• An Analogue signal is any continuous signal for which the time
varying feature (variable) of the signal is a representation of
some other time varying quantity, i.e., analogous to another
time varying signal.
• It uses continuous range of values to represent information.
• For example, Human voice in air, analog electronic devices.
Advantages of Analogue
• Best suited for audio and video transmission.
• It has low cost and is portable.
• It has a much higher density that can present more
• Not necessary to purchase a new graphics board.
Disadvantages of Analogue
• More likely to get affected reducing accuracy.
• Analog instruments usually have a scale which is
cramped at the lower end and give considerable
• Analog tends to have a lower quality than digital.
• The cables are sensitive to external influences.
• A digital signal uses discrete (discontinuous) values. By contrast, nondigital (or analog) systems use a continuous range of values to
represent information. Although digital representations are discrete,
the information represented can be either discrete, such as
numbers or letters, or continuous, such as sounds, images, and
other measurements of continuous systems.
• Uses discrete or discontinuous values to represent information.
• For example, Computers, CD’s, DVD’s and other electronic devices.
Advantages of Digital
• It is less affected since noise response are analog in nature.
• It is best suited for computing and digital electronics.
• Digital instruments are free from observation errors like parallax
and approximation errors.
• Digital has a higher quality of signal, but can't reach as far.
Disadvantages of Digital
The cost is high and not easily portable.
Currently three standards (P&D, DFP and DVI)
Low availability of models with digital interfaces.
Requires graphic board with digital output.
The difference between Analogue & Digital
• Analog and digital signals are used to transmit information, usually through electric
signals. In both these technologies, the information, such as any audio or video, is
transformed into electric signals.
• The difference between analog and digital technologies is that in analog
technology, information is translated into electric pulses of varying amplitude. In
digital technology, translation of information is into binary format (zero or one)
where each bit is representative of two distinct amplitudes
• Digital technology has been most efficient in cellular phone industry. Analog
phones have become redundant even though sound clarity and quality was
• Analog technology comprises of natural signals like human speech. With digital
technology this human speech can be saved and stored in a computer. Thus
digital technology opens up the horizon for endless possible uses.