SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 16
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
Section 11 – Pumping Units
Looking at the various types and
designs of pumping units and their
applications in fluid production.
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
Background
In the early years of the oil patch either a
special pumping rig similar to a cable
drilling rig (or the cable drilling rig that
was used to drill the well) was used to
pump a well. This one rig did the work
of a pumping unit, a service rig, and a
workover rig.
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
More background
The modern pumping units are based on
the design of the cable drilling and
pumping rigs.
All have a walking beam supported near
the middle by a sampson post and a
pitman that connects one end of the
beam to an eccentric (a crank system).
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
Even more background
The very first pumping units were so much
like a standard pumping rig, that they had
no horse’s head or counterbalance weights.
During the early 1920s gear boxes were
added to these early pumping units and a
pumping revolution began.
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
Pumping unit components
base
horses
head
sampson
post
walking
beam
equalizer
pitman
gearbox
and support
counter
balance
weights
ladder
skid
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
Pumping unit lubrication
saddle
bearing
assembly
Equalizer
bearing
Pitman
bearing
wrist pin
bearings
gear box
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
Beam balanced units
Inexpensive.
Durable.
Low maintenance.
Typically used for
shallow production.
Class 1 lever.
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
Crank balanced units
Called conventional units.
Very durable.
Extremely versatile.
Cost effective.
Low maintenance.
Increase counter-balance
by extending weights
further out on cranks.
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
Lufkin Mark II units
Phased counter-balance.
Lower peak torque.
Slower up stroke.
Faster down stroke.
Class 3 lever.
Increase counter-balance
by extending weights
further out on cranks.
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
Air balanced units
Lighter than other units.
More portable.
Very accurate counter-
balance adjustment.
Requires compressing
system for air.
High maintenance.
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
Reverse units
Alternative design as far
as geometry.
Very durable.
Lower torque.
Low maintenance.
Increase counter-balance
by extending weights
further out on cranks.
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
Other units
Slant hole units
Foldable units.
Low profile units
Portable trailer mounted units
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
Pumping unit gearboxes
Double or single reduction.
Herringbone or helical gears.
Check fluid level periodically.
Replace fluid regularly.
Following manufacturers specs on
lubricants.
Lubricant specs change with
temperature.
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
Signs of a problem
Any unusual noise coming from the gearbox.
Gearbox fluid appears milky looking.
Loose wrist pin in a crank.
Any unusual noise coming from a bearing
assembly. (Squeaking, rattling, chattering)
Increase play or movement in any bearing.
Bearing fails to take grease.
Bearing fails to retain grease.
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
More pumping units
This unique rainbow
painted pumping unit
is made in Russia
and has a stroke of
up to 3 meters.
Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns
This product was funded by a grant awarded under the President’s High
Growth Job Training Initiative as implemented by the US
Department of Labor’s Employment and Training Administration.
The Information contained in this product was created by a
grantee organization and does not necessarily reflect the official
position of the US Department of Labor. All references to non-
governmental companies or organizations, their services,
products, or resources are offered for informational purposes and
should not be construed as an endorsement by the Department of
Labor. This product is copyrighted by the institution that created it
and is intended for individual organizational, non-commercial use
only.

More Related Content

Similar to pump units.ppt

Lesson-3-Part-2-Engines.pdf
Lesson-3-Part-2-Engines.pdfLesson-3-Part-2-Engines.pdf
Lesson-3-Part-2-Engines.pdf
MonDeLeon
 
Vw tdi with_pumpe_duse
Vw tdi with_pumpe_duseVw tdi with_pumpe_duse
Vw tdi with_pumpe_duse
070787ns
 
Halderman ch077 lecture
Halderman ch077 lectureHalderman ch077 lecture
Halderman ch077 lecture
mcfalltj
 
Halderman ch019 lecture
Halderman ch019 lectureHalderman ch019 lecture
Halderman ch019 lecture
mcfalltj
 

Similar to pump units.ppt (20)

Reduction of Idle-Hunting in Diesel Fuel Injection Pump
Reduction of Idle-Hunting in Diesel Fuel Injection PumpReduction of Idle-Hunting in Diesel Fuel Injection Pump
Reduction of Idle-Hunting in Diesel Fuel Injection Pump
 
Af Bagger
Af BaggerAf Bagger
Af Bagger
 
Improvement of Air-Swirl ratio in 4-stroke diesel engine to improve performan...
Improvement of Air-Swirl ratio in 4-stroke diesel engine to improve performan...Improvement of Air-Swirl ratio in 4-stroke diesel engine to improve performan...
Improvement of Air-Swirl ratio in 4-stroke diesel engine to improve performan...
 
