Binirayan commemorates the landing of the ten Malay Datus in Malandog, Hamtik, Antique inthe middle of 13th century to set up the first Malayan settlement in this country.In the middle of thirteenth century (year 1250), ten Bornean Datus led by Datu Puti sailed withtheir family and community from Borneo northward and landed on Panay.There they met the Negrito Chieftain King Marikudo and Maniwantiwan. They bought the islandfrom the chieftain for a golden salakot (headpiece or helmet), and a golden necklace, given tohis wife among other gifts. The Negritos then retreated to the mountains, while the Borneanssettled in the lowlands
THE FORMATION OFPHILIPPINE COLONIALSOCIETY(1565-1762)T h e S p a n is h c o lo n iz a t io nS ig n in g o f t h e f ir s t P h ilip p in e p e a c etre a ty
The Spanish colonization started when Miguel Lopez de Legazpi landed in Cebu in 1565.Spains King Philip II appointed him as the Philippines first Governor-General to formalizethe colonization. He established the seat of Spanish colonial government in Manila.Rajah Tupas and General Legazpi signed the first Philippine peace treaty in June 4,1565. Under the peace agreement, Cebu recognized the Spanish government which, inreturn, would protect Cebu in times of wars.
THE FORMATION OF PHILIPPINECOLONIAL SOCIETY(1762-1896)ARRIVAL OF THE BRITSTREATY OF PARIS
Spanish rule on the Philippines was briefly interrupted in 1762, when British troops invaded and occupied the islands as a result of Spains entry into the Seven Years War.The Treaty of Paris in 1763 brought back Spanish rule and the British left in 1764. The briefBritish occupation weakened Spains grip on power and sparked rebellions and demands forindependence. This treaty, signed on September 3, 1783, between the American colonies and Great Britain, ended the American Revolution and formally recognized the United States as an independent nation.
THE PHILIPPINES IN TRANSITION FROM THE THEREVOLUTION TO THE FIL AM WAR(1896-1901)Battle of Pinaglabanan. August 31, 1896.1897The Battle of Zapote Bridge. February 19, 1897
The first battle between the rebel Katipuneros and Spanish forces happened inSan Juan, Rizal on August 31, 1896, in what is referred to as the Battle ofPinaglabanan. Over one hundred Katipuneros were killed in the battle.The Battle of Zapote Bridge was fought on Febraury 16, 1897 between 3,000m Americans ledby Maj. Gen. Henry Ware Lawton and 5,000 Filipinos. It was the second largest battle duringthe Philippine-American War. It was this battle that Filipino soldiers earned the respect of General Lawton,(right) whose dispatches invariably carried a sympathetic note of the heroism displayed by Filipinos fighting for their freedom.
AMERICANCOLONIALISM IN THEPHILIPPINES(1901-1946)The first Labor Day rally in the Philippines. May 1, 1903.
Labor Day in the Philippines is called “Araw ng Manggagawa”The first Labor Day rally in the Philippines. May 1, 1903. Organized by the Union ObreroDemocratica de Filipinas. Thousands of participants marched to Malacañang to publiclydemand for working conditions.The workers who protested for better working conditions, which started the first Labor Day inthe Philippines, were asking for these items: Eight Hour Work Day Labor Standards for Women Abolition of Child Labor Liability for Capitalists
THE MAKING OF A NEOCOLONY: FROMINDEPENDENCE(1946-1972)Jones Law or P h i l i p p i n e A u t o n o m y A c t
The Jones Act of 1916 was signed under the Wilson presidency as well, it promised to give the Philippines their full independence when they had reached a position of stable government.In 1916, the Philippine Autonomy Act, widely known as the Jones Law, was passed by the U.S.Congress.The law placed executive power in the Governor General of the Philippines, appointed by thePresident of the United States, but established a bicameral Philippine Legislature to replace theelected Philippine Assembly (lower house) and appointive Philippine Commission (upperhouse) previously in place.The Filipino House of Representatives would be purely elected, while the new Philippine Senatewould have the majority of its members elected by senatorial district with senators representingnon-Christian areas appointed by the Governor-General.
CRISES AND CHALLENGESIN THE NATIONSDEVELOPMENT(1972-2012)First actor President of the Philippines. June 30, 1998.First president to be prosecuted because of abuse of powerand his involvement to some illegal activities. November 13,2000
Joseph Estrada, who had served as Ramoss vice president and enjoyed widespreadpopularity, was elected president in 1998.Within a year, however, Estradas popularity sharply declined amid allegations of cronyism andcorruption and failure to remedy the problems of poverty. Once again, street rallies supportedby Cardinal Sin and Corazon Aquino took place.Then, in 2000 Senate investigators accused Estrada of having accepted bribes from illegalgambling businesses. Following an abortive Senate impeachment trial, growing street protests,and the withdrawal of support by the armed forces, Estrada was forced out of office on January20, 2001.Vice President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was sworn in as Estradas successor on the day of hisdeparture.