need of flood protection facilities very according to specific physiographic characteristics and local conditions in different parts of Pakistan.  In Punjab Province, the problems of inundation and land erosion are both prevalent.  In Sindh, the river bed is generally higher than the adjoining lands and the river slopes are milder due to which the problem of inundation is far more serious. This is why almost throughout in Sindh, a double line of flood protection embankments has been constructed along both the banks of Indus. Wherever river current is anticipated to attack the embankments, heavy stone pitching and aprons have been provided as protective measures.  In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan, besides river flooding, hill torrents create havocs due to their steep slopes which result in flashy sudden flows of high magnitudes. In these areas, flood abatement/dispersion structures
  9. 9. FLOOD MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN  ISSUES:  In Pakistan; both structural and non-structural measures have been used to mitigate flood losses. Principal non- structural measures include flood forecasting and warning, permanent relocation of people, flood insurance and land- use regulations. Under FPSP-I, considerable work has been done in the field of non-structural measures including flood plain mapping of some major river reaches. However, there is lot of room for carrying out more work in this field
  10. 10. FLOOD MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN  Although considerable strengthening of flood forecasting work in the form of additional weather radar ad telemetric system, has been done, still greater emphasis is required on accurately forecasting precipitation in catchment areas, and on the development of an early warning system.
  11. 11. INTEGRATED FLOOD MANAGEMENT Construction of Flood Protection Works along major & other Rivers: i. Construction of new Flood Protection Infrastructure in vulnerable reaches along major & other rivers. ii. Up-gradation/Remodelling of flood protection infrastructure that provide protection to the urban areas/main cities and important installations such as power stations, oil refineries, industries etc.; iii. Flood Management of Hill Torrents through construction of; (a) Small Dams/Delay Action Dams (Water storage structures); (b) Flood Management Structures for mitigating flood flows and Agriculture development. Adequate budget allocation by the Provinces each year for proper maintenance of existing flood management facilities. iv. Recommend options for safety inspection and real time monitoring of flood protection and River Training Works and Barrages using Satellite services of SUPARCO.
  12. 12. INTEGRATED FLOOD MANAGEMENT FLOOD PLAIN MAPPING/ZONING i. Flood Plain Mapping/Zoning along all the Indus river and its major tributaries (Jehlum, Chenab, Ravi & Sutlej, Kabul, Swat, Panjkora) for restricting/prohibiting by law permanent settlements in high and medium flood risk areas; i. Provinces to prepare and pass an Act/River law and ensure its implementation; i. Develop Web-GIS based inventory showing the complete history of existing flood protection and River Training Works along main rivers, secondary & Tertiary rivers including Hill Torrents/local nullahs of the entire country. ii. Submergence plans for critical reaches along flood embankments; iii. Identification, resettlement and relocation of villages in flood plains to safe areas outside the flood bunds;
  13. 13. INTEGRATED FLOOD MANAGEMENT  Provision of Escape Channels/Breaching Sections:  Identification of flood escape channels to desert areas/off channel storages that would provide major reduction in flood peak discharge in Indus River System. Also identify possible sites for underground reservoirs, retarding basins, etc.
  14. 14. GIS used as an tool for flood management  GIS and remote sensing is an important tool for detecting or identifying flood prone areas and also find out the topography of that specific area. Satellite images used for identifying the flood hazard areas in Pakistan. Through the data of GIS we can create resilient infra structure in the flood prone area and can save the most of destruction. In province Sindh GIS technique used and find about hazardous prone areas.

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  • ShahFaisal9

    Sep. 25, 2014
  • marsaliraza

    Nov. 17, 2019

Disaster Management, Flood Management in Pakistan

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