Simpson Internship Report
Simpson Internship ReportSimpson Internship Report
Simpson Internship Report
 
Lesson-3-Part-2-Engines.pdf
Lesson-3-Part-2-Engines.pdfLesson-3-Part-2-Engines.pdf
Lesson-3-Part-2-Engines.pdf
 
Vw tdi with_pumpe_duse
Vw tdi with_pumpe_duseVw tdi with_pumpe_duse
Vw tdi with_pumpe_duse
 
1.9 VW TDI with Pumpe Duse
1.9 VW TDI with Pumpe Duse1.9 VW TDI with Pumpe Duse
1.9 VW TDI with Pumpe Duse
 
Diesel engine operation
Diesel engine operationDiesel engine operation
Diesel engine operation
 
Amazon Listing Optimization For EmpireLube LLC
Amazon Listing Optimization For EmpireLube LLCAmazon Listing Optimization For EmpireLube LLC
Amazon Listing Optimization For EmpireLube LLC
 
Understanding the Diesel Engine
Understanding the Diesel EngineUnderstanding the Diesel Engine
Understanding the Diesel Engine
 
Turbo expander compressor
Turbo expander compressorTurbo expander compressor
Turbo expander compressor
 
Chevron's Experience with Thermoplastic Composites in Rotating Equipment
Chevron's Experience with Thermoplastic Composites in Rotating EquipmentChevron's Experience with Thermoplastic Composites in Rotating Equipment
Chevron's Experience with Thermoplastic Composites in Rotating Equipment
 
Halderman ch077 lecture
Halderman ch077 lectureHalderman ch077 lecture
Halderman ch077 lecture
 
Four stroke engine-basics
Four stroke engine-basicsFour stroke engine-basics
Four stroke engine-basics
 
Ic mid exam n solutn
Ic mid exam n solutnIc mid exam n solutn
Ic mid exam n solutn
 
TPS-Brochure
TPS-BrochureTPS-Brochure
TPS-Brochure
 
Pistonless pump ppt
Pistonless pump pptPistonless pump ppt
Pistonless pump ppt
 
Halderman ch019 lecture
Halderman ch019 lectureHalderman ch019 lecture
Halderman ch019 lecture
 
Hard starting every initial stage: Study on Less Engine Pulling Power
Hard starting every initial stage: Study on Less Engine Pulling PowerHard starting every initial stage: Study on Less Engine Pulling Power
Hard starting every initial stage: Study on Less Engine Pulling Power
 
SPE 172686 final
SPE 172686 finalSPE 172686 final
SPE 172686 final
 

More from AihamAltayeh1 (6)

Microsoft Word Basics2.ppt
Microsoft Word Basics2.pptMicrosoft Word Basics2.ppt
Microsoft Word Basics2.ppt
 
powerpoint.pptx
powerpoint.pptxpowerpoint.pptx
powerpoint.pptx
 
Well completion d.pptx
Well completion d.pptxWell completion d.pptx
Well completion d.pptx
 
WBM & OBM Drilling Fluids.pptx
WBM & OBM Drilling Fluids.pptxWBM & OBM Drilling Fluids.pptx
WBM & OBM Drilling Fluids.pptx
 
ESP_PRESENTATION_pptx.pptx
ESP_PRESENTATION_pptx.pptxESP_PRESENTATION_pptx.pptx
ESP_PRESENTATION_pptx.pptx
 
Well_Completions.pdf
Well_Completions.pdfWell_Completions.pdf
Well_Completions.pdf
 

Recently uploaded

TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...
TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...
TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...
TrustArc
 
Modular Monolith - a Practical Alternative to Microservices @ Devoxx UK 2024
Modular Monolith - a Practical Alternative to Microservices @ Devoxx UK 2024Modular Monolith - a Practical Alternative to Microservices @ Devoxx UK 2024
Modular Monolith - a Practical Alternative to Microservices @ Devoxx UK 2024
Victor Rentea
 
Finding Java's Hidden Performance Traps @ DevoxxUK 2024
Finding Java's Hidden Performance Traps @ DevoxxUK 2024Finding Java's Hidden Performance Traps @ DevoxxUK 2024
Finding Java's Hidden Performance Traps @ DevoxxUK 2024
Victor Rentea
 
Microsoft BitLocker Bypass Attack Method.pdf
Microsoft BitLocker Bypass Attack Method.pdfMicrosoft BitLocker Bypass Attack Method.pdf
Microsoft BitLocker Bypass Attack Method.pdf
Overkill Security
 
Hyatt driving innovation and exceptional customer experiences with FIDO passw...
Hyatt driving innovation and exceptional customer experiences with FIDO passw...Hyatt driving innovation and exceptional customer experiences with FIDO passw...
Hyatt driving innovation and exceptional customer experiences with FIDO passw...
FIDO Alliance
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Human Expert Website Manual WCAG 2.0 2.1 2.2 Audit - Digital Accessibility Au...
Human Expert Website Manual WCAG 2.0 2.1 2.2 Audit - Digital Accessibility Au...Human Expert Website Manual WCAG 2.0 2.1 2.2 Audit - Digital Accessibility Au...
Human Expert Website Manual WCAG 2.0 2.1 2.2 Audit - Digital Accessibility Au...
 
WebRTC and SIP not just audio and video @ OpenSIPS 2024
WebRTC and SIP not just audio and video @ OpenSIPS 2024WebRTC and SIP not just audio and video @ OpenSIPS 2024
WebRTC and SIP not just audio and video @ OpenSIPS 2024
 
The Zero-ETL Approach: Enhancing Data Agility and Insight
The Zero-ETL Approach: Enhancing Data Agility and InsightThe Zero-ETL Approach: Enhancing Data Agility and Insight
The Zero-ETL Approach: Enhancing Data Agility and Insight
 
JavaScript Usage Statistics 2024 - The Ultimate Guide
JavaScript Usage Statistics 2024 - The Ultimate GuideJavaScript Usage Statistics 2024 - The Ultimate Guide
JavaScript Usage Statistics 2024 - The Ultimate Guide
 
Microsoft CSP Briefing Pre-Engagement - Questionnaire
Microsoft CSP Briefing Pre-Engagement - QuestionnaireMicrosoft CSP Briefing Pre-Engagement - Questionnaire
Microsoft CSP Briefing Pre-Engagement - Questionnaire
 
2024 May Patch Tuesday
2024 May Patch Tuesday2024 May Patch Tuesday
2024 May Patch Tuesday
 
TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...
TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...
TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...
 
Modular Monolith - a Practical Alternative to Microservices @ Devoxx UK 2024
Modular Monolith - a Practical Alternative to Microservices @ Devoxx UK 2024Modular Monolith - a Practical Alternative to Microservices @ Devoxx UK 2024
Modular Monolith - a Practical Alternative to Microservices @ Devoxx UK 2024
 
Finding Java's Hidden Performance Traps @ DevoxxUK 2024
Finding Java's Hidden Performance Traps @ DevoxxUK 2024Finding Java's Hidden Performance Traps @ DevoxxUK 2024
Finding Java's Hidden Performance Traps @ DevoxxUK 2024
 
Introduction to FIDO Authentication and Passkeys.pptx
Introduction to FIDO Authentication and Passkeys.pptxIntroduction to FIDO Authentication and Passkeys.pptx
Introduction to FIDO Authentication and Passkeys.pptx
 
Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Engineering a Robust, High-performance...
Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Engineering a Robust, High-performance...Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Engineering a Robust, High-performance...
Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Engineering a Robust, High-performance...
 
Overview of Hyperledger Foundation
Overview of Hyperledger FoundationOverview of Hyperledger Foundation
Overview of Hyperledger Foundation
 
ERP Contender Series: Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct
ERP Contender Series: Acumatica vs. Sage IntacctERP Contender Series: Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct
ERP Contender Series: Acumatica vs. Sage Intacct
 
AI mind or machine power point presentation
AI mind or machine power point presentationAI mind or machine power point presentation
AI mind or machine power point presentation
 
Simplifying Mobile A11y Presentation.pptx
Simplifying Mobile A11y Presentation.pptxSimplifying Mobile A11y Presentation.pptx
Simplifying Mobile A11y Presentation.pptx
 
Cyber Insurance - RalphGilot - Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.pptx
Cyber Insurance - RalphGilot - Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.pptxCyber Insurance - RalphGilot - Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.pptx
Cyber Insurance - RalphGilot - Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.pptx
 
ADP Passwordless Journey Case Study.pptx
ADP Passwordless Journey Case Study.pptxADP Passwordless Journey Case Study.pptx
ADP Passwordless Journey Case Study.pptx
 
Microsoft BitLocker Bypass Attack Method.pdf
Microsoft BitLocker Bypass Attack Method.pdfMicrosoft BitLocker Bypass Attack Method.pdf
Microsoft BitLocker Bypass Attack Method.pdf
 
Hyatt driving innovation and exceptional customer experiences with FIDO passw...
Hyatt driving innovation and exceptional customer experiences with FIDO passw...Hyatt driving innovation and exceptional customer experiences with FIDO passw...
Hyatt driving innovation and exceptional customer experiences with FIDO passw...
 
Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Integrating Distributed Data Stores Ac...
Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Integrating Distributed Data Stores Ac...Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Integrating Distributed Data Stores Ac...
Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Integrating Distributed Data Stores Ac...
 

pump units.ppt

  • 1. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns Section 11 – Pumping Units Looking at the various types and designs of pumping units and their applications in fluid production.
  • 2. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns Background In the early years of the oil patch either a special pumping rig similar to a cable drilling rig (or the cable drilling rig that was used to drill the well) was used to pump a well. This one rig did the work of a pumping unit, a service rig, and a workover rig.
  • 3. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns More background The modern pumping units are based on the design of the cable drilling and pumping rigs. All have a walking beam supported near the middle by a sampson post and a pitman that connects one end of the beam to an eccentric (a crank system).
  • 4. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns Even more background The very first pumping units were so much like a standard pumping rig, that they had no horse’s head or counterbalance weights. During the early 1920s gear boxes were added to these early pumping units and a pumping revolution began.
  • 5. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns Pumping unit components base horses head sampson post walking beam equalizer pitman gearbox and support counter balance weights ladder skid
  • 6. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns Pumping unit lubrication saddle bearing assembly Equalizer bearing Pitman bearing wrist pin bearings gear box
  • 7. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns Beam balanced units Inexpensive. Durable. Low maintenance. Typically used for shallow production. Class 1 lever.
  • 8. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns Crank balanced units Called conventional units. Very durable. Extremely versatile. Cost effective. Low maintenance. Increase counter-balance by extending weights further out on cranks.
  • 9. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns Lufkin Mark II units Phased counter-balance. Lower peak torque. Slower up stroke. Faster down stroke. Class 3 lever. Increase counter-balance by extending weights further out on cranks.
  • 10. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns Air balanced units Lighter than other units. More portable. Very accurate counter- balance adjustment. Requires compressing system for air. High maintenance.
  • 11. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns Reverse units Alternative design as far as geometry. Very durable. Lower torque. Low maintenance. Increase counter-balance by extending weights further out on cranks.
  • 12. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns Other units Slant hole units Foldable units. Low profile units Portable trailer mounted units
  • 13. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns Pumping unit gearboxes Double or single reduction. Herringbone or helical gears. Check fluid level periodically. Replace fluid regularly. Following manufacturers specs on lubricants. Lubricant specs change with temperature.
  • 14. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns Signs of a problem Any unusual noise coming from the gearbox. Gearbox fluid appears milky looking. Loose wrist pin in a crank. Any unusual noise coming from a bearing assembly. (Squeaking, rattling, chattering) Increase play or movement in any bearing. Bearing fails to take grease. Bearing fails to retain grease.
  • 15. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns More pumping units This unique rainbow painted pumping unit is made in Russia and has a stroke of up to 3 meters.
  • 16. Training in Oil & Gas Production for BP Technical Interns This product was funded by a grant awarded under the President’s High Growth Job Training Initiative as implemented by the US Department of Labor’s Employment and Training Administration. The Information contained in this product was created by a grantee organization and does not necessarily reflect the official position of the US Department of Labor. All references to non- governmental companies or organizations, their services, products, or resources are offered for informational purposes and should not be construed as an endorsement by the Department of Labor. This product is copyrighted by the institution that created it and is intended for individual organizational, non-commercial use only.